Difference between revisions of "Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Clay_County,_Arkansas|Clay County]]''  
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Clay County, Arkansas|Clay County]]''  
  
{{ARDC}}
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Guide to '''Clay County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
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{{DCARbutton}}  
  
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
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| seat wl = Piggott
 
| seat wl = Piggott
| adoption_sign = Adoption ARGenWeb
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| building image = ArkansasClayWesternDistrictCourthouse.jpg
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| building address = [http://www.clarkcountyarkansas.com/ Clay County Courthouse]<br>PO Box 306<br>Piggott, AR 72454<br>Phone: 870.598.2813&nbsp; <br>
  
 
}}  
 
}}  
  
== County Courthouses ==
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== County Courthouse ==
  
[http://www.clarkcountyarkansas.com/ Clay County Courthouse]<br>PO Box 306<br>Piggott, AR 72454<br>Phone: 870.598.2813&nbsp; <br><br>Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce and court records from 1893; <br>County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1893<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.</ref>
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[http://www.clarkcountyarkansas.com/ Clay County Courthouse]<br>PO Box 306<br>Piggott, AR 72454<br>Phone: 870.598.2813&nbsp; <br><br>Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce and court records from 1893. County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1893.<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.</ref>  
 
 
<br>  
 
  
 
According to <u>History and Traditions of Clay County</u> , compiled by Robert T. Webb, edited and indexed by Frank Cochran, the people moved the county seat from Corning to Boydsville in 1877. Most of the people lived in the eastern part of the county and it was difficult to travel through the bottoms to Corning. Changing the county seat did not change the difficulty of crossing the bottoms, but only transferred it to the people in the Western part. In 1881 the county was divided into two districts with Boydsville the Eastern county seat and Corning the Western county seat. In 1888 the people voted to move the eastern county seat to Piggott.  
 
According to <u>History and Traditions of Clay County</u> , compiled by Robert T. Webb, edited and indexed by Frank Cochran, the people moved the county seat from Corning to Boydsville in 1877. Most of the people lived in the eastern part of the county and it was difficult to travel through the bottoms to Corning. Changing the county seat did not change the difficulty of crossing the bottoms, but only transferred it to the people in the Western part. In 1881 the county was divided into two districts with Boydsville the Eastern county seat and Corning the Western county seat. In 1888 the people voted to move the eastern county seat to Piggott.  
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<br>  
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning years for {{PAGENAME}} government records'''<ref>Alice Eichholz, ''Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources'', 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004}}.</ref></center>
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Birth|Birth]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Death|Death]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Court|Court]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1893
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1893
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1893
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1893
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|-
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| colspan="6" | <center>*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's</center>
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|}
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==== Government and Related Websites  ====
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="3" | <center>'''County Government and other Local Websites'''</center>
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Clay County-clerk.net] (unofficial site)
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| width="60%" | Clerks have jurisdiction over birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, land use, land rights, real estate, and other court records. Site provides links to unofficial websites with online records
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://publicrecords.onlinesearches.com/AR_Clay.htm PublicRecords.com] (unofficial site)
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| width="60%" | Provides links to County officials and public records
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|}
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== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
*'''1873--'''Clay County was created 24 March 1873&nbsp;from [[Randolph County, Arkansas|Randolph]]&nbsp;and [[Greene County, Arkansas|Greene]] Counties.&nbsp;'''County seat:''' Piggott <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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*'''1873--'''Clay County was created 24 March 1873&nbsp;from [[Randolph County, Arkansas Genealogy|Randolph]]&nbsp;and [[Greene County, Arkansas Genealogy|Greene]] Counties.&nbsp;'''County seat:''' Piggott <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
See an interactive map of Clay County [http://www.n2genealogy.com/arkansas/ar-maps.html boundary changes] at N2Genealogy.  
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For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps"] (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.  
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<br>
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==== Variant Spellings  ====
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
*The Eastern District courthouse burned on January 11, 1893 with total record loss.
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'''1893'''  The Eastern District courthouse burned on January 11, 1893.  Will and deed records begin in April, 1881, and are complete to date except deed record E from March 1, 1891 to January 31, 1892. This record was burned.
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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Records of Clay County from December 1875 to the end of February 1893 were burned at Piggott when the courthouse was destroyed by fire.
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== Places/ Localities  ==
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'''Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog'''
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Clay, Corning|place|disp=Corning}}
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Clay, Piggott|place|disp=Piggott}}
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<br>
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<br>
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
*[[Butler County, Missouri|Butler County, Missouri]]  
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[[Butler County, Missouri Genealogy|Butler County, Missouri]]{{•}} [[Dunklin County, Missouri Genealogy|Dunklin County, Missouri]]{{•}} [[Greene County, Arkansas Genealogy|Greene]]{{•}} [[Randolph County, Arkansas Genealogy|Randolph]]{{•}} [[Ripley County, Missouri Genealogy|Ripley County, Missouri]]  
*[[Dunklin County, Missouri|Dunklin County, Missouri]]  
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<center>{{ARClay County, Arkansas Clickable Neighbors}}</center>
*[[Greene County, Arkansas|Greene]]  
 
