American Indian Church Records

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To determine religious affiliation after 1900 an obituary or funeral home may, before 1900 study what religions were prominent in the area and local history. Study tribal history and Religious history,

"American Indian religious varied from the most primitive shamanism--little more than the exercise of magic, usually beneficial, by self-elected practitioners--to organized, priestly systems based on high philosophies. Whatever the type, one thing is constant: religion permeated daily life."

Oliver La Farge, anthropologist

A number of denominations in the United States proselyted among the American Indians. Some of the more active groups who sent missionaries among the native population were:

  • Catholic (Franciscan)
    • For records:
      • Marquette University (Upper Midwest and general U.S.),
      • Gonzaga university (Pacific Northwest and Alaska),
      • Diocesan Archives (area covered by Diocese)
      • Family History Library (Spanish Mission records of California and New Mexico abstract and copies of originals on microfilm )
  • Dutch Reformed
  • Jesuit
  • Lutherans
  • Methodist

Tribes Served: Cherokee, Oregon Indians, Wyandot, Oneida of Wisconsin, Indians of Minnesota, and others.

  • For records:
    • Kansas Historical Society; local historical societies
    • Drew University, New Jersey
    • Library of the Board of Missions of the Methodist Church, (475 Riveside Dr. New York, NY)
  • Moravian
    • For records:
      • Moravian Archives (41 W Locust St. Behtleham, PA. 18018 Phone: 1-610-866-3255);
      • local historical societies.

Tribes served: Delaware, Mohegan, Ohio Indians, Indiana Indians: Creeks and Cherokee

  • Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
    • For records: Family History Library
      • Early "Mormon Missions among the Indians of North America: Catawba, Lemhi (Snake), Tooele (Paiute), Southern Indian (Paiute, Navajo) Wind River (Shoshone) and in Indian Territory

Presbyterian

Tribes Served: Stokbridge, Oneida, Chickasaw, Tuscarora, Seneca, Shinnecock, Cherokee, Choctaw, Osage, Ojibwa, Sioux, Pawnee, Indians of Oregon, Iowa, Sack and Fox, Creek, and Blackfeet

  • For Records:
    • Presbyterian Historical Society; local historical societies.
    • Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.,
    • Houghton Library Harvard Library, Boston, MA.,
    • Congregational House, 14 1/4 Beacon St. Boston, MA
    • American Indian Mission Association (mentioned in a treaty)
  • Baptist
    • For records: Kansas and Oklahoma Historical Societies, and Family History Library
  • Quaker

Tribes served: Seneca of New York and others

  • For Records:
    • Friends Historical Library Swathmore College, (500 College Ave, Swarthmore,PA.19081 phone: 1-610-328-8000)
    • Committee on Records (221E 15th Street, New York,NY)
    • Department of Records (3rd and Arch Streets, Philadelphia, PA)
    • Quaker Collection, Haverford College (370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041 phone 1-610-896-1000)

The records created varied among the denominations. Some kept records of individuals who were baptized or who joined with that denomination. Some kept only reports of activities among the native tribes or groups. Some have preserved correspondence with their respective oversight boards and/or government offices.

It was not uncommon, when records of Indian individuals were kept, to list those individuals under a "Christian" name, rather than their native name. This makes it more difficult to determine whether or not names in the church records are for the same individual as those in government records.


References