Difference between revisions of "County Wicklow, Ireland Genealogy"

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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ireland|Ireland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] County Wicklow[[Image:County Wicklow Map Ireland.jpg|thumb|County Wicklow Map Ireland.jpg]]
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'''County Wicklow''' is known as the “Garden of Ireland” because of its great variety of scenery and is located in the province of '''Leinster '''on the east coast of [[Ireland]] just south of County Dublin.  
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center; background: #C8C8C8; font-size:14pt"|'''Beginning Research'''
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*[[Ireland Research Tips and Strategies|Research Strategies]]
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*[[Ireland Record Selection Table|Record Finder]]
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center;background: #C8C8C8; font-size:14pt"|'''[[Ireland Genealogy|County Wicklow<br>Wiki Topics]]'''
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*[[County Wicklow Catholic Parishes|Catholic Parishes]]
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*[[County Wicklow Civil Parishes|Civil Parishes]]
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*[[Ireland 1901 Wicklow Census Townland Index|1901 Townland Index]]
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*[[County Wicklow Maps|Maps]]
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center; background: #C8C8C8; font-size:14pt"|'''Ireland Record Types'''
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*[[Ireland Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
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*[[Ireland Census|Census]] 
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*[[Ireland Church Directories|Church Directories]]
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*[[Ireland Church Records|Church Records]]
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*[[Ireland Civil Registration- Vital Records|Civil Registration]] 
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*[[Ireland Court Records|Court Records]]
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*[[Ireland Directories|Directories]]
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*[[Ireland Emigration and Immigration|Emigration & Immigration]]
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*[[Ireland Compiled Genealogies|Genealogy]]
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*[[Ireland Heraldry|Heraldry]]
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*[[Ireland Land and Property|Land & Property]]
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*[[Ireland Military Records|Military Records]]  
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*[[Ireland Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization & Citizenship]]
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*[[Ireland Newspapers|Newspapers]]
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*[[Ireland Nobility|Nobility]]
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*[[Ireland Occupations|Occupations]]
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*[[Ireland Online Genealogy Records|Online Records]]
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*[[Ireland Periodicals|Periodicals]]
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*[[Ireland Poorhouses, Poor Law, Etc|Poorhouses, Poor Law, Etc.]] 
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*[[Ireland Probate Records|Probate Records]]
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*[[Ireland Record Loss|Record Loss]]
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*[[Ireland Schools|School Records]]
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*[[Ireland Taxation|Taxation]] 
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*[[Ireland Websites|Websites]]
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center; background: #C8C8C8; font-size:14pt"|'''Ireland Background'''
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*[[Ireland Biography|Biography]]
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*[[Ireland Church History|Church History]]
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*[[Ireland Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
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*[[Ireland History|History]]
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*[[Ireland Language and Languages|Languages]]
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| style="vertical-align:top"|
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*[[Ireland Maps|Maps]]
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*[[Ireland Names Personal|Names Personal]]
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*[[Ireland For Further Reading|For Further Reading]]
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center; background: #C8C8C8; font-size:14pt"|'''Ireland Ethnicity'''
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*[[Ireland Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]  
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center; background: #C8C8C8; font-size:14pt"|'''Ireland Local Research Resources'''
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*[[Ireland Archives and Libraries|Archives & Libraries]]
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*[[Ireland Societies|Societies]]
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*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=ireland Family History Centers]
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[[Image:County Wicklow Map Ireland.jpg|thumb]]
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Guide to '''County Wicklow ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. 
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{{Click|File:Ireland ORP.png|Ireland Online Genealogy Records}}
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==History==
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'''County Wicklow''' is known as the “Garden of Ireland” because of its great variety of scenery and is&nbsp;located in the province of '''Leinster '''on the east coast of [[Ireland Genealogy|Ireland]] just south of County Dublin.  
  
 
The County is named after the town of Wicklow, whose name is derived from Viking settlers in the late eighth and early ninth centuries. Some historians believe the origin of the name is from Viking Alo (Viking’s Beacon) or Viking's Meadow.  
 
