Columbia County, Washington Genealogy
Guide to Columbia County Washington genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Columbia County, Washington|
Location in the state of Washington
Location of Washington in the U.S.
|Founded||11 November, 1875|
|Address|| Columbia County Courthouse|
341 E Main Street
Dayton, WA 99328-1361
Columbia County Website
- 1 Historical Facts
- 2 Resources
- 2.1 Bible Records
- 2.2 Biography
- 2.3 Cemeteries
- 2.4 Census
- 2.5 Church Records
- 2.6 Court Records
- 2.7 Directories
- 2.8 Emigration and Immigration
- 2.9 Ethnic, Political and Religious Groups
- 2.10 Gazetteers
- 2.11 Genealogy
- 2.12 Guardianship
- 2.13 History
- 2.14 Land and Property
- 2.15 Maps
- 2.16 Migration
- 2.17 Military
- 2.18 Naturalization and Citizenship
- 2.19 Newspapers
- 2.20 Obituaries
- 2.21 Periodicals
- 2.22 Probate Records
- 2.23 Public Records
- 2.24 Repositories
- 2.25 Taxation
- 2.26 Vital Records
- 2.27 Websites
- 3 Archives, Libraries, etc.
- 4 Places
- 5 Columbia County Washington Genealogy References
|Beginning dates for major county records|
|* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries|
- Parent County: created 11 November 1875 from Walla Walla County
- County seat: Dayton 
- Neighboring Counties: Franklin | Garfield | Walla Walla | Whitman | Oregon counties: Umatilla | Wallowa
The types of records that follow are used for genealogy and family history. Most tell what you may learn and how to locate the records. Links to Internet sites usually go directly to Columbia County, Washington Genealogy entries with names, images, or information.
|Don't overlook Columbia County, Washington Genealogy items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Archives and Libraries.|
- 1890 Veterans
The information church records provide depends upon the church practices and the record keepers. Records may include names, ages, and dates of events such as baptism, marriage, or burial. See Washington Church Records.
Many of your ancestors may be found in court records as defendants, plaintiffs, witnesses, or jurors. Court records can establish family relationships and places of residence, occupations, and other family history information. See Washington Court Records for the various courts through the years.
Emigration and Immigration
Ethnic, Political and Religious Groups
World War II Files, 1942-1946
Public Welfare/Social Security Department, (Japanese Internment) Assistance Cases, Evacuee Referrals for Resettlement and Assistance, 1945-1946 from the Washington State Archives – Digital Archives
Local histories for Columbia County, Washington Genealogy may include biographies, history of churches, schools, local government with names of officials, military information, and more. See Washington Local Histories.
Land and Property
|Yes or Maybe ⇒||Y||M|
|Land Description and Dates||]]|
Land records (especially deeds) may give the name of a spouse, heirs, and witnesses, who may be relatives or in-laws.
Naturalization and Citizenship
Declarations of Intent before 1906 often include the nation of origin, his* foreign and "Americanized" names, residence, and date of arrival. See Washington Naturalization and Citizenship for more information. (*Women were not naturalized until 1922 in the United States.)
Washington State Digital Archives has digitized various types of naturalization-related records, including declarations of intentions, delayed birth files, naturalization affidavits, notifications of application for admission to US citizenship, orders fixing naturalization terms, petitions and records, petitions, receipts for certificates of citizenship, record of final decrees of citizenship and record of petitions dockets. Depending on the county, records range from 1854-1988.
Finding More Washington Newspapers
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Columbia County, Washington Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:
Probate records identify heirs of the decedents, give the (approximate) death dates, and provide specifics about property holdings. The records were kept by the county judge.
These include wills, inheritance records, dockets, and other documents regarding property and estates of individuals who have died. See also Court Records for civil actions involving estates. Also see Washington Probate Records.
Columbia County Courthouse
341 E Main Street
Dayton, WA 99328-1361
County Clerk has probate, divorce and court records from 1891.
County Auditor has birth and death records 1891-1906,
marriage records from 1876, land records from 1864
and military discharge records. 
Family History Centers
Washington tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Washington Taxation.
See also How to order Washington Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for Washington Birth or Death Certificate and Marriage or Divorce Certificate Applications to mail. See Washington Vital Records for details and history of the records. .
- Marriages from 4 Jan 1876 to 2 Nov 1912 are available from the Western States Marriage Index website.
Divorce records give the names of the parties and may give the date and place of their marriage. See Washington Vital Records for excellent information.
- Washington Death Certificates 1907-1960 A free internet index to the 1907-1960 death certificates can be found at FamilySearch Record Search, no images are available. A transcribed death certificate may contain such information as name of the deceased, date and place of death, age, gender, birth date and birth place, mother’s maiden name and name of spouse, place of residence, occupation and certificate numbers.
Archives, Libraries, etc.
Resources for Columbia County, Washington Genealogy are available in libraries, archives, and other repositories at all levels: the town, the county, the state (including universities), and the nation.
- Check websites and catalogs, such as items in FamilySearch Library (Utah) or Allen County Public Library (Indiana) for Columbia County, Washington Genealogy. When you find items you'd like to access, see Get a Copy
Columbia County Washington Genealogy References
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clark County, Washington page 732, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.