*[[Randolph County, Arkansas|Randolph]]  
 
*[[Ripley County, Missouri|Ripley County, Missouri]]
 
  
== Resources  ==
 
  
==== Biographies<br>  ====
 
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/goodspeedbio.htm Goodspeed's Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas ](1891)<br>
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==== History Timeline  ====
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 +
Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Clay County page on the website, [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture]. <ref>Tracy L. Johnson, ''The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture,'' (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=755&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 11, 2016), “Clay County.”</ref>
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*1800s - early, European settlement in the Clay County area began with Pierre LeMieux, a Frenchman who settled east of the Black River.
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*1800s - Veterans of the War of 1812 who were given land grants in Arkansas began to settle in the area.
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*1849-1850 - Congress passed the Swamp Land Acts of 1849 and 1850. Public swampland was transferred to Arkansas, and then the land was sold cheaply.
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*1873 - March 24, During Reconstruction, Clayton County was created by the Arkansas legislature taking portions of Greene and Randolph counties.
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*1875 - Arkansas General Assembly of 1875 changed the name of Clayton County to Clay County.
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*1883 - Railroads did more than provide a new avenue for export and import of raw and finished products. They also brought more settlers into the area.
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*1900s - At the start of the twentieth century, the timber industry reached its zenith.
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== Genealogy Resources  ==
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==== Research Guides  ====
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==== African Americans  ====
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==== Bible Records  ====
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
  
Partial Listings - none are complete.&nbsp; Some also contain directions to cemetery as well as photographs.<br>  
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{|
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|-
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| width="25%" | Allen<br>
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Allmandinger<br> Bethlehem<br> [http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=355 Black]<br> Blooming Grove<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrown.htm Brown]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrownie.htm Brownie]<br> Cantwell<br> Crockett<br> Cummings<br> Gilchrist<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemgravelhill.htm Gravel Hill]<br>  
  
Allen<br>Allmandinger<br>Bethlehem<br>[http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=355 Black]<br>Blooming Grove<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembond.htm Bond]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrown.htm Brown]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrownie.htm Brownie]<br>Cantwell<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemcorning.htm Corning]<br>Crockett<br>Cummings<br>Gilchrist<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemgravelhill.htm Gravel Hill]<br>Green<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhall.htm Hall]<br>Hardin<br>Hill<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhillsboro.htm Hillsboro]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhitt.htm Hitt]<br>Hosea<br>Johnson #1<br>Johnson #2<br>Leonard<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemlibertyhill.htm Liberty Hill]<br>[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~arcemete/clay/littleflock.htm Little Flock]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmaryschapel.htm Mary's Chapel]<br>Masterson<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmitchell.htm Mitchell]<br>Moark<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmound.htm Mound]<br>Myer Hill<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemnewhope.htm New Hope]<br>Nimmons<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemparks.htm Parks]<br>Piggott<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/greene/CEM/CEMTRAN/purcell_clayco.htm Purcell]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemredenbo.htm Redenbo]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrichwoods.htm Richwoods]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrocksprings.xls Rock Springs]<br>Rogers<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cempicsstbernard.htm Saint Bernard]<br>Salem<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemscatterville.htm Scatterville]<br>Travillian<br>Underwood<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwilliams.htm Williams]<br>Williams<br>Winston<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwoodland.htm Woodland Heights] US Genweb<br>[http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=2460 Woodland Heights] BillionGraves<br>  
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| width="25%" valign="top" |
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Green<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhall.htm Hall]<br> Hardin<br> Hill<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhillsboro.htm Hillsboro]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhitt.htm Hitt]<br> Hosea<br> Johnson #1<br> Johnson #2<br> Leonard<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemlibertyhill.htm Liberty Hill]<br> [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~arcemete/clay/littleflock.htm Little Flock]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmaryschapel.htm Mary's Chapel]<br>  
  
