Cambriae Typus Map of Wales
Cambriae Typus, the "model image of Wales", is the earliest published map of Wales, created in 1573 by Humphrey Lhuyd (1527-1568) of Denbighshire, the historian, physician and politician. Llwyd sent the manuscript of the map to Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp, who published it, five year's after Llwyd's death, in the 1573 Additamentum to the 1570 publication of Theatrum Orbis Terrarum ("Theatre of the World").
Location names on the front of the map are given in Latin, Welsh and English, while the reverse contains the equivalent text in German.
The regions of Gwynedd, Powys and the Deheubarth are clearly indicated.
An original print of the map is held by the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth.
Llwyd's Cambriae Typus was subsequently revised and used in later atlases. A total of five revisions were made to Llwyd's map, including a copper etching by Peter Kaerius, published by Jodocus Hondius in 1603 and used by Mercator in his atlas of 1607.