Difference between revisions of "Australia Court Records"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (formatting)
(11 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
Court records contain information about individuals who were involved in a number of matters, including those mentioned below. Details about Australian convicts are often found in court records. Most court records provide names of individuals who served as defendants, plaintiffs, jurors, or witnesses. They may also provide such information as the individual’s residence, occupation, physical description, and family.
+
''[[Australia|Australia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Australia Court Records|Court Records]]''
  
The court system included the following.  
+
Court records contain information about individuals who were involved in a number of matters, including those mentioned below. Details about Australian convicts are often found in court records. Most court records provide names of individuals who served as defendants, plaintiffs, jurors, or witnesses. They may also provide such information as the individual’s residence, occupation, physical description, and family.  
 +
 
 +
== Courts  ==
  
 
=== District magistrates’ court  ===
 
=== District magistrates’ court  ===
Line 9: Line 11:
 
=== Quarter Session courts  ===
 
=== Quarter Session courts  ===
  
Handled also handled cases of petty crimes.  
+
Quarter Sessions were also known as Petty Sessions and handled both civil and criminal cases.
 +
 
 +
State Library of New South Wales has a good guide to finding and using Quarter Sessions Court Records at [http://guides.sl.nsw.gov.au/content.php?pid=400401&sid=3303142 guides.sl.nsw.gov.au/content.php]
 +
 
 +
Historical background is available at [https://familysearch.org/node/1234 familysearch.org/node/1234]You will need to know where your ancestor was living in England before searching for them in Quarter Session records.
  
 
=== Supreme courts  ===
 
=== Supreme courts  ===
Line 15: Line 21:
 
Handled divorces, bankruptcies, insolvencies, and naturalizations. Some of the functions of the supreme courts were later transferred to the federal courts. The federal courts were established in 1911 and tried the most serious and indictable offenses, such as murder and manslaughter.  
 
Handled divorces, bankruptcies, insolvencies, and naturalizations. Some of the functions of the supreme courts were later transferred to the federal courts. The federal courts were established in 1911 and tried the most serious and indictable offenses, such as murder and manslaughter.  
  
=== Coroner’s courts ===
+
[http://www.austlii.edu.au/forms/search1.html www.austlii.edu.au/forms/search1.html]
 +
 
 +
=== Coroner’s courts ===
 +
 
 
investigated unusual deaths. Records dealing with these matters included the deceased’s name, age, and place of death. Newspapers often reported the dealings of the coroner’s courts, which may provide additional information such as the names of the descendant’s spouse and children and reports of witnesses.  
 
investigated unusual deaths. Records dealing with these matters included the deceased’s name, age, and place of death. Newspapers often reported the dealings of the coroner’s courts, which may provide additional information such as the names of the descendant’s spouse and children and reports of witnesses.  
  
Each state published a government or police gazette. These gazettes included information about individuals who appeared before the courts and individuals who were employed by the government or who held public offices (school teachers, constables, or postmasters). The gazettes also gave details about land grants and transfers, leases, mining claims, runaway convicts, and individuals who were granted various licenses.  
+
Find these records on the web by searching for "State Name" Coroners Court.  Example: South Australia Coroners Court or Victoria Australia Coroners Court.
  
Court records in Australia can be found in national archives, state archives, and other local repositories and libraries. For further information, see the "[[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]"article of this wiki.
+
== Police Gazette  ==
  
There are some published name indexes to existing court records. The Family History Library has many of these indexes. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
Each state published a government or police gazette. These gazettes included information about individuals who appeared before the courts and individuals who were employed by the government or who held public offices (school teachers, constables, or postmasters). The gazettes also gave details about land grants and transfers, leases, mining claims, runaway convicts, and individuals who were granted various licenses.
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
+
An index of the Police Gazette of Western Australia is available on the web at [http://www.slwa.wa.gov.au/find/eresources/police_gazettes www.slwa.wa.gov.au/find/eresources/police_gazettes] provided by State Library of Western Australia.
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
+
World Vital Records also provides indexes to some of the Police Gazettes at [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/place/australia/1880/government www.worldvitalrecords.com/place/australia/1880/government]
  
Many Australian archives have published guides to their court record holdings. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
Family Search Catalog shows films 6359174 through 6359190 which contain police records.
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS - INVENTORIES, REGISTERS, CATALOGS
+
== Locating Court Records  ==
 +
 
 +
Court records can be found in national archives, state archives, and other local repositories and libraries. For further information about these archives, see the [[Australia Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]] article. State archives have published guides to their court record holdings. To find online guides, go to Google and type the name of the state followed by the word Archives.
  
