Cole County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Cole County

Guide to Cole County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Cole County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded November 16, 1820
County Seat Jefferson City
Address Cole County Courthouse
01 E High Street
Jefferson City, MO 65101
Phone: 573.634.9106
Cole County Website

County Courthouse

Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1821;
Probate Judge has probate records from 1821; Recorder Deeds
has marriage and land records from 1821[1]


Parent County

1820--Cole County was created 16 November 1820 from Cooper County. County seat: Jefferson City [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Cole County boundary changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss

Jefferson City, MO Cole County Courthouse Fire

Jefferson City, Mo., March 14. -- The Cole County courthouse was destroyed by fire this afternoon. The records which were in fireproof vaults were not damaged. The building was insured for $70,000. The cost of replacing the structure, it was stated today would be $100,000, though the original cost was $59,000.

Dallas Morning News, Dallas, TX 15 Mar 1918


          To see a list of places in Cole County, click on [Show], in the bar above.

The State Historical Society of Missouri has information on historical Missouri place names for all Missouri Counties.



  • The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs has burial records for Jefferson City National Cemetery and other Veterans Affairs National Cemeteries around the country.


For tips on accessing Cole County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.




Local Histories


Maps of townships (Histopolis)

The University of Missouri Digital Library has digital copies of Missouri county plat books (ca. 1930) for all Missouri counties including Cole County. The city of St. Louis is not included in this collection.


Newspapers ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Jefferson City newspapers from the early 1900's that covered local news on Cole County residents as well as residents from surrounding counties.



Vital Records

  • 1865-1874 - Cole County Birth Index 1865-1874. Batch C514812 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1883 - Cole County Birth Index 1883. Batch C514814 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1883-1906 - Cole County Birth Index 1883-1906. Batch C514817 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1885 - Cole County Birth Index 1885. Batch C514815 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1821-1865 - Cole County Marriage Books A and B Index 1821-1865. Batch M514811 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1865-1881 - Cole County Marriage Books C and D Index 1865-1881. Batch M514812 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1881-1885 - Cole County Marriage Books 1 and 2 Index 1881-1885. Batch M514813 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • Missouri State Archives provides on-line access to Missouri Death Certificates more than 50 yrs old starting in 1910.
  • 1883-1906 - Cole County Death Index 1883-1906. Batch B514817 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries 

Cole County Historical Society
109 Madison Street
Jefferson City, MO 65101

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cole County, Missouri. Page 399 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at