Charleston County, South Carolina African Americans

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United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Charleston County Gotoarrow.png African Americans

See also:

Slavery

  • Charleston District maintained records of bill of sales of negro slaves from 1799 up through the Civil War. These records have been microfilmed: FHL Films 23439-23451.
  • Birnie, C.W. "Education of the Negro in Charleston, South Carolina, Prior to the Civil War," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Jan. 1927):13-21. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Durden, Robert F. "The Establishment of Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church for Negroes in Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 65, No. 2 (Apr. 1964):63-84. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Laurens, Henry. A South Carolina Protest Against Slavery: Being a Letter from Henry Laurens, Second President of the Continental Congress, to His Son, Colonel John Laurens; Dated Charleston, S. C., August 14th, 1776. Now Published from the Original. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1861. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Rumph, Thedoshia Juanita Harvey. Hattie Garrett, Born a Salve [i.e. Slave] in Charleston, S.C. Migrated to and Died Free in Edgefield, S.C. Pemberton, N.J.: T.J.H. Rumph, 1999. FHL Book 929.273 G192r
  • Morgan, Kenneth. "Slave Sales in Colonial Charleston," The English Historical Review, Vol. 113, No. 453 (Sep. 1998), pp. 905-927. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

For a white perspective on the religious education of slaves in Charleston during the final decades before the Civil War, see:

  • Proceedings of the Meeting in Charleston, S.C., May 13-15, 1845, on the Religious Instruction of the Negroes, Together with The Report of the Committee, and the Address to the Public. Charleston, S.C.: B. Jenkins, 1845. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Thornwell, J.H. The Rights and Duties of Masters. A Sermon Preached at the Dedication of a Church, Erected in Charleston, S.C., For the Benefit and Instruction of the Coloured Population. Charleston, S.C.: Steam-Power Press of Walker & James, 1850. Digital version at Google Books.

Free blacks

  • Cole, Jennifer, comp. Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina Black Deaths 1871-89 (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Fitchett, E. Horace. "The Origin and Growth of the Free Negro Population of Charleston, South Carolina," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Oct. 1941):421-437. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Fitchett, E. Horace. "The Status of the Free Negro in Charleston, South Carolina, and His Descendants in Modern Society: Statement of the Problem," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct. 1947):430-451. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Fitchett, E. Horace. "The Traditions of the Free Negro in Charleston, South Carolina," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Apr., 1940):139-152.
  • Harris, Robert L. "Charleston's Free Afro-American Elite: The Brown Fellowship Society and the Humane Brotherhood," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 82, No. 4 (Oct. 1981):289-310. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. Free online edition. Includes information about the following pre-1820 Charleston County free black families: Anderson, Baldwin (intro), Bryan, Bunch, Cole, Collins, Cumbo, Deas, Demery, Driggers, Eady, Frost, Garden (see also intro), Gardner, Gibson, Hammond, Holman, Hunt, Jackson, Kersey, Matthews, Miller, Pendarvis, Raper, Rollison, Scott, Taborn, Tann, Webb, Wilson.
  • Heinegg, Paul. "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County," Free African Americans.com. Includes free blacks in St. Bartholomew's Parish, St. George's Parish, St. James Santee Parish, St. John's Parish, St. Phillip's and Michael's Parish, and Charleston District.
  • Kennedy-Haflett, Cynthia. "'Moral Marriage': A Mixed-Race Relationship in Nineteenth-Century Charleston, South Carolina," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 97, No. 3 (Jul. 1996):206-226. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Plantations

Known plantations, South Carolina Plantations:

