Difference between revisions of "Colorado Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Colorado|Colorado]]  >  [[Colorado Census|Census]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Colorado|Colorado]]  >  [[Colorado Census|Census]]''  
  
== Existing and lost censuses  ==
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Colorado censuses, [[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
+
<br>
  
== Location  ==
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''United States Censuses 1870-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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|}
  
== Historical Background ==
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=== Online Colorado indexes and images ===
  
'''1876--'''Colorado became a state. Prior to statehood, Colorado was part of divided among the territories of Kansas, Nebraska, Utah, and New Mexico.
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{{Census Online Colorado}}
  
== Indexes ==
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=== Federal population schedules ===
  
==== Online Indexes ====
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
Use available online indexes to locate your Colorado ancestors.&nbsp; Online indexes are available at:
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*<br>
  
'''United States Census Indexes 1870-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]  
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Colorado, [[Colorado Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]  
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
==== Soundex (phonetic) Indexes&nbsp; ====
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
'''1880--'''partial [[Soundex|Soundex]] index exists
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Colorado'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1885'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8756 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8756 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8756 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|}
  
'''1900--'''Soundex index available
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1910--'''Use the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Denver Street Index] (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and++ fiche 6331481])&nbsp;to help locate individuals in the census.
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*<br>
  
'''1920--'''Soundex index available
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
==== Special Indexes ====
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Colorado, [[Colorado Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
Colorado Historical Society has a card index to the 1860 census. Separate indexes for the Nebraska and New Mexico portions are included in the 1860 indexes for those territories. An index to Arapahoe County, Kansas (where most of Colorado's 1860 population lived) is found in search 7A on the AIS census index on microfiche. An 1870 Colorado Territory census and index are also at the Family History Library. &nbsp;
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
== Special Censuses ==
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*'''1885'''&nbsp;Garfield county missing<ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 55, says Fremont and Garfield counties missing (from National Archives copy); Colorado State Archives copy includes Fremont, but lacks Garfield and 18 other counties.</ref>
 +
*'''1866''' Logan, Morgan, Sedgwick, Weld and northern parts of Washington and Yuma counties only<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[FHL book 973 X2Lai], 27-28, lists an index, Arliss Shaffer Monk, ''Index to a Weld County Census, Colorado Territory, 1866'' (1978).</ref>
  
==== Mortality Schedule ====
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=== Existing and lost censuses ===
  
Both the 1860 and 1870 censuses include mortality schedules.  
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For a list of available and missing Colorado censuses, [[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
== State Censuses  ==
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
'''1885--'''Colorado took a state census.&nbsp;
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
Family History Library Book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 978.852 X2c]
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
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:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
An 1860 federal territorial census was taken in the four territories from which Colorado was created.&nbsp;
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
'''Northeastern Section-- '''enumerated with Nebraska 1860 census schedules designated "unorganized territory."
+
{{reflist}}
 
 
'''Central Eastern section--'''&nbsp;enumerated with Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory.
 
 
 
'''Southeast section--''' enumerated in parts of Taos and Mora Counties of New Mexico Territory.Since&nbsp;half of the state of Colorado,&nbsp;included in the Utah Territory was not settled, no census was taken in that area.<br>
 
 
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
 
 
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free indexes and images for 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.
 
 
 
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
 
 
 
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
 
 
 
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/CO/ http://www.census-online.com/links/CO/]
 
 
 
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/co/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/co/census.html]
 
 
 
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/colorado.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/colorado.htm]
 
  
Census Finder:&nbsp; http://www.censusfinder.com/colorado.htm
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{{Place|Colorado}} {{stub}}  
 
 
RootsWeb:&nbsp; http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/tx/colorado/census/1930/
 
 
 
RootsWeb:&nbsp; http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/tx/colorado/census/1870/&nbsp;use with:
 
 
 
Colorado State Archives:&nbsp; http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/1870/index.htm
 
 
 
Colorado Historical Society: http://www.coloradohistory.org/chs_library/research_coll_files/rc_genealogy.htm
 
 
 
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
 
 
 
== Sources  ==
 
 
 
{{reflist}}  
 
  
 
[[Category:Colorado|Census]]
 
[[Category:Colorado|Census]]

Revision as of 06:14, 12 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Colorado  >  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Colorado indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Colorado
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes   Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1860-1885

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Colorado
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
partial 1885 Federal indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link  Link  - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images -
Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - Link  Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860[8] indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link
NE Link KS Link NM Link - NELink KSLink NMLink NE Link KS Link NM Link NE Link KS Link NM Link NE Link KS Link NM Link NE Link KS Link NM Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Colorado, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Colorado

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1885 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Colorado, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

  • 1885 Garfield county missing[9]
  • 1866 Logan, Morgan, Sedgwick, Weld and northern parts of Washington and Yuma counties only[10]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Colorado censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. In 1860 people living in what is now Colorado were enumerated as part of: (1) Boulder, Altoona, and other towns in the unorganized area west of 101 degrees 30' in the Nebraska Territory census, (2) Arapahoe County, in the Kansas Territory census, or (3) Taos County, and perhaps, Mora County, in the New Mexico Territory census.
  9. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 55, says Fremont and Garfield counties missing (from National Archives copy); Colorado State Archives copy includes Fremont, but lacks Garfield and 18 other counties.
  10. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[FHL book 973 X2Lai], 27-28, lists an index, Arliss Shaffer Monk, Index to a Weld County Census, Colorado Territory, 1866 (1978).