The County is named after the town of Wicklow, whose name is derived from Viking settlers in the late eighth and early ninth centuries. Some historians believe the origin of the name is from Viking Alo (Viking’s Beacon) or Viking's Meadow.  
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The County was the territory of the O’Brynes and O’Tooles in pre-Norman times. Along its coast, there were also several Viking settlements including Wicklow and Arklow. The Normans invaded&nbsp;the&nbsp;County&nbsp;near the end of the twelfth century and the coastal towns were under their power.&nbsp;In 1606, County Wicklow was formed from land that was previously part of Counties Dublin and Carlow; becoming the last county to be formed in Ireland, about 400 years after the first county.&nbsp; After the Irish Catholic Rebellion in 1641, Cromwell took over the forts and strongholds, but the mountains of Wicklow provided refuge for the rebels until after the 1798 rebellion, when the Military Road was built through the&nbsp;mountains to provide access to end the rebellion.  
 
The County was the territory of the O’Brynes and O’Tooles in pre-Norman times. Along its coast, there were also several Viking settlements including Wicklow and Arklow. The Normans invaded&nbsp;the&nbsp;County&nbsp;near the end of the twelfth century and the coastal towns were under their power.&nbsp;In 1606, County Wicklow was formed from land that was previously part of Counties Dublin and Carlow; becoming the last county to be formed in Ireland, about 400 years after the first county.&nbsp; After the Irish Catholic Rebellion in 1641, Cromwell took over the forts and strongholds, but the mountains of Wicklow provided refuge for the rebels until after the 1798 rebellion, when the Military Road was built through the&nbsp;mountains to provide access to end the rebellion.  
  
In 1821, the County’s population was 110,767 and increased to 126,143 in 1841. During the Great Famine of 1845-1847, the population decreased until it was 98,979 in 1851. The population continued to decrease to 57,591 in 1926. In 2006, the population was 126,194. County Wicklow is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 79.3%, 18.7%, 0.7% and 1.0%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics increased to 81.8% in 2002, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 6.9%, 0.5% and 0.4%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 5.8%.<br>
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In 1821, the County’s population was 110,767 and increased to 126,143 in 1841. During the Great Famine of 1845-1847, the population decreased until it was 98,979 in 1851. The population continued to decrease to 57,591 in 1926. In 2006, the population was 126,194. County Wicklow is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 79.3%, 18.7%, 0.7% and 1.0%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics increased to 81.8% in 2002, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 6.9%, 0.5% and 0.4%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 5.8%.  
 
 
<br>
 
  
== General Information about this county ==
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== General Information about this county ==
  
 
*The county of Wicklow is a maritime county of the province of Leinster and is bounded by Dublin, Kildare, Carlow and Wexford.  
 
*The county of Wicklow is a maritime county of the province of Leinster and is bounded by Dublin, Kildare, Carlow and Wexford.  
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Information provided by the 1847 edition of Samuel Lewis' "Topographical Dictionary of Ireland."  
 
Information provided by the 1847 edition of Samuel Lewis' "Topographical Dictionary of Ireland."  
  
== General County Research Information ==
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== General County Research Information ==
  
 
Further information about County Wicklow is available at the [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/irl/WIC/index.html GenUKI] site.  
 
Further information about County Wicklow is available at the [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/irl/WIC/index.html GenUKI] site.  
  
== Archives and Libraries ==
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== Archives and Libraries ==
 
 
'''Wicklow County Archives'''<br>Wicklow Local Authority Archive<br>Wicklow County Council Buildings<br>Station Road, Wicklow Town, County Wicklow<br>Telephone: 353-01-0404-20126<br>Website: http://www.wicklow.ie/archives/index.html
 
 
 
'''Wicklow Family History Centre'''<br>Wicklow's Historic Gaol<br>Kilmantin Hill, Wicklow, County Wicklow<br>Telephone: 00-353-(0)-404-20126<br>Fax: 00-353-(0)-404-61612<br>E-mail: wfh@eircom.net<br>Website: http://www.wicklow.ie/familyhistorycentre
 
 
 
'''Wicklow Local History"''' Ballywaltrim Library<br>Boghall Road, Bray, County Wicklow<br>Telephone: 353-01-2723205<br>Fax: 353-01-2866581<br>E-mail: wcclhq@eircom.net
 
 
 
== Civil Jurisdictions and Parish Research Information  ==
 
 
 
