Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy
|Chesterfield County, Virginia|
Location in the state of Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
- 1 County Courthouse
- 2 History
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Resources
- 4.1 African American
- 4.2 Bible Records
- 4.3 Cemeteries
- 4.4 Census
- 4.5 Church
- 4.6 Court
- 4.7 Genealogy
- 4.8 Immigration
- 4.9 Land
- 4.10 Local Histories
- 4.11 Maps
- 4.12 Migration
- 4.13 Military
- 4.14 Naturalization
- 4.15 Newspapers
- 4.16 Probate
- 4.17 Research Guides
- 4.18 Taxation
- 4.19 Vital Records
- 5 Societies and Libraries
- 6 Websites
- 7 References
Chesterfield County Courthouse
9500 Courthouse Road
P O Box 125
Chesterfield, Va 23832
Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1771,
land records from 1749, divorce, probate and court records
- Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
- Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872
- Heinegg, Paul. "Chesterfield County Tithables, 1747-1821," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
- Kegley, Mary B. Free People of Colour: Free Negroes, Indians, Portuguese and Freed Slaves. Wytheville, Virginia: Kegley Books, 2003. Available at FHL; digital version at Family History Archives. [Includes information from Chesterfield County.]
Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:
- Virginia Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007 - browse collection at FamilySearch; free.
Additional Bible records include:
- [Bass] King, George Harrison Sanford. "Bass Family Bible, Chesterfield County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1965):81-83. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Chesterfield County, Virginia Cemeteries.
The following is a list of cemeteries in Chesterfield County:
- Tombstone Transcription Project Chesterfield County - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb
For tips on accessing Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.
- Chesterfield County Heads of Families - 1783 at U.S. Census Bureau - free. County begins on page 49.
1890 Union Veterans
- Turner, Ronald Ray. Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890. Available online, courtesy: Prince William County Virginia website. [Includes residents of this county.]
Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):
- Chesterfield (1773)
- Salem (1794).. A history is available: FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 244. Includes a list of persons buried in the cemetery.
- Skinquarter (1778)
- Spring Creek (1790)
- Tomahawk (1777)
Chesterfield County fell within the bounds of the Middle District Association.
Church of England
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Chesterfield County families. To view a list, visit Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy.
- Ljungstedt, Milnor. "Items from Southern Records" [Showing Family and Trade Connections with Northern Colonies and the Home Countries], The American Genealogist, Vol. 15 (1938):95-104. Digital version at American Ancestors. [Chesterfield Co., VA: Branch.]
- List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Chesterfield County, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.
During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 7 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Manchester and Chesterfield County.
Grants and Patents
- Bannister. 604 patents dated 1638-1790 in what is now Chesterfield County, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper, 2002. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
- Cox, T. Bransford, John B. Watkins, and Chesterfield County (Va.). Board of Supervisors. Chesterfield County, Virginia, Its History and Present Condition: Prepared Under the Supervision of John B. Watkins, as Authorized by the Board of Supervisors of the County, August, 1906. Richmond, Va.: Williams Printing Co., 1907. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view).
- Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Chesterfield County's 1788 Delinquent List appears on pp. 115-116.]
French and Indian War
- Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Chesterfield County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
- Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Chesterfield County, see pp. 70, 107.]
- Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Chesterfield County militia officers; see place name index.]
Regiments. Service men in Chesterfield County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Chesterfield County supplied soldiers for the:
- A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Chesterfield County on page 129.]
- Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
Chesterfield County men served in the 23rd Regiment.
- Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Chesterfield County.]
- List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Chesterfield County, pp. 67-68.]
- Chesterfield, County Virginia, County Clerk, Muster rolls, 1861-1865, 1812-1813 (Richmond, Virginia, Virginia State Library and Archives, 1992) FHL Film 1929610 30926 Item 2
Regiments. Service men in Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy:
- Information about the following regiments can be found FHL book 975.5594 H2L titled Chesterfield, An Old Virginia County.
- 14th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Militia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 3rd Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Reserves (Chesterfield Reserves)
- 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
Records and histories are available, including:
- Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865
- Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865
Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929
Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
A free index to Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.
Digital Images of Chesterfield County Wills 1774 to 1785. See names of Testators. Virginia Pioneers
Digital Images of Chesterfield County Wills 1785 to 1800. See names of Testators. Virginia Pioneers
- "A Guide to the Counties of Virignia: Chesterfield County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1963):174-176. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
- [1747-1821] Chesterfield County, Virginia Lists of Tithables and Insolvents, 1747-1821. Original records, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available on microfilm at FHL.
- [1747-1821] Heinegg, Paul. "Chesterfield County Tithables, 1747-1821," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
- [1747-1778] Chesterfield County - the Colonial Tithe Lists 1747-1778, CD, available for purchase at Binns Genealogy.
-  Kolbe, J.C. "Chesterfield Tithables, 1756," The Southside Virginian, Vol. 2.
-  Pritchett, John W. Southside Virginia Genealogies. CD. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2007. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginians - The Family History of John W. Pritchett. [Includes annotated 1756 tithe list of Chesterfield County.]
-  Hart, L.H. "Chesterfield Tithables, 1762," The Southside Virginian, Vol. 3.
- [1786, 1788] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [Sources for this publication are the 1786 personal property tax list and a partial reading of the 1788 personal property tax list (only published names that do not appear on 1786 list). Chesterfield County is included in Vol. 2.]
-  Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Chesterfield County's 1788 Delinquent List appears on pp. 115-116.]
- [1790, 1801] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Chesterfield County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
- [1791, 1802] Indexed images of the 1791 and 1802 Land Tax Lists of Chesterfield County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
-  "Chesterfield County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1971):254-258; Vol. 16, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1972):23-28; Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1972):89-95. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
-  Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Chesterfield County is included in Vol. 1.]
Indexes to Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records
- Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. Marriage Bonds and Ministers' Returns of Chesterfield County. Pine Bluff, Ark., 1958.
- Reviewed in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1959):91-92. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
Vital Record Substitutes
The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.
Societies and Libraries
Family History Centers
Learning How to Edit our Wiki Sites
Virginia Pioneers. A fee website, however, you can view names of testators under "counties" for free. Virginia Pioneers ($)
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Chesterfield County, Virginia. Page 712 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- Wikipedia Contributors, "Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Stanhope,_4th_Earl_of_Chesterfield, accessed 12 January 2012.
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- USGS Map, Topozone.com
- Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 254. Digital version at Google Books.
- Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
- J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 27-28. Digitized by Internet Archive.
- Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 68. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.