==== Churches ====
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| width="25%" valign="top" |
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Masterson<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmitchell.htm Mitchell]<br> Moark<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmound.htm Mound]<br> Myer Hill<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemnewhope.htm New Hope]<br> Nimmons<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemparks.htm Parks]<br> Piggott<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/greene/CEM/CEMTRAN/purcell_clayco.htm Purcell]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemredenbo.htm Redenbo]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrichwoods.htm Richwoods]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrocksprings.xls Rock Springs]<br>
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| valign="top" |
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Rogers<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cempicsstbernard.htm Saint Bernard]<br> Salem<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemscatterville.htm Scatterville]<br> Travillian<br> Underwood<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwilliams.htm Williams]<br> Williams<br> Winston<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwoodland.htm Woodland Heights] US Genweb<br> [http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=2460 Woodland Heights] BillionGraves
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|}
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#EAC7FE" colspan="3" | <center>'''Online Clay County, Arkansas''' cemeteries <br>from [[Arkansas Cemeteries|state]] and [[United States Cemeteries|national]] resources</center>
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|-
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| width="34%" bgcolor="#CFF3FF" | <center>'''Search for names of people'''<br>in Clay County</center>
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| width="34%" bgcolor="#F2DDFE" | <center>'''Get a list of cemeteries'''<br>(then click to names of people)</center>
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| width="32%" bgcolor="#B8FFDB" | <center>'''Find printed records''' <br>(Often more complete)</center>
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|-
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| width="30%" valign="top" bgcolor="#EBFAFF" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=smith&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=4&GScnty=103&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Find A Grave] Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
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*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=74 Arkansas Gravestones] enter a name and click "Search"
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*[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/#given_names=&family_names=smith&birth_year=&death_year=&year_range=5&lim=0&num=10&action=search&exact=true&phonetic=false&record_type=0&country=United+States&state=Arkansas&county=0 Billion Graves] Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
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| width="30%" valign="top" bgcolor="#FAF1FF" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=4&CScnty=103 Find A Grave] Click '''Search for a Cemetery''' on the right, click '''All Countries''' - click '''United States''', click '''State''', click '''County''' and search.
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*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=74 Arkansas Gravestones] Click '''Browse Gravestones By Cemetery'''
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*[http://www.interment.net/us/ar/clay.htm Interment.net]
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/clay-county-arkansas-cemetery-records.htm Access Genealogy]
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*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/clay/clay.htm USGenWeb Archives]
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*[http://usgwtombstones.org/arkansas/clay.html USGenWeb Tombstone Project]
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemeteries.htm ARGenWeb]
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*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~arcemete/clay/clay.htm RootsWeb]
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*[http://www.idreamof.com/cemetery/ar.html I Dream of Genealogy] Scroll to the county and cemetery.
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'''More cemetery lists'''
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*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Clay/cem/ Linkpendium]
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*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/clay/cemeteries/ Cyndi's List]
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*[http://www.deathindexes.com/arkansas/index.html DeathIndexes.com] Scan through the list under '''Arkansas Death Records Indexes….'''
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*[http://www.daddezio.com/cemetery/junction/CJ-AR-NDX.html D'Addezio] Search/browse by cemetery name, not people. (Statewide)
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| valign="top" bgcolor="#D4FFE9" |
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Clay|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} Select "Cemeteries"
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**Also [[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Cities_and_Towns|check towns]] for records
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*[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Clay+county+Arkansas=Clay+County%2C+Arkansas%2C+cemeteries&qt=notfound_page&search=Search WorldCat]
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*[[Arkansas Periodicals|Periodicals]]
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*[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Societies|Societies]]
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|}
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==== Census  ====
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==== Church Records ====
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{{AR Church Intro}}
  