A map of the Civil Parishes of County Wicklow is available at [http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/fuses/civilparish/index.cfm?fuseaction=GetMap&CityCounty=Wicklow&UserID= Irish Times] site.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" width="90%" align="center"
 
|-
 
! width="30%" | [[C genealogical glossary terms|Civil Parish]]
 
! width="30%" | [[B genealogical glossary terms|Barony]]
 
! width="30%" | [[P genealogical glossary terms|Poor Law Union]]
 
|-
 
| [[Aghowle Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Aghowle]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Ardoyne Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Ardoyne]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Arklow Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Arklow]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Ballinacor Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Ballinacor]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Ballintemple Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Ballintemple]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Ballykine Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Ballykine]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Ballynure Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Ballynure]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Baltinglass Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Baltinglass]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Blessington Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Blessington]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Naas
 
|-
 
| [[Boystown Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Boystown]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Boystown Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Boystown]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Naas
 
|-
 
| [[Bray Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Bray]]
 
| Rathdown
 
| Rathdown
 
|-
 
| [[Burgage Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Burgage]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Naas
 
|-
 
| [[Burgage Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Burgage]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Naas
 
|-
 
| [[Calary Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Calary]]
 
| Ballinacor North
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Calary Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Calary]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Calary Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Calary]]
 
| Rathdown
 
| Rathdown
 
|-
 
| [[Carnew Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Carnew]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Castlemacadam Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Castlemacadam]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Crecrin Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Crecrin]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Crehelp Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Crehelp]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Crosspatrick Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Crosspatrick]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Crosspatrick Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Crosspatrick]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Delgany Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Delgany]]
 
| Rathdown
 
| Rathdown
 
|-
 
| [[Derrylossary Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Derrylossary]]
 
| Ballinacor North
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Derrylossary Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Derrylossary]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Donaghmore Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Donaghmore]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Donard Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Donard]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Donard Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Donard]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Drumkay Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Drumkay]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Drumkay Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Drumkay]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Dunganstown Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Dunganstown]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Dunlavin Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Dunlavin]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Dunlavin Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Dunlavin]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Ennereilly Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Ennereilly]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Freynestown Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Freynestown]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Glenealy Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Glenealy]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Glenealy Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Glenealy]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Hacketstown Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Hacketstown]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Hacketstown Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Hacketstown]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Hollywood Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Hollywood]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Hollywood Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Hollywood]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Naas
 
|-
 
| [[Hollywood Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Hollywood]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Inch Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Inch]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilbride (Arklow) Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilbride]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilbride (Talbotstown) Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilbride]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Naas
 
|-
 
| [[Kilcommon (Arklow) Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilcommon]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilcommon (Ballinacor) Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilcommon]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Kilcommon (Arklow) Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilcommon]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilcoole Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilcoole]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Killahurler Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Killahurler]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Killiskey Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Killiskey]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilmacanoge Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilmacanoge]]
 
| Rathdown
 
| Rathdown
 
|-
 
| [[Kilmacanoge Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilmacanoge]]
 
| Rathdown
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilpipe Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilpipe]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilpipe Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilpipe]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Kilpoole Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilpoole]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Kilranelagh Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kilranelagh]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Kiltegan Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kiltegan]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Kiltegan Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Kiltegan]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Knockrath Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Knockrath]]
 
| Ballinacor North
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Knockrath Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Knockrath]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Liscolman Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Liscolman]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Moyacomb Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Moyacomb]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Moyne Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Moyne]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Mullinacuff Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Mullinacuff]]
 
| Shillelagh
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Newcastle Lower Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Newcastle Lower]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Newcastle Upper Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Newcastle Upper]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Powerscourt Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Powerscourt]]
 
| Rathdown
 
| Rathdown
 
|-
 
| [[Preban Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Preban]]
 
| Ballinacor South
 
| Shillelagh
 
|-
 
| [[Rathbran Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Rathbran]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Rathdrum Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Rathdrum]]
 
| Ballinacor North
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Rathnew Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Rathnew]]
 
| Newcastle
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Rathsallagh Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Rathsallagh]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Rathtoole Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Rathtoole]]
 
| Upper Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|-
 
| [[Redcross Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Redcross]]
 
| Arklow
 
| Rathdrum
 
|-
 
| [[Tober Civil Parish, County Wicklow|Tober]]
 
| Lower Talbotstown
 
| Baltinglass
 
|}
 
 
 
== Maps  ==
 
 
 
[http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-xwicklow-th.htm 1885 County Map]: Courtesy of London Ancestor
 
 
 
== Probates  ==
 
 
 
Abstracts of Some Neale and O'Neill Wills, Administrations and Marriage Licence Bonds from the Diocese of Ferns. Article covers the above title, from years 1621-1816. Article in The Irish Ancestor, vol.XI. Nol.1. 1979, pages 27-30, Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i vol.10-11.
 
