Difference between revisions of "Charleston-Savannah Trail"

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Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]].<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].  
 
Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]].<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].  
  
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.
+
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
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:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
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:*[[Charleston-Savannah Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
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:*Savannah River pre-historic  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
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:*[[Charleston-Savannah Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
 
:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>  
 
:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>  
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
  
'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail start in Charleston. Follow I-26 north to the Orangeburg. Then take the Neeses Highway west to Springfield. Then take Highway 4 west to Aiken. Then follow Highway 19 northwest until it becomes Highway 25. Continue northwest along Highway 25 to where it meets Highway 378 in northern Edgefield County. Turn west onto Highway 378 to reach McCormick. Then go northwest on Highway 28 until Highway 81 forks off to the west. Follow Highway 81 winding westerly to Mt. Carmel. From Mt. Carmel take the Fort Charlotte Road 6.5 miles (10.4 km) southwest to Strom Thurmond Lake. The Old Fort Charlotte site lies under that lake.
+
'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Savannah Trail start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeesville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.  
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
The first colonists in what became the Fort Charlotte area arrived before the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail existed. They would have arrived by way of the Savannah River, the [[Middle Creek Trading Path]], the [[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]], the [[Augusta and Cherokee Trail]] on the Georgia side of the river, or even the [[Occaneechi Path]] and its overlapping [[Fall Line Road]], and [[Great Valley Road]]. Only after Fort Charlotte was started in 1765 would travelers have been able to use what became the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail. Even then, they may have used the older Fort Moore-Charleston Trail most of the way to [[Aiken County, South Carolina|Aiken County]] before splitting off toward Fort Charlotte.  
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The first colonists in each county along what became the Charleston-Savannah Trail arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail and even the King's Highway.  
  
Ulster-Irish, French Huguenots, and Germans were among the earliest, pre-Fort Charlotte pioneer settlers.  
+
No complete list of settlers who used the '''Charleston-Savannah Trail''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Charleston-Savannah Trail from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.  
  
No complete list of settlers who used the '''Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal&nbsp;pioneer settlers who arrived after 1765 and who were candidates to have travelled the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail from the Charleston area.
+
For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may''''' have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail, see histories like:
  
For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may'''''&nbsp; have used the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail, see histories like:
+
'''''in Charleston County, SC:'''''  
  
'''''in McCormick County:'''''  
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*Thomas Petigru Lesesne, ''History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical'' (Charleston, South Carolina : A.H. Cawston, c1931) (({{FHL|53420|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7915 D3L}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3586631 WorldCat entry].
 +
 
 +
'''''in Colleton County, SC:'''''  
  
 
*Bobby F. Edmonds, ''The Huguenots of New Bordeaux'' (McCormick, SC: Cedar Hill, 2005) (({{FHL|1317791|item|disp=FHL Book 975.736 F2e}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/63189507 WorldCat entry].  
 
*Bobby F. Edmonds, ''The Huguenots of New Bordeaux'' (McCormick, SC: Cedar Hill, 2005) (({{FHL|1317791|item|disp=FHL Book 975.736 F2e}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/63189507 WorldCat entry].  
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*[Willie Mae Wood], ''Old Families of McCormick County, South Carolina and Dorn families of Edgefield, Greenwood and McCormick counties'' ([S.l.&nbsp;: s.n.], 1982) ({{FHL|634329|item|disp=FHL Book 975.736 D2w; Film 2056008 Item 2-3}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21493707 WorldCat entry].
 
*[Willie Mae Wood], ''Old Families of McCormick County, South Carolina and Dorn families of Edgefield, Greenwood and McCormick counties'' ([S.l.&nbsp;: s.n.], 1982) ({{FHL|634329|item|disp=FHL Book 975.736 D2w; Film 2056008 Item 2-3}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21493707 WorldCat entry].
  
'''''in Edgefield County:'''''  
+
'''''in Beaufort County, SC:'''''  
  
 
*John A. Chapman, ''History of Edgefield County from the earliest settlements to 1897&nbsp;: biographical and anecdotical, with sketches of the Seminole War, nullification, secession, reconstruction, churches and literature, wtih rolls of all the companies from Edgefield in the war of secession, war with Mexico and with the Seminole Indians'' (Newberry, S.C.: E. H. Aull, 1897) ({{FHL|223810|item|disp=FHL Film 162293}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1724974 WorldCat entry].
 
*John A. Chapman, ''History of Edgefield County from the earliest settlements to 1897&nbsp;: biographical and anecdotical, with sketches of the Seminole War, nullification, secession, reconstruction, churches and literature, wtih rolls of all the companies from Edgefield in the war of secession, war with Mexico and with the Seminole Indians'' (Newberry, S.C.: E. H. Aull, 1897) ({{FHL|223810|item|disp=FHL Film 162293}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1724974 WorldCat entry].
  
'''''in Aiken County:'''''  
+
'''''in Jasper County, SC:'''''  
  
 
*Gasper Loren Toole, ''Ninety Years in Aiken County: Memoirs of Aiken County and Its People'' (Charleston?, S.C.: s.n., 1959) ({{FHL|66488|item|disp=FHL Book 975.775 H2t; Film 1425280 Item 3}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3363918 WorldCat entry].
 
*Gasper Loren Toole, ''Ninety Years in Aiken County: Memoirs of Aiken County and Its People'' (Charleston?, S.C.: s.n., 1959) ({{FHL|66488|item|disp=FHL Book 975.775 H2t; Film 1425280 Item 3}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3363918 WorldCat entry].
  
'''''in Orangeburg County:'''''  
+
'''''in Chatham County, GA:'''''  
  
 
*"The First Families of Orangeburgh District, South Carolina" in ''Orangeburgh German-Swiss Genealogy Society'' at http://www.ogsgs.org/ffam/ff-intro.htm (accessed 23 March 2011).
 
*"The First Families of Orangeburgh District, South Carolina" in ''Orangeburgh German-Swiss Genealogy Society'' at http://www.ogsgs.org/ffam/ff-intro.htm (accessed 23 March 2011).
 
'''''in Dorchester County:'''''
 
 
*
 
  
 
=== External Links  ===
 
=== External Links  ===

Revision as of 19:05, 27 March 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Charleston-Savannah Trail

Charleston Savannah Trail.png
The Charleston-Savannah Trail (also known as part of the King's Highway) connected the South Carolina colonial town of Charleston with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now Chatham County. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Charleston-Savannah Trail was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in Chatham County, Georgia. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).[1]

Historical Background

Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of Barbados. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from England.[2] Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the King's Highway. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the Civil War.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:[3]

Connecting trails. The Charleston-Savannah Trail links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:

The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:

Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Savannah Trail start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeesville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.

Settlers and Records

The first colonists in each county along what became the Charleston-Savannah Trail arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail and even the King's Highway.

No complete list of settlers who used the Charleston-Savannah Trail is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Charleston-Savannah Trail from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.

For partial lists of early settlers who may have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail, see histories like:

in Charleston County, SC:

  • Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, South Carolina : A.H. Cawston, c1931) ((FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.

in Colleton County, SC:

in Beaufort County, SC:

  • John A. Chapman, History of Edgefield County from the earliest settlements to 1897 : biographical and anecdotical, with sketches of the Seminole War, nullification, secession, reconstruction, churches and literature, wtih rolls of all the companies from Edgefield in the war of secession, war with Mexico and with the Seminole Indians (Newberry, S.C.: E. H. Aull, 1897) (FHL Film 162293) WorldCat entry.

in Jasper County, SC:

in Chatham County, GA:

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in rootsweb at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).
  3. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).