Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Ashland County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about the north central Ohio county. For other uses, see <a _fcknotitle="true" href="Ashland">Ashland</a>.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Template:Infobox U.S. CofckLR

<a href="United States">United States</a> <img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="" /> <a _fcknotitle="true" href="Ohio">Ohio</a> <img src="/learn/wiki/en/images/b/b1/Gotoarrow.png" _fck_mw_filename="Gotoarrow.png" alt="" /> Ashland County

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records
<a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Birth">Birth</a>
<a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Marriage">Marriage</a>
<a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Death">Death</a>
<a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Census">Tax</a>
<a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Land_and_Property">Land</a>
<a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Probate_Records">Probate</a>
*For earlier dates, try... <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Church_Records">Church</a> | <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Obituaries">Obituaries</a> | <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a>
  • Parent Counties: Formed from <a href="Huron County, Ohio">Huron</a>, <a href="Lorain County, Ohio">Lorain</a>, <a href="Richland County, Ohio">Richland</a> and <a href="Wayne County, Ohio">Wayne</a> Counties 24 February 1846.
  • County Seat: Ashland
  • Neighboring Counties: Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy residents may also have records in Wikipedia contributors, "Ashland County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).
    <a href="Knox County, Ohio">Knox</a> (southwest)  ·  <a href="Wayne County, Ohio">Wayne</a> (east)  ·  <a href="Medina County, Ohio">Medina</a> (northeast)  · <a href="Holmes County, Ohio">Holmes</a> (southeast) ·  <a href="Richland County, Ohio">Richland</a> (west)  ·   <a href="Lorain County, Ohio">Lorain</a> (north)  ·   <a href="Huron County, Ohio">Huron</a> (northwest)

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Ashland County <a href="">boundary changes</a>.

Record Loss


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


<a href="LDS Cemetery Records">LDS Cemetery Records</a>
Vol. 1 page 97 - Cemetery on Highway 224 near Sullivan

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

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Family History Library

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<a href="">WorldCat</a>

<a href="">Names in Stone</a>

<a href="">USGenWeb</a>

<a href="">Billion Graves</a>

<a href="">Billion Graves</a>

<a href="">Epodunk</a>

<a href="">Ohio Gravestones</a>

<a href="">Names in Stone</a>

See <a href="Ohio Cemeteries">Ohio Cemeteries</a> for more information.



Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

===== Finding More Church Records =====

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups



<a href="">Fry Family</a> of Ashland County, Ohio


Local histories are available for Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Ashland County, Ohio

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

=====Finding More Land Records=====

Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:



  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Ashland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Ashland County.
    • <a href="1st Regiment, Ohio Light Artillery">1st Regiment, Ohio Light Artillery</a>, Batteries C and D
    • <a href="102nd Regiment, Ohio Infantry">102nd Regiment, Ohio Infantry,</a> Companies B and K
    • <a href="105th Regiment, Ohio Infantry">105th Regiment, Ohio Infantry</a>, Company I

    Roster - Ashland County Ohio –OHGenWeb Project- Known <a href="">Ashland county Veterans of the Civil War</a>

Naturalization and Citizenship


Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.
To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.
For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.

Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form



Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence. Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

  • 1790–1967 - Ohio, Probate Records, 1790-1967 at <a href="">FamilySearch Historical Records</a> – free. This collection consists of probate records and estate files from county courthouses in Ohio. The content and time period varies by county, with more records being added as they become available. This Collection will include records from 1789 to 1996. Currently, (September 2012) the collection is only searchable by <a href="How to Navigate Browsable Images">browsing</a> the images. A list of Fires that have destroyed records in the courthouses of several counties are listed on the <a href="">Record Description page</a>.

===== Finding More Probate Records ===== Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records



<a href="">Ashland County Courthouse</a>
110 W 2nd Street
Ashland, OH 44805
Phone: 419.289.000

Clerk of the Courts has <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Marriage">divorces</a> and <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Court_Records">court records</a>.
Probate Court has <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Marriage">marriages</a> and <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Probate">probate records</a>.
County Recorder has <a href="Ashland County, Ohio#Land_and_Property">land records</a>.Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 540, Ashland County, Ohio. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.

Family History Centers
  • <a _fcknotitle="true" href="Introduction to LDS Family History Centers">Introduction to LDS Family History Centers</a>

FamilySearch Centers are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research. The main FamilySearch Center for Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy is the <a href="Mansfield Ohio Family History Center">Mansfield Ohio Family History Center</a>. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the <a href="">FHC directory</a>.

  • <a href="Wooster Ohio Family History Center">Wooster Ohio Family History Center</a>


Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Ohio Taxation. Finding More Tax Records Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953. Original marriage records are held at the office of the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts. See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm


Online Death Indexes and Records

  • 1854–1997 - Ohio, Deaths and Burials, 1854-1997 at <a href="">FamilySearch Historical Records</a> – free; Index. Name index to death and burial records from the state of Ohio. Microfilm copies of these records are available at the Family History Library and Family History Centers. This set contains 2,535,556 records. Due to privacy laws, recent records may not be displayed. The year range represents most of the records. A few records may be earlier or later.
  • 1908–1953 - Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1953 at <a href="">FamilySearch Historical Records</a> – free. Name index and images of Ohio statewide death certificates.
  • 1908–1932, 1938–1944, and 1958–2007 - Ohio, Death Index, 1908-1932, 1938-1944, and 1958-2007 at <a href="">FamilySearch Historical Records</a> – free. Index of deaths from the Ohio Department of Health in Columbus. Index provided by

Original Death Records on Microfilm


Finding More Vital Records Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Web Sites

Places / Localities

Populated Places


<a href="Ashland, Ohio">Ashland</a>


  • Bailey Lakes
  • Hayesville
  • Jeromesville
  • Loudonville
  • Mifflin
  • Perrysville
  • Polk
  • Savannah


  • Clear Creek
  • Green
  • Hanover
  • Jackson
  • Lake
  • Mifflin
  • Milton
  • Mohican
  • Montgomery
  • Orange
  • Perry
  • Ruggles
  • Sullivan
  • Troy
  • Vermillion

Unincorporated Communities

  • Albion
  • England
  • Five Points
  • Herefork
  • Lake Fork
  • McKay
  • Mczena
  • Mohicanville
  • Nankin
  • Nova
  • Paradise Hill
  • Redhaw
  • Rowsburg
  • Ruggles
  • Spreng
  • Sullivan
  • Widowville


<a _fcknotitle="true" href="Category:Ashland_County,_Ohio">Ashland_County,_Ohio</a>
  1. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.