Alabama State Census, 1855 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

United States Gotoarrow.png Alabama

Access the Records
Alabama State Census, 1855 .
This article describes a collection of records at
Alabama, United States
Alabama flag.png
Flag of Alabama
US Locator Alabama.png
Location of Alabama
Record Description
Record Type State Census
Collection years 1855
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Department of Archives and History, Montgomery

What is in the Collection?

This is an index to the census taken in Alabama in 1855. The counties included in this collection are:

  • Autauga
  • Baldwin
  • Blount
  • Coffee
  • Franklin
  • Henry
  • Lowndes
  • Macon
  • Mobile
  • Montgomery
  • Pickens
  • Perry
  • Sumter
  • Tallapoosa
  • Tuscaloosa
  • Wilcox

Collection Content

The index contains the following information:

  • Names of individuals or heads of families
  • Residence
  • Film number
  • Digital folder number
  • Page number
  • Image number

The State of Alabama conducted state censuses in the following years: 1818 (partial), 1820 (partial), 1821 (partial), 1823, 1850, 1855, 1866, and 1907.

The information is generally reliable. However, use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified. The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The census contains the following information:

  • Names of individuals or heads of families
  • Number of white males under 21 in the family
  • Number of white males over 21 in the family
  • Number of white females under 21 in the family
  • Number of white females over 21 in the family
  • Total whites in the family
  • Insane within each county
  • Insane sent abroad
  • Slaves
  • Free persons of color
  • Total inhabitants

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • First name
  • Identifying information such as the residence

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person.

Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Download a copy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the names, county, and page number to locate your ancestor in the actual census.
  • Use the names and location to locate your ancestor in the 1850 and 1860 federal censuses of Alabama.
  • Use the residence to locate additional records such as church and land records.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby localities.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection citation:

"Alabama, State Census, 1855." Database. FamilySearch. : accessed Saturday, October 22, 2016. Department of Archives and History, Montgomery.

Record citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Alabama State Census, 1855.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.