Confederation of the Rhein

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The Confederation was formed by Napoleon in 1806 with 16 German states initially. Later 19 more states were added. It lasted until 1813. It was formed after Napoleon's defeat of Francis II of Austria and Alexander II of Russia in the Battle of Austerlitz. It marked the end of the German Holy Roman Empire.

Original 16 states

(16 July 1806)

  • Duchy of Arenburg
  • Grand Duchy of Baden
  • Kingdom of Bayern (formerly a duchy)
  • Grand Duchy of Berg (absorbed Berg and Cleves)
  • Grand Duchy of Hessen-Darmstadt (formerly a landgraviate)
  • Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
  • Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • Principality of Isenburg-Birstein
  • Principality of Leyden (formerly a graviate)
  • Principality of Liechtenstein
  • Archbishopric of Mainz (Mayence) (formerly Prince-Archbishopric and Electorate)(after 1810, Grand Duchy of Frankfurt)
  • Duchy of Nassau (from the union of Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg)
  • Principality of Salm (from the union of Salm-Salm and Salm-Kyrburg)
  • Kingdom of Wuerttemberg

(15 September 1806)

  • Grand Duchy of Wurzburg

(11 December 1806)

  • Kingdom of Sachsen

(15 December 1806)

  • Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg
  • Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau
  • Duchy of Anhalt-Kothen
  • Principality of Lippe-Detmold
  • Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • Duchy of Oldenburg
  • Principality of Reuss-Ebersdorf
  • Principality of Reuss-Greiz
  • Principality of Reuss-Lobenstein
  • Principality of Reuss-Schleiz
  • Duchy of Saxe-Coburg
  • Duchy of Saxe-Gotha
  • Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen
  • Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
  • Duchy of Saxe-Weimar
  • Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
  • Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • Principality of Waldeck

(15 November 1807)

  • Kingdom of Westfalen