Difference between revisions of "Canada Census, 1851 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]]''
|CID=CID1325192
 
|title=Canada Census 1851
 
|location=Canada}}<br>
 
  
== Record Description ==
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{{Canada HR Infobox
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| CID = CID1325192
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| title = Canada Census, 1851
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| location = Canada
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 = 
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| loc_map =
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| record_type = Census
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| start_year = 1851
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| end_year = 1851
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| language = English
 +
| title_language = 
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&query=%2Bkeywords%3ANew%20%2Bkeywords%3ABrunswick Online FamilySearch Catalog Keyword] 
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Canadian Censuses Online]] 
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Canada Census|Canada Census]] 
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| FS_URL_05 = [[How Canadian National Censuses Are Organized]]
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| FS_URL_06 = [[Canada Historic Maps]]
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| FS_URL_07 = [[Library and Archives Canada]]
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| FS_URL_08 = [[Canada History Links]]
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| FS_URL_09 = [[Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years|Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years]] 
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1851/Pages/about-census.aspx Canada Census, 1851]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/pages/census.aspx Library and Archives Canada]
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| RW_URL_03 = 
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| RW_URL_04 =   
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian = [http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/index.aspx Public Archives, Ontario]
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}}
  
This collection will include records for 1851.<br>
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== What is in this Collection? ==
  
This collection contains the 1851 census for Québec and Ontario (united as the "Province of Canada") and the independent provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Returns for many counties are incomplete. Returns are missing for the following counties: Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec); Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario); Gloucester, Kent and Queens counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick); all counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.  
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The records in this collection include the 1851 census for Québec and Ontario (united as the "Province of Canada") and the independent provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Colonial, provincial, and local governments all conducted censuses in 1851. The official census day was in January 1852. Detailed family information is in the surviving personal schedules of the censuses of Quebec and Ontario.  Less detailed censuses were taken of the Maritime Provinces in the same years, 1851 and 1861.  The completed forms were sent to the Board of Registration and Statistics and later to the Department of Agriculture.  
  
Census returns are recorded on large sheets of paper that are divided into rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by province and then further divided into census districts and subdistricts.
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Returns for many counties are incomplete. The counties missing census returns are:
  
The census for 1851 was conducted in January 1852. The completed forms were sent to the Board of Registration and Statistics and later to the Department of Agriculture. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
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*Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec);
 +
*Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario);
 +
*Gloucester, Kent, and Queens Counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick)
 +
*All counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.
  
Colonial, provincial, and local governments conducted censuses in 1851.&nbsp;
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Canadian census records are the best source to use for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census lists other persons living in the same household and may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.  
 
 
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
 
 
 
Censuses are generally reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any family member or by a neighbor, so some information may be incorrect or may have been deliberately falsified.  
 
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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Census returns are recorded on large sheets of paper that are divided into rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by province and then further divided into census districts and sub districts. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were named the same as cities and counties, and sub-districts were named the same as towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
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Census records may contain the following information:  
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = Canada Board of Registration and Statistics. Canada Census, 1851. Public Archives of Canada, Ontario, Canada.}}
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
Important genealogical information in the 1851 census:  
 
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
*Age at next birthday (can be used to calculate approximate birth year)
 
 
*Gender  
 
*Gender  
*Religion
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*Age
*Occupation
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*Approximate year of birth
*Whether married or single
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*Place of birth  
*Whether born during
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*Province and district of residence
*Cause of death during year
 
*Town, village, or township of residence
 
 
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
 
 
To begin your search, you should know the following information:
 
 
 
*Family member's birth years
 
*Birth places
 
*Name of the head of house
 
 
 
===='''Searching the Census'''====
 
 
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 
 
 
Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
 
 
===='''Using the Information:'''====
 
 
 
When you have found the information that you are looking for, the following may help you further your research:
 
  
*Use the place of residence and the birthplace for each individual, along with his or her age to search for other record types.
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== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
===='''General Information About These Records'''====
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'''Search by Name''' by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1325192?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page].
  
Returns for many counties are incomplete. The census returns that are missing for the counties are as follows:<br>
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== What Do I Do Next? ==
 
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===I Found Who I was Looking for, Now What?===
*Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec);<br>
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*Use the birth place and birth year for each individual you find in the census to search for a birth record in the [[Canada Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]] collection.
*Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario);<br>
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*Use the birth year of your ancestor to search for later census records.
*Gloucester, Kent, and Queens Counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick); all counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.
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===What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?===
 
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*Don't forget to try using variations of the spelling of the name. Using possible nicknames may also be helpful.
Canadian census records are the best source to use for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census lists other persons living in the same household and may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.  
 
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada Census 1851 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
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{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]  
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1851-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
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|}
  
== Related Websites  ==
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For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1851-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1851/index-e.html Canada Census, 1851]
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== Citing this Collection  ==
 +
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1851." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Ontario.}}<br><br>
  
*[[Canada|Canada]]
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'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
*[[Canada Census|Canada Census&nbsp;]]
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|CID=CID1325192
 
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|title=Canada Census, 1851
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
}}  
 
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
 
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
[[Category:Canada_census]]
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[[Category:Canada Census]]

Latest revision as of 16:54, 7 August 2016

Canada

Access the Records
Canada Census, 1851 .
CID1325192
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
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{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Canada
Canada flag.png
Flag of Canada
Canada.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1851-1851
Languages English
Title in the Language
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Public Archives, Ontario


What is in this Collection?

The records in this collection include the 1851 census for Québec and Ontario (united as the "Province of Canada") and the independent provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Colonial, provincial, and local governments all conducted censuses in 1851. The official census day was in January 1852. Detailed family information is in the surviving personal schedules of the censuses of Quebec and Ontario. Less detailed censuses were taken of the Maritime Provinces in the same years, 1851 and 1861. The completed forms were sent to the Board of Registration and Statistics and later to the Department of Agriculture.

Returns for many counties are incomplete. The counties missing census returns are:

  • Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec);
  • Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario);
  • Gloucester, Kent, and Queens Counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick)
  • All counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.

Canadian census records are the best source to use for quickly identifying a family group and residence. The census lists other persons living in the same household and may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.

Census returns are recorded on large sheets of paper that are divided into rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by province and then further divided into census districts and sub districts. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were named the same as cities and counties, and sub-districts were named the same as towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located.

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Full name
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Approximate year of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Province and district of residence

How Do I Search the Collection?

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found Who I was Looking for, Now What?

What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?

  • Don't forget to try using variations of the spelling of the name. Using possible nicknames may also be helpful.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Canada Census, 1851." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Ontario.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Canada Census, 1851.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.