Canada Record Selection Table
This table can help you decide which records to search in Canada. It is most helpful for post-1800 research.
1. In column 1 find the goal you selected.
2. In column 2 find the types of records most likely to have the information you need.
3. In column 3 find additional record types that may be useful.
4. Then look for the record type you need in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog.
Note: Records of previous research (genealogy, biography, history, periodicals, and societies) are useful for most goals, but are not listed unless they are especially helpful.
Note: "Notarial Records" only apply to research in the Province of Quebec.
|1. If You Need||2. Look First In||3. Then Search|
|Age||Census, Vital Records, Church Records||Cemeteries, Military Records, Emigration and Immigration|
|Birth date||Vital Records, Church Records||Cemeteries, Newspapers, Census|
|Birthplace||Vital Records, Church Records||Census, Newspapers|
|City or parish of foreign birth||Church Records, Naturalization and Citizenship, Genealogy, Biography,||Vital Records, Newspapers, History, Emigration and Immigration|
|Country of foreign birth||Emigration and Immigration, Census, Naturalization and Citizenship||Church Records, Military Records, Vital Records, Newspapers|
|Death||Vital Records, Cemeteries, Probate Records, Church Records||Notarial Records, Newspapers, Military Records, Obituaries|
|Ethnic background||Minorities, Native Races, Societies, Church Records, Census||Emigration and Immigration, Naturalization and Citizenship|
|French terms||Language and Languages||Church Records, Vital Records, Notarial Records|
|Historical background||History, Historical Geography, Periodicals||Emigration and Immigration, Minorities|
|Immigration date||Emigration and Immigration, Naturalization and Citizenship||Census, Newspapers, Biography, Genealogy, Land and Property|
|Living relatives (and adoptions)||Genealogy, Directories, Court Records, Obituaries||Census, Biography, Societies, Church Records, Probate Records|
|Maiden name, alias names||Vital Records, Church Records, Newspapers||Cemeteries; Military Records; Probate Records; Names, Personal|
|Marriage||Vital Records, Church Records, Notarial Records, Census, Newspapers||Military Records, Probate Records, Land and Property, Cemeteries|
|Occupation||Census, Directories, Emigration and Immigration, Vital Records||Newspapers, Biography, Court Records, Business Records and Commerce|
|Parents, children, and other family members||Vital Records, Church Records, Census, Probate Records, Genealogy||Obituaries, Emigration and Immigration, Notarial Records, Newspapers, Cemeteries|
|Physical description||Military Records, Biography||Vital Records, Genealogy, Emigration and Immigration|
|Place-finding aids||Gazetteers, Maps, History||Historical Geography, Periodicals|
|Places of residence||Census, Land and Property||History, Military Records|
|Place (town) of residence when you know only the province||Census (indexed), Genealogy, Military Records, Vital Records, Land and Property||Biography, Probate Records, History, Emigration and Immigration, Directories|
|Political subdivision origins and boundaries||Gazetteers, Maps, Directories||History, Historical Geography|
|Previous research (compiled genealogy)||Genealogy, Periodicals, Societies||History, Biography|
|Record-finding aids||Archives and Libraries, Societies||Periodicals|
|Religion||Census, Church Records, History||Biography, Cemeteries, Obituaries|
|Social activities||History, Biography, Newspapers, Societies||Cemeteries, Directories, Obituaries|