  • Accabee - West Ashley
  • Acorn Hill - Johns Island
  • Adasville - Johns Island
  • Allendale - Wadmalaw Island
  • Altaraxes - also called Rocky Point, Stony Point
  • Anchorage - Wadmalaw Island
  • Andel House
  • Angel Oak - Johns Island - also called The Point, Hoopstick
  • Archfield
  • Ashe - Little Edisto Island
  • Ashley Hall - West Ashley
  • Ashley Hall Gardens
  • Ashley Hill
  • Auld Reekie - Johns Island
  • Back Pen - Johns Island
  • Bailey's Island
  • Baldrick - North Charleston
  • Barings - Parkers Ferry - also called Sandy Point
  • Barnwell House - Parkers Ferry - also called Prospect Hill, Prospect
  • Battlefield - Parkers Ferry
  • Baynard's Old Place - Edisto Island
  • Bayview
  • Bears Bluff - Wadmalaw Island - also called Martins Point, Ladinwah, Morton Town, Point of Pines
  • Belle Grove
  • Belleview - Mt Pleasant - also called Bermuda
  • Bellevue - McClellanville
  • Belmont - Charleston Neck
  • Belvedere - Charleston Neck - also called Belvidere, Governors House, Shubrick
  • Belvidere - Johns Island
  • Belvue Bermuda - Mt Pleasant - also called Belleview
  • Bernard - Rantowles
  • Berry Hill - Parkers Ferry
  • Bird Nest - Wadmalaw Island
  • Blacklock - Johns Island
  • Blake's - McClellanville
  • Bleak Hall - Edisto Island - also called Botany Bay
  • Blue House
  • Bluff - West Ashley
  • Bollard - Edisto Island
  • Boone Hall - Mt Pleasant
  • Branford
  • Briars - Johns Island
  • Brick House - Edisto Island - also called Paul Hamilton House
  • Brick House - Johns Island
  • Brookland - Edisto Island - also called Hill Track. Brooklines
  • Brooklines - Edisto Island - also called Hill Track, Brookland
  • Broom Hall
  • Brownswood
  • Buck Hall - McClellanville - also called Carnadey
  • Bugby - Wadmalaw Island
  • Bulls Island
  • Bulow - Red Top - also call Savannah
  • Burden's - Johns Island - also called Oakvale
  • Cain Slash - Johns Island
  • California - Johns Island
  • Camp - North Charleston
  • Cane Acre
  • Capers
  • Capes - Johns Island
  • Carnadey - McClellanville - also called Buck Hall
  • Cassina Point - Edisto Island
  • Cedar Hall
  • Cedar Springs - Johns Island
  • Chaplins - Johns Island
  • Charleston Tea - Wadmalaw Island
  • Cherry Hall
  • Childermas Croft - Charleston Neck
  • Chisolm's - Edisto Island - also called The Launch, Middleton's
  • Clapham - Jacksonboro
  • Clarke - Edisto Island
  • Clayfield - McClellanville
  • Clifton - Willtown
  • Con Bailey
  • Contentment Hall - Johns Island
  • Copahee - Mt Pleasant - also called Hanlin Farms
  • Cornhill - West Ashley
  • Cottage - Wadmalaw Island
  • Crawford - Edisto Island
  • Creekside - Johns Island
  • Cripps - West Ashley
  • Curtis Hall - Johns Island
  • Cypress Pond
  • Cypress Trees - Edisto Island
  • Daniel Island
  • Deer Park - Johns Island
  • Dill's Bluff - James Island
  • Distillery - Mt Pleasant
  • Dixie - Hollywood
  • Dixon's Island
  • Doe Hall - McClellanville
  • Drayton Hall - West Ashley
  • Edenvale - Johns Island
  • Edinburgh - Johns Island
  • Egremont - McClellanville
  • Elbow Tavern
  • Eldorado - McClellanville
  • Elm Grove
  • Elms - North Charleston
  • Elmwood
  • Encampment - Parkers Ferry
  • Enterprise
  • Estate of White
  • Exchange - Johns Island
  • Fair Oaks - Johns Island
  • Fairbanks
  • Fairfield - McClellanville
  • Fairfield - West Ashley - also called Wespanee, Westpenny
  • Fairlawn
  • Fairview
  • Farmfield - West Ashley