 
 
== Societies  ==
 
  
'''Bray Cualaan Historical Society'''<br>Attention: Claire Crowther<br>128, Newcourt Road, Bray, County Wicklow  
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Wicklow County Archives<br>Wicklow Local Authority Archive<br>Wicklow County Council Buildings<br>Station Road, Wicklow Town, County Wicklow<br>Telephone: 353-01-0404-20126<br>Website:[http://www.wicklow.ie/archives/index/ Wicklow Archives]
  
== &nbsp;Web Sites  ==
+
Wicklow Family History Centre<br>Wicklow County Archives<br>Station Road, Wicklow Town, County Wicklow<br>Telephone: 00-353-(0)-404-20126<br>Fax: 00-353-(0)-404-61612<br>E-mail: wfh@eircom.net<br>Website: [http://www.wicklow.ie/wicklow-family-history-centre/ Wicklow Family History Centre]
  
To view a list of Wicklow web sites, visit [http://www.fhlfavorites.info/Links/British/Ireland/wicklow.htm FHLFavorites.info] or click on the following for some great sites.  
+
Wicklow Local History Ballywaltrim Library<br>Boghall Road, Bray, County Wicklow<br>Telephone: 353-01-2723205<br>Fax: 353-01-2866581<br>E-mail: wcclhq@eircom.net
  
GENUKI - [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/irl/WIC/index.html Genuki.]
+
== Civil Jurisdictions and Parish Research Information ==
  
Websites - [http://www.igp-web.com/Wickow/index.html igp-web]  
+
*List of [[County Wicklow Civil Parishes]]
 +
*List of [[County Wicklow Catholic Parishes]]
 +
*[http://registers.nli.ie/ Catholic Parish Registers at the NLI]&nbsp;has images of RC records for all of Ireland <br>
  
- [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~irlwic/ Rootsweb.ancestry]
+
== Land and Property ==
  
- [http://www.genealogy-of-uk.com/Ireland/Wicklow/genealogy.htm genealogy-of-uk]  
+
*'''1831 - 1856''' - {{RecordSearch|2329951|Ireland, Valuation Office Books, 1831-1856}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
- [http://www.genealogylinks.net/uk/ireland/wicklow/ Genealogylinks]
+
== Maps ==
  
- [http://www.wicklowshistoricgaol.com/genealogy.htm Wicklowshistoricgaol]  
+
[http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-xwicklow-th.htm 1885 County Map]: Courtesy of London Ancestor
  
- [http://www.interment.net/ireland/wicklow.htm interment]
+
== Societies ==
  
*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/wicklowgenealogy Looking 4 Kin Genealogy &amp; Family History Network - Wicklow]
+
Bray Cualaan Historical Society<br>Attention: Claire Crowther<br>128, Newcourt Road<br> Bray <br> County Wicklow  
  
<br>
+
== Websites ==
  
{{Ireland counties}}
+
To view a list of Wicklow web sites, visit [http://www.fhlfavorites.info/Links/British/Ireland/wicklow.htm FHLFavorites.info] sites.
  
{{DEFAULTSORT:Wicklow}}
+
*[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/irl/WIC/index.html Genuki.]
 +
*[http://www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?board=82.0 RootsChat Wicklow resources and Help pages] (Free)
 +
*[http://www.igp-web.com/Wickow/index.html igp-web]
 +
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~irlwic/ Rootsweb.ancestry]
 +
*[http://www.genealogy-of-uk.com/Ireland/Wicklow/genealogy.htm genealogy-of-uk]
 +
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/uk/ireland/wicklow/ Genealogylinks]
 +
*[http://www.interment.net/ireland/wicklow.htm interment]
  
[[Category:County_Wicklow]]
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[[Category:County Wicklow, Republic of Ireland]][[Category:Counties of the Republic of Ireland]]

Latest revision as of 15:50, 23 March 2017

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Guide to County Wicklow ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

{{{link}}}

History

County Wicklow is known as the “Garden of Ireland” because of its great variety of scenery and is located in the province of Leinster on the east coast of Ireland just south of County Dublin.

