Bardsey Island, Gwynedd Genealogy
Bardsey Island (Welsh: Ynys Enlli), the legendary "Island of 20,000 saints", lies 1.9 miles (3.1 km) off the Llŷn Peninsula in the Welsh county of Gwynedd. The Welsh name means "The Island in the Currents", although its English name refers to the "Island of the Bards", or possibly the island of the Viking chieftain, "Barda". It is 0.6 miles (1.0 km) wide and 1.0 mile (1.6 km) long. The north east rises steeply from the sea to a height of 548 feet (167 m) at Mynydd Enlli, while the western plain is low and relatively flat cultivated farmland; to the south the island narrows to an isthmus, connecting to a peninsula. Since 1974 it has been included in the community of Aberdaron. It is about 440 acres (180 ha) in extent (about 2 square km). It is the fourth largest offshore island in Wales.
The island has been an important religious site since Saint Cadfan built a monastery in 516. In medieval times it was a major centre of pilgrimage and, by 1212, belonged to the Augustinian Canons Regular. The monastery was dissolved and its buildings demolished by Henry VIII in 1537, but the island remains an attraction for pilgrims to this day.
1] Encyclopaedia Britannica : Bardsey Island Retrieved 2009-08-16
2] Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1849, S Lewis and Co, London, 474 pages
3] Cycling North Wales : Cycle Ride from Aberdaron Retrieved 2009-08-16
4] a b c Gwynedd Archaeological Trust : Bardsey Retrieved 2009-08-16
5] Ordnance Survey : Election Maps : Gwynedd Retrieved 2009-08-16
6] a b British Broadcasting Corporation : Island of 20,000 Saints Retrieved 2009-08-16
7] a b c University College London Institute of Archaeology : Bardsey Island Retrieved 2009-08-16
8] a b c Bardsey Island Trust : The Island : History Retrieved 2009-08-16
(From Wikipedia; Retrieved 2013-05-10)