  • Fenwick Hall - Johns Island - also called Headquarters
  • Ferry Field - Johns Island
  • Ferry Tract - West Ashley
  • Fettersea
  • Four Chimneys - Edisto Island - also called Old House
  • Frampton's Inlet
  • Frogmore - Edisto Island
  • Fuller - West Ashley
  • Gallant Hill - North Charleston - also called Strohecker, Wee John
  • Garden Lot
  • Geiger Farm - Charleston Neck - also called Mount Pleasant
  • Good Hope
  • Governor's
  • Governor's Bluff - Edisto Island
  • Governor's House - Charleston Neck - also called Belvedere, Belvidere, Shubrick
  • Green Grove
  • Greenville - West Ashley - also called Runnymede, Sarah Place
  • Grove - Adams Run
  • Grove - Charleston - also called Grove Farm, Lowndes Grove, Wagener Farm
  • Grove Farm - Charleston - also called Grove, Lowndes Grove, Wagener Farm
  • Gun Bluff - Edisto Island
  • Haddrell's
  • Hamilton Hill
  • Hamlin - Mt Pleasant - also called Youghal
  • Hamlin Farms - Mt Pleasant - also called Copahee
  • Hampton - McClellanville - also called Horry
  • Hanahan
  • Hanscome Point - Johns Island
  • Happy Retreat - North Charleston - also called Retreat, Turnbull
  • Harrietta - McClellanville - also called Washaw
  • Hatchman's - Mt Pleasant
  • Hauling Landing
  • Haulover - Seabrook Island
  • Hayes - North Charleston - also called Ingleside
  • Headquarters - Johns Island - also called Fenwick Hall
  • Hermitage
  • Hibben House - Mt Pleasant - also called Motte Home, Mount Pleasant
  • Hickory Hill - West Ashley
  • Hickory Hill - North Charleston
  • Hickory Hill - Johns Island
  • Hill Tract - Edisto Island - also called Brookland, Brooklines
  • Hillsborough - West Ashley
  • Hobcaw - Mt Pleasant
  • Holly Hill
  • Hoopstick - Johns Island - also called Angel Oak, The Point
  • Hope - Johns Island
  • Hopkinson - Johns Island
  • Hopton Tract - Mt Pleasant - also called Starvegut Hall, Starve Gut Hall, Wando Plantation, William Hopton
  • Horry - McClellanville - also called Hampton
  • Horry-Lucas House - also called Old Town
  • Hurst's - North Charleston
  • Hurtle Grange
  • Hut - Johns Island
  • Indian Field - McClellanville
  • Indian Graves - Johns Island
  • Indigo Point - Charleston
  • Ingleside - North Charleston - also called Hayes
  • Jack Daw Hall - Edisto Island
  • Jane Pritchard Place
  • Jehossee - Jehossee Island - also called Jehosea
  • Jenkins Hill - Seabrook Island - also called Jenkins Point
  • Jeremy
  • Katy Hill - Wadmalaw Island
  • Kiawah - Kiawah Island - also called Vanderhorst
  • Klinks
  • Ladinwah - Wadmalaw Island - also called Bears Bluff, Martins Point, Morton Town, Point of Pines
  • LaRoche
  • Lassteyrie
  • The Launch - Edisto Island - also called Chisolm's, Middleton's
  • Laurel Bay
  • Laurel Hill - Ravenel
  • Laurel Hill - Edisto Island
  • Laurel Hill - McClellanville
  • Laurel Hill - Mt Pleasant
  • Laurel Park
  • Laurels - Johns Island
  • Lawton - James Island
  • Legare's - Johns Island
  • Lem's Bluff - Willtown
  • Lexington - Wando Neck
  • Liberty Hall
  • Liberty Hill
  • Lighthouse Point - James Island
  • Live Oak
  • Long Point - Mt Pleasant
  • Longwood - Johns Island
  • Lords Proprietors
  • Lowndes Grove - Charleston - also called Grove, Grove Farm, Wagener Farm
  • Lynch Grove
  • Mackey
  • Magnolia - West Ashley
  • Magnolia Umbra - Charleston Neck
  • Maham's
  • Malona
  • Marshfield
  • Marshlands - North Charleston
  • Martin's Point - Wadmalaw Island - also called Bears Bluff, Ladinwah, Morton Town, Point of Pines
