Difference between revisions of "Canada Census, 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]]''
|CID=CID1583536
 
|title=Canada Census 1891
 
|location=Canada}}<br>
 
 
 
== Title in the Language of the Record  ==
 
 
 
Canada, recensement
 
 
 
== Record Description  ==
 
  
This collection will include records for 1891.<br>
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{{Canada HR Infobox
 +
| CID = CID1583536
 +
| title = Canada Census, 1891
 +
| location = Canada
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 = 
 +
| loc_map =
 +
| record_type = Census
 +
| start_year = 1891
 +
| end_year = 1891
 +
| language = English
 +
| title_language = 
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&query=%2Bkeywords%3ANew%20%2Bkeywords%3ABrunswick Online FamilySearch Catalog Keyword] 
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Canadian Censuses Online]] 
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Canada Census|Canada Census]] 
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[How Canadian National Censuses Are Organized]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [[Canada Historic Maps]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 = [[Library and Archives Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 = [[Canada History Links]]
 +
| FS_URL_09 = [[Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years|Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years]] 
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1851/Pages/about-census.aspx Canada Census, 1851]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/pages/census.aspx Library and Archives Canada]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://globalgenealogy.com/countries/canada/searchable-data.htm Searchable Online Data Canadian Genealogy and History] 
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1891/Pages/about-census.aspx Library and Archives Canada] (You can find each record's image if you use this site)
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| custodian = [http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/index.aspx Public Archives, Ontario]
 +
}}
  
The census day for Canada was taken April 6, 1891.
+
== What is in this Collection? ==
  
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
+
The official day of the 1891 census for Canada, was taken was April 6, 1891. This is important because it represents the population on that exact day.
  
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.
+
== Collection Content ==
  
 
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
 
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
  
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.
+
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub districts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.  
 
  
{{Collection citation
+
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
| text = Canada Department of Agriculture. Canada Census, 1891. Public Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario.}}
 
  
== Record Content  ==
+
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker.
  
Important genealogical information in the census includes:  
+
== What Can this Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
'''Census records''' may contain the following information:  
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
+
*Gender
*Sex
+
*Age
*Relation to head of family
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*Approximate year of birth
*Born within the last 12 months
+
*Marital status
*Country or province of birth
 
 
*Religion  
 
*Religion  
*Occupation
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*Town, village, township, or sub-district of residence
*Married or widowed
 
*Town, village, township, or subdistrict of residence
 
 
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
 
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
 
 
 
*Name of ancestor
 
*Place birth
 
 
 
===='''Searching the Collection''' ====
 
 
 
To search this collection using the index:
 
 
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 
 
 
==== '''Using the Information''' ====
 
  
This collection can help you further your research in the following tactics:  
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor.
 +
*The place where your ancestor lived.
 +
*The names of family members.
  
*Use the age to calculate a birth year.  
+
'''Search by Name by visiting the [[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1583536?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page:]'''<br>Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
*Record the names and birth years of the family members to help you find baptisms.
 
  
===='''General Information About These Records''' ====
 
  
Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
 +
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the birthplace and age given in the census for each person to search the [[Canada Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]] collection.  
 +
*If the census lists their religious affiliation, search the church records for the province that your ancestor is listed in.
 +
===  I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
 +
*Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
 +
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
 +
*These censuses list a large proportion of the population. Unfortunately, portions of some have been lost, and some geographical areas within the provinces were missed by the census takers.
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada Census 1891 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]  
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1891-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1891-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
*[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]&nbsp;(You can find each records image if you use this site)
+
== Citing this Collection  ==
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
*[[Canada Census]]
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1891." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.}}<br><br>
*[[Canada]]
 
  
== Contribution to This Article  ==
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1583536
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
|title=Canada Census, 1891
 
+
}}  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]
+
[[Category:Canada Census]]

Latest revision as of 18:04, 22 December 2016

Canada

Access the Records
Canada Census, 1891 .
CID1583536
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Canada
Canada flag.png
Flag of Canada
Canada.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1891-1891
Languages English
Title in the Language
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Public Archives, Ontario


What is in this Collection?

The official day of the 1891 census for Canada, was taken was April 6, 1891. This is important because it represents the population on that exact day.

Collection Content

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub districts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).

Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker.

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Full name
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Approximate year of birth
  • Marital status
  • Religion
  • Town, village, township, or sub-district of residence

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The place where your ancestor lived.
  • The names of family members.

Search by Name by visiting the [Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.


What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • These censuses list a large proportion of the population. Unfortunately, portions of some have been lost, and some geographical areas within the provinces were missed by the census takers.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Canada Census, 1891." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Canada Census, 1891.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.