Clay County, Indiana Genealogy

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County Courthouse

Clay County Courthouse
609 E Nation Avenue
Brazil, IN 47834-2797
Phone: 812.448.9024 

County Health Department has birth and death records;
County Clerk has marriage, divoce, probate and court records from 1851
County Recorder has land records from 1825,
some naturalization and burial records
The earliest civil records that were housed in the first county courthouse
were lost when the courthouse burned down in 1851.[1]


Henry Clay

The county is named after U.S. Speaker of the House Henry Clay (1777-1852).[2]

Parent County

1825--Clay County was created 12 February 1825 from Owen, Putnam, Vigo and Sullivan Counties.
County seat: Brazil [3]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

November 1851 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




For tips on accessing Clay County, Indiana Genealogy census records online, see: Indiana Census.





Local Histories



  • List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883 Clay County, Indiana (Source:Internet Archive)
  • Clay County Veterans at State Soldiers Home, Lafayette, Indiana (1906) (members only database, Indiana Genealogical Society)
  • Civil War (1861-1865)
  1.     Clay County Civil War Veterans
  • Korean War (1950-1923)
  1. Clay County Korean War Veterans
  • Revolutionary War (1775-1783)
  1. Revolutionary War Soldiers of Clay County (Source: Wabash Valley Visions & Voices)
  • Spanish American War (1898)
  1. Clay County Spanish American War Veterans
  • Vietnam War (1961-1973)
  1. Clay County Vietnam Veterans
  • World War I (1917-1918)
  1. Gold Star Honor Roll Indiana Men and Women who Died in the Service of the United States and the Allied Nations in the World War (Source: Genealogy Trails History Group)
  2. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 Clay County (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($)
  • World War II (1941-1945)
  1. Clay County World War II Veterans
  2. Clay County, Indiana World War II Casualties, Army and Army Air Corps (Source: AccessGenealogy)
     (above was copy from Linkpendium)

Civil War

Civil War service men from Clay County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Clay County.

Civil War Book

  • "Military" Chapter 28 in Travis, William. A History of Clay County Indiana: Closing of the First Century's History of the County and Showing the Growth of Its People Institutions Industries and Wealth Vols 1 and 2. (New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1981.) page 350-380 Vol.1 (regiment, company, name, also "Burial Places Of Soldiers" page 376) 977.244 H2t FHL US/CAN Book FHL Collection Vol. .1 Family History Archives  Vol.2Family History Archives   other library


The Brazil Daily Times has obituaries and other archives back to 2003.


School Records


Vital Records

  • Indiana State Digital Achives for Death, E-Publication, Instiution, Military, Misc Historical, Naturalization Records can be searched by person name (accessed 26 May 2011)
  • Clay County Deaths (partial list) - INGenWeb
  • Mariages Index (partial list) - INGenWeb

Societies and Libraries 

Clay County Genealogical Society, Inc.

POB 56

Centerpoint, IN  47840-0056


Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Indiana 211 {WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. "Henry Clay," Wikipedia.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).