 
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/churches.htm Hopewell Baptist Church], near Reyno  
 
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/churches.htm Hopewell Baptist Church], near Reyno  
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[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courtrecords.htm Various Court Records of Clay County]<br>  
 
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courtrecords.htm Various Court Records of Clay County]<br>  
  
==== Land  ====
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==== Guardianship  ====
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2FM7QZ-CM9%3A353249301%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1881-1955] Clay County portion of the collection: {{RecordSearch|2061549|''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979''|access=browse}}: ''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
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**Includes Administration bonds and letters 1881-1955; Guardian bonds and letters 1893-1938; Inventories and appraisements 1881-1919; Minutes 1881-1918; Probate records 1893-1906; Sale bills 1881-1920; Wills 1884-1944.
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==== Genealogy  ====
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==== Land and Property ====
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{{AR Land Intro}}
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
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{{AR History Intro}}
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/goodspeedbio.htm Goodspeed's Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas ](1891)
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/penitentiary.htm Arkansas State Penitentiary Records, Clay County Residents]  
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/penitentiary.htm Arkansas State Penitentiary Records, Clay County Residents]  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/penitentiary.htm][http://www.argenweb.net/clay/countyhome.htm Clay County Home]<br>
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/countyhome.htm Clay County Home]  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/electedofficials.htm Elected Officials] who have served Clay County<br>
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/electedofficials.htm Elected Officials] who have served Clay County  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/pauperdeaths.htm Pauper Deaths] in Clay County<br>
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/pauperdeaths.htm Pauper Deaths] in Clay County  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/piggottmayors.htm Piggott Mayors]<br>
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/piggottmayors.htm Piggott Mayors]  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/roads.htm Road System] in Northeastern Arkansas<br>
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/roads.htm Road System] in Northeastern Arkansas
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
  
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ Maps of Arkansas (1813-1925)]
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/maps.htm Township Maps]
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/maps.htm Township Maps]
  
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===== Civil War  =====
 
===== Civil War  =====
 +
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932392|Arkansas Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*'''1891-1939''' - {{RecordSearch|1921864|Arkansas Ex-Confederate Pension Records, 1891-1939}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*'''1901-1929''' - {{RecordSearch|1837922|Arkansas Confederate Pensions, 1901-1929}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images only
  
 
====== Civil War Battle  ======
 
====== Civil War Battle  ======
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The following Civil War Battle was fought in Clay County.  
 
The following Civil War Battle was fought in Clay County.  
  
*May 1-2, 1863 =&nbsp;[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Chalk Bluff<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>]
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*May 1-2, 1863 =&nbsp;[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Chalk Bluff<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>]  
 +
*[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ARmap.htm Map] showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
  
:[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ARmap.htm Map] showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
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==== Naturalization  ====
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspapers.htm Clay County Newspapers<br>][http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspapers.htm]
+
{{AR Newspapers|Clay}}
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courierexcerpts.htm Various Excerpts from the Clay County Courier]<br>
 
  
==== Obituaries<br>  ====
+
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspapers.htm Clay County Newspapers]
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courierexcerpts.htm Various Excerpts from the Clay County Courier]
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspaperarticles.htm Various Obituaries of Clay County Residents]
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspaperarticles.htm Various Obituaries of Clay County Residents]<br>
+
==== Occupations  ====
  
