Camden-Charleston PathSouth Carolina pioneer towns of Camden and Charleston. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Camden was at a crossroad on the Occaneechi Path. Part of the south fork of the Great Valley Road overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Salisbury, North Carolina to Augusta, Georgia. The southwest part of the Fall Line Road also overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Camden to Augusta. The Camden-Charleston Path was opened to European settlers about . It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in Kershaw County, South Carolina. The length of the path was about 150 miles (240 km).
Originally an Indian path, this trail connected North Carolina's European Yadkin River settlements with the Waxhaws settlements and the Lower Cherokee towns mostly in South Carolina. These eventually provided as much as 1/4th of the European settlers in what became Tennessee.
Counties on the Catawba and Northern Trail (south to north)
Connecting trails. The Catawba and Northern Trail forks off north from the Lower Cherokee Traders' Path in York County, South Carolina. The Catawba and Northern Trail heads due north to the Yadkin River settlements (North Carolina) where it joins the New River and Southern Trail in Wilkes County. The Upper Road and the south fork of the Great Valley Road both run trhough Charlotte, not far from the south end of the Catawba and Northern Trail.
Modern parallels. The modern roads that most closely match the old Catawba and Northern Trail are North Carolina State Highway 16 from Wilkesboro south to the Gaston County north border. From there a road parallel to the west side of the Catawba River such as NC State Highway 273 to South Carolina, and South Carolina State Road 274 south to Rock Hill would approximate the old route.
Settlers and Records
No lists of settlers who used the Catawba and Northern Trail are known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal that many of the first pioneer settlers arrived from places to the northeast along the route.
Most of the colonists in the the Yadkin River settlements and Waxhaws settlement were from the southeast corner of Pennsylvania. Many were from the Ulster part of Ireland. Other colonists may have reached the area from Maryland, or Virginia especially those areas near the Great Valley Road or Upper Road.
- Estimate based on earliest settlement dates listed for counties along the route in .
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
- North Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/NC/Counties/nc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 1 February 2011).
- South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 1 February 2011).