Difference between revisions of "United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1803932 |title=Border Crossings From Mexico to the United States, 1903-1957|location=United States}}<br>
+
''[[United States Genealogy|United States]]''
  
== Record Description ==
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID1803932
 +
| title=United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957
 +
| location= United States
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Border Crossing Cards
 +
| record_group_nr = 85
 +
| record_group_title =[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/085.html Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service] 
 +
| start_year = 1903
 +
| end_year = 1957
 +
| micro_pub_nr =
 +
| micro_pub_title =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID =
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[US Immigration Mexican Border Crossings]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1803932 FamilySearch Catalog Border Crossings]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[United States Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/border-mexico.html NARA Mexican Border Crossing Records]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =
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| RW_URL_03 =
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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}}
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 +
== What Is in the Collection? ==
  
This database contains an index of aliens and some citizens crossing into the U.S. from Mexico via various ports of entry along the U.S./Mexican border between 1903 and 1957.  
+
This database contains an index of aliens and some citizens crossing into the U.S. from Mexico via various ports of entry along the U.S.-Mexican border between 1903 and 1957.  
  
Many of the records are arranged alphabetically. Others are arranged chronologically, then by manifest number. Chronologically-arranged records usually have a related alphabetical index. Alphabetically-arranged records are filed by surname, then by first name, subject to special rules. Double names are filed as if the second part of the double name was not there. For example, Jimenez De San Miguel, Petra, is filed among other persons named Jimenez, Petra. Castro, Maria de los Angeles, is filed among other persons named Castro, Maria. Montalvo-Hernandez, Jose, is filed among other persons named Montalvo, Jose. Surnames like De La Huerta are filed under Huerta.
+
The database was created to facilitate the research of ancestors who crossed the Mexican border. The original customs records were maintained primarily for statistical purposes.  
 +
 
 +
This index, taken from the card manifests, is a reliable source for finding ancestors who crossed the Mexican border and entered into the United States between 1903 and 1957. The following National Archives publications are included in this collection:
  
Separate cards or “card manifests” for each person were used at the ports of entry along the Mexican border. These cards contained the same information as was collected on traditional ship passenger arrival lists, such as full name, age, sex, marital status, occupation, point of arrival in the United States, and final destination.&nbsp;
+
'''Arizona'''
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1759.pdf M1759,]Nonstatistical manifests and statistical index cards of aliens arriving at Douglas, Arizona, July 1908-December 1952
 +
*M1760,Manifests of alien arrivals at Douglas, Arizona, September 10, 1906-October 10, 1955
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/a3372.pdf A3372,]Manifests of alien arrivals at Naco, Arizona, 1908-1952
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1769.pdf M1769,]Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Nogales, Arizona
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1504.pdf M1504,]Manifests of alien arrivals at San Luis, Arizona, July 24, 1929-December 1952
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1850.pdf M1850,]Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Sasabe/San Fernando, Arizona, 1919-1952
  
As would be expected, Mexican nationals comprised the vast majority of alien arrivals at the U.S./Mexico land border. However, Europeans also entered the U.S. through these ports, as well aliens from elsewhere in the world. For example, Syrians and large numbers of Japanese entered at Eagle Pass, Texas, in 1906 and 1907. Japanese, Turkish, Syrian, Guatemalan, and Korean citizens, in addition to many Europeans, entered at Laredo, Texas, 1903-1907. Citizens of Japan, Palestine, Syria, Canada, and the Philippine Islands are among those who entered at Brownsville, Texas. A scattering of U.S. citizen arrivals are also found in these records.&nbsp;
+
'''New Mexico'''
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/a3370.pdf A3370,]Manifests of alien arrivals at Columbus, New Mexico, 1917-1954
  
