Difference between revisions of "Canada Census, 1851 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]]''
|CID=CID1325192
 
|title=Canada Census 1851
 
|location=Canada}}<br>
 
  
== Record Description ==
+
{{Canada HR Infobox
 +
| CID = CID1325192
 +
| title = Canada Census, 1851
 +
| location = Canada
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 = 
 +
| loc_map =
 +
| record_type = Census
 +
| start_year = 1851
 +
| end_year = 1851
 +
| language = English
 +
| title_language = 
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =  [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=299&query=%2Bplace%3ACanada%20%2Bkeywords%3Acensus FamilySearch Library Catalog]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Canadian Censuses Online]] 
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Canada Census|Canada Census]] 
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[How Canadian National Censuses Are Organized]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [[Canada Historic Maps]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 = [[Library and Archives Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 = [[Canada History Links]]
 +
| FS_URL_09 = [[Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years|Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years]] 
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1851/Pages/about-census.aspx Canada Census, 1851]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/pages/census.aspx Library and Archives Canada]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = 
 +
| RW_URL_04 =   
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian = [http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/index.aspx Public Archives, Ontario]
 +
}}
  
This collection will include records for 1851.<br>
+
== What Is in This Collection? ==
  
This collection contains the 1851 census for Québec and Ontario (united as the "Province of Canada") and the independent provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Returns for many counties are incomplete. Returns are missing for the following counties: Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec); Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario); Gloucester, Kent and Queens counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick); all counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.  
+
The records in this collection include the 1851 census for Québec and Ontario (united as the "Province of Canada") and the independent provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Colonial, provincial, and local governments all conducted censuses in 1851. The official census day was in January 1852. Detailed family information is in the surviving personal schedules of the censuses of Quebec and Ontario.  Less detailed censuses were taken of the Maritime Provinces in the same years, 1851 and 1861.  The completed forms were sent to the Board of Registration and Statistics and later to the Department of Agriculture.  
  
Census returns are recorded on large sheets of paper that are divided into rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by province and then further divided into census districts and subdistricts.
+
Returns for many counties are incomplete. The counties missing census returns are:
  
The census for 1851 was conducted in January 1852. The completed forms were sent to the Board of Registration and Statistics and later to the Department of Agriculture. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
+
*Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec);
 +
*Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario);
 +
*Gloucester, Kent, and Queens Counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick)
 +
*All counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.
  
Colonial, provincial, and local governments conducted censuses in 1851.&nbsp;
+
Canadian census records are the best source to use for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census lists other persons living in the same household and may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.
 +
Census returns are recorded on large sheets of paper that are divided into rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by province and then further divided into census districts and sub districts. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were named the same as cities and counties, and sub-districts were named the same as towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located.
  
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
+
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
  
Censuses are generally reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any family member or by a neighbor, so some information may be incorrect or may have been deliberately falsified.
+
'''Census''' records usually include:  
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = Canada Board of Registration and Statistics. Canada Census, 1851. Public Archives of Canada, Ontario, Canada.}}
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
Important genealogical information in the 1851 census:  
 
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
*Age at next birthday (can be used to calculate approximate birth year)
 
 
*Gender  
 
*Gender  
*Religion
+
*Age
*Occupation
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*Approximate year of birth
*Whether married or single
+
*Place of birth
*Whether born during
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*Province and district of residence
*Cause of death during year
 
*Town, village, or township of residence
 
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The name of a relative or date of the event
  
To begin your search, you should know the following information:
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
Search by name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1325192 Collection Page].
 +
#Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
 +
#Click '''Search''' to show possible matches
  
*Family member's birth years
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
*Birth places
+
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
*Name of the head of house
 
  
===='''Searching the Census'''====
 
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the information to find your ancestor in additional censuses.
 +
*Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, marriage, land and death records.
 +
*Use the information to find additional family members.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Canada Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
===='''Using the Information:'''====
+
=== I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking For, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name, especially French versions.
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well. 
 +
*Search the indexes and records of [[Canada Genealogy]].
 +
*Search in the [[Canada Archives and Libraries]].
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=299&query=%2Bplace%3ACanada%20%2Bkeywords%3Acensus FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
When you have found the information that you are looking for, the following may help you further your research:
+
== Known Issues With This Collection  ==
  
*Use the place of residence and the birthplace for each individual, along with his or her age to search for other record types.
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1851-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
===='''General Information About These Records'''====
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1851-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
Returns for many counties are incomplete. The census returns that are missing for the counties are as follows:<br>
+
== Citing This Collection  ==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
*Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec);<br>  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1851." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Ontario.}}<br><br>  
*Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario);<br>  
 
*Gloucester, Kent, and Queens Counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick); all counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.
 
  
Canadian census records are the best source to use for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census lists other persons living in the same household and may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1325192
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
+
|title=Canada Census, 1851
 
+
}}  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada Census 1851 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
 
 
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
 
[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1851/index-e.html Canada Census, 1851]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[Canada|Canada]]
 
*[[Canada Census|Canada Census&nbsp;]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
 
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''[[Canada_Census,_1851_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
[[Category:Canada_census]]
+
[[Category:Canada Census]]
 +
{{H-langs|en=Canada Census, 1851 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt =Canadá, Censo, 1851 (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 21:37, 21 June 2017

Canada

Access the Records
Canada Census, 1851 .
CID1325192
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{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
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{{{CID6}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Canada
Canada flag.png
Flag of Canada
Canada.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1851-1851
Languages English
Title in the Language
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Public Archives, Ontario


What Is in This Collection?

The records in this collection include the 1851 census for Québec and Ontario (united as the "Province of Canada") and the independent provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Colonial, provincial, and local governments all conducted censuses in 1851. The official census day was in January 1852. Detailed family information is in the surviving personal schedules of the censuses of Quebec and Ontario. Less detailed censuses were taken of the Maritime Provinces in the same years, 1851 and 1861. The completed forms were sent to the Board of Registration and Statistics and later to the Department of Agriculture.

Returns for many counties are incomplete. The counties missing census returns are:

  • Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec);
  • Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario);
  • Gloucester, Kent, and Queens Counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick)
  • All counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.

Canadian census records are the best source to use for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census lists other persons living in the same household and may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist. Census returns are recorded on large sheets of paper that are divided into rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by province and then further divided into census districts and sub districts. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were named the same as cities and counties, and sub-districts were named the same as towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

Census records usually include:

  • Full name
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Approximate year of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Province and district of residence

How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The name of a relative or date of the event

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the information to find your ancestor in additional censuses.
  • Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, marriage, land and death records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name, especially French versions.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Canada Genealogy.
  • Search in the Canada Archives and Libraries.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Canada Census, 1851." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Ontario.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Canada Census, 1851.


Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.