Difference between revisions of "Australia Genealogy"

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Guide to '''Australia ancestry, family history and genealogy''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and [https://au.forces-war-records.com military records].
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==Country Information==
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European explorers began arriving in what is now Australia in the 17th century. In 1770, Great Britain claimed Australia as a territory. The "First Fleet" of European settlers arrived in 1788 with ships of [http://firstfleet.uow.edu.au/search.html convicts]. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. English is the official language.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Australia," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia, accessed 23 March 2016.</ref>
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==Getting Started ==
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<h3>Getting Started with Australia Research</h3>
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Links to articles on getting started with Australia research.
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*[[Australia Research Tips and Strategies|Research Strategies]]
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*[[Australia Civil Registration|Australian states' civil death certificates]]
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*[http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/Pacific/Australia.pdf Family History Library Research Outline for Australia]
  
The first Europeans began exploration of the Australian continent in the 17th century. Dutch explorer Willem Janszoom landed in the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606 and mapped some of the coastline. Later on Abel Tasman in 1642 reached ''Van Diemen's Land'' (now Tasmania) and in 1644 with three ships (Limmen, Zeemeeuw &amp; Braek) he mapped the north coast of Australia. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James Cook took possession in the name of Great Britain.
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<h3>Australia Research Tools</h3>
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Links to articles and websites about Australia research.
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*[[Australia Record Selection Table|Record Finder]]
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*[[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
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*[http://www.coraweb.com.au/qs2ausbdmcosts.pdf BDM registry details and certificate costs]
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*[http://www.bda-online.org.au/ Biographical Database of Australia] - growing collection
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:[[Australia Genealogy#More Australia Research Tools and Resources|''See More Research Tools'']]
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Australia was first settled by Europeans in January 1788 with the arrival (at Botany Bay on the south-east coast) of eleven English ships with [http://firstfleet.uow.edu.au/search.html more than 1000 convicts] and military personnel, known today as the 'First Fleeters. The site was found to be unsuitable so a few days later the ships moved to Port Jackson at Sydney Cove. The second fleet arrived in 1790 and saved the colony from starvation. The third fleet arrived in 1791 and included the first Irish transportees. The first free settler immigrants arrived in 1793. The expanding colony became known as New South Wales.  
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{{Click|File:Australia ORP.png|Australia Online Genealogy Records|left}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
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Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy.  
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==Australia Clickable Map==
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When doing Australian research, it is helpful to know where one's family or ancestors lived in Australia and to know when they died. Click on a state name or on the map below&nbsp;to learn about research in&nbsp;an Australian&nbsp;state or territory.
  
== Getting Started with Australia research  ==
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{{Australia clickable map|250px}}
 
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To get started&nbsp;with Australian research, it is&nbsp;helpful to know where one's family or ancestors lived in Australia and&nbsp;to know when they died.&nbsp; Australian states' civil&nbsp;death certificates give a&nbsp;great deal of valuable information&nbsp;which will help you in your research.&nbsp;&nbsp;Click on a state name or on the map below&nbsp;to learn about research in&nbsp;an Australian&nbsp;state or territory.
 
 
 
== Jurisdictions  ==
 
 
 
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=== States  ===
 
  
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==States==
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After federation many governmental functions whose records are of interest to family historians remained the responsibility of the States. For example, the registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages is a State function; the Commonwealth was only responsible for these functions in the territories until the territory achieved responsible self-government. Click on a state below to go to the state Wiki article listing more information.
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{| style="width:100%; vertical-align:top;"
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*[[New South Wales, Australia|New South Wales]] (NSW)  
 
*[[New South Wales, Australia|New South Wales]] (NSW)  
 
*[[Queensland, Australia|Queensland]] (QLD)  
 
*[[Queensland, Australia|Queensland]] (QLD)  
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*[[South Australia, Australia|South Australia]] (SA)  
 
*[[South Australia, Australia|South Australia]] (SA)  
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*[[Tasmania, Australia|Tasmania]] (TAS)  
 
*[[Tasmania, Australia|Tasmania]] (TAS)  
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*[[Victoria, Australia|Victoria]] (VIC)  
 
*[[Victoria, Australia|Victoria]] (VIC)  
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*[[Western Australia, Australia|Western Australia]] (WA)
 
*[[Western Australia, Australia|Western Australia]] (WA)
 
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=== Territories  ===
 
 
 
*Internal:
 
**[[Australian Capital Territory, Australia|Australian Capital Territory]] (ACT)
 
**Jervis Bay Territory (JBT)
 
**[[Northern Territory, Australia|Northern Territory]] (NT)
 
 
 