This collection contains an index of people crossing from Mexico into the United States via various ports of entry along the USA-Mexican border, between the years 1903 and 1957.&nbsp;
+
'''Texas'''
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1502.pdf M1502,]Statistical and nonstatistical manifests of alien arrivals at Brownsville, Texas, February 1905-June 1953, and related indexes
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1755.pdf M1755,]Permanent and statistical manifests of alien arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, June 1905-June 1953
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m2040.pdf M2040,]Index to manifests of permanent and statistical arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, December 1, 1929-June 1953
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m2041.pdf M2041,]Temporary and nonstatistical manifests of aliens arriving at Eagle Pass, Texas, July 1928-June 1953
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1756.pdf M1756,]Applications for nonresident alien's border crossing identification cards made at El Paso, Texas, ca. July 1945-December 1952
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1757.pdf M1757,]Manifests of aliens granted temporary admission at El Paso, Texas, ca. July 1924-1954
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/a3412.pdf A3412,]Manifests of statistical alien arrivals at El Paso, Texas, May 1909-October 1924
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1768.pdf M1768,]Alphabetical card manifests of alien arrivals at Fabens, Texas
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1766.pdf M1766,]Alphabetical card manifests of alien arrivals at Fort Hancock, Texas, 1924-1954
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1771.pdf M1771,]Alphabetical manifests of non-Mexican aliens granted temporary admission at Laredo, Texas
 +
*A3379,Nonstatistical manifests and statistcal index cards of aliens arriving at Laredo, Texas, May 1903-November 1929
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m2008.pdf M2008,]Lists of aliens arriving at Laredo, Texas, from July 1903 to June 1907, via the Mexican National Railroad or the Laredo Foot Bridge
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1851.pdf M1851,]Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Progreso/Thayer, Texas, October 1928-May 1955
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1503.pdf M1503,]Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Roma, Texas, March 1928-May 1955
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1770.pdf M1770,]Indexes and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Rio Grande City, Texas
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m1849.pdf M1849,]Manifests of alien arrivals at Yseleta, Texas, 1924-1954
 +
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/microfilm/m2024.pdf M2024,]Indexes and manifests of alien arrivals at Zapata, Texas, August 1923-September 1953
  
This database was created to facilitate the research of ancestors who crossed the Mexican border. The original customs records were maintained primarily for statistical purposes.
+
  
This index, taken from the card manifests, is a reliable source for finding ancestors who crossed the Mexican border and entered into the United States between 1903 and 1957.
+
== Collection Content  ==
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
Many of the records are arranged alphabetically. Others are arranged chronologically, then by manifest number. Chronologically-arranged records usually have a related alphabetical index. Alphabetically-arranged records are filed by surname, then by first name, subject to special rules. Double names are filed as if the second part of the double name was not there. For example, Jimenez De San Miguel, Petra, is filed among other persons named Jimenez, Petra. Castro, Maria de los Angeles, is filed among other persons named Castro, Maria. Montalvo-Hernandez, Jose, is filed among other persons named Montalvo, Jose. Surnames like De La Huerta are filed under Huerta.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
+
Separate cards or “card manifests” for each person were used at the ports of entry along the Mexican border. These cards contained the same information as was collected on traditional ship passenger arrival lists, such as full name, age, sex, marital status, occupation, point of arrival in the United States, and final destination.&nbsp;
  
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->"Border crossings from Mexico to United States." Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com. : 2012. <!--bibdescend-->}}
+
As would be expected, Mexican nationals comprised the vast majority of alien arrivals at the U.S./Mexico land border. However, Europeans also entered the U.S. through these ports, as well aliens from elsewhere in the world. For example, Syrians and large numbers of Japanese entered at Eagle Pass, Texas, in 1906 and 1907. Japanese, Turkish, Syrian, Guatemalan, and Korean citizens, in addition to many Europeans, entered at Laredo, Texas, 1903-1907. Citizens of Japan, Palestine, Syria, Canada, and the Philippine Islands are among those who entered at Brownsville, Texas. A scattering of U.S. citizen arrivals are also found in these records.
  
== Record Content  ==
+
== What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
  
'''Key genealogical facts found on the Ancestry’s Mexican border crossing database:<br>'''
+
Information found on the '''Ancestry’s Mexican border crossing database''' includes:<br>  
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 36: Line 112:
 
*Arrival date
 
*Arrival date
  
'''The short forms (index cards) usually contain the following information:'''
+
'''The short forms (index cards)''' usually contain the following information:  
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 48: Line 124:
 
*Status as immigrant or non immigrant. The number annotated to the right of the person's name or gender is generally the "real" manifest number that is used, along with the date of arrival, to locate the person's statistical manifest--which contains additional information--in a separate series of card manifests. Sometimes, information was simply typewritten onto a blank card instead of a form.
 
*Status as immigrant or non immigrant. The number annotated to the right of the person's name or gender is generally the "real" manifest number that is used, along with the date of arrival, to locate the person's statistical manifest--which contains additional information--in a separate series of card manifests. Sometimes, information was simply typewritten onto a blank card instead of a form.
  
