Difference between revisions of "B genealogical glossary terms"

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*A Portuguese word for baptisms.
 
*A Portuguese word for baptisms.
  
batisseur  
+
===== batisseur =====
 +
*French word for "builder."
  
    French word for "builder."
+
===== batizar  =====
 +
*Portuguese word for "to baptize."
  
batizar
+
===== batsmaður  =====
 +
*Icelandic word for "boatman."
  
    Portuguese word for "to baptize."
+
===== battesimale  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptismal."
  
batsmaður
+
===== battesimo  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptism."
  
    Icelandic word for "boatman."
+
===== battezzare  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptize."
  
battesimale
+
===== battezzarono  =====
 +
*Italian word for "they baptized."
  
    Italian word for "baptismal."
+
===== battezzato, -a  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptized."
  
battesimo
+
===== battezzo  =====
 +
*Italian word for "baptized."
  
    Italian word for "baptism."
+
===== Bauer =====
 
+
*German word for "farmer, peasant."  
battezzare
 
 
 
    Italian word for "baptize."
 
 
 
battezzarono
 
 
 
    Italian word for "they baptized."
 
 
 
battezzato, -a
 
 
 
    Italian word for "baptized."
 
 
 
battezzo
 
 
 
    Italian word for "baptized."
 
 
 
Bauer  
 
 
 
    German word for "farmer, peasant."  
 
  
 
===== Bauptismos  =====
 
===== Bauptismos  =====
Line 597: Line 587:
 
*A Spanish term for baptism. Also used in the Philippines.
 
*A Spanish term for baptism. Also used in the Philippines.
  
bautizar  
+
===== bautizar =====
 
+
*Spanish word for "to baptize."
    Spanish word for "to baptize."
 
 
 
Bayern
 
 
 
    German word for "Bavaria."
 
 
 
baía
 
 
 
    Portuguese word for "bay."
 
  
Computer bulletin board system (BBS)
+
===== Bayern  =====
 +
*German word for "Bavaria."
  
    A computer service that allows people to enter information that other people can then read or download. Users can also post questions for others to answer, answer questions posted by others, or read questions and answers already on the service. Many bulletin boards focus on a particular topic. Also called a computer message board or computer news group.
+
===== baía  =====
 +
*Portuguese word for "bay."
  
Band, German (Bd.)
+
===== Computer bulletin board system (BBS)  =====
 +
*A computer service that allows people to enter information that other people can then read or download. Users can also post questions for others to answer, answer questions posted by others, or read questions and answers already on the service. Many bulletin boards focus on a particular topic. Also called a computer message board or computer news group.
  
    German word for "volume."
+
===== Band, German (Bd.)  =====
 +
*German word for "volume."
  
 
===== BCG  =====
 
===== BCG  =====
Line 621: Line 606:
 
*Board for Certification of Genealogists.
 
*Board for Certification of Genealogists.
  
bd.  
+
===== bd. =====
 +
*Danish word for "volume."
  
    Danish word for "volume."
+
===== be  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "pray, request."
  
be
+
===== Beamter  =====
 +
*German word for "official, registrar."
  
    Norwegian word for "pray, request."
+
===== Beat  =====
 +
*The area of land that a census taker covers.
  
Beamter
+
===== beatus  =====
 +
*Latin word for "blessed, deceased."
  
    German word for "official, registrar."
+
===== beau-fils  =====
 +
*French word for "son-in-law, stepson."
  
Beat
+
===== beau-frère  =====
 +
*French word for "brother-in-law, stepbrother."
  
    The area of land that a census taker covers.
+
===== beau-père  =====
 +
*French word for "father-in-law, stepfather."
  
beatus
+
===== beboer  =====
 +
*Danish and Norwegian word for "occupant, resident."
  
    Latin word for "blessed, deceased."
+
===== bebé  =====
 +
*Spanish word for "baby."
  
beau-fils
+
===== beccaio  =====
 +
*Italian word for "butcher."
  
    French word for "son-in-law, stepson."
+
===== beccamorti  =====
 +
*Italian word for "grave digger."
  
beau-frère
+
===== becchino  =====
 +
*Italian word for "grave digger."
  
    French word for "brother-in-law, stepbrother."
+
===== Beck(er)  =====
 +
*German word for "baker."
  
beau-père
+
===== becsületes  =====
 +
*Hungarian word for "honest."
  
    French word for "father-in-law, stepfather."
+
===== beda  =====
 +
*Polish word for "they will."
  
beboer
+
===== bede  =====
 +
*Danish word for "pray."
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "occupant, resident."
+
===== bededag  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "prayer day."
  
bebé
+
===== bedelaar  =====
 +
*Afrikaans and Dutch word for "beggar."
  
    Spanish word for "baby."
+
===== bedendmaking  =====
 +
*Afrikaans word for "declaration."
  
beccaio
+
===== bedrag  =====
 +
*Afrikaans and Dutch word for "fee, amount (of money)."
  
    Italian word for "butcher."
+
===== bedrijf  =====
 +
*Dutch word for "trade, business, concern."
  
beccamorti
+
===== bedrive hor  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "commit adultery."
  
    Italian word for "grave digger."
+
===== bedryf  =====
 +
*Afrikaans word for "occupation, trade."
  
becchino
+
===== bedstefar  =====
 +
*Danish word for "grandfather."
  
    Italian word for "grave digger."
+
===== bedstemor  =====
 +
*Danish word for "grandmother."
  
Beck(er)
+
===== bedzie  =====
 +
*Polish word for "he/she/it will."
  
    German word for "baker."
+
===== beerdigt  =====
 +
*German word for "buried."
  
becsületes
+
===== Beerdigung  =====
 +
*German word for "burial, interment."
  
    Hungarian word for "honest."
+
===== befandtes  =====
 +
*Danish word for "is found."
  
beda
+
===== befolkning, Danish  =====
 +
*Danish word for "population, inhabitants."
  
    Polish word for "they will."
+
===== befolkning, Norwegian  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "population, people."
  
bede
+
===== befolkning, Swedish  =====
 +
*Swedish word for "population."
  
    Danish word for "pray."
+
===== begge  =====
 +
*Danish and Norwegian word for "both."
  
bededag
+
===== begivenhet  =====
 +
*Norwegian word for "event, occurrence."
  
    Norwegian word for "prayer day."
+
beglaubigt
  
bedelaar
+
    German word for "certified, attested."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "beggar."
+
begraaf
  
bedendmaking
+
    Dutch word for "burial".
  
    Afrikaans word for "declaration."
+
begraafplaas
  
bedrag
+
    Afrikaans word for "cemetery."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "fee, amount (of money)."
+
begraafplaats
  
bedrijf
+
    Dutch word for "cemetery."
  
    Dutch word for "trade, business, concern."
+
begraben
  
bedrive hor
+
    German word for "buried."
  
    Norwegian word for "commit adultery."
+
===== Begräbnisse  =====
  
bedryf
+
*The German word for burials.
  
    Afrikaans word for "occupation, trade."
+
begrafenis
  
bedstefar
+
    Dutch word for "funeral."
  
    Danish word for "grandfather."
+
begrafn
  
bedstemor
+
    Icelandic word for "buried."
  
    Danish word for "grandmother."
+
begrafnis
  
bedzie
+
    Afrikaans word for "burial, funeral."
  
    Polish word for "he/she/it will."
+
begrava
  
beerdigt
+
    Swedish word for "to bury."
  
    German word for "buried."
+
<br>
  
Beerdigung
+
===== Begravede  =====
  
    German word for "burial, interment."
+
*A Norwegian and Danish word for burials.
  
befandtes
+
begravelse, Danish
  
     Danish word for "is found."
+
     Danish word for "burial."
  
befolkning, Danish
+
begravelse, Norwegian
  
     Danish word for "population, inhabitants."
+
     Norwegian word for "funeral, burial."
  
befolkning, Norwegian
+
begraven
  
     Norwegian word for "population, people."
+
     Dutch word for "to bury."
  
befolkning, Swedish
+
begravet
  
     Swedish word for "population."
+
     Danish and Norwegian word for "buried."
  
begge
+
===== Begravna  =====
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "both."
+
*The Swedish word for burials.
  
begivenhet
+
begravning
  
     Norwegian word for "event, occurrence."
+
     Swedish word for "burial."
  
beglaubigt
+
begravningsplats
  
     German word for "certified, attested."
+
     Swedish word for "cemetery."
  
begraaf
+
begrawe
  
     Dutch word for "burial".
+
     Afrikaans word for "to bury."
  
begraafplaas
+
Begräbnisse
  
     Afrikaans word for "cemetery."
+
     The German word for burials.
  
begraafplaats
+
begått H(errens) H(eliga) Nattvard
  
     Dutch word for "cemetery."
+
     Swedish word for "taken the Lord's Holy Communion."
  
begraben
+
behandle
  
     German word for "buried."
+
     Norwegian word for "handle, treat, manage."
  
===== Begräbnisse  =====
+
behoeftig
  
*The German word for burials.
+
    Afrikaans word for "indigent, needy."
  
begrafenis
+
behoeftigden
  
     Dutch word for "funeral."
+
     Dutch word for "needy, indigent."
  
begrafn
+
behoort
  
     Icelandic word for "buried."
+
     Afrikaans word for "belongs."
  
begrafnis
+
behoren
  
     Afrikaans word for "burial, funeral."
+
     Dutch word for "to belong to."
  
begrava
+
Beichte
  
     Swedish word for "to bury."
+
     German word for "confession."
  
<br>
+
beide
  
===== Begravede  =====
+
    Afrikaans, Dutch and German word for "both."
  
*A Norwegian and Danish word for burials.
+
Beilage
  
begravelse, Danish
+
    German word for "supplement."
  
    Danish word for "burial."
+
beiningamaður
  
begravelse, Norwegian
+
    Icelandic word for "beggar."
  
    Norwegian word for "funeral, burial."
+
bejaard
  
begraven
+
    Dutch word for "aged."
  
    Dutch word for "to bury."
+
bejaarde
  
begravet
+
    Afrikaans word for "aged."
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "buried."
+
bejelent
  
===== Begravna  =====
+
    Hungarian word for "declares, reports."
  
*The Swedish word for burials.
+
Bekannte(r)
  
begravning
+
    German word for "acquaintance."
  
    Swedish word for "burial."
+
Bekehrung
  
begravningsplats
+
    German word for "conversion."
  
    Swedish word for "cemetery."
+
bekende
  
begrawe
+
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "acquaintance."
  
    Afrikaans word for "to bury."
+
belasting, Afrikaans  
  
Begräbnisse
+
    Afrikaans word for "tax."
  
    The German word for burials.
+
belasting, Dutch
  
begått H(errens) H(eliga) Nattvard
+
    Dutch word for "taxation."
  
    Swedish word for "taken the Lord's Holy Communion."
+
belastingheffer
  
behandle
+
    Afrikaans word for "tax collector."
  
    Norwegian word for "handle, treat, manage."
+
Belege
  
behoeftig
+
    German word for "proof, documentation."
  
    Afrikaans word for "indigent, needy."
+
Belg(isch)
  
behoeftigden
+
    Dutch word for "Belgian."
  
    Dutch word for "needy, indigent."
+
Belge
  
behoort
+
    French word for "Belgian."
  
    Afrikaans word for "belongs."
+
Belgie
  
behoren
+
    Afrikaans word for "Belgium."
  
    Dutch word for "to belong to."
+
Belgies
  
Beichte
+
    Afrikaans word for "Belgian."
  
    German word for "confession."
+
België
  
beide
+
    Dutch word for "Belgium."
  
    Afrikaans, Dutch and German word for "both."
+
belle-fille
  
Beilage
+
    French word for "daughter-in-law, stepdaughter."
  
    German word for "supplement."
+
belle-mère
  
beiningamaður
+
    French word for "mother-in-law, stepmother."
  
    Icelandic word for "beggar."
+
belle-soeur
  
bejaard
+
    French word for "sister-in-law, stepsister."
  
    Dutch word for "aged."
+
belül
  
bejaarde
+
    Hungarian word for "inside."
  
    Afrikaans word for "aged."
+
bem
  
bejelent
+
    Portuguese word for "good, well."
  
    Hungarian word for "declares, reports."
+
bemerking
  
Bekannte(r)
+
    Dutch word for "remarks."
  
    German word for "acquaintance."
+
bemerkning
  
Bekehrung
+
    Norwegian word for "remark."
  
    German word for "conversion."
+
Bemerkungen
  
bekende
+
    German word for "remarks."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "acquaintance."
+
bemærkning
  
belasting, Afrikaans
+
    Danish word for "remark."
  
    Afrikaans word for "tax."
+
ben, Danish
  
belasting, Dutch
+
    Danish word for "leg, bone, limb."
  
    Dutch word for "taxation."
+
ben, Norwegian
  
belastingheffer
+
    Norwegian word for "leg, bone."
  
    Afrikaans word for "tax collector."
+
benadering
  
Belege
+
    Dutch word for "approximation."
  
    German word for "proof, documentation."
+
benché
  
Belg(isch)
+
    Italian word for "although."
  
    Dutch word for "Belgian."
+
bendición
  
Belge
+
    Spanish word for "blessing."
  
    French word for "Belgian."
+
bene
  
Belgie
+
    Latin word for "well."
  
    Afrikaans word for "Belgium."
+
<br>
  
Belgies
+
===== Beneficiary, insurance  =====
  
    Afrikaans word for "Belgian."
+
*An individual who receives the proceeds or benefits from an insurance policy.
  
België
+
===== Beneficiary, probate  =====
  
    Dutch word for "Belgium."
+
*An individual who receives property or money from a deceased individual’s estate.
  
belle-fille
+
benekte
  
     French word for "daughter-in-law, stepdaughter."
+
     Norwegian word for "deny."
  
belle-mère
+
benestante
  
     French word for "mother-in-law, stepmother."
+
     Italian word for "wealthy person."
  
belle-soeur
+
beni immobili
  
     French word for "sister-in-law, stepsister."
+
     Italian word for "real property, real estate."
  
belül
+
beni stabili
  
     Hungarian word for "inside."
+
     Italian word for "real property, real estate."
  
bem
+
===== Benjamin Lake Noyes Collection  =====
  
    Portuguese word for "good, well."
+
*A collection of genealogies and correspondence concerning many Maine families, especially those who settled at Deer Isle in Hancock County.
  
bemerking
+
benämd
  
     Dutch word for "remarks."
+
     Swedish word for "called."
  
bemerkning
+
benåde
  
     Norwegian word for "remark."
+
     Norwegian word for "pardon."
  