 
The Family History Library has some microfilm copies of Australian court records and gazettes. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
 
The Family History Library has some microfilm copies of Australian court records and gazettes. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
  
[http://webview/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=477045&subject_disp=Australia+-+Court+records&columns=*,180,0 AUSTRALIA - COURT RECORDS]  
+
*[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results#count=20&query=%2Bplace%3AAustralia&subjectsOpen=477045-50 AUSTRALIA - COURT RECORDS]
 +
*AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS  
 +
*AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS
 +
 
 +
Some published name indexes exist. The Family History Library has some of these indexes. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS  
+
*AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
 +
*AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
  
AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS
+
{{Template:Pros-AU}}
  
 
[[Category:Australia]]
 
[[Category:Australia]]

Revision as of 18:48, 8 October 2013

Australia Gotoarrow.png Court Records

Court records contain information about individuals who were involved in a number of matters, including those mentioned below. Details about Australian convicts are often found in court records. Most court records provide names of individuals who served as defendants, plaintiffs, jurors, or witnesses. They may also provide such information as the individual’s residence, occupation, physical description, and family.

Courts

District magistrates’ court

Handled cases of petty crimes, such as theft, breaches of peace, and drunkenness.

Quarter Session courts

Quarter Sessions were also known as Petty Sessions and handled both civil and criminal cases.

State Library of New South Wales has a good guide to finding and using Quarter Sessions Court Records at guides.sl.nsw.gov.au/content.php

Historical background is available at familysearch.org/node/1234You will need to know where your ancestor was living in England before searching for them in Quarter Session records.

Supreme courts

Handled divorces, bankruptcies, insolvencies, and naturalizations. Some of the functions of the supreme courts were later transferred to the federal courts. The federal courts were established in 1911 and tried the most serious and indictable offenses, such as murder and manslaughter.

www.austlii.edu.au/forms/search1.html

Coroner’s courts

investigated unusual deaths. Records dealing with these matters included the deceased’s name, age, and place of death. Newspapers often reported the dealings of the coroner’s courts, which may provide additional information such as the names of the descendant’s spouse and children and reports of witnesses.

Find these records on the web by searching for "State Name" Coroners Court.  Example: South Australia Coroners Court or Victoria Australia Coroners Court.

Police Gazette

Each state published a government or police gazette. These gazettes included information about individuals who appeared before the courts and individuals who were employed by the government or who held public offices (school teachers, constables, or postmasters). The gazettes also gave details about land grants and transfers, leases, mining claims, runaway convicts, and individuals who were granted various licenses.

An index of the Police Gazette of Western Australia is available on the web at www.slwa.wa.gov.au/find/eresources/police_gazettes provided by State Library of Western Australia.

World Vital Records also provides indexes to some of the Police Gazettes at www.worldvitalrecords.com/place/australia/1880/government

Family Search Catalog shows films 6359174 through 6359190 which contain police records.

Locating Court Records

Court records can be found in national archives, state archives, and other local repositories and libraries. For further information about these archives, see the Archives and Libraries article. State archives have published guides to their court record holdings. To find online guides, go to Google and type the name of the state followed by the word Archives.

The Family History Library has some microfilm copies of Australian court records and gazettes. These copies are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

Some published name indexes exist. The Family History Library has some of these indexes. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

  • AUSTRALIA, [STATE] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES
  • AUSTRALIA, [STATE], [TOWN] - COURT RECORDS: INDEXES