  • Maryville
  • Mateeba Gardens - also called Wragg, Smith-Wragg, St. Giles Kussoe
  • Mathis Ferry
  • McClellan House - McClennanville - also called Silver Hill
  • McLeod - James Island
  • McQueen
  • Meggett
  • Michaux's Point
  • Middleton Place - Dorchester County
  • Middleton's - Edisto Island - also called Chisolm's, The Launch
  • Midland Park
  • Milady Bush
  • Millbrook
  • Miller Hill - Johns Island
  • Mitchell Place - Edisto Island - also called Point of Pines
  • Mons Repos - North Charleston
  • Montgomery - McClellanville
  • Morrison
  • Morton Town - Wadmalaw Island - also called Bears Bluff, Martins Point, Ladinwah, Point of Pines
  • Motte House - Mt Pleasant - also called Hibben House, Mount Pleasant
  • Mount Pleasant - Charleston Neck - also called Geiger Farm
  • Mount Pleasant - Mt Pleasant - also called Hibben House, Motte House
  • Mount Pleasant Cooper
  • Mullet Hall - Johns Island
  • Murray-Gibbes - Johns Island
  • Myrtle Grove - Mt Pleasant
  • Myrtles - Johns Island
  • Neck - Edisto Island
  • New Cut - Wadmalaw Island
  • New Hope - Adams Run - also called Willtown Bluff, Wilton
  • Oak Grove - North Charleston
  • Oak Grove - Wadmalaw Island
  • Oak Hill
  • Oak Hurst - also called Hutton
  • Oak Island - Edisto Island
  • Oak Lawn - Parkers Ferry - also called Pon Pon
  • Oakhart
  • Oakland - Mt Pleasant - also called Youghall
  • Oaklands
  • Oaks - Johns Island
  • Oakvale - Johns Island - also called Burden's
  • Ocean View - James Island
  • Old Barn - Johns Island
  • Old Dominion - Edisto Island
  • Old Faber Place
  • Old House - Edisto Island - also called Four Chimneys
  • Old Town - also called Horry-Lucas House
  • Orange Hill - Johns Island
  • Owendaw
  • Palmer's Point - McClellanville - also called McClellan House, Silver Hill
  • Palmetto
  • Palmetto Grove - Mt Pleasant
  • Palmetto Plain
  • Palo Alto - McClellanville
  • Panthelion - West Ashley
  • Parkers
  • Peaceful Retreat - Johns Island
  • Peachtree - McClellanville
  • Pepper Dam - also called Windsor Hill
  • Perry Hill - West Ashley
  • Peters Point - Edisto Island
  • Phillips
  • Pickpocket
  • Pierpont - West Ashley
  • Pine Barren - Edisto Island
  • Pine Tree Hill
  • Pine Island
  • Pleasant Bluff
  • Point - Mt Pleasant
  • Point Comfort
  • Point of Pines - Edisto Island - also called Mitchell Place
  • Point of Pines - Wadmalaw Island - also called Bears Bluff, Martins Point, Ladinwah, Morton Town
  • The Point - Johns Island - also called Angel Oak, Hoopstick
  • Pointe - McClellanville
  • Pon Pon - Parkers Ferry - also called Oak Lawn
  • Porcher's Bluff - Mt Pleasant
  • Prospect - Parkers Ferry - also called Prospect Hill, Barnwell House
  • Prospect Hill - Edisto Island
  • Prospect Hill - Parkers Ferry - also called Barnwell House, Prospect
  • Rabbit Point - Seabrook Island
  • Raccoon Island
  • Racket Hall - Wadmalaw Island
  • Ravens Point - Johns Island
  • Ravenswood - Johns Island
  • Red Bank
  • Retreat - North Charleston - also called Happy Retreat, Turnbull
  • Retreat - Johns Island
  • Rice Hope
  • Richlands
  • Richmond - Mt Pleasant
  • Rockland - Wadmalaw Island
  • Rocks - Wadmalaw Island
  • Rocky Point - also called Altaraxes, Stony Point
  • Romney - McClellanville
  • Rose Cottage
  • Rosebank - Wadmalaw Island
  • Rosemont
  • Runnymede - West Ashley - also called Greenville, Sarah Place
  • Rushlands - Johns Island
  • Rush's - Johns Island
  • Russell Creek - Edisto Island