Bemerkungen
+
berg
  
     German word for "remarks."
+
     German and Swedish word for "hill, mountain."
  
bemærkning
+
berg, Dutch
  
     Danish word for "remark."
+
     Dutch word for "mountain."
  
ben, Danish
+
bergarius
  
     Danish word for "leg, bone, limb."
+
     Latin word for "shepherd."
  
ben, Norwegian
+
berger
  
     Norwegian word for "leg, bone."
+
     French word for "shepherd."
  
benadering
+
Bergmann
  
     Dutch word for "approximation."
+
     German word for "miner."
  
benché
+
bergslag
  
     Italian word for "although."
+
     Swedish word for "mining district."
  
bendición
+
bergsman
  
     Spanish word for "blessing."
+
     Swedish word for "miner."
  
bene
+
berklaveiki
  
     Latin word for "well."
+
     Icelandic word for "tuberculosis."
  
<br>
+
berní ruly
  
===== Beneficiary, insurance  =====
+
    Czech word for "tax lists."
  
*An individual who receives the proceeds or benefits from an insurance policy.
+
beroep, Afrikaans
  
===== Beneficiary, probate  =====
+
    Afrikaans word for "occupation."
  
*An individual who receives property or money from a deceased individual’s estate.
+
beroep, Dutch
  
benekte
+
    Dutch word for "trade, occupation."
  
    Norwegian word for "deny."
+
beroerte
  
benestante
+
    Afrikaans word for "apoplexy, stroke."
  
    Italian word for "wealthy person."
+
Beruf
  
beni immobili
+
    German word for "occupation, profession."
  
    Italian word for "real property, real estate."
+
beruset
  
beni stabili
+
    Norwegian word for "drunk."
  
    Italian word for "real property, real estate."
+
Beschreibung
  
===== Benjamin Lake Noyes Collection  =====
+
    German word for "description."
  
*A collection of genealogies and correspondence concerning many Maine families, especially those who settled at Deer Isle in Hancock County.
+
beschrijving
  
benämd
+
    Dutch word for "description."
  
    Swedish word for "called."
+
besetning
  
benåde
+
    Norwegian word for "livestock, crew."
  
    Norwegian word for "pardon."
+
besidder
  
berg
+
    Danish word for "owner.:
  
    German and Swedish word for "hill, mountain."
+
Besitzer
  
berg, Dutch
+
    German word for "possessor, proprietor, owner."
  
    Dutch word for "mountain."
+
beskattning
  
bergarius
+
    Swedish word for "taxation."
  
    Latin word for "shepherd."
+
beskrive
  
berger
+
    Danish word for "description."
  
    French word for "shepherd."
+
beskrivelse
  
Bergmann
+
    Norwegian word for "description."
  
    German word for "miner."
+
beskrivning, Swedish
  
bergslag
+
    Swedish word for "description."
  
    Swedish word for "mining district."
+
beskrywing, Afrikaans
  
bergsman
+
    Afrikaans word for "description."
  
    Swedish word for "miner."
+
beslagnemen
  
berklaveiki
+
    Dutch word for "to seize."
  
    Icelandic word for "tuberculosis."
+
beslektet
  
berní ruly
+
    Norwegian word for "related."
  
    Czech word for "tax lists."
+
besnijdenis
  
beroep, Afrikaans
+
    Dutch word for "circumcision."
  
    Afrikaans word for "occupation."
+
bestattet
  
beroep, Dutch
+
    German word for "buried."
  
    Dutch word for "trade, occupation."
+
bestefar
  
beroerte
+
    Norwegian word for "grandfather."
  
    Afrikaans word for "apoplexy, stroke."
+
besteforeldre
  
Beruf
+
    Norwegian word for "grandparents."
  
    German word for "occupation, profession."
+
bestemor
  
beruset
+
    Norwegian word for "grandmother."
  
    Norwegian word for "drunk."
+
bestilling
  
Beschreibung
+
    Danish word for "occupation."
  
    German word for "description."
+
bestätigt
  
beschrijving
+
    German word for "confirmed, verified."
  
    Dutch word for "description."
+
besvangre
  
besetning
+
    Norwegian word for "impregnate, get with child, make pregnant."
  
    Norwegian word for "livestock, crew."
+
besökare
  
besidder
+
    Swedish word for "customs official (archaic), visitor (modern)."
  
    Danish word for "owner.:
+
bet-bet-overgrootvader
  
Besitzer
+
    Dutch word for "third great-grandfather."
  
    German word for "possessor, proprietor, owner."
+
bet-overgrootvader
  
beskattning
+
    Dutch word for "second great-grandfather."
  
    Swedish word for "taxation."
+
betale
  
beskrive
+
    Norwegian word for "pay."
  
    Danish word for "description."
+
betegség
  
beskrivelse
+
    Hungarian word for "disease, illness."
  
    Norwegian word for "description."
+
betjene
  
beskrivning, Swedish
+
    Danish word for "serve."
  
    Swedish word for "description."
+
betjänt
  
beskrywing, Afrikaans
+
    Swedish word for "servant, civil servant."
  
    Afrikaans word for "description."
+
betler
  
beslagnemen
+
    Norwegian word for "beggar."
  
    Dutch word for "to seize."
+
betrekking, Afrikaans
  
beslektet
+
    Afrikaans word for "concerning, in relation to, position (employment)."
  
    Norwegian word for "related."
+
betrekking, Dutch
  
besnijdenis
+
    Dutch word for "in relation to, relatives."
  
    Dutch word for "circumcision."
+
bettlare
  
bestattet
+
    Swedish word for "beggar."
  
    German word for "buried."
+
Bettler
  
bestefar
+
    German word for "beggar."
  
    Norwegian word for "grandfather."
+
bettlägerig
  
besteforeldre
+
    German word for "bedridden."
  
    Norwegian word for "grandparents."
+
bettoliere
  
bestemor
+
    Italian word for "tavern keeper."
  
    Norwegian word for "grandmother."
+
betuiging, Afrikaans
  
bestilling
+
    Afrikaans word for "giving (as in giving thanks or legal testimony)."
  
    Danish word for "occupation."
+
betuiging, Dutch
  
bestätigt
+
    Dutch word for "declaration, expression."
  
    German word for "confirmed, verified."
+
===== Between the Miami Rivers Survey  =====
  
besvangre
+
*A land survey that the United States government conducted between the Great and Little Miami Rivers in Ohio. The survey used the same nonstandard method used in the Symmes Purchase.
  
    Norwegian word for "impregnate, get with child, make pregnant."
+
betyg
  
besökare
+
    Swedish word for "certificate."
  
    Swedish word for "customs official (archaic), visitor (modern)."
+
bevaka
  
bet-bet-overgrootvader
+
    Swedish word for "protect."
  
    Dutch word for "third great-grandfather."
+
bevestiging
  
bet-overgrootvader
+
    Afrikaans word for "confirmation."
  
    Dutch word for "second great-grandfather."
+
bevilge
  
betale
+
    Norwegian word for "grant."
  
    Norwegian word for "pay."
+
bevis, Norwegian  
  
betegség
+
    Norwegian word for "proof."
  
    Hungarian word for "disease, illness."
+
bevis, Swedish
  
betjene
+
    Swedish word for "certificate, proof, evidence."
  
    Danish word for "serve."
+
bevistat läsförhören
  
betjänt
+
    Swedish word for "present at household examination (clerical survey).
  
    Swedish word for "servant, civil servant."
+
bevolking
  
betler
+
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "population."
  
    Norwegian word for "beggar."
+
bevolking, Dutch
  
betrekking, Afrikaans
+
    Dutch word for "population."
  
    Afrikaans word for "concerning, in relation to, position (employment)."
+
bevolkingsregister
  
betrekking, Dutch  
+
    Dutch word for "population register."
  
    Dutch word for "in relation to, relatives."
+
bevorstehend
  
bettlare
+
    German word for "previously mentioned."
  
    Swedish word for "beggar."
+
bevándorlás
  
Bettler
+
    Hungarian word for "immigration."
  
    German word for "beggar."
+
bevándorló
  
bettlägerig
+
    Hungarian word for "immigrant."
  
    German word for "bedridden."
+
beväring
  
bettoliere
+
    Swedish word for "conscript."
  
    Italian word for "tavern keeper."
+
beväringsman
  
betuiging, Afrikaans
+
    Swedish word for "recruit."
  
    Afrikaans word for "giving (as in giving thanks or legal testimony)."
+
Bevölkerungsregister
  
betuiging, Dutch
+
    German word for "population register."
  
    Dutch word for "declaration, expression."
+
bewaarder
  
===== Between the Miami Rivers Survey  =====
+
    Dutch word for "guardian, warden."
  
*A land survey that the United States government conducted between the Great and Little Miami Rivers in Ohio. The survey used the same nonstandard method used in the Symmes Purchase.
+
bewijs
  
betyg
+
    Dutch word for "certificate, proof."
  
    Swedish word for "certificate."
+
bewijs van overlijden
  
bevaka
+
    Dutch word for "death certificate, proof of death."
  
    Swedish word for "protect."
+
bewijs van trouwen
  
bevestiging
+
    Dutch word for "marriage certificate, proof of marriage."
  
    Afrikaans word for "confirmation."
+
bewys
  
bevilge
+
    Afrikaans word for "evidence, proof."
  
    Norwegian word for "grant."
+
beykir
  
bevis, Norwegian
+
    Icelandic word for "cooper."
  
    Norwegian word for "proof."
+
bez
  
bevis, Swedish
+
    Polish and Czech word for "without."
  
    Swedish word for "certificate, proof, evidence."
+
bezdzietny
  
bevistat läsförhören
+
    Polish word for "childless."
  
    Swedish word for "present at household examination (clerical survey).
+
bezejmenný
  
bevolking
+
    Czech word for "unnamed, nameless."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "population."
+
bezimienny
  
bevolking, Dutch
+
    Polish word for "unnamed, nameless."
  
    Dutch word for "population."
+
Bezirk
  
bevolkingsregister
+
    German word for "district."
  
    Dutch word for "population register."
+
beður
  
bevorstehend
+
    Icelandic word for "bed."
  
    German word for "previously mentioned."
+
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
  
bevándorlás
+
    An agency of the United States government that manages and keeps the records of the government's interaction with American Indian tribes.
  
    Hungarian word for "immigration."
+
bialoruski
  
bevándorló
+
    Polish word for "Belorussian."
  
    Hungarian word for "immigrant."
+
bialy
  
beväring
+
    Polish word for "white."
  
    Swedish word for "conscript."
+
bianco
  
beväringsman
+
    Italian word for "white."
  
    Swedish word for "recruit."
+
Bible records
  
Bevölkerungsregister
+
    Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.
  
    German word for "population register."
+
<br>
  
bewaarder
+
===== Bible Records, Family History Library Catalog™  =====
  
    Dutch word for "guardian, warden."
+
*A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize Bible records (birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles).
 +
*Bible records, general: Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.<br>
  
bewijs
+
<br>
  
    Dutch word for "certificate, proof."
+
===== Bibliography, Family History Library Catalog™  =====
  
bewijs van overlijden
+
*A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize lists of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.<br>
  
    Dutch word for "death certificate, proof of death."
+
===== Bibliography, general  =====
  
bewijs van trouwen
+
*A list of books, periodicals, or other resources that were used to prepare a book or article; also a separate list of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.
  
    Dutch word for "marriage certificate, proof of marriage."
+
bibliográfia
  
bewys
+
    Hungarian word for "bibliography."
  
    Afrikaans word for "evidence, proof."
+
biblioteca
  
beykir
+
    Portuguese and Spanish word for "library."
  
    Icelandic word for "cooper."
+
biblioteche
  
bez
+
    Italian word for "libraries."
  
    Polish and Czech word for "without."
+
bibliotek
  
bezdzietny
+
    Danish and Norwegian word for "library."
  
    Polish word for "childless."
+
===== Bibliothèque Généalogique, France  =====
  
bezejmenný
+
*A library in Paris, France, that has a name index, genealogical books, and genealogical periodicals from all parts of France. Translated as Genealogical Library in English.
  
    Czech word for "unnamed, nameless."
+
===== Bibliothèque Publique d' Information, France  =====
  
bezimienny
+
*A library in Paris, France, that has a collection of 300,000 volumes and 2,400 periodicals. It has a good genealogical collection.
  
    Polish word for "unnamed, nameless."
+
bidden
  
Bezirk
+
    Dutch word for "to request, to pray."
  
    German word for "district."
+
bidello
  
beður
+
    Italian word for "janitor."
  
    Icelandic word for "bed."
+
biduum
  
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
+
    Latin word for "space of two days, two-day period."
  
    An agency of the United States government that manages and keeps the records of the government's interaction with American Indian tribes.
+
biegunka
  
bialoruski
+
    Polish word for "diarrhea, dysentery."
  
    Polish word for "Belorussian."
+
bien, French
  
bialy
+
    French word for "well."
  
    Polish word for "white."
+
bien, Spanish
  
bianco
+
    Spanish word for "good, well."
  
    Italian word for "white."
+
bienes
  
Bible records
+
    Spanish word for "property, goods, fee."
  
    Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.
+
===== Bienes de difuntos  =====
  
<br>  
+
*A Spanish term for inheritance records and inventories of personal estates. Also used in the Philippines.<br>
  
===== Bible Records, Family History Library Catalog™  =====
+
biennium
  
*A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize Bible records (birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles).
+
    Latin word for "two-year period."
*Bible records, general: Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.<br>
 
  
<br>
+
biens
  
===== Bibliography, Family History Library Catalog™  =====
+
    French word for "goods, property."
  
*A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize lists of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.<br>
+
bierzmowanie
  
===== Bibliography, general  =====
+
    Polish word for "confirmation."
  
*A list of books, periodicals, or other resources that were used to prepare a book or article; also a separate list of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.
+
biezacy
  
bibliográfia
+
    Polish word for "current." Roku biezacego means "of the current year."
  
    Hungarian word for "bibliography."
+
bifolco
  
biblioteca
+
    Italian word for "plowman."
  
    Portuguese and Spanish word for "library."
+
bijlagen
  
biblioteche
+
    Dutch word for "supplemental documents."
  
    Italian word for "libraries."
+
bijna
  
bibliotek
+
    Dutch word for "almost, nearly."
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "library."
+
bijnaam
  
===== Bibliothèque Généalogique, France  =====
+
    Dutch word for "surname, nickname."
  
*A library in Paris, France, that has a name index, genealogical books, and genealogical periodicals from all parts of France. Translated as Genealogical Library in English.
+
bijzit
  
===== Bibliothèque Publique d' Information, France  =====
+
    Dutch word for "mistress, concubine".
  
*A library in Paris, France, that has a collection of 300,000 volumes and 2,400 periodicals. It has a good genealogical collection.
+
bilaga
  
bidden
+
    Swedish word for "supplement, enclosure."
  
    Dutch word for "to request, to pray."
+
===== Bill of sale  =====
  
bidello
+
*A written document that transfers personal property from one individual to another. It proves that a sale occurred.
  
    Italian word for "janitor."
+
billedhugger
  
biduum
+
    Danish word for "sculptor."
  
