Cameron County, Texas Genealogy

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United States  > Texas > Counties C > Cameron County

County Courthouse


By 1761 Spanish ranches were established. In 1845 Fort Brown was established and Anglo-Americans came to the area.

Parent County

1848--Cameron County was created 12 February 1848 from Nueces County. County seat: Brownsville [1]

The county was named for Ewen Cameron, (1811?-1843).On July 7, 1842, Cameron took part in the engagement at Lipantitlán against Gen. Antonio Canales. Samuel H. Walker attributed much of the credit for the successful defense of the position to Cameron. At the battle of Mier, "The fearless Cameron, whose company garrisoned the back yard of one of the houses, being charged by an imposing force of the enemy, after emptying his rifles into their lines, beat off the foe until he could reload, with the loose stones in the court." At Pass Suarte, after Fisher and the staff officers had been separated from the command, the Mier prisoners unanimously chose Cameron as their commander. On Saturday, February 19, Cameron and about sixty men were recaptured by Mexicans and subjected with other groups to the Black Bean Episode. Cameron drew a white bean in the lottery, but was shot for a later attempt at escape.

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Local Histories






Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).