  • Ryedale
  • Saint Giles Kussoe - also called Wragg, Smith-Wragg, Mateeba Gardens
  • Saint Pierre's Point
  • Salt Hope
  • Salt Landing
  • Salt Ponds
  • Sams Tract - Johns Island
  • Sandy Hill
  • Sandy Point - Parkers Ferry - also called Barings
  • Sans Souci - Charleston Neck
  • Sarah Place - West Ashley - also called Greenville, Runnymede
  • Savage
  • Savannah - Red Top - also call Bulow
  • Saxby - Johns Island
  • Schieveling - West Ashley
  • Scott's Ferry
  • Sea Cloud - Edisto Island - also called Botany Bay
  • Seabrook - Edisto Island
  • Seaside - Edisto Island
  • Seaside Farms
  • Selkirk - Wadmalaw Island
  • Seven Oaks - Johns Island
  • Share Zools - Wadmalaw Island
  • Shargould - Edisto Island
  • Shell House
  • Shubrick - Charleston Neck - also called Belvedere, Belvidere, Governor's House
  • Silver Hill - McClellanville - also called McClellan House, Palmer's Point
  • Simmons Bluff
  • Slann Island - Slann Island
  • Smith
  • Smith-Wragg - also called Wragg, St. Giles Kussoe, Mateeba Gardens
  • Snee Farm - Mt Pleasant
  • Sol Legare Land
  • Springfield - West Ashley
  • Springfield - Wambaw Creek
  • St Pierre's Point
  • Staley
  • Stanyarne Hill - Ravenel
  • Starve Gut Hall - Mt Pleasant - also called Starvegut Hall, William Hopton, Hopton Tract, Wando Plantation
  • Starvegut Hall - Mt Pleasant - also called Starve Gut Hall, William Hopton, Hopton Tract, Wando Plantation
  • Stiles Point - James Island
  • Stoke
  • Stone Point
  • Stono Ferry - Goshen
  • Stony Point - also called Altaraxes, Rocky Point
  • Strawberry
  • Strawberry Ferry
  • Strohecker - North Charleston - also called Gallant Hill, Wee John
  • Stromboli
  • Summit - Adams Run
  • Sunnyside - Edisto Island
  • Swallow's Bluff - Edisto Island
  • Tibwin - Awendaw
  • Tom Seabrook - Edisto Island
  • Tomboli
  • Townsend's Creek
  • Townsends - Johns Island
  • Turnbull - North Charleston - also called Retreat, Happy Retreat
  • Turquetts - James Island
  • Twihets - James Island
  • Two Cedar - Awendaw
  • Uxbridge
  • Vanderhorst - Kiawah Island - also called Kiawah
  • Vaucluse - West Ashley
  • Villa
  • Wagener Farm - Charleston - also called Grove, Grove Farm, Lowndes Grove
  • Walnut Grove - Awendaw
  • Walnut Hill - Johns Island
  • Wampee - Wadmalaw Island
  • Wando - Cainhoy
  • Wando - Mt Pleasant - also called Starvegut Hall, Starve Gut Hall, William Hopton, Hopton Tract
  • Wappoo Hall - James Island
  • Washaw - McClellanville - also called Harrietta
  • Waterloo - Johns Island
  • Wedge - McClellanville
  • Wee John - North Charlotte - also called Gallant Hill, Strohecker
  • Wespanee - West Ashley - also called Westpenny, Fairfield
  • Westpenny - West Ashley - also called Wespanee, Fairfield
  • Wheelock's - Mt Pleasant
  • White Hall - Johns Island
  • White House - James Island
  • Whooping Island
  • Wide Awake - Hollywood
  • William Gibbes
  • William Hopton - Mt Pleasant - also called Starvegut Hall, Starve Gut Hall, Hopton Tract, Wando Plantation
  • Willow Grove
  • Willtown Bluff - Adams Run - also called New Hope, Wilton
  • Wilton - Adams Run - also called New Hope, Willtown Bluff
  • Windsor - Little Edisto Island
  • Windsor Hill - also called Pepper Dam
  • Woodlands Cooper
  • Woodlands - Johns Island
  • Woodville - McClellanville
  • Wragg - also called Smith-Wragg, St. Giles kussoe, Mateeba Gardens
  • Yantee
  • Yellow House - Wadmalaw Island
  • Youghal - Mt Pleasant - also called Hamlin
  • Youngville