'''The manifest usually contains the following information:'''
+
'''The manifest''' usually contains the following information:  
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 68: Line 144:
 
*If the alien had ever been in the U.S. in the past, the dates and places of such residence or visitation are indicated.
 
*If the alien had ever been in the U.S. in the past, the dates and places of such residence or visitation are indicated.
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
 
 +
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor.
 +
*The residence of your ancestor.
 +
*The age of your ancestor.
 +
*The estimated immigration year.
 +
*The names of other family members.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1803932?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.  
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
The database is an index in alphabetical order. There are two types of cards that can be found. One is an short form (index card). These short forms, while valuable, do not contain as much information as can be found on the manifest. If you find a short form (index card) for your ancestor, be sure to try to locate the longer manifest form. Usually the information found in these records will identify the place and date of birth of the ancestor which allow for further research in the records of that place.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
The database is an index in alphabetical order. There are two types of cards that can be found. One is an short form (index card). These short forms, while valuable, do not contain as much information as can be found on the manifest. If you find a short form (index card) for your ancestor, be sure to try to locate the longer manifest form. Usually the information found in these records will identify the place and date of birth of the ancestor which allow for further research in the records of that place.
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1803932 United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
  
*[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/border-mexico.html NARA: Mexican Border Crossing Records]
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1082 Ancestry.com: Border Crossings from Mexico to U.S., 1903-1957]
+
When you have located your ancestor in the border crossings, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
=== I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the border crossing information to locate naturalization records
 +
*Use the information to find the family in census records
 +
*Use the information to search other records
  
*[[Mexico Emigration and Immigration|Mexico Emigration and Immigration]]
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For, What Now?  ===
*[[US Immigration Mexican Border Crossings]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Search the records of port cities along the border.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
==Citing This Collection==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Collection Citation'''<br> {{Collection citation | text= "United States, Border Crossings From Mexico to United States, 1903-1957." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Various NARA microfilm publications, Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, RG 85 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
  
When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1803932
 +
|title=United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957
 +
}}
  
The suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched in found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Mexico]] [[Category:United_States]]
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
[[Category:Mexico Emigration and Immigration]] [[Category:United States Emigration and Immigration Records]]
 +
[[Category:NARA_Emigration_and_Immigration_Records]]
 +
{{H-langs|en=United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Estados Unidos, Travessia da Fronteira do México para os Estados Unidos (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 21:41, 22 June 2017

United States

Access the Records
United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957 .
CID1803932
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Border Crossing Cards
Record Group RG 85: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service
Collection years 1903-1957
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What Is in the Collection?

This database contains an index of aliens and some citizens crossing into the U.S. from Mexico via various ports of entry along the U.S.-Mexican border between 1903 and 1957.

The database was created to facilitate the research of ancestors who crossed the Mexican border. The original customs records were maintained primarily for statistical purposes.

This index, taken from the card manifests, is a reliable source for finding ancestors who crossed the Mexican border and entered into the United States between 1903 and 1957. The following National Archives publications are included in this collection:

Arizona

  • M1759,Nonstatistical manifests and statistical index cards of aliens arriving at Douglas, Arizona, July 1908-December 1952
  • M1760,Manifests of alien arrivals at Douglas, Arizona, September 10, 1906-October 10, 1955
  • A3372,Manifests of alien arrivals at Naco, Arizona, 1908-1952
  • M1769,Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Nogales, Arizona
  • M1504,Manifests of alien arrivals at San Luis, Arizona, July 24, 1929-December 1952
  • M1850,Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Sasabe/San Fernando, Arizona, 1919-1952