    Latin word for "space of two days, two-day period."
+
Biloxi Bay, Mississippi
  
biegunka
+
    The seaport area on the Gulf of Mexico where the city of Biloxi, Mississippi is now located. The permanent settlement in the Mississippi Valley was made there by the French in 1699.
  
    Polish word for "diarrhea, dysentery."
+
bind, Danish
  
bien, French
+
    Danish word for "volume."
  
    French word for "well."
+
bind, Norwegian
  
bien, Spanish
+
    Norwegian word for "volume (book)."
  
    Spanish word for "good, well."
+
binnekant
  
bienes
+
    Afrikaans word for "inside."
  
    Spanish word for "property, goods, fee."
+
binnenkant
  
===== Bienes de difuntos  =====
+
    Dutch word for "inside."
  
*A Spanish term for inheritance records and inventories of personal estates. Also used in the Philippines.<br>
+
biografi
  
biennium
+
    Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "biography."
  
    Latin word for "two-year period."
+
biografia
  
biens
+
    Italian word for "biography."
  
    French word for "goods, property."
+
===== Biografica  =====
  
bierzmowanie
+
*A biographical collection of notes, newspaper clippings, and obituaries of Swedish army officers and others.
  
    Polish word for "confirmation."
+
biografie
  
biezacy
+
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "biography."
  
    Polish word for "current." Roku biezacego means "of the current year."
+
===== Biographical dictionary  =====
  
bifolco
+
*A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical dictionary usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical encyclopedia or compiled biography.
  
    Italian word for "plowman."
+
===== Biographical Dictionary of Early Virginia, 1607-1660  =====
  
bijlagen
+
*A biographical dictionary that contains more than 100,000 entries and mentions over 30,000 people who are named in wills, deeds, court orders, histories, and Virginia Company records.
  
    Dutch word for "supplemental documents."
+
===== Biographical encyclopedia  =====
  
bijna
+
*A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical encyclopedia usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical dictionary or compiled biography.
  
    Dutch word for "almost, nearly."
+
===== Biographical sketch  =====
  
bijnaam
+
*A brief account of an individual’s life.
  
    Dutch word for "surname, nickname."
+
biographie, French
  
bijzit
+
    French word for "biography."
  
    Dutch word for "mistress, concubine".
+
Biographie, German
  
bilaga
+
    German word for "biography."
  
    Swedish word for "supplement, enclosure."
+
Biography
  
===== Bill of sale  =====
+
    A history of an individual's life.
  
*A written document that transfers personal property from one individual to another. It proves that a sale occurred.
+
===== Biography and Genealogy Master Index  =====
  
billedhugger
+
*An index that lists the subjects in most nationwide American biographical dictionaries. This index is essential for finding biographical sketches. It concentrates heavily on the late 1800s and early 1900s.
  
    Danish word for "sculptor."
+
===== Biography File  =====
  
Biloxi Bay, Mississippi
+
*A 180-drawer card index to newspaper clippings, local histories, and periodicals from Maryland during the 1800s and 1900s. This file is at the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, Maryland.
  
    The seaport area on the Gulf of Mexico where the city of Biloxi, Mississippi is now located. The permanent settlement in the Mississippi Valley was made there by the French in 1699.
+
===== Biography, Family History Library Catalog™  =====
  
bind, Danish
+
*A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize biographies (histories of people's lives) and biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias (compilations of histories of people’s lives).
  
    Danish word for "volume."
+
===== Biography, general  =====
  
bind, Norwegian
+
*A history of an individual’s life.
  
    Norwegian word for "volume (book)."
+
===== Biography, PERiodical Source Index  =====
  
binnekant
+
*A record type used in the Locality and Research Methodologies sections of the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI) to identify articles that contain biographical information about a person or group of people.
  
    Afrikaans word for "inside."
+
birk
  
binnenkant
+
    Danish word for "court district."
  
    Dutch word for "inside."
+
===== Birke, Denmark  =====
  
biografi
+
*A Danish civil district, an area covered by a court. Also called herred.
  
    Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "biography."
+
===== Birth certificate  =====
  
biografia
+
*An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
  
    Italian word for "biography."
+
birodalom
  
===== Biografica  =====
+
    Hungarian word for "empire."
  
*A biographical collection of notes, newspaper clippings, and obituaries of Swedish army officers and others.
+
birraio
  
biografie
+
    Italian word for "barkeeper, brewer."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "biography."
+
Birth certificate
  
===== Biographical dictionary  =====
+
    An official government document stating an individual's birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
  
*A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical dictionary usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical encyclopedia or compiled biography.
+
===== Birth record  =====
  
===== Biographical Dictionary of Early Virginia, 1607-1660  =====
+
*An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
  
*A biographical dictionary that contains more than 100,000 entries and mentions over 30,000 people who are named in wills, deeds, court orders, histories, and Virginia Company records.
+
===== Birthplace Index, 1881 British Census  =====
  
===== Biographical encyclopedia  =====
+
*An index of the 1881 British Census that is organized alphabetically by surname then by individuals' parish of birth. The Birthplace Index can help you identify possible brothers, sisters, and cousins who were born in the same parish but who may have moved to a different part of Great Britain.
  
*A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical encyclopedia usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical dictionary or compiled biography.
+
birtokos
  
===== Biographical sketch  =====
+
    Hungarian word for "landowning farmer."
  
*A brief account of an individual’s life.
+
bis-bisnonno
  
biographie, French
+
    Italian word for "secont great-grandfather."
  
    French word for "biography."
+
bisabuela
  
Biographie, German
+
    Spanish word for "great-grandmother."
  
    German word for "biography."
+
bisabuelo
  
Biography
+
    Spanish word for "great-grandfather."
  
    A history of an individual's life.
+
bisabuelos
  
===== Biography and Genealogy Master Index  =====
+
    Spanish word for "great-grandparents."
  
*An index that lists the subjects in most nationwide American biographical dictionaries. This index is essential for finding biographical sketches. It concentrates heavily on the late 1800s and early 1900s.
+
bisavo, -a
  
===== Biography File  =====
+
    Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."
  
*A 180-drawer card index to newspaper clippings, local histories, and periodicals from Maryland during the 1800s and 1900s. This file is at the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, Maryland.
+
bisavolo, -a
  
===== Biography, Family History Library Catalog™  =====
+
    Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."
  
*A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize biographies (histories of people's lives) and biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias (compilations of histories of people’s lives).
+
bisavó
  
===== Biography, general  =====
+
    Portuguese word for "great-grandmother."
  
*A history of an individual’s life.
+
bisavô
  
===== Biography, PERiodical Source Index  =====
+
    Portuguese word for "great-grandfather."
  
*A record type used in the Locality and Research Methodologies sections of the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI) to identify articles that contain biographical information about a person or group of people.
+
bisavôs
  
birk
+
    Portuguese word for "great-grandparents."
  
    Danish word for "court district."
+
Bischof
  
===== Birke, Denmark  =====
+
    German word for "bishop."
  
*A Danish civil district, an area covered by a court. Also called herred.
+
bisdom
  
===== Birth certificate  =====
+
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "diocese."
  
*An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
+
===== Bishop's court, Church of England  =====
  
birodalom
+
*The highest court in a diocese of the Church of England. These courts also had superior jurisdiction over lesser courts in probate matters. Bishop's courts are also called episcopal, commissary, diocesan, exchequer, and consistory courts.
  
    Hungarian word for "empire."
+
===== Bishop's transcript, Church of England  =====
  
birraio
+
*A contemporary copy of a parish register of the Church of England that a local priest sends to the bishop of the diocese each year. The transcripts were supposed to be exact, but entries were sometimes abbreviated and may contain additional or variant information. If the original parish register has been lost, the bishop's transcript may be the only source of information.
  
    Italian word for "barkeeper, brewer."
+
===== Bishops’ report, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
Birth certificate
+
*A list of Latter-day Saint heads of households and the wards in which they lived. This report was prepared in 1852 and 1853.
  
    An official government document stating an individual's birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
+
biskop
  
===== Birth record  =====
+
    Norwegian word for "bishop."
  
*An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
+
biskup
  
===== Birthplace Index, 1881 British Census  =====
+
    Czech and Polish word for "bishop."
  
*An index of the 1881 British Census that is organized alphabetically by surname then by individuals' parish of birth. The Birthplace Index can help you identify possible brothers, sisters, and cousins who were born in the same parish but who may have moved to a different part of Great Britain.
+
bisneta
  
birtokos
+
    Portuguese word for "great-granddaughter."
  
    Hungarian word for "landowning farmer."
+
bisneto
  
bis-bisnonno
+
    Portuguese word for "great-grandson."
  
    Italian word for "secont great-grandfather."
+
bisnetos
  
bisabuela
+
    Portuguese word for "great-grandchildren."
  
    Spanish word for "great-grandmother."
+
bisnieta
  
bisabuelo
+
    Spanish word for "great-granddaughter."
  
    Spanish word for "great-grandfather."
+
bisnieto
  
bisabuelos
+
    Spanish word for "great-grandson."
  
    Spanish word for "great-grandparents."
+
bisnietos
  
bisavo, -a
+
    Spanish word for "great-grandchildren."
  
    Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."
+
bisnonna
  
bisavolo, -a
+
    Italian word for "great-grandmother."
  
    Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."
+
bisnonno
  
bisavó
+
    Italian word for "great-grandfather."
  
    Portuguese word for "great-grandmother."
+
bispado
  
bisavô
+
    Portuguese word for "bishopric."
  
    Portuguese word for "great-grandfather."
+
bispedømme
  
bisavôs
+
    Danish and Norwegian word for "diocese."
  
    Portuguese word for "great-grandparents."
+
bispo
  
Bischof
+
    Portuguese word for "bishop."
  
    German word for "bishop."
+
Bistum
  
bisdom
+
    German word for "diocese."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "diocese."
+
bitang
  
===== Bishop's court, Church of England  =====
+
    Hungarian word for "vagrant, vagabond."
  
*The highest court in a diocese of the Church of England. These courts also had superior jurisdiction over lesser courts in probate matters. Bishop's courts are also called episcopal, commissary, diocesan, exchequer, and consistory courts.
+
bizonyos
  
===== Bishop's transcript, Church of England  =====
+
    Hungarian word for "certain, sure."
  
*A contemporary copy of a parish register of the Church of England that a local priest sends to the bishop of the diocese each year. The transcripts were supposed to be exact, but entries were sometimes abbreviated and may contain additional or variant information. If the original parish register has been lost, the bishop's transcript may be the only source of information.
+
bizonyságok
  
===== Bishops’ report, Latter-day Saint  =====
+
    Hungarian word for "testimonies, (witnesses)."
  
*A list of Latter-day Saint heads of households and the wards in which they lived. This report was prepared in 1852 and 1853.
+
bizonytalan
  
biskop
+
    Hungarian word for "uncertain."
  
    Norwegian word for "bishop."
+
bizonyítvány
  
biskup
+
    Hungarian word for "certificate, document."
  
    Czech and Polish word for "bishop."
+
<br>
  
bisneta
+
===== Bjelke Feud (1658-1660), Norway  =====
  
    Portuguese word for "great-granddaughter."
+
*A military action in which Norway regained Trondheim and Romsdal, which it had lost to Sweden in the Krabbe War.
  
bisneto
+
===== Black Books  =====
  
    Portuguese word for "great-grandson."
+
*A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains messages, petitions, addresses, accounts, court proceedings, and other legal documents from 1636 to 1785.
  
bisnetos
+
===== Black Hawk War (1832)  =====
  
    Portuguese word for "great-grandchildren."
+
*A war fought between the Sauk and Fox Native Americans and the United States militia and regular troops. The leader of the Native Americans was named Black Hawk.
  
bisnieta
+
===== Black Hawk War (1865-1867)  =====
  
    Spanish word for "great-granddaughter."
+
*An Indian war that arose when a Ute chief named Black Hawk led an uprising against the settlers in Utah.
  
bisnieto
+
blad(sy)
  
     Spanish word for "great-grandson."
+
     Afrikaans word for "page."
  
bisnietos
+
bladzijde (blz.)
  
     Spanish word for "great-grandchildren."
+
     Dutch word for "page."
  
bisnonna
+
blanc (blanche)
  
     Italian word for "great-grandmother."
+
     French word for "white."
  
bisnonno
+
blanco (a)
  
     Italian word for "great-grandfather."
+
     Spanish word for "white."
  
bispado
+
Blattern
  
     Portuguese word for "bishopric."
+
     German word for "smallpox."
  
bispedømme
+
===== Blazon  =====
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "diocese."
+
*An official description of a coat of arms. Blazons are found in armorials. The term blazon is also used to mean a coat of arms.
  
bispo
+
blaðsíða
  
     Portuguese word for "bishop."
+
     Icelandic word for "page."
  
Bistum
+
===== Blessing certificate, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
    German word for "diocese."
+
*A certificate issued when a baby is blessed in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  
bitang
+
===== Blessing of baby, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
    Hungarian word for "vagrant, vagabond."
+
*A priesthood ordinance of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in which an infant is given a name and a blessing.
  
bizonyos
+
bli
  
     Hungarian word for "certain, sure."
+
     Norwegian word for "become."
  
bizonyságok
+
blikkenslager
  
     Hungarian word for "testimonies, (witnesses)."
+
     Danish and Norwegian word for "tinsmith."
  
bizonytalan
+
blikksmiður
  
     Hungarian word for "uncertain."
+
     Icelandic word for "tinsmith."
  
bizonyítvány
+
blind
  
     Hungarian word for "certificate, document."
+
     Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "blind."
  
<br>
+
blindur
  
===== Bjelke Feud (1658-1660), Norway  =====
+
    Icelandic word for "blind."
  
*A military action in which Norway regained Trondheim and Romsdal, which it had lost to Sweden in the Krabbe War.
+
bliski
  
===== Black Books  =====
+
    Polish word for "near."
  
*A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains messages, petitions, addresses, accounts, court proceedings, and other legal documents from 1636 to 1785.
+
bliva
  
===== Black Hawk War (1832)  =====
+
    Swedish word for "to become."
  
*A war fought between the Sauk and Fox Native Americans and the United States militia and regular troops. The leader of the Native Americans was named Black Hawk.
+
bliznieta
  
===== Black Hawk War (1865-1867)  =====
+
    Polish word for "twins."
  
*An Indian war that arose when a Ute chief named Black Hawk led an uprising against the settlers in Utah.
+
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  
blad(sy)  
+
    An agency of the United States government that manages and maintains the government's survey and land records. The bureau also manages national lands and their resources, including mineral resources. The bureau was created in 1946 when the Government Land Office (GLO) and the Grazing Service were combined. It is under the Department of the Interior.
  
    Afrikaans word for "page."
+
blod
  
bladzijde (blz.)
+
    Danish and Norwegian word for "blood."
  
    Dutch word for "page."
+
blodgang
  
blanc (blanche)
+
    Danish and Norwegian word for "dysentery."
  
