Here is a link to some villages and cities in Baden-Wuerttemberg, organized by Regierungsbezirk.
Regierungsbezirke of Baden-Württemberg are shown here:
Today Baden is part of the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg.
Baden-Württemberg is the only one of Germany's federal states to have evolved on the basis of a referendum. The majority of citizens resident in the three states of Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Baden voted in favour of a merger on December 16, 1951. The foundation date of Baden-Württemberg on April 25, 1952, marked the beginning of an unprecedented ascendancy for the fledgling state in the Southwest of Germany, which the author Theodor Heuss referred to as a "Model of German possibilities".
Municipal, regional, federal:
The Federal Republic of Germany is structured according to a decentrally organized political system. This means that various different autonomous political levels exist (the Federation, states and municipalities) with their own material responsibilities, their own financial management and the relevant decision-making powers. However, only the Federation and the federal states possess state quality.
The territory of Baden-Württemberg is divided today into
- 4 administrative districts,
- 12 regions,
- 35 rural districts and 9 urban districts and
- 1,108 municipalities (89 are district capitals, 311 are entitled to carry the title of "town"), as well as one district with independent status.
The various hierarchies interact with each other on many different levels. The municipalities are answerable to the state level, from which they derive their fields of responsibility. The municipalities are therefore subject to the legal supervision of the federal state. The municipalities and district authorities perform a wide range of functions in the interests of their citizens, which encompass both self-government functions and state functions. There are three communal federations representing local authority interests in Baden-Württemberg: The Rural District Association for the rural districts, the German Cities Council representing the urban districts, and the Municipalities Association representing smaller towns and municipalities. Regional functions are performed by the Regional Associations. The administrative headquarters in Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart and Tübingen form an intermediate authority between the ministries on the state government level and the local authorities. This three-tier administrative structure has proven highly successful in practice.
Baden-Württemberg and the Federation
As its name suggests, the Federal Republic of Germany is a Federation. State functions are divided between the Federation and its 16 federal states.
The federal system therefore works to counteract the concentration of political power. One of the characteristic features of this system is that both the overriding Federal Government and the federal states themselves function in the capacity of states.
The 16 federal states each have their own parliament and government, their own authorities, courts and naturally their own state constitutions.
Through the organ of the Federal Council, the individual states play a role in national legislation and administration, and also in the affairs of the European Union, and as such bear responsibility for their own interests and for the state as a whole in both the national and the European arena. Another important aspect of their work in cooperation with the Federation and the other federal states is the regularly staged Conference of Minister Presidents.