New Mexico

  • A3370,Manifests of alien arrivals at Columbus, New Mexico, 1917-1954

Texas

  • M1502,Statistical and nonstatistical manifests of alien arrivals at Brownsville, Texas, February 1905-June 1953, and related indexes
  • M1755,Permanent and statistical manifests of alien arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, June 1905-June 1953
  • M2040,Index to manifests of permanent and statistical arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, December 1, 1929-June 1953
  • M2041,Temporary and nonstatistical manifests of aliens arriving at Eagle Pass, Texas, July 1928-June 1953
  • M1756,Applications for nonresident alien's border crossing identification cards made at El Paso, Texas, ca. July 1945-December 1952
  • M1757,Manifests of aliens granted temporary admission at El Paso, Texas, ca. July 1924-1954
  • A3412,Manifests of statistical alien arrivals at El Paso, Texas, May 1909-October 1924
  • M1768,Alphabetical card manifests of alien arrivals at Fabens, Texas
  • M1766,Alphabetical card manifests of alien arrivals at Fort Hancock, Texas, 1924-1954
  • M1771,Alphabetical manifests of non-Mexican aliens granted temporary admission at Laredo, Texas
  • A3379,Nonstatistical manifests and statistcal index cards of aliens arriving at Laredo, Texas, May 1903-November 1929
  • M2008,Lists of aliens arriving at Laredo, Texas, from July 1903 to June 1907, via the Mexican National Railroad or the Laredo Foot Bridge
  • M1851,Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Progreso/Thayer, Texas, October 1928-May 1955
  • M1503,Index and manifests of alien arrivals at Roma, Texas, March 1928-May 1955
  • M1770,Indexes and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Rio Grande City, Texas
  • M1849,Manifests of alien arrivals at Yseleta, Texas, 1924-1954
  • M2024,Indexes and manifests of alien arrivals at Zapata, Texas, August 1923-September 1953


Collection Content

Many of the records are arranged alphabetically. Others are arranged chronologically, then by manifest number. Chronologically-arranged records usually have a related alphabetical index. Alphabetically-arranged records are filed by surname, then by first name, subject to special rules. Double names are filed as if the second part of the double name was not there. For example, Jimenez De San Miguel, Petra, is filed among other persons named Jimenez, Petra. Castro, Maria de los Angeles, is filed among other persons named Castro, Maria. Montalvo-Hernandez, Jose, is filed among other persons named Montalvo, Jose. Surnames like De La Huerta are filed under Huerta.

Separate cards or “card manifests” for each person were used at the ports of entry along the Mexican border. These cards contained the same information as was collected on traditional ship passenger arrival lists, such as full name, age, sex, marital status, occupation, point of arrival in the United States, and final destination. 

As would be expected, Mexican nationals comprised the vast majority of alien arrivals at the U.S./Mexico land border. However, Europeans also entered the U.S. through these ports, as well aliens from elsewhere in the world. For example, Syrians and large numbers of Japanese entered at Eagle Pass, Texas, in 1906 and 1907. Japanese, Turkish, Syrian, Guatemalan, and Korean citizens, in addition to many Europeans, entered at Laredo, Texas, 1903-1907. Citizens of Japan, Palestine, Syria, Canada, and the Philippine Islands are among those who entered at Brownsville, Texas. A scattering of U.S. citizen arrivals are also found in these records.

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

Information found on the Ancestry’s Mexican border crossing database includes:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Gender
  • Ethnicity or nationality
  • Port of arrival
  • Arrival date

The short forms (index cards) usually contain the following information:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Citizenship ("nationality")
  • Race
  • Last place of residence
  • Destination
  • Port and date of admission
  • Status as immigrant or non immigrant. The number annotated to the right of the person's name or gender is generally the "real" manifest number that is used, along with the date of arrival, to locate the person's statistical manifest--which contains additional information--in a separate series of card manifests. Sometimes, information was simply typewritten onto a blank card instead of a form.

The manifest usually contains the following information:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Place of birth
  • Physical description
  • Occupation
  • Ability to read and write and in what language
  • Place of last permanent residence
  • Destination
  • Purpose for entering U.S.
  • Intention of becoming a U.S. citizen or of returning to country of previous residence
  • Head tax status
  • Previous citizenship
  • Name and address of the friend or relative whom the alien intended to join
  • Persons accompanying the alien
  • Name and address of the alien's nearest relative or friend in the country from which he or she came
  • If the alien had ever been in the U.S. in the past, the dates and places of such residence or visitation are indicated.

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The residence of your ancestor.
  • The age of your ancestor.
  • The estimated immigration year.
  • The names of other family members.


Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks. The database is an index in alphabetical order. There are two types of cards that can be found. One is an short form (index card). These short forms, while valuable, do not contain as much information as can be found on the manifest. If you find a short form (index card) for your ancestor, be sure to try to locate the longer manifest form. Usually the information found in these records will identify the place and date of birth of the ancestor which allow for further research in the records of that place.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the border crossings, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the border crossing information to locate naturalization records
  • Use the information to find the family in census records
  • Use the information to search other records

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Search the records of port cities along the border.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation

"United States, Border Crossings From Mexico to United States, 1903-1957." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Various NARA microfilm publications, Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, RG 85 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.