Difference between revisions of "American Indian Treaties with the United States"

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==== &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;CAYUGA<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1280852224333_653" /><br> ====
 
==== &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;CAYUGA<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1280852224333_653" /><br> ====
  
*&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Agreement With The Five Nations Of Indians, 1792]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;
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*&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Agreement With The Five Nations Of Indians, 1792]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;  
*&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Six Nations, 1784]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;
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*&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Six Nations, 1784]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;  
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The New York Indians, 1838]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The New York Indians, 1838]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;  
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Six Nations, 1789]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;
+
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Six Nations, 1789]&nbsp;&nbsp;Oklahoma State University&nbsp;  
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Six Nations, 1794]&nbsp; Oklahoma State University
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Six Nations, 1794]&nbsp; Oklahoma State University
  
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Cherokee, 1868] Oklahoma State University  
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Cherokee, 1868] Oklahoma State University  
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Agreement With The Cherokee, 1835 (Unratified)] Oklahoma State University  
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Agreement With The Cherokee, 1835 (Unratified)] Oklahoma State University  
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Agreement With The Cherokee And Other Tribes In The Indian Territory, 1865]&nbsp;&nbsp;OK.S.U.
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Agreement With The Cherokee And Other Tribes In The Indian Territory, 1865]&nbsp;&nbsp;OK.S.U.  
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Comanche, Etc., 1835] Oklahoma State University
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Comanche, Etc., 1835] Oklahoma State University
  
==== &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; CHEYENNE (Also CHAYENNE) ====
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==== &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; CHEYENNE (Also CHAYENNE) ====
  
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Apache, Cheyenne, And Arapaho, 1865<br>]
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Apache, Cheyenne, And Arapaho, 1865<br>]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty Of Fort Laramie With Sioux, Etc., 1851]
 
*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty Of Fort Laramie With Sioux, Etc., 1851]
  
[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm ]
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==== &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; CHICKASAW (Also CHICKESAW)<br> ====
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Agreement With The Cherokee And Other Tribes In The Indian Territory, 1865]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1786]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1801]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1805]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1816]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1818]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1832]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1832]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1834]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1830]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Choctaw And Chickasaw, 1837]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Chickasaw, 1852]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Choctaw And Chickasaw, 1854]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Choctaw And Chickasaw, 1855]
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*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Kappler/Vol2/toc.htm Treaty With The Choctaw And Chickasaw, 1866[n]]
  
 
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Revision as of 17:13, 3 August 2010

Treaties Between the U.S. Government and Native American Tribes

It was determined, even during the Colonial period in North America, that it was desirable to reach agreements with the Native American tribes, rather than fight them. The European countries who had interests in North America all tried to reach such agreements during the time periods they had those interests.

When the federal government was established, efforts were made to persuade the various Indian tribes to give up their claims to land and to remain loyal to the colonists. These agreements were called treaties.

Treaties were negotiated between the federal government and the respective tribes as if the tribes were independent nations. According to the provisions of the U.S. Constitution, such treaties had to be ratified by the U.S. Senate.

Representatives of the federal government and of the particular tribe signed the treaties, so at least some of the tribal members are listed on the treaty. Normally, one of the provisions of a treaty was an annual payment called an annuity.

Copies of treaties are a part of the Congressional Record and have been copied and printed in many places (see Bibliography below). Many have also been made available on the internet.

In general, treaties with Native American tribes ceased by about 1873, although there were a few after that date. After 1873, most agreements between the federal government and the tribes were handled by a more informal method.

Copies of Treaties Available Online

Most of the treaties have been made available online through Charles J. Kappler's Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Other sources exist for non-ratified treaties and copies of treaties from sources other than Kappler's work.

The following is a list of treaties available online. They are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the treaty, which is often the location where the treaty was signed or the name of the tribe treating with the U.S. government. There are many more which have not yet been added.

AIONAI (Also I-ON-I)

ANADARKO (Also ANA-DA-CA)

APACHE

APPALACHICOLA

ARAPAHO (Also ARRAPAHOE; ARAPAHOE)

 ARIKARA (Also RICARA; ARICKAREE)

 ASSINABOINE

 BANNOCK

  BELANTSE-ETOA OR MINITAREE 

  BLACKFEET (Also BLACKFOOT; BLACKFOOT NATION)

  BLOOD

  BROTHERTOWN

  CADDO (Also CADOE)

  CAHOKIA

   CALAPOOIA (See KALAPUYA)

   CAYUGA

    CAYUSE

     CHASTA

     CHEROKEE

     CHEYENNE (Also CHAYENNE)

     CHICKASAW (Also CHICKESAW)



====


Medicine Creek, 1854[1]
Neah Bay, 1855[2]
Point Elliott, 1855[3]
Point No Point, 1855[4]
Quinault, 1856[5]
Walla Walla, 1855[6]
Yakama, 1855[7]

References

  1. Treaty of Medicine Creek, 1854, Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs available online.
  2. Treaty of Neah Bay, 1855, Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs available online.
  3. Treaty of Point Elliott, 1855, Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs available online.
  4. Treaty of Point No Point, 1855, Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs available online.
  5. Quinault Treaty, 1856, Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs available online
  6. Treaty with the Walla Walls, 1855, Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs available online.
  7. Treaty with the Yakama, 1855, Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs available online.

Bibliography

  • Early Recognized Treaties with American Indian Nations, published by the University of Nebraska Libraries - Lincoln Electronic Text Center. Available online.
  • Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142i. Available online.
  • United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.
  • Washington Governor's Office of Indian Affairs, Tribal Government page. Available online

Indians of the United States and Their Records