Canada Census Mortality Schedules (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Canada Census Mortality Schedules, 1871 .
- 1 Record Description
- 2 Record Content
- 3 How to Use the Record
- 4 Known Issues with This Collection
- 5 Related Websites
- 6 Related Wiki Articles
- 7 Comtributions to This Article
- 8 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
The official enumeration date for this census was April 2, 1871; however, the ages given in the census were to be the ages at their next birthday.
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms filled in by the census enumerators. The forms are printed in French.
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the first national Canadian census was conducted in 1871.
Enumeration was by census district, except for Prince Edward Island, which was enumerated by lot number. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.
Mortality schedules are a national level file of death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not always reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- Canada Department of Agriculture. Canada Mortality Census Schedules. Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
Key genealogical facts found in the Mortality Schedules usually contain the following information:
- Name of Deceased
- Age of Deceased
- Born in the last 12 months
- Place of Birth
- Month of death
- Cause of death
- Marital status
- Profession or Occupation
How to Use the Record
Beginning Your Search
To search this collection, it is helpful to know the following information:
- Approximate year of death
- Place where your ancestor last resided
- Place of birth
Search the Index
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
Using the Information
Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information.
Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not always reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.
Unable to Find Information?
If you haven't found information, consider the following tips to help further your research:
- Search available indexes before using the census records. As indexes may be incomplete or incorrect, if you have reason to believe your ancestor should have been in the census, search the census even if your ancestor is not in the index.
- Your ancestor might have lived in a different place from where you were looking for the death.
- Your ancestor may have used a nickname or a different surname, or the registrar spelled the name wrong. See Name Variations in Canadian Indexes and Records.
- Your ancestor might have lived at a slightly different time from the years you were looking.
- Not every death was registered.
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
- Canadian Census at Library and Archives Canada
- Canadian Censuses on AutomatedGenealogy.com
- Canadian Census Finder
Related Wiki Articles
Comtributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Canada Census Mortality Schedules, 1871," index, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 03 April 2012), Mary Adams, age 57; death date Sept 1870; citing Archive Records, FHL microfilm 4396752; Ontario Archives, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.