Albany Post Road
The Albany Post Road was created with military communications apparently in mind during a period tension between the Second and the Third Anglo-Dutch Wars. In 1664 four English warships in the harbor compelled the surrender of the New Netherland colony to England, thereby starting the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The colony was renamed New York. That same year King Charles II of England requested a postal road (later called the King's Highway or Boston Post Road) be built from Boston to newly conquered New York City. In 1669 the New York government also designated a postal road from New York City to Albany, the Albany Post Road. It followed older trails of the Wiccoppe and Wappinger Indian tribes on the east side of the Hudson River. By 1671 these tribes had been hired to carry the mail between the two towns. In 1673, during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, a Dutch fleet recaptured New York, but the 1674 Treaty of Westminster returned it to England.<Wikipedia contributors, "Treaty of Westminster (1674)" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Westminster_%281674%29 (accessed 24 June 2011).
Settlers and Records
- Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).
- Wikipedia contributors, "New Amsterdam" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Amsterdam (accessed 24 June 2011).
- William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997), 2-4, and 7. WorldCat entry. FHL Book 973 E3d.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Boston Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Post_Road (accessed 24 June 2011). The first use of the trail for mail delivery was in 1673.