    French word for "white."
+
blodskam
  
blanco (a)
+
    Norwegian word for "incest."
  
    Spanish word for "white."
+
blodsott
  
Blattern
+
    Norwegian word for "abnormal loss of blood during illness."
  
    German word for "smallpox."
+
bloeding
  
===== Blazon  =====
+
    Afrikaans word for "bleeding, hemorrhage."
  
*An official description of a coat of arms. Blazons are found in armorials. The term blazon is also used to mean a coat of arms.
+
bloei
  
blaðsíða
+
    Afrikaans word for "bloei."
  
    Icelandic word for "page."
+
bloeimaand
  
===== Blessing certificate, Latter-day Saint  =====
+
    Dutch word for "May (blossoming month)."
  
*A certificate issued when a baby is blessed in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
+
blogoslawil
  
===== Blessing of baby, Latter-day Saint  =====
+
    Polish word for "blessed."
  
*A priesthood ordinance of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in which an infant is given a name and a blessing.
+
blogoslawiony
  
bli
+
    Polish word for "blessed, the late."
  
    Norwegian word for "become."
+
<br>
  
blikkenslager
+
===== Blue Books  =====
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "tinsmith."
+
*A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains records relating to stock in the Bank of Maryland from 1733 to 1810. The collection contains information about paper money investment schemes, lawsuits against the state of Maryland, and papers concerning property that citizens lost during the Revolutionary War.
  
blikksmiður
+
blutend
  
     Icelandic word for "tinsmith."
+
     German word for "bleeding."
  
blind
+
Blutsverwandschaft
  
     Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "blind."
+
     German word for "blood relationship."
  
blindur
+
bladzijde (blz.)
  
     Icelandic word for "blind."
+
     Dutch word for "page."
  
bliski
+
blízký
  
     Polish word for "near."
+
     Czech word for "near."
  
bliva
+
blóðsótt
  
     Swedish word for "to become."
+
     Icelandic word for "dysentery."
  
bliznieta
+
blödning
  
     Polish word for "twins."
+
     Swedish word for "bleeding."
  
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
+
Blütenmonat
  
     An agency of the United States government that manages and maintains the government's survey and land records. The bureau also manages national lands and their resources, including mineral resources. The bureau was created in 1946 when the Government Land Office (GLO) and the Grazing Service were combined. It is under the Department of the Interior.
+
     German word for "May."
  
blod
+
bo, Afrikaans
  
     Danish and Norwegian word for "blood."
+
     Afrikaans word for "above, on top of."
  
blodgang
+
bo, Danish
  
     Danish and Norwegian word for "dysentery."
+
     Danish word for "to live at, home."
  
blodskam
+
bo, Norwegian
  
     Norwegian word for "incest."
+
     Norwegian word for "to live at."
  
blodsott
+
bo, Polish
  
     Norwegian word for "abnormal loss of blood during illness."
+
     Polish word for "because."
  
bloeding
+
bo, Swedish
  
     Afrikaans word for "bleeding, hemorrhage."
+
     Swedish word for "to live, home, estate."
  
bloei
+
<br>
  
    Afrikaans word for "bloei."
+
===== Board for Certification of Genealogists  =====
  
bloeimaand
+
*A professional organization for genealogists. The board administers a certification process.
  
    Dutch word for "May (blossoming month)."
+
===== Board of Commissioners to Quiet Land Titles, Hawaii  =====
  
blogoslawil
+
*A commission established in Hawaii in 1845 to settle land disputes between the king of Hawaii, who owned all of the land, and settlers who were not native to Hawaii. The king received a portion of the land, and the rest was divided equally between the government, chiefs, and tenants. To acquire ownership of land, an individual made a claim to the commission. This commission was also known as the Land Commission.
  
    Polish word for "blessed."
+
===== Board of Commissioners, USA 1805  =====
  
blogoslawiony
+
*A committee organized by the United States Congress in 1805 to investigate claims made by landowners to lands previously granted by the French and Spanish governments.
  
    Polish word for "blessed, the late."
+
boaro
  
<br>
+
    Italian word for "cattle hand."
  
===== Blue Books =====
+
===== Boatswain =====
  
*A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains records relating to stock in the Bank of Maryland from 1733 to 1810. The collection contains information about paper money investment schemes, lawsuits against the state of Maryland, and papers concerning property that citizens lost during the Revolutionary War.
+
*The officer on a merchant or navy ship who has charge over the hull, sails, rigging, and so forth.
  
blutend
+
boca
  
     German word for "bleeding."
+
     Portuguese and Spanish word for "mouth."
  
Blutsverwandschaft
+
boda
  
     German word for "blood relationship."
+
     Portuguese and Spanish word for "wedding, marriage."
  
bladzijde (blz.)
+
bodde
  
     Dutch word for "page."
+
     Norwegian word for "lived."
  
blízký
+
bodnár
  
     Czech word for "near."
+
     Hungarian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
  
blóðsótt
+
boede
  
     Icelandic word for "dysentery."
+
     Danish word for "lived."
  
blödning
+
boek
  
     Swedish word for "bleeding."
+
     Afrikaans and Dutch word for "book."
  
Blütenmonat
+
boer
  
     German word for "May."
+
     Afrikaans and Dutch word for "farmer."
  
bo, Afrikaans
+
===== Boer Wars (1877-1901)  =====
  
    Afrikaans word for "above, on top of."
+
*A term referring to two wars between the British and the Boers (now called Afrikaners) in South Africa. The first Boer War occurred in 1880 and 1881, when the Boers gained independence from Britain. The second Boer War, which occurred between 1899 and 1902, happened when the Boers tried to deny British citizens and other non-Afrikaners full political rights. The Boers won the opening battles of the second war, but the British eventually won the war. The Boer troops surrendered in 1900, but guerilla fighting lasted until 1902.
  
bo, Danish
+
boerearbeider
  
     Danish word for "to live at, home."
+
     Afrikaans word for "farmhand (laborer)."
  
bo, Norwegian
+
boerekneg
  
     Norwegian word for "to live at."
+
     Afrikaans word for "farmworker."
  
bo, Polish
+
boerenarbeider
  
     Polish word for "because."
+
     Dutch word for "cottager, farmhand, worker."
  
bo, Swedish
+
boerenknecht
  
     Swedish word for "to live, home, estate."
+
     Dutch word for "farm worker."
  
<br>
+
bog
  
===== Board for Certification of Genealogists  =====
+
    Danish word for "book."
  
*A professional organization for genealogists. The board administers a certification process.
+
boghandler
  
===== Board of Commissioners to Quiet Land Titles, Hawaii  =====
+
    Danish word for "bookseller."
  
*A commission established in Hawaii in 1845 to settle land disputes between the king of Hawaii, who owned all of the land, and settlers who were not native to Hawaii. The king received a portion of the land, and the rest was divided equally between the government, chiefs, and tenants. To acquire ownership of land, an individual made a claim to the commission. This commission was also known as the Land Commission.
+
bogholder
  
===== Board of Commissioners, USA 1805  =====
+
    Danish word for "bookkeeper, accountant."
  
*A committee organized by the United States Congress in 1805 to investigate claims made by landowners to lands previously granted by the French and Spanish governments.
+
bognár
  
boaro
+
    Hungarian word for "wheel maker."
  
    Italian word for "cattle hand."
+
boieiro
  
===== Boatswain  =====
+
    Portuguese word for "herdsman."
  
*The officer on a merchant or navy ship who has charge over the hull, sails, rigging, and so forth.
+
bok
  
boca
+
    Norwegian and Swedish word for "book."
  
    Portuguese and Spanish word for "mouth."
+
bokhandler
  
boda
+
    Norwegian word for "bookseller."
  
    Portuguese and Spanish word for "wedding, marriage."
+
bokholder, bokfører
  
bodde
+
    Norwegian word for "bookkeeper."
  
    Norwegian word for "lived."
+
bokhållare
  
bodnár
+
    Swedish word for "bookkeeper."
  
    Hungarian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
+
bokstav
  
boede
+
    Norwegian word for "letter, character."
  
    Danish word for "lived."
+
boldog
  
boek
+
    Hungarian word for "happy."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "book."
+
bolest
  
boer
+
    Czech word for "pain."
  
    Afrikaans and Dutch word for "farmer."
+
bolig
  
===== Boer Wars (1877-1901)  =====
+
    Danish and Norwegian word for "residence, house."
  
*A term referring to two wars between the British and the Boers (now called Afrikaners) in South Africa. The first Boer War occurred in 1880 and 1881, when the Boers gained independence from Britain. The second Boer War, which occurred between 1899 and 1902, happened when the Boers tried to deny British citizens and other non-Afrikaners full political rights. The Boers won the opening battles of the second war, but the British eventually won the war. The Boer troops surrendered in 1900, but guerilla fighting lasted until 1902.
+
boltos
  
boerearbeider
+
    Hungarian word for "shopkeeper."
  
    Afrikaans word for "farmhand (laborer)."
+
bom (oa)  
  
boerekneg
+
    Portuguese word for "good."
  
    Afrikaans word for "farmworker."
+
bon (bonne)
  
boerenarbeider
+
    French word for "good."
  
    Dutch word for "cottager, farmhand, worker."
+
bona
  
boerenknecht
+
    Latin word for "possessions."
  
    Dutch word for "farm worker."
+
===== Bond of curation  =====
  
bog
+
*A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is old enough to marry but still younger than 21 to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
  
    Danish word for "book."
+
===== Bond of indemnification  =====
  
boghandler
+
*A document guaranteeing that the father of an illegitimate child would take financial responsibility for the child. This document relieved the parish from that responsibility. Also called a bastardy bond.
  
    Danish word for "bookseller."
+
===== Bond of tuition  =====
  
bogholder
+
*A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is not old enough to marry to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
  
    Danish word for "bookkeeper, accountant."
+
===== Bond with a will annexed  =====
  
bognár
+
*A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties. This document has a will attached to it.
  
    Hungarian word for "wheel maker."
+
===== Bond, financial  =====
  
boieiro
+
*A legal act by which people obligate themselves or their heirs, executors, or administrators to pay a certain amount of money to another individual under certain conditions.
  
    Portuguese word for "herdsman."
+
===== Bond, general  =====
  
bok
+
*A binding agreement or a certificate or evidence of debt.
  
    Norwegian and Swedish word for "book."
+
===== Bond, investment  =====
  
bokhandler
+
*A certificate or other type of evidence showing that a company, government, or institution promises to pay the purchaser of the bond (the lender) the amount of money loaned plus interest.
  
    Norwegian word for "bookseller."
+
===== Bond, jail  =====
  
bokholder, bokfører
+
*The amount of money needed to get out of jail while awaiting trial. Also called bail.
  
    Norwegian word for "bookkeeper."
+
===== Bond, probate  =====
  
bokhållare
+
*A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties.
  
    Swedish word for "bookkeeper."
+
bonde
  
bokstav
+
    Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "farmer."
  
    Norwegian word for "letter, character."
+
===== Bondsman  =====
  
boldog
+
*An individual or institution that signs a bond to guarantee that if the bond holder does not meet the obligations, that individual or institution will. Also called a surety.
  
    Hungarian word for "happy."
+
bonne
  
bolest
+
    French word for "maid, female servant."
  
    Czech word for "pain."
+
bonus
  
bolig
+
    Latin word for "good."
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "residence, house."
+
===== Bonus application papers  =====
  
boltos
+
*An application for a financial bonus promised by the United States government to men who enlisted in the United States military during World War I.
  
    Hungarian word for "shopkeeper."
+
===== Book indexes by vessel line  =====
  
bom (oa)
+
*Indexes to passenger lists. The indexes are arranged by the shipping line and the date of arrival in the United States.
  
    Portuguese word for "good."
+
===== Book of remembrance, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
bon (bonne)
+
*A record in which members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints record important Church-related events (such as baptism, confirmation, priesthood ordination, marriage, and so forth) and family history information.
  
    French word for "good."
+
===== Book review  =====
  
bona
+
*An article that summarizes a book and evaluates the quality of the book’s information and writing.
  
    Latin word for "possessions."
+
Boom
  
===== Bond of curation  =====
+
    Sudden population growth (large numbers of people moving in) caused by economic opportunites. When land was opened to homesteading, land rushes or land booms occured. The discovery of oil caused oil booms; the discovery of minerals caused mining booms.
  
*A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is old enough to marry but still younger than 21 to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
+
boot
  
===== Bond of indemnification  =====
+
    Afrikaans word for "boat, barge, ship."
  
*A document guaranteeing that the father of an illegitimate child would take financial responsibility for the child. This document relieved the parish from that responsibility. Also called a bastardy bond.
+
Bootsmann
  
===== Bond of tuition  =====
+
    German word for "bargeman, boatman."
  
*A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is not old enough to marry to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
+
bopel
  
===== Bond with a will annexed  =====
+
    Norwegian word for "residence, domicile."
  
*A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties. This document has a will attached to it.
+
bopæl
  
===== Bond, financial  =====
+
    Danish word for "residence, home, domicile."
  
*A legal act by which people obligate themselves or their heirs, executors, or administrators to pay a certain amount of money to another individual under certain conditions.
+
borbély
  
===== Bond, general  =====
+
    Hungarian word for "barber."
  
*A binding agreement or a certificate or evidence of debt.
+
bordarius
  
===== Bond, investment  =====
+
    Latin word for "cottager, tenant, border."
  
*A certificate or other type of evidence showing that a company, government, or institution promises to pay the purchaser of the bond (the lender) the amount of money loaned plus interest.
+
===== Bordeaux Emigration Index, France  =====
  
===== Bond, jail  =====
+
*A card index to about 16,000 people who emigrated from Bordeaux, France, between 1713 and 1787.
  
*The amount of money needed to get out of jail while awaiting trial. Also called bail.
+
===== Border Crossing Indexes, Canada  =====
  
===== Bond, probate  =====
+
*A card index to the Canadian border crossing manifests. Sometimes officials recorded information only on the index card for the crossing instead of in both the index and the border crossing manifest.
  
*A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties.
+
===== Border crossing lists, USA  =====
  
bonde
+
*Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
  
    Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "farmer."
+
===== Border crossing manifests, Canada  =====
  
===== Bondsman  =====
+
*Lists of passengers being transported from Canada into the United States. Canadian shipping companies began keeping these records in 1895. There are two type of manifests: lists of people traveling by train and lists of people traveling by boat. The manifests may include the person's name, port or station of entry, date of entry, age, literacy, last residence, previous visits to the United States, and birthplace. Sometimes officials only recorded the information on the index card rather than on the manifest. Beginning in 1908 the companies began keeping similar records of people arriving in Canada from the United States. These records are not indexed and are not available through the Family History Library™. Also called Canadian border crossing lists, passenger lists, and manifests.
  
*An individual or institution that signs a bond to guarantee that if the bond holder does not meet the obligations, that individual or institution will. Also called a surety.
+
===== Border crossing records, USA  =====
  
bonne
+
*Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
  
    French word for "maid, female servant."
+
Border crossings
  
bonus
+
    The act of going across a political boundary from one country to another.
  