==== Probate  ====
+
==== Probate Records ====
 +
 
 +
{{AR Probate Intro}}
 +
'''Online Probate Records'''
 +
*'''1783 – 1998''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8638 Arkansas Wills and Probate Records 1783-1998] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images $
 +
*'''1817 – 1979''' {{RecordSearch|2061549|Arkansas Probate Records 1817-1979}} at [https://familysearch.org FamilySearch] — images
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2FM7QZ-CM9%3A353249301%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1881-1955] Clay County portion of the collection: {{RecordSearch|2061549|''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979''|access=browse}}: ''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
 +
**Includes Administration bonds and letters 1881-1955; Guardian bonds and letters 1893-1938; Inventories and appraisements 1881-1919; Minutes 1881-1918; Probate records 1893-1906; Sale bills 1881-1920; Wills 1884-1944.
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
 +
 +
{{AR Tax Intro}}
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
== Societies and Libraries ==
+
{{AR Vital Intro}}See also [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-vital-records/ How to order Arkansas Vital Records]
 +
 
 +
===== Birth =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1947 - 1958''' - Clay County Birth Index 1947-1958. Batch {{IGI|C734491}} at FamilySearch - free.
  
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/society.htm Clay County Genealogical &amp;&nbsp;Historical Society]
+
===== Marriage  =====
  
[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/corning/index.html Corning Library]<br>613 Pine St<br>Corning AR 72422<br>870-857-3453
+
*'''1860 - 1976''' - {{RecordSearch|2546158|Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1881 - 1923''' - Clay County Marriage Books A-I, 1-11 Index 1881-1923 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free.<ref>Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at [[Media:Igiarkansasad.pdf|https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf]].</ref>  
 +
*'''1893 - 1950''' - Clay County Marriage Books 1-57, A-U Index 1893-1950 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc">FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "[[Arkansas_County_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]," in ''FamilySearch Wiki.''</ref>
  
[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/piggott/index.html Piggott Library]<br>316 W Main<br>Piggott AR 72454<br>870-598-3666
+
===== Death  =====
  
[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/rector/index.html Rector Library]<br>121 W 4th St<br>Rector AR 72461<br>870-595-2410<br>
+
*'''1947 - 1958''' - Clay County Death Index 1947-1958. Batch {{IGI|B734489}} at FamilySearch - free.
  
==== Family History Centers<br> ====
+
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 +
 
 +
== Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-society-archive/ List of Arkansas Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical &amp; Genealogical Societies]
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/society.htm Clay County Genealogical &amp;&nbsp;Historical Society]
 +
*[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/corning/ Corning Library]<br>613 Pine St<br>Corning AR 72422<br>870-857-3453
 +
*[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/piggott/ Piggott Library]<br>316 W Main<br>Piggott AR 72454<br>870-598-3666
 +
*[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/rector/ Rector Library]<br>121 W 4th St<br>Rector AR 72461<br>870-595-2410<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FFFF66" colspan="2" | <center>'''Major catalogs for ''hard copy'' collections of {{PAGENAME}}''' <br>Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records</center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | {{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Clay|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}}
 +
| width="70%" | Select topics. For towns, [[{{PAGENAME}}#Places.2FLocalities|click here]].
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Clay+county%2C+arkansas&qt=results_page WorldCat]
 +
| width="70%" | Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see [[WorldCat Online Catalog]].
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://alpl.ent.sirsi.net/client/default/search/results?qu=clay+county%2C+arkansas&te=ILS Allen County Public Library]
 +
| Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.ark-ives.com/documenting/county_records.aspx Arkansas History Commission] Select the county
 +
| Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" colspan="2" | <center>[[{{PAGENAME}}#Genealogy_Societies_and_Libraries|Local libraries]] and [[Arkansas Archives and Libraries]] may suggest other catalogs</center>
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Family History Centers  ====
 +
 