*External
 
**Ashmore and Cartier Islands(uninhabited)
 
**Australian Antarctic Territory
 
**[[Christmas Island, Australia|Christmas Island]]
 
**[[Cocos Islands, Australia|Cocos (Keeling) Islands]]
 
**Coral Sea Islands (population: 4)
 
**Heard Island and McDonald Islands (uninhabitated)
 
**[[Norfolk Island|Norfolk Island]]
 
 
 
 
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<br>
  
== Resources  ==
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==Territories==
 
 
*[http://www.nla.gov.au/app/eresources/browse/123 The National Library of Australia]:&nbsp; This site can be an Australian resident researcher's delight, for, as well as having access to genealogical indexes, databases, full-text ejournals, subject guides and websites, you can, after registering for a Library Card, access a variety of items online these include; 19th Century British Library Newspapers, London Times Digital Archive 1785-1985, The Illustrated London News Historical Archive 1842-2003,&nbsp;[http://www.irishnewsarchive.com/ Irish Newspaper Archives], and Indexes of Australian newspapers amongst many others on offer.
 
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Pacific/Australia.pdf Family History Library Research Outline for Australia]
 
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&region=AUSTRALIA_NEW_ZEALAND records collections for Australia] available on FamilySearch.org
 
*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/australia Looking 4 Kin Genealogy &amp; Family History Network - Australia]
 
 
 
== Featured Content  ==
 
 
 
*[[Project Gutenberg|Project Gutenberg]]
 
 
 
'''Wiki articles describing these collections are found at: &nbsp;'''
 
 
 
*[[Australia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia Birth and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records) &nbsp;&nbsp;]]
 
*[[Australia, Cemetery Inscriptions, Sydney Branch Genealogical Library (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia, Cemetery Inscriptions, Sydney Branch Genealogical Library (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Australia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Australia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Australia, New South Wales Index to Bounty Immigrants|Australia,New South Wales, Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Miscellaneous Australian Genealogical Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Miscellaneous Australian Genealogical Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Australia, Tasmania, Miscellaneous Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia, Tasmania, Miscellaneous Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Australia New South Wales, Sydney Cemetery Inscriptions (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia New South Wales, Sydney Cemetery Inscriptions (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
 
 
== Did you know  ==
 
 
 
*Convicts were transported from Ireland to Australia starting in 1788.&nbsp; The National Archives of Ireland holds a wide range of records about this. The [http://www.nationalarchives.ie/topics/transportation/search01.html Ireland-Australia Transportation] database is compiled from such records as the transportation registers, convict reference files and petitions to government for pardon or commutation of sentence.&nbsp; The database is not complete for every convict.
 
*The [http://members.pcug.org.au/~croe/ozb/ozb_1st.htm Australians in the Boer War (Oz-Boer) Database Project] is a free online search aid to help you identify books, journals, webpages and other ephemera dealing with individual Australian soldiers and nurses involved in the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902).
 
*The Heraldry &amp; Genealogy Society of Canberra, Australia, is publishing [http://www.hagsoc.org.au/sagraves/nmcdb/nmcdb-search.php South African Graves], a database of burial and memorial locations of Australians who died during the second South African Anglo-Boer War, 1899 – 1902.
 
 
 
== Help Wanted  ==
 
 
 
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
 
 
 
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{| style="width:100%; vertical-align:top;"
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*[[Australian Capital Territory, Australia|Australian Capital Territory]] (ACT)
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*Jervis Bay Territory (JBT)
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*[[Northern Territory, Australia|Northern Territory]] (NT)
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*Ashmore and Cartier Islands (uninhabited)
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*Australian Antarctic Territory
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*[[Christmas Island, Australia|Christmas Island]]
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|style="width:20%"|
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*[[Cocos Islands, Australia|Cocos (Keeling) Islands]]
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*Coral Sea Islands (population: 4)
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*Heard Island and McDonald Islands (uninhabited)
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*[[Norfolk Island|Norfolk Island]]
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*As of 1 Feb 2013, the [http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper National Library of Australia's collection of digitised historic newspapers] contained over 8 million pages and more than 81 million articles available to search or browse and read on-line.
 
  
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==Former Australian Territories==
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{| style="width:100%; vertical-align:top;"
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*The [[New Zealand Genealogy|New Zealand]] Islands (1788-1840) (as part of the Colony of New South Wales)
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*Territory of Papua (1906–42)
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*Territory of New Guinea (1920–42)
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*Territory of Papua & New Guinea (1942–71)
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*Territory of [[Papua New Guinea Genealogy|Papua New Guinea]] (1971–75)
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*Territory of [[Nauru Genealogy|Nauru]] (1920–68)
 