     Latin word for "good."
+
     The place where people go from one country to another.
  
===== Bonus application papers  =====
+
borg
  
*An application for a financial bonus promised by the United States government to men who enlisted in the United States military during World War I.
+
    Swedish word for "castle,fortress."
  
===== Book indexes by vessel line  =====
+
borg
  
*Indexes to passenger lists. The indexes are arranged by the shipping line and the date of arrival in the United States.
+
    Icelandic word for "city."
  
===== Book of remembrance, Latter-day Saint  =====
+
borgare
  
*A record in which members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints record important Church-related events (such as baptism, confirmation, priesthood ordination, marriage, and so forth) and family history information.
+
    Swedish word for "citizen, burgher."
  
===== Book review  =====
+
borgari
  
*An article that summarizes a book and evaluates the quality of the book’s information and writing.
+
    Icelandic word for "citizen."
  
Boom
+
borger
  
     Sudden population growth (large numbers of people moving in) caused by economic opportunites. When land was opened to homesteading, land rushes or land booms occured. The discovery of oil caused oil booms; the discovery of minerals caused mining booms.
+
     Danish and Norwegian word for "citizen."
  
boot
+
borgermester
  
     Afrikaans word for "boat, barge, ship."
+
     Norwegian word for "mayor."
  
Bootsmann
+
borgerskab
  
     German word for "bargeman, boatman."
+
     Danish word for "citizenship."
  
bopel
+
<br>
  
    Norwegian word for "residence, domicile."
+
===== Borgerskabprotokoller, Denmark  =====
  
bopæl
+
*A Danish word for citizenship book. It lists the people who received the rights to citizenship extended by a city. Citizenship rights included the right to engage in business in the city, protection under the law, and permission to live in the city without being expelled. The book includes the names of the people granted citizenship and their age, social and economic status, occupation and training, and sometimes birthplace and names of relatives. Until the twentieth century, only males of the middle or upper class, usually merchants and tradesmen, were granted citizenship.
  
    Danish word for "residence, home, domicile."
+
borgerskap
  
borbély
+
    Norwegian word for "citizenship."
  
    Hungarian word for "barber."
+
borghese
  
bordarius
+
    Italian word for "burgher, citizen."
  
    Latin word for "cottager, tenant, border."
+
borgmester
  
===== Bordeaux Emigration Index, France  =====
+
    Danish word for "mayor."
  
*A card index to about 16,000 people who emigrated from Bordeaux, France, between 1713 and 1787.
+
borgmästare
  
===== Border Crossing Indexes, Canada  =====
+
    Swedish word for "mayor."
  
*A card index to the Canadian border crossing manifests. Sometimes officials recorded information only on the index card for the crossing instead of in both the index and the border crossing manifest.
+
<br>
  
===== Border crossing lists, USA =====
+
===== Born In (the) Covenant =====
  
*Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
+
*A term referring to a child born after the sealing of his/her parents in a temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is often abbreviated BIC.
  
===== Border crossing manifests, Canada =====
+
===== Borough court, Connecticut =====
  
*Lists of passengers being transported from Canada into the United States. Canadian shipping companies began keeping these records in 1895. There are two type of manifests: lists of people traveling by train and lists of people traveling by boat. The manifests may include the person's name, port or station of entry, date of entry, age, literacy, last residence, previous visits to the United States, and birthplace. Sometimes officials only recorded the information on the index card rather than on the manifest. Beginning in 1908 the companies began keeping similar records of people arriving in Canada from the United States. These records are not indexed and are not available through the Family History Library™. Also called Canadian border crossing lists, passenger lists, and manifests.
+
*A court in Connecticut with townwide jurisdiction over civil matters. Borough courts were succeeded by the circuit courts.
  
===== Border crossing records, USA =====
+
===== Borough, Great Britain =====
  
*Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
+
*A self-governing town or city that sends a representative to Parliament.
  
Border crossings
+
Borough, New York City
  
     The act of going across a political boundary from one country to another.
+
     One of the five administrative divisions of New York City: Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Richmond (Staten Island).
  
    The place where people go from one country to another.
+
===== Borough, Scotland  =====
  
borg
+
*A city or town in Scotland. In current usage, the term borough refers only to towns with a charter. Also spelled burgh.
  
    Swedish word for "castle,fortress."
+
borta
  
borg
+
    Swedish word for "absent."
  
    Icelandic word for "city."
+
bortgift
  
borgare
+
    Swedish word for "married elsewhere."
  
    Swedish word for "citizen, burgher."
+
borussia
  
borgari
+
    Latin word for "Prussia."
  
    Icelandic word for "citizen."
+
bos
  
borger
+
    Dutch word for "woods, forest (new version of the word)."
  
    Danish and Norwegian word for "citizen."
+
bosbaas
  
borgermester
+
    Dutch word for "forester."
  
    Norwegian word for "mayor."
+
bosbouer
  
borgerskab
+
    Afrikaans word for "forester, warden."
  
    Danish word for "citizenship."
+
bosch
  
 +
    Dutch word for "woods, forest (old version of the word)."
  
 +
bosque
  
===== Borgerskabprotokoller, Denmark  =====
+
    Portuguese word for "grove, forest, woods."
  
*A Danish word for citizenship book. It lists the people who received the rights to citizenship extended by a city. Citizenship rights included the right to engage in business in the city, protection under the law, and permission to live in the city without being expelled. The book includes the names of the people granted citizenship and their age, social and economic status, occupation and training, and sometimes birthplace and names of relatives. Until the twentieth century, only males of the middle or upper class, usually merchants and tradesmen, were granted citizenship.
+
bostad
  
borgerskap
+
    Swedish word for "domicile."
  
    Norwegian word for "citizenship."
+
boswachter
  
borghese
+
    Dutch word for "forester."
  
    Italian word for "burgher, citizen."
+
boswagter
  
borgmester
+
    Afrikaans word for "forester."
  
    Danish word for "mayor."
+
bot
  
borgmästare
+
    Norwegian word for "fine, penalty."
  
    Swedish word for "mayor."
+
bottaio
  
 +
    Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
  
 +
bottegaio
  
===== Born In (the) Covenant  =====
+
    Italian word for "shopkeeper."
  
*A term referring to a child born after the sealing of his/her parents in a temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is often abbreviated BIC.
+
boucher
  
===== Borough court, Connecticut  =====
+
    French word for "butcher."
  
*A court in Connecticut with townwide jurisdiction over civil matters. Borough courts were succeeded by the circuit courts.
+
boulanger
  
===== Borough, Great Britain  =====
+
    French word for "baker."
  
*A self-governing town or city that sends a representative to Parliament.
+
<br>
  
Borough, New York City
+
===== Boundary  =====
  
    One of the five administrative divisions of New York City: Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Richmond (Staten Island).
+
*A separation, whether natural or manmade, between properties or jurisdictions.
  
===== Borough, Scotland =====
+
===== Bounty land =====
  
*A city or town in Scotland. In current usage, the term borough refers only to towns with a charter. Also spelled burgh.
+
*Federal land given to people for their service in the military.
  
borta
+
===== Bounty land warrant application  =====
  
    Swedish word for "absent."
+
*A formal, written request for a piece of federal land in return for past military service.
  
bortgift
+
boupptekning
  
     Swedish word for "married elsewhere."
+
     Swedish word for "estate inventory, probate."
  
borussia
+
bourgeois
  
     Latin word for "Prussia."
+
     French word for "citizen, member of the middle class."
  
bos
+
bourguignon
  
     Dutch word for "woods, forest (new version of the word)."
+
     French word for "Burgundian."
  
bosbaas
+
bouvier
  
     Dutch word for "forester."
+
     French word for "herdsman, cowherd."
  
bosbouer
+
bovaro
  
     Afrikaans word for "forester, warden."
+
     Italian word for "cattle driver."
  
bosch
+
boven
  
     Dutch word for "woods, forest (old version of the word)."
+
     Dutch word for "above, over, upstairs."
  
bosque
+
<br>
  
    Portuguese word for "grove, forest, woods."
+
===== Bowman Collection  =====
  
bostad
+
*A card index to Connecticut vital records in Massachusetts from 1800 to 1900.
  
    Swedish word for "domicile."
+
===== Box Type, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
boswachter
+
*A printed book used to record membership records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1920 and 1941. Each page of the book had four to six boxes, and each box contained the complete membership information for an individual. The records are available at the Family History Library™ and Family History Centers™.
  
    Dutch word for "forester."
+
boznica
  
boswagter
+
    Polish word for "synagogue."
  
    Afrikaans word for "forester."
+
Bozy
  
bot
+
    Polish word for "the Lord's."
  
    Norwegian word for "fine, penalty."
+
braaf
  
bottaio
+
    Dutch word for "honest, worthy, good."
  
    Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
+
bracciale
  
bottegaio
+
    Italian word for "laborer."
  
    Italian word for "shopkeeper."
+
bracciante
  
boucher
+
    Italian word for "farm laborer."
  
    French word for "butcher."
+
Brachmonat
  
boulanger
+
    German word for "June."
  
    French word for "baker."
+
bracia
  
 +
    Polish word for "brothers."
  
 +
brak
  
===== Boundary  =====
+
    Polish word for "lack of, is missing."
  
*A separation, whether natural or manmade, between properties or jurisdictions.
+
===== Branch history, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
===== Bounty land  =====
+
*An historical account of a branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  
*Federal land given to people for their service in the military.
+
===== Branch records, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
===== Bounty land warrant application  =====
+
*Membership records that each branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints keeps of members who live within the branch boundaries.
  
*A formal, written request for a piece of federal land in return for past military service.
+
===== Branch, Latter-day Saint  =====
  
boupptekning
+
*A local division of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is similar to a ward but usually does not have enough membership or enough priesthood leadership to support all the programs of the Church.
  
    Swedish word for "estate inventory, probate."
+
branco (a)
  
bourgeois
+
    Portuguese word for "white."
  
    French word for "citizen, member of the middle class."
+
brann
  
bourguignon
+
    Norwegian word for "fire."
  
    French word for "Burgundian."
+
brasiator
  
bouvier
+
    Latin word for "brewer."
  
    French word for "herdsman, cowherd."
+
brasseur
  
bovaro
+
    French word for "brewer."
  
    Italian word for "cattle driver."
+
brassier
  
boven
+
    French word for "farmworker, laborer (old word)."
  
    Dutch word for "above, over, upstairs."
+
brat
  
 +
    Polish word for "brother."
  
 +
bratanek
  
===== Bowman Collection  =====
+
    Polish word for "nephew."
  
*A card index to Connecticut vital records in Massachusetts from 1800 to 1900.
+
bratanica
  
===== Box Type, Latter-day Saint  =====
+
    Polish word for "niece."
  
*A printed book used to record membership records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1920 and 1941. Each page of the book had four to six boxes, and each box contained the complete membership information for an individual. The records are available at the Family History Library™ and Family History Centers™.
+
bratowa
  
boznica
+
    Polish word for "sister-in-law."
  
    Polish word for "synagogue."
+
bratr
  
Bozy
+
    Czech word for "brother."
  
    Polish word for "the Lord's."
+
bratranec
  
braaf
+
    Czech word for "cousin (male)."
  
    Dutch word for "honest, worthy, good."
+
Brauer  
 
 
bracciale
 
 
 
    Italian word for "laborer."
 
 
 
bracciante
 
 
 
    Italian word for "farm laborer."
 
 
 
Brachmonat
 
 
 
    German word for "June."
 
 
 
bracia
 
 
 
    Polish word for "brothers."
 
 
 
brak
 
 
 
    Polish word for "lack of, is missing."
 
 
 
===== Branch history, Latter-day Saint  =====
 
 
 
*An historical account of a branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
 
 
 
===== Branch records, Latter-day Saint  =====
 
 
 
*Membership records that each branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints keeps of members who live within the branch boundaries.
 
 
 
===== Branch, Latter-day Saint  =====
 
 
 
*A local division of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is similar to a ward but usually does not have enough membership or enough priesthood leadership to support all the programs of the Church.
 
 
 
branco (a)
 
 
 
    Portuguese word for "white."
 
 
 
brann
 
 
 
    Norwegian word for "fire."
 
 
 
brasiator
 
 
 
    Latin word for "brewer."
 
 
 
brasseur
 
 
 
    French word for "brewer."
 
 
 
brassier
 
 
 
    French word for "farmworker, laborer (old word)."
 
 
 
brat
 
 
 
    Polish word for "brother."
 
 
 
bratanek
 
 
 
    Polish word for "nephew."
 
 
 
bratanica
 
 
 
    Polish word for "niece."
 
 
 
bratowa
 
 
 
    Polish word for "sister-in-law."
 
 
 
bratr
 
 
 
    Czech word for "brother."
 
 
 
bratranec
 
 
 
    Czech word for "cousin (male)."
 
 
 
Brauer
 
 
 
    German word for "brewer."
 
  
 +
    German word for "brewer."
  