 +
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
  
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
  
== Web Sites ==
+
==== Websites  ====
 +
 
 +
{{WA Websites Intro}}
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ADFF85" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites with online indexes or images of records''' </center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/ ARGenWeb]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/clay/clay.htm USGenWeb Archives]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#94FFFF" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites that search for links pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/AR/Clay/ RootsWeb]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/clay// Linkpendium]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/clay/ CyndisList]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/clay-county/ StateofUS.com]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | family history resources and government records
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FFFF66" colspan="2" | <center>'''Major catalogs for ''hard copy'' collections of {{PAGENAME}}''' <br>Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records</center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=194481&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Arkansas%2C%20Clay%22 FamilySearch catalog]
 +
| width="70%" | Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=clay+county%2C+arkansas&qt=owc_search WorldCat]
 +
| width="70%" | To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see [[WorldCat Online Catalog]].
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://smartcat.acpl.lib.in.us/?q=clay+county%2C+arkansas&image.x=0&image.y=0 Allen County Public Library]
 +
| located in Indiana They are heavily involved in digitizing.
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.ark-ives.com/documenting/county_records.aspx Arkansas History Commission]
 +
| AR state agency involved in organizing and maintaining state and local history of AR
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" colspan="2" | <center>'''See also''' [[{{PAGENAME}}#Genealogy_Societies_and_Libraries|local libraries]] and [[Arkansas Archives and Libraries]]</center>
 +
|}
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.<br>  
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
*{{FHL|Arkansas%2C+Clay|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FAEBD7" colspan="3" | <center>'''Social networking sites pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://geneabloggers.com/genealogy-blogs/ GeneaBloggers]
 +
| enter "arkansas" in the search box to see a list and links to Arkansas Blogs
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en#!search/arkansas$20genealogy$20%7Csort:relevance%7Cspell:false Google+]
 +
| width="70%" | list of groups from "arkansas genealogy" search
 +
|-
 +
| width="30" | [https://www.facebook.com/search/str/arkansas%2520genealogy/groups-named Facebook]
 +
| width="70%" | list of groups from "Arkansas Genealogy" search
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://genforum.genealogy.com/ar/clay/ genealogy.com]
 +
| width="70%" | Clay County, AR Genealogy Forum
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.arkansas.counties.clay/mb.ashx ancestry.com]
 +
| width="70%" | Clay County Message Board
 +
|}
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 151: Line 424:
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}  
+
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}
  
[[Category:Clay_County,_Arkansas]]
+
[[Category:Clay_County,_Arkansas]] [[Category:Arkansas Counties]]

Latest revision as of 21:37, 28 February 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Clay County

Guide to Clay County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Arkansas State with State Seal.png Arkansas
Online Records


Clay County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 24, 1873
County Seat Piggott
Courthouse
ArkansasClayWesternDistrictCourthouse.jpg
Address Clay County Courthouse
PO Box 306
Piggott, AR 72454
Phone: 870.598.2813 


County Courthouse

Clay County Courthouse
PO Box 306
Piggott, AR 72454
Phone: 870.598.2813 

Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce and court records from 1893. County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1893.[1]

According to History and Traditions of Clay County , compiled by Robert T. Webb, edited and indexed by Frank Cochran, the people moved the county seat from Corning to Boydsville in 1877. Most of the people lived in the eastern part of the county and it was difficult to travel through the bottoms to Corning. Changing the county seat did not change the difficulty of crossing the bottoms, but only transferred it to the people in the Western part. In 1881 the county was divided into two districts with Boydsville the Eastern county seat and Corning the Western county seat. In 1888 the people voted to move the eastern county seat to Piggott.

Early History of Clay County Seats

Western District Courthouse History


Beginning years for Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy government records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate
1914* 1893 1914* 1893 1893 1893
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Government and Related Websites

County Government and other Local Websites
County-clerk.net (unofficial site) Clerks have jurisdiction over birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, land use, land rights, real estate, and other court records. Site provides links to unofficial websites with online records
PublicRecords.com (unofficial site) Provides links to County officials and public records


History

Parent County

  • 1873--Clay County was created 24 March 1873 from Randolph and Greene Counties. County seat: Piggott [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.


Variant Spellings

Record Loss

1893 The Eastern District courthouse burned on January 11, 1893. Will and deed records begin in April, 1881, and are complete to date except deed record E from March 1, 1891 to January 31, 1892. This record was burned.

Records of Clay County from December 1875 to the end of February 1893 were burned at Piggott when the courthouse was destroyed by fire.