The County is named after the town of Wicklow, whose name is derived from Viking settlers in the late eighth and early ninth centuries. Some historians believe the origin of the name is from Viking Alo (Viking’s Beacon) or Viking's Meadow.

The County’s Irish name is Chill Mhantáin (kill man-tawn). When St. Patrick returned to Ireland in 432 AD, he landed at Travilahawk. The local chieftain sent his people out to discourage their arrival. Stones were tossed down on them and one of St. Patrick’s monks lost his teeth. The toothless monk later returned to Wicklow Town to build a church and became known as Manntan (Gubby). They called the place Cill Mhantain (Gubby’s Church), which is the Irish or Gaelic name for County Wicklow.

Its length is 41 miles from Bray to the southern corner near Ballingate House and it is 31 ½ miles in breadth from Mizen Head to the boundary near Dunlavin. The area is 781.6 square miles (2,024.4 sq km).

The County was the territory of the O’Brynes and O’Tooles in pre-Norman times. Along its coast, there were also several Viking settlements including Wicklow and Arklow. The Normans invaded the County near the end of the twelfth century and the coastal towns were under their power. In 1606, County Wicklow was formed from land that was previously part of Counties Dublin and Carlow; becoming the last county to be formed in Ireland, about 400 years after the first county.  After the Irish Catholic Rebellion in 1641, Cromwell took over the forts and strongholds, but the mountains of Wicklow provided refuge for the rebels until after the 1798 rebellion, when the Military Road was built through the mountains to provide access to end the rebellion.

In 1821, the County’s population was 110,767 and increased to 126,143 in 1841. During the Great Famine of 1845-1847, the population decreased until it was 98,979 in 1851. The population continued to decrease to 57,591 in 1926. In 2006, the population was 126,194. County Wicklow is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 79.3%, 18.7%, 0.7% and 1.0%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics increased to 81.8% in 2002, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 6.9%, 0.5% and 0.4%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 5.8%.

General Information about this county

  • The county of Wicklow is a maritime county of the province of Leinster and is bounded by Dublin, Kildare, Carlow and Wexford.
  • The county is partly in the diocese of Ferns, but chiefly in the diocese of Dublin. The county is divided into the baronies of Arklow, Balinacor, Newcastle, Half-Rathdown, Shillelagh, Lower Talbotstown, and Upper Talbotstown. The county contains the incorporated seaport, market and assize town of Wicklow; the incorporated market-town of Baltinglass; the seaports and market-towns of Arklow and Bray; the disfranchised borough, market and post-town of Blessington; the market and post-towns of Rathdrum, Carnew, Dunlaven, Tinahely, and Stratford-upon-Slancey; the post-towns of Newtown-Mount-Kennedy, Enniskerry, Ashford, Annamoe, Delgany, Glanealy, and Newbridge. The principle villages are Bolinolea, Rathnew, Donard, Kilcoole, Roundwood, and Redcross.
  • Agriculture includes potatoes, wheat, barley, oats, and turnips.

Information provided by the 1847 edition of Samuel Lewis' "Topographical Dictionary of Ireland."

General County Research Information

Further information about County Wicklow is available at the GenUKI site.

Archives and Libraries

Wicklow County Archives
Wicklow Local Authority Archive
Wicklow County Council Buildings
Station Road, Wicklow Town, County Wicklow
Telephone: 353-01-0404-20126
Website:Wicklow Archives

Wicklow Family History Centre
Wicklow County Archives
Station Road, Wicklow Town, County Wicklow
Telephone: 00-353-(0)-404-20126
Fax: 00-353-(0)-404-61612
E-mail: wfh@eircom.net
Website: Wicklow Family History Centre

Wicklow Local History Ballywaltrim Library
Boghall Road, Bray, County Wicklow
Telephone: 353-01-2723205
Fax: 353-01-2866581
E-mail: wcclhq@eircom.net

Civil Jurisdictions and Parish Research Information

Land and Property

Maps

1885 County Map: Courtesy of London Ancestor

Societies

Bray Cualaan Historical Society
Attention: Claire Crowther
128, Newcourt Road
Bray
County Wicklow

Websites

To view a list of Wicklow web sites, visit FHLFavorites.info sites.