 +
<br>
  
 
===== Brief description, Family History Library Catalog™ on compact disc  =====
 
===== Brief description, Family History Library Catalog™ on compact disc  =====

Revision as of 16:43, 31 July 2009


B

baba
  • Afrikaans word for "baby."
babbo
  • Italian word for "father."
babina
  • Czech word for "grandmother."
babka
  • Polish word for "grandmother."
bacallarius
  • Latin word for "bachelor."
backe
  • Swedish word for "hill."
Background information
  • Information about the land, people, history, government, and other characteristics of an area. Background information helps to focus research in the most appropriate types of records for a given area and time period.
backstugusittare
  • Swedish word for "one who owned a small cottage, dugout dweller."
Bad
  • German word for "spa, resort."
bad(plaats)
  • Dutch word for "resort, spa, bath."
badatel
  • Czech word for "researcher."
Badeort
  • German word for "spa, health resort."
bagare
  • Swedish word for "baker."
bagbygning
  • Danish word for "a building behind the main building."
bager
  • Danish word for "baker."
Baggage list
  • A list of the luggage and other personal belongings of the crew and passengers on a ship or train.
baillivus
  • Latin word for "bailiff."
baixo (a)
  • Portuguese word for "low."
bajo (a)
  • Spanish word for "low."
bakalarz
  • Polish word for "teacher, bachelor."
bakari
  • Icelandic word for "baker."
bakbygning
  • Norwegian word for "back building (additional residence behind the main building)."
baker, Dutch
  • Dutch word for "dry nurse."
baker, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "baker."
bakke
  • Norwegian word for "hill."
bakker
  • Afrikaans and Dutch word for "baker."
bakom
  • Swedish word for "behind."
bal
  • Hungarian word for "left (direction)."
The Henry R. Baldwin Genealogical Records, Ohio (Baldwin collection)
  • A collection of church, military, cemetery, court, and family information about people from eastern Ohio from 1867 to 1913.
baltycki
  • Polish word for "Baltic."
bambina illegittima
  • Italian word for "illegitimate girl."
bambini
  • Italian word for "children."
bambino illegittimo
  • Italian word for "illegitimate boy."
bambino, -a
  • Italian word for "child, baby."
ban (le)
  • French word for "the territory."
banchiere
  • Italian word for "banker."
band, Danish
  • Danish word for "volume."
Band, German (Bd.)
  • German word for "volume."
bandi di matrimonio
  • Italian word for "marriage banns, notices."
Bankruptcy
  • The state of being unable to pay one's debts. To formally declare bankruptcy is to seek relief from creditors through a court action. An individual, government, business, or other organization can declare bankruptcy.
bannlyse
  • Norwegian word for "excommunicate."
bannorum, liber
  • Latin word for "register of marriage banns, announcements."
Banns
  • A public announcement made by a couple to their local church congregation that they planned to marry. The couple may also have posted a written notice on the church.
bannum
  • Latin word for "bann, marriage proclamation."
bans
  • French word for "marriage banns, announcement(s)."
baptisatus
  • Latin word for "baptized."
===== Baptêmes =====
  • French word for baptisms.
Baptism certificate
  • A certificate stating the date and place an individual was baptized into a church.
Baptism for the dead, Latter-day Saint
  • A priesthood ordinance performed in temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Church members are baptized by proxy in behalf of people who have died.
Baptism, general
  • An initiation into a Christian church, usually performed by sprinkling the individual with water or immersing the individual in water.
Baptism, Latter-day Saint
  • The introductory ordinance into The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Church practices baptism by immersion for the remission of sins. The ordinance symbolizes the individual's rebirth as a disciple of Jesus Christ.
baptisma
  • Latin word for "baptism." Necessitate baptismo means "(being) an emergency baptism."
Baptismal date
  • The day an individual is baptized.
Baptismal records
  • Records created when an individual participates in the rite or ordinance of baptism to become a member of a church.
baptismatis
  • Latin word for "of baptism."
baptismo
  • Portuguese word for "baptism."
baptismus
  • Latin word for "baptism."
baptist
  • Norwegian and Swedish word for "Baptist."
Baptist Church
  • A group of Protestant churches that was founded by John Smythe during the early 1600s while he was a refugee in Amsterdam. The Baptists oppose infant baptism and baptize only adults who have accepted Jesus Christ as their Savior. Baptist churches are governed by local congregations and often organized into separate conventions or associations, such as the Baptist World Alliance and the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland. The Southern Baptist Convention is the largest Baptist organization in the world with 37,000 churches in the United States and its territories. It was organized in 1845 and has offices in Nashville, Tennessee.
Baptist, German
  • German word for "Baptist."
baptista
  • Hungarian word for "Baptist."
Baptiste
  • French word for "Baptist."
baptisé
  • French word for "baptized."
baptisé sous condition
  • French word for "conditionally baptized."
baptizar
  • Portuguese word for "to baptize."
baptizatorum, liber
  • Latin word for "register of baptisms."
baptizatus est
  • Latin word for "he was baptized, has been baptized."
baptizavi
  • Latin word for "I baptized, have baptized."
baptême d'urgence
  • French word for "emergency baptism."
Baptêmes
  • The French word for baptisms.
bar
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "carried."
bar barnet
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "carried or held the child (at baptism font)."
bara
  • Swedish word for "only."
barbiere
  • Italian word for "barber."
Barbour Collection
  • Abstracts of town, church, and other original records from the earliest period of Connecticut's history to the 1850s. The collection is indexed, but the index is incomplete and contains errors.
barca, fabbricatore di
  • Italian word for "boat maker."
barcaiolo
  • Italian word for "boatman."
Barcino
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian, African, and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
barco, Portuguese
  • Portuguese word for "boat."
barco, Spanish
  • Spanish word for "ship."
bare
  • Norwegian word for "only."
barilaio
  • Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."
barista
  • Italian word for "bartender."
barkahósti
  • Icelandic word for "croup."
barn
  • Icelandic word for "child."
barn
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "child."
barn, Swedish
  • Swedish word for "child(ren)."
barna
  • Icelandic word for "make pregnant."
barna, Hungarian
  • Hungarian word for "brown."
barna, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "children."
Barnardo, Thomas John
  • The founder of a large philanthropic organization in Great Britain during the 1860s. This organization founded 90 homes for destitute children and founded many schools with unlimited admittance policies, which were rare at the time. The organization also helped send children (orphans and others) from Britain to Canada. These children were often called "Barnardo's children." The boys were sent as farm laborers and the girls as "mother's helpers."
Barnocino
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian, African, and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
barnbarn
  • Swedish word for "grandchild(ren)."
barnbok
  • Swedish word for "preconfirmation roll (in Finland)."
barndom
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "childhood."
barnebarn
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "grandchild."
barnedåb, Danish
  • Danish word for "child's baptism."
barnedåp, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "child baptism."
barnefader
  • Danish word for "child's father."
barnefar
  • Norwegian word for "child's father."
barnlaus
  • Icelandic word for "childless."
barnlös
  • Swedish word for "childless."
barnløs
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "childless."
barnmorska
  • Swedish word for "midwife."
Barnocino
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian, African, and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
barnsbörd, barnsäng
  • Swedish word for "childbirth."
barnsæng
  • Icelandic word for "childbed."
baro
  • Latin word for "baron."
Baron
  • The lowest title in the British and French peerage. A baron's wife or a woman who inherits or is granted the title is called a baroness. The title of baron was introduced to Great Britain in 1066 after the Normans took power. The king bestowed land and the title of baron to some of his men for their service. These men could give this land and the title to their oldest sons. Eventually the barons became divided into greater and lesser barons, depending on how much land they held. The greater barons eventually became earls and dukes. Lesser barons became the retainers. Currently, the title of baron is given by the British monarch for distinguished service or distinction in arts or letters. Barons may no longer give the title to their heirs. In other European countries, a baron may have various ranks. In Latin America, the baron (barón) was below the viscount (vizconde) and above a lord (señor).
Baron, Scotland
  • A baron was the noble owner of a feudal barony, which was a dignity and jurisdiction created over an area of land.  He could charter towns on his estate with the explicit permission of the Crown and he had civil and criminal jurisdictional powers.
Baron
  • German word for "baron."
Barón
  • The Spanish word for baron, a title of nobility ranking below a viscount (vizconde) and above a lord (señor).
barone
  • Italian word for "baron."
Baronet, Britain
  • The highest title in the British gentry, ranking below a baron and above a knight. The title of baronet was created in 1611 by King James I, who sold this title in return for much-needed money. Now the title of baronet is granted by the British monarch to anyone he or she wishes to honor. The title may be passed on to heirs, but a baronet does not have a seat in the House of Lords.
Barony, Ireland
  • A land division within a county in Ireland. Baronies were originally held by Irish chieftains, who obtained or leased it from the kings of the provinces. Eventually baronies came to be used only for financial and administrative reasons.
Barony, Scotland
  • A freehold estate created by direct grant with charter from the Crown, which carried with it both civil and criminal jurisdiction.
barrio
  • Spanish word for "city ward."
barsel
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "birth."
barselfeber
  • Norwegian word for "childbed fever."
barselseng
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "birthing bed."
E. E. Barton Collection of Northern Kentucky Families (Barton collection)
  • A collection of biographies, guardian bonds, appraisements, marriages, and church records for the residents of Kentucky in Pendleton County and neighboring counties.
barát
  • Hungarian word for "friend."
barão
  • Portuguese word for "baron."
Barón
  • The Spanish word for baron, a title of nobility ranking below a viscount (vizconde) and above a lord (señor).

bas

   French word for "low, lower."

Base born

   A child born out of wedlock. In the British Isles, similar terms are illegitimate, bastard, natural born, and unlawful.


Basic Search Strategies
  • The section of a research outline that describes a general process for conducting family history research.

basso

   Italian word for "low."

Bastard

   A child born out of wedlock. In the British Isles, similar terms are illegitimate, base born, natural born, and unlawful.

bastardo, -a

   Italian word for "illegitimate child."


Bastardy bond
  • A document guaranteeing that the father of an illegitimate child would take financial responsibility for the child. This document relieved the parish from that responsibility. Also called a bond of indemnification.
Batch number
  • A number used in the International Genealogical Index® and Scottish Church Records to find the original source of the information in an entry.
Batch number, Index to the Old Parochial Registers of Scotland
  • A number given in the Index to the Old Parochial Registers of Scotland that helps identify which microfilm contains the original parish record. The Batch Number Index identifies which batch numbers are tied to which films of original records.
Bates Collection of Genealogical Data
  • An 88-volume collection of information about Rhode Island families collected by Louise Prosser Bates. It contains abstracts of deeds, land grants, probate records, genealogies, town records, and cemetery records. It is at the Rhode Island Historical Society and on microfilm at the Family History Library™.
Batismos
  • A Portuguese word for baptisms.
batisseur
  • French word for "builder."
batizar
  • Portuguese word for "to baptize."
batsmaður
  • Icelandic word for "boatman."
battesimale
  • Italian word for "baptismal."
battesimo
  • Italian word for "baptism."
battezzare
  • Italian word for "baptize."
battezzarono
  • Italian word for "they baptized."
battezzato, -a
  • Italian word for "baptized."
battezzo
  • Italian word for "baptized."
Bauer
  • German word for "farmer, peasant."
Bauptismos
  • A Spanish word for baptisms.
Bautismo
  • A Spanish term for baptism. Also used in the Philippines.
bautizar
  • Spanish word for "to baptize."
Bayern
  • German word for "Bavaria."
baía
  • Portuguese word for "bay."
Computer bulletin board system (BBS)
  • A computer service that allows people to enter information that other people can then read or download. Users can also post questions for others to answer, answer questions posted by others, or read questions and answers already on the service. Many bulletin boards focus on a particular topic. Also called a computer message board or computer news group.
Band, German (Bd.)
  • German word for "volume."
BCG
  • Board for Certification of Genealogists.
bd.
  • Danish word for "volume."
be
  • Norwegian word for "pray, request."
Beamter
  • German word for "official, registrar."
Beat
  • The area of land that a census taker covers.
beatus
  • Latin word for "blessed, deceased."
beau-fils
  • French word for "son-in-law, stepson."
beau-frère
  • French word for "brother-in-law, stepbrother."
beau-père
  • French word for "father-in-law, stepfather."
beboer
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "occupant, resident."
bebé
  • Spanish word for "baby."
beccaio
  • Italian word for "butcher."
beccamorti
  • Italian word for "grave digger."
becchino
  • Italian word for "grave digger."
Beck(er)
  • German word for "baker."
becsületes
  • Hungarian word for "honest."
beda
  • Polish word for "they will."
bede
  • Danish word for "pray."
bededag
  • Norwegian word for "prayer day."
bedelaar
  • Afrikaans and Dutch word for "beggar."
bedendmaking
  • Afrikaans word for "declaration."
bedrag
  • Afrikaans and Dutch word for "fee, amount (of money)."
bedrijf
  • Dutch word for "trade, business, concern."
bedrive hor
  • Norwegian word for "commit adultery."
bedryf
  • Afrikaans word for "occupation, trade."
bedstefar
  • Danish word for "grandfather."
bedstemor
  • Danish word for "grandmother."
bedzie
  • Polish word for "he/she/it will."
beerdigt
  • German word for "buried."
Beerdigung
  • German word for "burial, interment."
befandtes
  • Danish word for "is found."
befolkning, Danish
  • Danish word for "population, inhabitants."
befolkning, Norwegian
  • Norwegian word for "population, people."
befolkning, Swedish
  • Swedish word for "population."
begge
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "both."
begivenhet
  • Norwegian word for "event, occurrence."

beglaubigt

   German word for "certified, attested."

begraaf

   Dutch word for "burial".

begraafplaas

   Afrikaans word for "cemetery."

begraafplaats

   Dutch word for "cemetery."

begraben

   German word for "buried."
Begräbnisse
  • The German word for burials.

begrafenis

   Dutch word for "funeral."

begrafn

   Icelandic word for "buried."

begrafnis

   Afrikaans word for "burial, funeral."

begrava

   Swedish word for "to bury."


Begravede
  • A Norwegian and Danish word for burials.

begravelse, Danish

   Danish word for "burial."

begravelse, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "funeral, burial."

begraven

   Dutch word for "to bury."

begravet

   Danish and Norwegian word for "buried."
Begravna
  • The Swedish word for burials.

begravning

   Swedish word for "burial."

begravningsplats

   Swedish word for "cemetery."

begrawe

   Afrikaans word for "to bury."

Begräbnisse

   The German word for burials.

begått H(errens) H(eliga) Nattvard

   Swedish word for "taken the Lord's Holy Communion."

behandle

   Norwegian word for "handle, treat, manage."

behoeftig

   Afrikaans word for "indigent, needy."

behoeftigden

   Dutch word for "needy, indigent."

behoort

   Afrikaans word for "belongs."

behoren

   Dutch word for "to belong to."

Beichte

   German word for "confession."

beide

   Afrikaans, Dutch and German word for "both."

Beilage

   German word for "supplement."

beiningamaður

   Icelandic word for "beggar."

bejaard

   Dutch word for "aged."

bejaarde

   Afrikaans word for "aged."

bejelent

   Hungarian word for "declares, reports."

Bekannte(r)

   German word for "acquaintance."

Bekehrung

   German word for "conversion."

bekende

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "acquaintance."

belasting, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "tax."

belasting, Dutch

   Dutch word for "taxation."

belastingheffer

   Afrikaans word for "tax collector."

Belege

   German word for "proof, documentation."

Belg(isch)

   Dutch word for "Belgian."

Belge

   French word for "Belgian."

Belgie

   Afrikaans word for "Belgium."

Belgies

   Afrikaans word for "Belgian."

België

   Dutch word for "Belgium."

belle-fille

   French word for "daughter-in-law, stepdaughter."

belle-mère

   French word for "mother-in-law, stepmother."

belle-soeur

   French word for "sister-in-law, stepsister."

belül

   Hungarian word for "inside."

bem

   Portuguese word for "good, well."

bemerking

   Dutch word for "remarks."

bemerkning

   Norwegian word for "remark."

Bemerkungen

   German word for "remarks."

bemærkning

   Danish word for "remark."

ben, Danish

   Danish word for "leg, bone, limb."

ben, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "leg, bone."

benadering

   Dutch word for "approximation."

benché

   Italian word for "although."

bendición

   Spanish word for "blessing."

bene

   Latin word for "well."