Places/ Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog



Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Butler County, Missouri • Dunklin County, Missouri • Greene • Randolph • Ripley County, Missouri

Clay CountyGreene CountyRandolph CountyLawrence CountyCraighead CountyDunklin CountyPemiscot CountyNew Madrid CountyButler CountyRipley CountyStoddard CountyMississippi CountyLake CountyDyer CountyLauderdale CountyFulton CountyARClay.JPG


History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Clay County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [4]

  • 1800s - early, European settlement in the Clay County area began with Pierre LeMieux, a Frenchman who settled east of the Black River.
  • 1800s - Veterans of the War of 1812 who were given land grants in Arkansas began to settle in the area.
  • 1849-1850 - Congress passed the Swamp Land Acts of 1849 and 1850. Public swampland was transferred to Arkansas, and then the land was sold cheaply.
  • 1873 - March 24, During Reconstruction, Clayton County was created by the Arkansas legislature taking portions of Greene and Randolph counties.
  • 1875 - Arkansas General Assembly of 1875 changed the name of Clayton County to Clay County.
  • 1883 - Railroads did more than provide a new avenue for export and import of raw and finished products. They also brought more settlers into the area.
  • 1900s - At the start of the twentieth century, the timber industry reached its zenith.

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records

Cemeteries

Allen

Allmandinger
Bethlehem
Black
Blooming Grove
Brown
Brownie
Cantwell
Crockett
Cummings
Gilchrist
Gravel Hill

Green
Hall
Hardin
Hill
Hillsboro
Hitt
Hosea
Johnson #1
Johnson #2
Leonard
Liberty Hill
Little Flock
Mary's Chapel

Masterson
Mitchell
Moark
Mound
Myer Hill
New Hope
Nimmons
Parks
Piggott
Purcell
Redenbo
Richwoods
Rock Springs

Rogers
Saint Bernard
Salem
Scatterville
Travillian
Underwood
Williams
Williams
Winston
Woodland Heights US Genweb
Woodland Heights BillionGraves

Online Clay County, Arkansas cemeteries
from state and national resources
Search for names of people
in Clay County
Get a list of cemeteries
(then click to names of people)
Find printed records
(Often more complete)
  • Find A Grave Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
  • Billion Graves Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
  • Find A Grave Click Search for a Cemetery on the right, click All Countries - click United States, click State, click County and search.

More cemetery lists

Census

Church Records

Hopewell Baptist Church, near Reyno

Court

(Western District)
Clay County Clerk's Office
Western District
800 W 2nd St
Corning AR 72422
870-857-3480

(Eastern District)
Office of the County Clerk
PO Box 306
Piggott AR 72454-0306
870-598-2813

Various Court Records of Clay County

Guardianship

  • Probate Records 1881-1955 Clay County portion of the collection: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Administration bonds and letters 1881-1955; Guardian bonds and letters 1893-1938; Inventories and appraisements 1881-1919; Minutes 1881-1918; Probate records 1893-1906; Sale bills 1881-1920; Wills 1884-1944.

Genealogy

Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps

Military

Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War Battle was fought in Clay County.

Naturalization

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Occupations

Probate Records

Online Probate Records

Taxation

Vital Records

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth
  • 1947 - 1958 - Clay County Birth Index 1947-1958. Batch C734491 at FamilySearch - free.
Marriage
Death
  • 1947 - 1958 - Clay County Death Index 1947-1958. Batch B734489 at FamilySearch - free.
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch Catalog Select topics. For towns, click here.
WorldCat Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
Arkansas History Commission Select the county Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
Local libraries and Arkansas Archives and Libraries may suggest other catalogs

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites



Sites with online indexes or images of records
ARGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy
RootsWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS.com Free family history resources and government records
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library located in Indiana They are heavily involved in digitizing.
Arkansas History Commission AR state agency involved in organizing and maintaining state and local history of AR
See also local libraries and Arkansas Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy
GeneaBloggers enter "arkansas" in the search box to see a list and links to Arkansas Blogs
Google+ list of groups from "arkansas genealogy" search
Facebook list of groups from "Arkansas Genealogy" search
genealogy.com Clay County, AR Genealogy Forum
ancestry.com Clay County Message Board

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Tracy L. Johnson, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=755&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 11, 2016), “Clay County.”
  5. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  6. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf.
  7. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki.