Canyon County, Idaho Genealogy
|Canyon County, Idaho|
Location in the state of Idaho
Location of Idaho in the U.S.
|Founded||March 7, 1891|
|Address|| 1115 Albany Street|
Caldwell, ID 83605
Phone: (208) 454-7337
Fax: (208) 454-6689
|Named for: Snake River Canyon|
- 1 Quick Facts
- 2 Places/Localities
- 2.1 Resources
- 2.2 Family History Centers
- 2.3 Archives and Libraries
- 2.4 Cemeteries
- 2.5 Census
- 2.6 Church History and Records
- 2.7 County Commissioners' Records
- 2.8 Court Records
- 2.9 Directories
- 2.10 History
- 2.11 Land and Property
- 2.12 Maps
- 2.13 Military History and Records
- 2.14 Miscellaneous Series
- 2.15 Naturalization and Citizenship
- 2.16 Newspapers
- 2.17 Probate Records
- 2.18 Taxation
- 2.19 Vital Records
- 3 Societies, Libraries and Museums
- 4 Websites
- 5 References
Named for the Snake River canyon forming the natural boundary with Owyhee County.
15 March 1915: Gem County created from parts of Boise and Canyon Counties
28 February 1917: Payette County created from part of Canyon County
Many of the older court, land, naturalization, probate, pension, and vital records for Canyon County have been microfilmed and are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and through their family history centers. They are also available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise. Details of the county records in these respective institutions can be obtained from their online catalogs or listings. Original records which have been microfilmed and more recent records are in the county courthouse in Caldwell.
Family History Centers
Archives and Libraries
Many public libraries provide internet access to sites of value to the family historian. Some have special collections of historical and cultural interest, as well. The following libraries may have some resources of value, but use of some or all of them may require a visit to the library.
- Caldwell Public Library
1010 Dearborn St
Caldwell, ID 83605
Phone: (208) 459-3242
- Middleton Public Library
307 E Main St
Middleton, ID 83644
Phone: (208) 585-3931 Template:RAOGKcourthouse
- Nampa Public Library
101 11th Ave S
Nampa, ID 83651
Phone: (208) 468-5800
- Notus Public Library
387 First St
Notus, ID 83656
Phone: (208) 459-8247
- Patricia Romanko Public Library
121 N 3rd St
Parma, ID 83660
Phone: (208) 722-6605
- Wilder District Library
207 A Ave E
Wilder, ID 83676
Phone: (208) 482-7880
CemeteriesThere are many cemeteries in Canyon County. For a list of those that have been identified, and links to transcriptions and/or photographs of tombstones, go to Canyon County, Idaho Cemetery Records.
For the cemeteries in or immediately adjacent to the cities, please see the city pages for the cities listed above.
For a summary of census records for the state of Idaho, see Idaho Census Records.
Church History and Records
County Commissioners' Records
The minute books of the County Commissioners contain interesting tidbits of history about the county as well as the names of individuals appealing to the County Commissioners for action on issues of concern to them. Minutes of those meetings were recorded from the formation of the county, for most counties. Some counties now post the minutes of current meetings online.
Most of these records have been preserved in the county courthouses of the State of Idaho. Few have been microfilmed. Contact the county clerk for information about years covered and availability.
Some of the early court records of Canyon County, Idaho have been microfilmed and are available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise, Idaho. The records filmed include civil suits, divorce papers, judgment dockets, etc. Copies of these microfilmed court records are also available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah or at any of the Library's Family History Centers. Additional court records and more recent records are housed at the Canyon County courthouse in Caldwell, Idaho, and can be accessed by making a visit there.
Some of the records of the courts of Canyon County that have been microfilmed include:
- Power of attorney, 1865-1948; index, 1865-1976
The Gem State Rural's 1916-17 Farm Directory of Canyon County, Idaho is available at the Idaho State Archives, the Nampa Public Library, and at the University of Idaho in Moscow. It lists landowners by town, including those owning land in these two counties, but residing elsewhere. The size of the family, amount of acreage owned, the location of the land, and a list of crops and livestock raised on each farm is also included.
The book Canyon County : A Treasure of Land and Its People is available at various libraries nationwide.
The Canyon County IDGenWeb has posted a brief history online.
Land and Property
Land and Property records are usually found in the county in which the transactions took place. In Canyon county you can visit the county courthouse located in Caldwell, Idaho to access these records.
The Idaho State Archives has microfilmed some of the earlier Canyon County records, and these can be viewed by visiting the Archives in Boise, Idaho.
The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah has microfilmed the following land and property records found in the Canyon County courthouse which can be viewed at the Library in Salt Lake City or at any of its Family History Centers:
- Declaration of homesteads, 1868-1919; index, 1868-1977
- Deeds, 1865-1902; index, ca. 1865-1902
In 1895 George Ogle published the "Standard Atlas of Canyon County, Idaho, Including a Plat Book of the Villages, Cities and Townships of the County; Map of the State, United States and World, Patrons Directory.” See WorldCat for libraries’ holdings.
Links to online maps include:
Military History and Records
World War I draft registration cards, 1917-1918, for Canyon County have been microfilmed. Copies of these records are available at the Family History Library (their microfilm number 1452112) and are also available online at Ancestry.com, for a subscription fee. The original cards are maintained in the Southeast Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in East Point, Georgia and have been microfilmed by the National Archives as their Microcopy M1509.
Soldiers Discharge Records, 1919-1945, for Canyon County have been microfilmed and are available at both the Idaho State Archives in Boise and the Family History Library in Salt Lake City or at any of the Library's Family History Centers.
Often overlooked by the genealogist, this group of volumes may contain affidavits for citizenship, final disposition of estates, divorce decrees, and many other types of valuable documents. The content varies from county to county, year to year and from clerk to clerk. When the estate case files, civil or criminal files are not available or have been destroyed, you may find key documents recorded here. Most counties will have an index to this series and it is a must search if the information you are seeking is not found elsewhere.
Both the Idaho State Archives in Boise, Idaho, and the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah have copies of the miscellaneous record of Canyon County. The originals are held in the Canyon County courthouse in Caldwell, Idaho and can be accessed by visiting there. Copies in the Idaho State Archives are available for viewing in Boise. Those held by the Family History Library can be viewed either at the Library in Salt Lake City or at any of its Family History Centers.
Naturalization and Citizenship
Records of the naturalization of people born outside of the United States were often kept in the county courthouses of the respective counties of Idaho. One volume of Canyon County naturalization records are included in a Naturalization Index at the Idaho State Archives in Boise, available online.
- Idaho Press - Tribune, based in Nampa.
The Idaho State Archives has microfilmed copies of earlier Canyon County newspapers. Look under the name of the city/town which might have published a newspaper for the listing of available papers.
The original probate records are maintained at the Canyon County courthouse in Caldwell, Idaho. Some of the earlier records of probate cases have been microfilmed and copies are available at the Idaho State Archives and at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. These include:
- Wills, 1893-1939
- General index to probate records, 1885-1959
- Probate records, vols. 1-5, 1895-1926
Existing tax assessment rolls for Canyon County should be in the county courthouse in Caldwell or in the Idaho State Archives in Boise.
The Birth Registers for Canyon County, 1907-1911, have been microfilmed and are available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise and at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah. Birth records, 1911 to present, for individuals born in Canyon County are included in and recorded at the state level. These records are restricted for a period of one hundred years from the time of the individual's birth but can be obtained by following the guidelines as issued by the State of Idaho. See the Vital Records section under the subject Idaho for more details.
Some Idaho births and christenings (1856-1965) are online.
Idaho marriages 1878-1898, 1903-1942 are online. The Marriage License and Certificates, books 1-13, 1892-1938 have been microfilmed and are available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise and at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. A Marriage Register, vol. 1-2, 1907-1930 and a book of Marriage Certificates, 1895-1900 are also available on microfilm the both the State Archives and the Family History Library.
Also use the Western States Marriage Index (website) to find your Canyon County marriages. There are 7,212 marriages dating from Jun 1880 to Jun 1942 in their collection.
Death registers from 1907 to 1912 have been microfilmed by the Family History Library and are available through their loan system and at the Idaho State Archives. Online are Idaho deaths and burials 1907-1965.
Societies, Libraries and Museums
- Our Memories Museum-Canyon County Historical Society
1122 Main Street, Caldwell, ID 83605-3844
Maintains Nampa Train Depot and Indian Creek Museum
- The Canyon County Idaho GenWeb Project, part of The IDGenWeb Project
- USGenWeb Archives
- USGenWeb Archives backup site
- Family History Library Catalog
- Canyon County, Idaho Genealogy and Family History (Linkpendium)
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- Idaho State Historical Society Reference Series, Number 10, Counties and County Seats, Reissued July, 1991.
- census.gov - Idaho population by county, 1900-90 accessed 2009-05-03
- quickfacts.census.gov - Canyon County accessed 2009-05-03