Beneficiary, insurance
  • An individual who receives the proceeds or benefits from an insurance policy.
Beneficiary, probate
  • An individual who receives property or money from a deceased individual’s estate.

benekte

   Norwegian word for "deny."

benestante

   Italian word for "wealthy person."

beni immobili

   Italian word for "real property, real estate."

beni stabili

   Italian word for "real property, real estate."
Benjamin Lake Noyes Collection
  • A collection of genealogies and correspondence concerning many Maine families, especially those who settled at Deer Isle in Hancock County.

benämd

   Swedish word for "called."

benåde

   Norwegian word for "pardon."

berg

   German and Swedish word for "hill, mountain."

berg, Dutch

   Dutch word for "mountain."

bergarius

   Latin word for "shepherd."

berger

   French word for "shepherd."

Bergmann

   German word for "miner."

bergslag

   Swedish word for "mining district."

bergsman

   Swedish word for "miner."

berklaveiki

   Icelandic word for "tuberculosis."

berní ruly

   Czech word for "tax lists."

beroep, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "occupation."

beroep, Dutch

   Dutch word for "trade, occupation."

beroerte

   Afrikaans word for "apoplexy, stroke."

Beruf

   German word for "occupation, profession."

beruset

   Norwegian word for "drunk."

Beschreibung

   German word for "description."

beschrijving

   Dutch word for "description."

besetning

   Norwegian word for "livestock, crew."

besidder

   Danish word for "owner.:

Besitzer

   German word for "possessor, proprietor, owner."

beskattning

   Swedish word for "taxation."

beskrive

   Danish word for "description."

beskrivelse

   Norwegian word for "description."

beskrivning, Swedish

   Swedish word for "description."

beskrywing, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "description."

beslagnemen

   Dutch word for "to seize."

beslektet

   Norwegian word for "related."

besnijdenis

   Dutch word for "circumcision."

bestattet

   German word for "buried."

bestefar

   Norwegian word for "grandfather."

besteforeldre

   Norwegian word for "grandparents."

bestemor

   Norwegian word for "grandmother."

bestilling

   Danish word for "occupation."

bestätigt

   German word for "confirmed, verified."

besvangre

   Norwegian word for "impregnate, get with child, make pregnant."

besökare

   Swedish word for "customs official (archaic), visitor (modern)."

bet-bet-overgrootvader

   Dutch word for "third great-grandfather."

bet-overgrootvader

   Dutch word for "second great-grandfather."

betale

   Norwegian word for "pay."

betegség

   Hungarian word for "disease, illness."

betjene

   Danish word for "serve."

betjänt

   Swedish word for "servant, civil servant."

betler

   Norwegian word for "beggar."

betrekking, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "concerning, in relation to, position (employment)."

betrekking, Dutch

   Dutch word for "in relation to, relatives."

bettlare

   Swedish word for "beggar."

Bettler

   German word for "beggar."

bettlägerig

   German word for "bedridden."

bettoliere

   Italian word for "tavern keeper."

betuiging, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "giving (as in giving thanks or legal testimony)."

betuiging, Dutch

   Dutch word for "declaration, expression."
Between the Miami Rivers Survey
  • A land survey that the United States government conducted between the Great and Little Miami Rivers in Ohio. The survey used the same nonstandard method used in the Symmes Purchase.

betyg

   Swedish word for "certificate."

bevaka

   Swedish word for "protect."

bevestiging

   Afrikaans word for "confirmation."

bevilge

   Norwegian word for "grant."

bevis, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "proof."

bevis, Swedish

   Swedish word for "certificate, proof, evidence."

bevistat läsförhören

   Swedish word for "present at household examination (clerical survey).

bevolking

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "population."

bevolking, Dutch

   Dutch word for "population."

bevolkingsregister

   Dutch word for "population register."

bevorstehend

   German word for "previously mentioned."

bevándorlás

   Hungarian word for "immigration."

bevándorló

   Hungarian word for "immigrant."

beväring

   Swedish word for "conscript."

beväringsman

   Swedish word for "recruit."

Bevölkerungsregister

   German word for "population register."

bewaarder

   Dutch word for "guardian, warden."

bewijs

   Dutch word for "certificate, proof."

bewijs van overlijden

   Dutch word for "death certificate, proof of death."

bewijs van trouwen

   Dutch word for "marriage certificate, proof of marriage."

bewys

   Afrikaans word for "evidence, proof."

beykir

   Icelandic word for "cooper."

bez

   Polish and Czech word for "without."

bezdzietny

   Polish word for "childless."

bezejmenný

   Czech word for "unnamed, nameless."

bezimienny

   Polish word for "unnamed, nameless."

Bezirk

   German word for "district."

beður

   Icelandic word for "bed."

Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)

   An agency of the United States government that manages and keeps the records of the government's interaction with American Indian tribes.

bialoruski

   Polish word for "Belorussian."

bialy

   Polish word for "white."

bianco

   Italian word for "white."

Bible records

   Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.


Bible Records, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize Bible records (birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles).
  • Bible records, general: Birth, marriage, and death information written in family Bibles, usually on pages set aside for such a purpose.


Bibliography, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize lists of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.
Bibliography, general
  • A list of books, periodicals, or other resources that were used to prepare a book or article; also a separate list of books, periodicals, or other resources related to a particular topic.

bibliográfia

   Hungarian word for "bibliography."

biblioteca

   Portuguese and Spanish word for "library."

biblioteche

   Italian word for "libraries."

bibliotek

   Danish and Norwegian word for "library."
Bibliothèque Généalogique, France
  • A library in Paris, France, that has a name index, genealogical books, and genealogical periodicals from all parts of France. Translated as Genealogical Library in English.
Bibliothèque Publique d' Information, France
  • A library in Paris, France, that has a collection of 300,000 volumes and 2,400 periodicals. It has a good genealogical collection.

bidden

   Dutch word for "to request, to pray."

bidello

   Italian word for "janitor."

biduum

   Latin word for "space of two days, two-day period."

biegunka

   Polish word for "diarrhea, dysentery."

bien, French

   French word for "well."

bien, Spanish

   Spanish word for "good, well."

bienes

   Spanish word for "property, goods, fee."
Bienes de difuntos
  • A Spanish term for inheritance records and inventories of personal estates. Also used in the Philippines.

biennium

   Latin word for "two-year period."

biens

   French word for "goods, property."

bierzmowanie

   Polish word for "confirmation."

biezacy

   Polish word for "current." Roku biezacego means "of the current year."

bifolco

   Italian word for "plowman."

bijlagen

   Dutch word for "supplemental documents."

bijna

   Dutch word for "almost, nearly."

bijnaam

   Dutch word for "surname, nickname."

bijzit

   Dutch word for "mistress, concubine".

bilaga

   Swedish word for "supplement, enclosure."
Bill of sale
  • A written document that transfers personal property from one individual to another. It proves that a sale occurred.

billedhugger

   Danish word for "sculptor."

Biloxi Bay, Mississippi

   The seaport area on the Gulf of Mexico where the city of Biloxi, Mississippi is now located. The permanent settlement in the Mississippi Valley was made there by the French in 1699.

bind, Danish

   Danish word for "volume."

bind, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "volume (book)."

binnekant

   Afrikaans word for "inside."

binnenkant

   Dutch word for "inside."

biografi

   Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "biography."

biografia

   Italian word for "biography."
Biografica
  • A biographical collection of notes, newspaper clippings, and obituaries of Swedish army officers and others.

biografie

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "biography."
Biographical dictionary
  • A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical dictionary usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical encyclopedia or compiled biography.
Biographical Dictionary of Early Virginia, 1607-1660
  • A biographical dictionary that contains more than 100,000 entries and mentions over 30,000 people who are named in wills, deeds, court orders, histories, and Virginia Company records.
Biographical encyclopedia
  • A compilation of histories of people’s lives. The people selected for a biographical encyclopedia usually have something in common, such as occupation, place of origin or residence, or experience in a historical event. Also called a biographical dictionary or compiled biography.
Biographical sketch
  • A brief account of an individual’s life.

biographie, French

   French word for "biography."

Biographie, German

   German word for "biography."

Biography

   A history of an individual's life.
Biography and Genealogy Master Index
  • An index that lists the subjects in most nationwide American biographical dictionaries. This index is essential for finding biographical sketches. It concentrates heavily on the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Biography File
  • A 180-drawer card index to newspaper clippings, local histories, and periodicals from Maryland during the 1800s and 1900s. This file is at the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, Maryland.
Biography, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize biographies (histories of people's lives) and biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias (compilations of histories of people’s lives).
Biography, general
  • A history of an individual’s life.
Biography, PERiodical Source Index
  • A record type used in the Locality and Research Methodologies sections of the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI) to identify articles that contain biographical information about a person or group of people.

birk

   Danish word for "court district."
Birke, Denmark
  • A Danish civil district, an area covered by a court. Also called herred.
Birth certificate
  • An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.

birodalom

   Hungarian word for "empire."

birraio

   Italian word for "barkeeper, brewer."

Birth certificate

   An official government document stating an individual's birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
Birth record
  • An official government document stating an individual’s birth date, birthplace, and parentage.
Birthplace Index, 1881 British Census
  • An index of the 1881 British Census that is organized alphabetically by surname then by individuals' parish of birth. The Birthplace Index can help you identify possible brothers, sisters, and cousins who were born in the same parish but who may have moved to a different part of Great Britain.

birtokos

   Hungarian word for "landowning farmer."

bis-bisnonno

   Italian word for "secont great-grandfather."

bisabuela

   Spanish word for "great-grandmother."

bisabuelo

   Spanish word for "great-grandfather."

bisabuelos

   Spanish word for "great-grandparents."

bisavo, -a

   Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."

bisavolo, -a

   Italian word for "great-grandfather (great-grandmother)."

bisavó

   Portuguese word for "great-grandmother."

bisavô

   Portuguese word for "great-grandfather."

bisavôs

   Portuguese word for "great-grandparents."

Bischof

   German word for "bishop."

bisdom

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "diocese."
Bishop's court, Church of England
  • The highest court in a diocese of the Church of England. These courts also had superior jurisdiction over lesser courts in probate matters. Bishop's courts are also called episcopal, commissary, diocesan, exchequer, and consistory courts.
Bishop's transcript, Church of England
  • A contemporary copy of a parish register of the Church of England that a local priest sends to the bishop of the diocese each year. The transcripts were supposed to be exact, but entries were sometimes abbreviated and may contain additional or variant information. If the original parish register has been lost, the bishop's transcript may be the only source of information.
Bishops’ report, Latter-day Saint
  • A list of Latter-day Saint heads of households and the wards in which they lived. This report was prepared in 1852 and 1853.

biskop

   Norwegian word for "bishop."

biskup

   Czech and Polish word for "bishop."

bisneta

   Portuguese word for "great-granddaughter."

bisneto

   Portuguese word for "great-grandson."

bisnetos

   Portuguese word for "great-grandchildren."

bisnieta

   Spanish word for "great-granddaughter."

bisnieto

   Spanish word for "great-grandson."

bisnietos

   Spanish word for "great-grandchildren."

bisnonna

   Italian word for "great-grandmother."

bisnonno

   Italian word for "great-grandfather."

bispado

   Portuguese word for "bishopric."

bispedømme

   Danish and Norwegian word for "diocese."

bispo

   Portuguese word for "bishop."

Bistum

   German word for "diocese."

bitang

   Hungarian word for "vagrant, vagabond."

bizonyos

   Hungarian word for "certain, sure."

bizonyságok

   Hungarian word for "testimonies, (witnesses)."

bizonytalan

   Hungarian word for "uncertain."

bizonyítvány

   Hungarian word for "certificate, document."


Bjelke Feud (1658-1660), Norway
  • A military action in which Norway regained Trondheim and Romsdal, which it had lost to Sweden in the Krabbe War.
Black Books
  • A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains messages, petitions, addresses, accounts, court proceedings, and other legal documents from 1636 to 1785.
Black Hawk War (1832)
  • A war fought between the Sauk and Fox Native Americans and the United States militia and regular troops. The leader of the Native Americans was named Black Hawk.
Black Hawk War (1865-1867)
  • An Indian war that arose when a Ute chief named Black Hawk led an uprising against the settlers in Utah.

blad(sy)

   Afrikaans word for "page."

bladzijde (blz.)

   Dutch word for "page."

blanc (blanche)

   French word for "white."

blanco (a)

   Spanish word for "white."

Blattern

   German word for "smallpox."
Blazon
  • An official description of a coat of arms. Blazons are found in armorials. The term blazon is also used to mean a coat of arms.

blaðsíða

   Icelandic word for "page."
Blessing certificate, Latter-day Saint
  • A certificate issued when a baby is blessed in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Blessing of baby, Latter-day Saint
  • A priesthood ordinance of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in which an infant is given a name and a blessing.

bli

   Norwegian word for "become."

blikkenslager

   Danish and Norwegian word for "tinsmith."

blikksmiður

   Icelandic word for "tinsmith."

blind

   Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "blind."

blindur

   Icelandic word for "blind."

bliski

   Polish word for "near."

bliva

   Swedish word for "to become."

bliznieta

   Polish word for "twins."

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

   An agency of the United States government that manages and maintains the government's survey and land records. The bureau also manages national lands and their resources, including mineral resources. The bureau was created in 1946 when the Government Land Office (GLO) and the Grazing Service were combined. It is under the Department of the Interior.

blod

   Danish and Norwegian word for "blood."

blodgang

   Danish and Norwegian word for "dysentery."

blodskam

   Norwegian word for "incest."

blodsott

   Norwegian word for "abnormal loss of blood during illness."

bloeding

   Afrikaans word for "bleeding, hemorrhage."

bloei

   Afrikaans word for "bloei."

bloeimaand

   Dutch word for "May (blossoming month)."

blogoslawil

   Polish word for "blessed."

blogoslawiony

   Polish word for "blessed, the late."


Blue Books
  • A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains records relating to stock in the Bank of Maryland from 1733 to 1810. The collection contains information about paper money investment schemes, lawsuits against the state of Maryland, and papers concerning property that citizens lost during the Revolutionary War.

blutend

   German word for "bleeding."

Blutsverwandschaft

   German word for "blood relationship."

bladzijde (blz.)

   Dutch word for "page."

blízký

   Czech word for "near."

blóðsótt

   Icelandic word for "dysentery."

blödning

   Swedish word for "bleeding."

Blütenmonat

   German word for "May."

bo, Afrikaans

   Afrikaans word for "above, on top of."

bo, Danish

   Danish word for "to live at, home."

bo, Norwegian

   Norwegian word for "to live at."

bo, Polish

   Polish word for "because."

bo, Swedish

   Swedish word for "to live, home, estate."