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==More Australia Research Tools and Resources==
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Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in.  Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Australia.
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*[http://www.nla.gov.au/app/eresources/browse/123 The National Library of Australia] - On-site access to genealogical indexes, databases, full-text ejournals, subject guides and websites, you can, after registering for a Library Card, access a variety of items online these include; 19th Century British Library Newspapers, ''London Times'' Digital Archive, 1785-1985
| align="left" style="background: 0% 50% rgb(249, 243, 253); -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto;" |
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*[http://www.irishnewsarchive.com/ Irish Newspaper Archives] - includes ''The Illustrated London News'' Historical Archive, 1842-2003 and Indexes of Australian newspapers. 
*'''[[Australia Record Selection Table|Record Selection Table]]'''  
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*[http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper The National Library of Australia's collection of digitised historic newspapers] - contains over 8 million pages and more than 81 million articles available to search or browse and read on-line.
*[[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
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*[http://www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?board=165.0 RootsChat Australian Resources and help pages] - Free, Australian Resources and help pages 
*[[Australia Biography|Biography]]
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*[[Project Gutenberg|Project Gutenberg]] - a free library of Australiana ebooks.
*[[Australia Business Records and Commerce|Business]]
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.ie/topics/transportation/search01.html Ireland-Australia Transportation database] - Incomplete for ever convict, created by National Archives of Ireland, convicts transported from Ireland to Australia starting in 1788, database is compiled from transportation registers, convict reference files and petitions to government for pardon or commutation of sentence.
*[[Australia Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
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*[http://members.pcug.org.au/~croe/ozb/ozb_1st.htm Australians in the Boer War (Oz-Boer) Database Project] - free online search to identifying books, journals, webpages and other ephemera for Australian soldiers and nurses involved in the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902).
*[[Australia Census|Census]]
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*[http://www.hagsoc.org.au/sagraves/nmcdb/nmcdb-search.php South African Graves] - published by the Heraldry & Genealogy Society of Canberra, Australia, database of burial and memorial locations of Australians who died during the second South African Anglo-Boer War, 1899 – 1902.
*[[Australia Church Directories|Church Directories]]
 
*[[Australia Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Australia Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Australia Civil Registration- Vital Records|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Australia Convict Records|Convict Records]]
 
*[[Australia Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Australia Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Australia Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[Australia Encyclopedias and Dictionaries|Encyclopedias and Dictionaries]]
 
*[[Australia Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]  
 
*[[Australia Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Australia Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Australia History|History]]
 
*[[Australia Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Australia History|Historical Timelines]]
 
*[[Australia Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Australia Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Australia Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Australia Medical Records|Medical Records]]
 
*[[Australia Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Australia Minorities|Minorities]]
 
*[[Australia Native Races|Native Races]]
 
*[[Australia Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Australia Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[Australia Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[Australia Orphans and Orphanages|Orphans and Orphanages]]
 
*[[Australia Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Australia Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Australia Public Records|Public Records]]
 
*[[Australia Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Australia Taxation|Taxation]]
 
*[[Australia Voting Registers|Voting Registers]]
 
*[[Professional Genealogists who specialize in Australian Research|Getting Help with your Genealogy]]
 
  
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==FamilySearch Resources==
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Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.
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*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
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*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=Australia Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
*[[Australia Websites|Websites]]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&region=AUSTRALIA_NEW_ZEALAND Historical Records] all FamilySearch historical records about Australia.
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*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=australia Family History Center locator map]
  
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Latest revision as of 15:46, 27 March 2017

Australia Research Topics
Australia flag
Beginning Research
Record Types
Australia Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Oceania
Australia

Guide to Australia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Country Information

European explorers began arriving in what is now Australia in the 17th century. In 1770, Great Britain claimed Australia as a territory. The "First Fleet" of European settlers arrived in 1788 with ships of convicts. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. English is the official language.[1]

Getting Started

Getting Started with Australia Research

Links to articles on getting started with Australia research.

Australia Research Tools

Links to articles and websites about Australia research.

See More Research Tools


Australia ORP.png
Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg


Australia Clickable Map

When doing Australian research, it is helpful to know where one's family or ancestors lived in Australia and to know when they died. Click on a state name or on the map below to learn about research in an Australian state or territory.


Western AustraliaNorthern TerritoryQueenslandVictoriaTasmaniaSouth AustraliaAustralian Capital TerritoryAustralian Capital TerritoryNew South WalesAustralia map for clickable map.png
About this image


States

After federation many governmental functions whose records are of interest to family historians remained the responsibility of the States. For example, the registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages is a State function; the Commonwealth was only responsible for these functions in the territories until the territory achieved responsible self-government. Click on a state below to go to the state Wiki article listing more information.


Territories


Former Australian Territories

  • The New Zealand Islands (1788-1840) (as part of the Colony of New South Wales)
  • Territory of Papua (1906–42)
  • Territory of New Guinea (1920–42)
  • Territory of Papua & New Guinea (1942–71)
  • Territory of Papua New Guinea (1971–75)
  • Territory of Nauru (1920–68)

More Australia Research Tools and Resources

Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Australia.

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Australia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia, accessed 23 March 2016.