County Longford, Ireland Genealogy

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County Longford is named after the town of Longford and is located in the midlands of Ireland in the province of Leinster . Its Gaelic name is Longphort, signifying a fortress. Originally, Longford referred to old circular forts, later to the stone castles. There are about twenty places in Ireland called Longford, each named for fortresses of some kind. It is the fourth smallest county in Ireland. Its length is 30 ½ miles from the southwest point in Lough Ree near Black Islands, to the northeast conrner near Gulladoo Lough and its breath is 18 miles from the river Inny in the east to Drumshango Lake north of Drumlish. The area is 421.3 square miles (1,091.3 sq km).

County Longford was traditionally known as “Annaly” from the ninth to the fifteenth centuries. As a result of the Norman invasion in the twelfth century, it was given to Hugh de Lacy as part of the Liberty of Meath. Due to the power of the O’Farrells, the Norman influence was small. It was made a county in 1586 during the reign of Elizabeth I. English settlers were planted in Longford during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century. In 1641, the county became involved in the Catholic Confederacy, which was defeated by Cromwell in 1649. The Cromwellian plantations of the 1650 completed the control of the county. It was, however, also a center in the 1798 rebellion with the French forces being defeated outside the village of Ballinamuck by the English army.

In 1821, the County’s population was 107,570 and increased to 115,491 in 1841. During the Great Famine of 1845-1847, the population decreased until it was 82,348 in 1851. The population continued to decrease to 39,847 in 1926. In 2006, the population was 34,391. County Longford is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 91.3%, 7.7%, 0.5% and 0.4%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics have decreased slightly to 89.9% in 2002, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 3.3%, 0.3% and 0.3%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 4.5%.

General County Research Information

Further information about County Longford is available at the GenUKI site.

Civil Jurisdictions and Parish Research Information

A map of the Civil Parishes of County Longford is available at Irish Times site.

A map of the Catholic parishes of County Longford is available at Irish Times site.

Civil Parish - Church of Ireland

Barony Poor Law Union Catholic Parish[1] Catholic Diocese[1]
Abbeylara Granard Granard Abbeylara Ardagh
Abbeyshrule Shrule Ballymahon Taghshinny, Taghshinod, and Abbeyshrule Ardagh
Agharra Shrule Ballymahon Legan Ardagh
Ardagh Ardagh Longford Ardagh and Moydow
Ardagh Moydow Longford
Ballymacormick Ardagh Longford Templemichael and Ballymacormack
Ballymacormick Moydow Longford
Cashel Rathcline Ballymahon Cashel
Cashel Rathcline Longford
Clonbroney Ardagh Granard Clonbroney
Clonbroney Granard Granard
Clongesh Longford Longford Clonguish Ardagh
Columbkille Granard Granard Columbkille, Scrabby and Columbkille East
Columbkille Granard Longford
Forgney Shrule Ballymahon Moyvore Meath
Granard Ardagh Granard Granard
Granard Granard Granard
Kilcommock Moydow Ballymahon
Kilcomogue or Kenagh

Kilcommock Rathcline Ballymahon
Kilcommock Shrule Ballymahon
Kilglass Ardagh Ballymahon

Kilglass Ardagh Longford
Kilglass Moydow Ballymahon
Kilglass Shrule Ballymahon
Killashee Longford Longford Killashee


Killashee Moydow Ballymahon
Killashee Moydow Longford
Killoe Granard Granard Drumlish, Killoe

Killoe Granard Longford
Killoe Longford Granard
Killoe Longford Longford
Mohill Longford Longford Mohill-Manachain Ardagh
Mostrim Ardagh Granard Mostrim Ardagh
Moydow Moydow Ballymahon Ardagh and Moydow
Moydow Moydow Longford
Noughaval Rathcline Ballymahon Drumraney
Noughaval Shrule Ballymahon
Rathcline Rathcline Ballymahon Rathcline
Rathcline Rathcline Longford
Rathreagh Ardagh Ballymahon Legan Ardagh
Shrule Rathcline Ballymahon Ballymahon and Shrule Ardagh
Street Ardagh Granard Streete Ardagh
Taghsheenod Moydow Ballymahon Tagshinney, Taghshinod, and Abbeysrule
Taghsheenod Shrule Ballymahon
Taghshinny Rathcline Ballymahon Tagshinney, Taghshinod, and Abbeyshrule
Taghshinny Shrule Ballymahon
Templemichael Ardagh Longford Templemichael and  Ballymacormack
Templemichael Longford Longford


Article: Entries From The Family Bible of James Hyde of The Town of Longford.  The article contains birth and death entries from the family Bible of James Hyde. for years 1795-1867. The article is in The Irish Ancestor vol. 2. no.1 1970 pages 23-24. Family History Library 941.5 B2i


1885 County Map: Courtesy of London Ancestor


Abstracts of Some Ardagh, Clogher and Kilmore Diocesan Wills. covering years 1739-1810.List  and when proved in The Irish Ancestor, vol. pages 112-121. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i v5-6

Web Sites

To view a list of Longford web sites, visit for some great sites.

Links to articles, subcategories and images under the Category County Longford, Ireland Genealogy

County Longford, Ireland Genealogy

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ryan, James G. Irish Records: sources for family and local history. USA:, 1997. FHL 941.5 D23r