Board for Certification of Genealogists
  • A professional organization for genealogists. The board administers a certification process.
Board of Commissioners to Quiet Land Titles, Hawaii
  • A commission established in Hawaii in 1845 to settle land disputes between the king of Hawaii, who owned all of the land, and settlers who were not native to Hawaii. The king received a portion of the land, and the rest was divided equally between the government, chiefs, and tenants. To acquire ownership of land, an individual made a claim to the commission. This commission was also known as the Land Commission.
Board of Commissioners, USA 1805
  • A committee organized by the United States Congress in 1805 to investigate claims made by landowners to lands previously granted by the French and Spanish governments.

boaro

   Italian word for "cattle hand."
Boatswain
  • The officer on a merchant or navy ship who has charge over the hull, sails, rigging, and so forth.

boca

   Portuguese and Spanish word for "mouth."

boda

   Portuguese and Spanish word for "wedding, marriage."

bodde

   Norwegian word for "lived."

bodnár

   Hungarian word for "cooper, barrel maker."

boede

   Danish word for "lived."

boek

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "book."

boer

   Afrikaans and Dutch word for "farmer."
Boer Wars (1877-1901)
  • A term referring to two wars between the British and the Boers (now called Afrikaners) in South Africa. The first Boer War occurred in 1880 and 1881, when the Boers gained independence from Britain. The second Boer War, which occurred between 1899 and 1902, happened when the Boers tried to deny British citizens and other non-Afrikaners full political rights. The Boers won the opening battles of the second war, but the British eventually won the war. The Boer troops surrendered in 1900, but guerilla fighting lasted until 1902.

boerearbeider

   Afrikaans word for "farmhand (laborer)."

boerekneg

   Afrikaans word for "farmworker."

boerenarbeider

   Dutch word for "cottager, farmhand, worker."

boerenknecht

   Dutch word for "farm worker."

bog

   Danish word for "book."

boghandler

   Danish word for "bookseller."

bogholder

   Danish word for "bookkeeper, accountant."

bognár

   Hungarian word for "wheel maker."

boieiro

   Portuguese word for "herdsman."

bok

   Norwegian and Swedish word for "book."

bokhandler

   Norwegian word for "bookseller."

bokholder, bokfører

   Norwegian word for "bookkeeper."

bokhållare

   Swedish word for "bookkeeper."

bokstav

   Norwegian word for "letter, character."

boldog

   Hungarian word for "happy."

bolest

   Czech word for "pain."

bolig

   Danish and Norwegian word for "residence, house."

boltos

   Hungarian word for "shopkeeper."

bom (oa)

   Portuguese word for "good."

bon (bonne)

   French word for "good."

bona

   Latin word for "possessions."
Bond of curation
  • A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is old enough to marry but still younger than 21 to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
Bond of indemnification
  • A document guaranteeing that the father of an illegitimate child would take financial responsibility for the child. This document relieved the parish from that responsibility. Also called a bastardy bond.
Bond of tuition
  • A written guarantee posted by the guardian of a minor child who is not old enough to marry to guarantee that the guardian will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
Bond with a will annexed
  • A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties. This document has a will attached to it.
Bond, financial
  • A legal act by which people obligate themselves or their heirs, executors, or administrators to pay a certain amount of money to another individual under certain conditions.
Bond, general
  • A binding agreement or a certificate or evidence of debt.
Bond, investment
  • A certificate or other type of evidence showing that a company, government, or institution promises to pay the purchaser of the bond (the lender) the amount of money loaned plus interest.
Bond, jail
  • The amount of money needed to get out of jail while awaiting trial. Also called bail.
Bond, probate
  • A probate record posted by estate administrators or executors that ensures they will properly carry out their duties.

bonde

   Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "farmer."
Bondsman
  • An individual or institution that signs a bond to guarantee that if the bond holder does not meet the obligations, that individual or institution will. Also called a surety.

bonne

   French word for "maid, female servant."

bonus

   Latin word for "good."
Bonus application papers
  • An application for a financial bonus promised by the United States government to men who enlisted in the United States military during World War I.
Book indexes by vessel line
  • Indexes to passenger lists. The indexes are arranged by the shipping line and the date of arrival in the United States.
Book of remembrance, Latter-day Saint
  • A record in which members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints record important Church-related events (such as baptism, confirmation, priesthood ordination, marriage, and so forth) and family history information.
Book review
  • An article that summarizes a book and evaluates the quality of the book’s information and writing.

Boom

   Sudden population growth (large numbers of people moving in) caused by economic opportunites. When land was opened to homesteading, land rushes or land booms occured. The discovery of oil caused oil booms; the discovery of minerals caused mining booms.

boot

   Afrikaans word for "boat, barge, ship."

Bootsmann

   German word for "bargeman, boatman."

bopel

   Norwegian word for "residence, domicile."

bopæl

   Danish word for "residence, home, domicile."

borbély

   Hungarian word for "barber."

bordarius

   Latin word for "cottager, tenant, border."
Bordeaux Emigration Index, France
  • A card index to about 16,000 people who emigrated from Bordeaux, France, between 1713 and 1787.
Border Crossing Indexes, Canada
  • A card index to the Canadian border crossing manifests. Sometimes officials recorded information only on the index card for the crossing instead of in both the index and the border crossing manifest.
Border crossing lists, USA
  • Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.
Border crossing manifests, Canada
  • Lists of passengers being transported from Canada into the United States. Canadian shipping companies began keeping these records in 1895. There are two type of manifests: lists of people traveling by train and lists of people traveling by boat. The manifests may include the person's name, port or station of entry, date of entry, age, literacy, last residence, previous visits to the United States, and birthplace. Sometimes officials only recorded the information on the index card rather than on the manifest. Beginning in 1908 the companies began keeping similar records of people arriving in Canada from the United States. These records are not indexed and are not available through the Family History Library™. Also called Canadian border crossing lists, passenger lists, and manifests.
Border crossing records, USA
  • Lists beginning in 1895 that document people who have crossed the border between the United States and Canada or Mexico.

Border crossings

   The act of going across a political boundary from one country to another.
   The place where people go from one country to another.

borg

   Swedish word for "castle,fortress."

borg

   Icelandic word for "city."

borgare

   Swedish word for "citizen, burgher."

borgari

   Icelandic word for "citizen."

borger

   Danish and Norwegian word for "citizen."

borgermester

   Norwegian word for "mayor."

borgerskab

   Danish word for "citizenship."


Borgerskabprotokoller, Denmark
  • A Danish word for citizenship book. It lists the people who received the rights to citizenship extended by a city. Citizenship rights included the right to engage in business in the city, protection under the law, and permission to live in the city without being expelled. The book includes the names of the people granted citizenship and their age, social and economic status, occupation and training, and sometimes birthplace and names of relatives. Until the twentieth century, only males of the middle or upper class, usually merchants and tradesmen, were granted citizenship.

borgerskap

   Norwegian word for "citizenship."

borghese

   Italian word for "burgher, citizen."

borgmester

   Danish word for "mayor."

borgmästare

   Swedish word for "mayor."


Born In (the) Covenant
  • A term referring to a child born after the sealing of his/her parents in a temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is often abbreviated BIC.
Borough court, Connecticut
  • A court in Connecticut with townwide jurisdiction over civil matters. Borough courts were succeeded by the circuit courts.
Borough, Great Britain
  • A self-governing town or city that sends a representative to Parliament.

Borough, New York City

   One of the five administrative divisions of New York City: Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Richmond (Staten Island).
Borough, Scotland
  • A city or town in Scotland. In current usage, the term borough refers only to towns with a charter. Also spelled burgh.

borta

   Swedish word for "absent."

bortgift

   Swedish word for "married elsewhere."

borussia

   Latin word for "Prussia."

bos

   Dutch word for "woods, forest (new version of the word)."

bosbaas

   Dutch word for "forester."

bosbouer

   Afrikaans word for "forester, warden."

bosch

   Dutch word for "woods, forest (old version of the word)."

bosque

   Portuguese word for "grove, forest, woods."

bostad

   Swedish word for "domicile."

boswachter

   Dutch word for "forester."

boswagter

   Afrikaans word for "forester."

bot

   Norwegian word for "fine, penalty."

bottaio

   Italian word for "cooper, barrel maker."

bottegaio

   Italian word for "shopkeeper."

boucher

   French word for "butcher."

boulanger

   French word for "baker."


Boundary
  • A separation, whether natural or manmade, between properties or jurisdictions.
Bounty land
  • Federal land given to people for their service in the military.
Bounty land warrant application
  • A formal, written request for a piece of federal land in return for past military service.

boupptekning

   Swedish word for "estate inventory, probate."

bourgeois

   French word for "citizen, member of the middle class."

bourguignon

   French word for "Burgundian."

bouvier

   French word for "herdsman, cowherd."

bovaro

   Italian word for "cattle driver."

boven

   Dutch word for "above, over, upstairs."


Bowman Collection
  • A card index to Connecticut vital records in Massachusetts from 1800 to 1900.
Box Type, Latter-day Saint
  • A printed book used to record membership records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1920 and 1941. Each page of the book had four to six boxes, and each box contained the complete membership information for an individual. The records are available at the Family History Library™ and Family History Centers™.

boznica

   Polish word for "synagogue."

Bozy

   Polish word for "the Lord's."

braaf

   Dutch word for "honest, worthy, good."

bracciale

   Italian word for "laborer."

bracciante

   Italian word for "farm laborer."

Brachmonat

   German word for "June."

bracia

   Polish word for "brothers."

brak

   Polish word for "lack of, is missing."
Branch history, Latter-day Saint
  • An historical account of a branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Branch records, Latter-day Saint
  • Membership records that each branch of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints keeps of members who live within the branch boundaries.
Branch, Latter-day Saint
  • A local division of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is similar to a ward but usually does not have enough membership or enough priesthood leadership to support all the programs of the Church.

branco (a)

   Portuguese word for "white."

brann

   Norwegian word for "fire."

brasiator

   Latin word for "brewer."

brasseur

   French word for "brewer."

brassier

   French word for "farmworker, laborer (old word)."

brat

   Polish word for "brother."

bratanek

   Polish word for "nephew."

bratanica

   Polish word for "niece."

bratowa

   Polish word for "sister-in-law."

bratr

   Czech word for "brother."

bratranec

   Czech word for "cousin (male)."

Brauer

   German word for "brewer."


Brief description, Family History Library Catalog™ on compact disc
  • A screen on the compact disc version of the Family History Library Catalog™ that shows the title of the source.
Brieve, Scotland
  • A document created by a chancery court in Scotland that summoned the local sheriff's court to hold a jury trial. Brieves were issued when a landowner died and the heir wished to take ownership of the land.
Brigadier, British
  • An officer in the British army who ranks below a major general. A brigadier commands a brigade.
Briggs Collection
  • A large collection of typed transcripts of wills, cemetery records, vital records, and other family records for families from the towns of West Greenwich, Exeter, and Coventry in Rhode Island. It was created by Anthony Tarbox Briggs and is at the Rhode Island Historical Society and on microfilm at the Family History Library™.
British
  • Pertaining to something or someone from Great Britain. Many British people emigrated to the Americas, Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.
British census
  • A census taken by the British government in Britain, including England, Wales, Scotland, Isle of Man, and Channel Islands.
British Genealogical Record Users Committee
  • A group of organizations that are dedicated to preserving and providing access to genealogical and historical records.
British Library
  • The national repository for all materials published in England. It also has a large collection of manuscript materials. The British Library is one of the five copyright libraries in Great Britain.
British North America
  • The name used for colonies that remained in British hands after the Revolutionary War between 1783 (when Britain acknowledged the independence of the United States) and 1867 (when the Dominion of Canada was created).
Bromwell Index
  • A five-volume alphabetical list of prominent people from Colorado. The index covers up to the year 1933 and is held by the Colorado Historical Society.
Brown Books
  • A part of the Maryland State Papers that contains military and civilian communications dating from 1775 to 1803. The books also contain Revolutionary War correspondence, including lists of rebels, payments, seizures, arrests, and military engagements.
Buddhism
  • A major world religion founded in India in 500 B.C. by a teacher named Buddha. It has influenced religious, social, and cultural effects in much of Asia. In each area it has often combined with teachings from other religions such as Hinduism and Shinto. Zen Buddhism, practiced chiefly in Japan, has some distinctive differences. Buddha taught that each person's position in life was determined by actions in past lives. He sought to conquer attachments to worldly things.
Bureau de l'état civil, France
  • The French term for a civil registration office.
Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, USA
  • Former name of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • An agency of the United States government that manages and keeps the records of the government’s interaction with American Indian tribes.
Bureau of Land Management
  • An agency of the United States government that manages and maintains the government's survey and land records. The bureau also manages national lands and their resources, including mineral resources. The bureau was created in 1946 when the Government Land Office (GLO) and the Grazing Service were combined. It is under the Department of the Interior.
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Freedmen's Bureau
  • An agency created by the United States Congress in 1865 to help former slaves make the transition to freedom. The bureau provided food, clothing, and shelter and created schools, hospitals, and universities. It distributed abandoned lands to former slaves. Although President Andrew Johnson twice vetoed bills to renew the agency, Congress repassed them and expanded the bureau's powers in 1866. The bureau was dissolved in 1872.
Bureau of the Census
  • The agency of the United States government charged with taking a national census every 10 years.
Bürgerbücher, Germany
  • A German term for citizenship books. In Germany, these books were used to record the names of people who had received the rights to citizenship. Also called Bürgerlisten.
Bürgerlisten, Germany
  • A German term for a citizenship book. In Germany, these books were used to record the names of people who had received the rights to citizenship. Also called Bürgerbücher.
Burgess
  • A resident of a city who has full rights of citizenship within the city. Tradesmen and craftsmen were burgesses. The term burgess can also refer to a freeman who lived in a rural area. In Scotland, a burgess is a craftsman or tradesman who lives and works within a burgh.
Burgh, Scotland
  • A city or town with a charter.  There are three types.  Royal burghs have charters granted by the crown, and they send a representative to Parliament.  Burghs of regality and burghs of barony have charters granted by either a lord of regality or a baron (see above).  They do not send representatives to Parliament.  Also spelled borough.
Burgh court, Scotland
  • A Scottish court with jurisdiction over a royal burgh. These courts handled minor civil offenses.
Burgher
  • A citizen of a town.
Burghers Church, Scotland
  • A church that formed out of the Secession Church in 1745. This group believed that communion should not be withheld from people who took the Burgess Oath. In 1820 the Burghers and Anti-Burghers reunited.
Burial plot
  • A specific piece of ground within a cemetery where an individual is or can be buried.
Burial record
  • A record detailing where a person is buried.
Burial register
  • A list of the people buried in a cemetery.
Business directory
  • A list of the names and addresses of businesses or business people.
Business Records and Commerce, Family History Library Catalog™
  • A subject heading used in the Family History Library Catalog to categorize information about businesses, trades, and other types of commerce.
Buyer
  • An individual purchasing something, such as a piece of land.
Byfogden, Denmark
  • The judge of a Danish city court. In the 1700s this court handled matters of commerce, such as citizenship records.
Bygdbøker, Norway
  • A Norwegian term meaning "rural chronicles" or "community books." The bygdbøker are Norwegian town histories that contain extensive genealogical information about the people living in the community.
Byting, Denmark
  • A Danish city court. In the 1700s this was the court of first instance (the court where a case begins) in general cases.