Crawford County, Illinois Genealogy

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Crawford County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: December 31, 1816
County Seat Robinson
Crawford County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Crawford County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Robinson, Illinois 62454
(618) 546-1212
Crawford County Website

United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Crawford County

County Organization

                                     Beginning Dates for Crawford County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Crawford County are kept, see the Crawford County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Crawford County was named for William H. Crawford who was a United States Senator, and in 1824 was a candidate for United States President.

Parent County

  • 31 December 1816: - Crawford County was created from Edwards County. [1]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Crawford County boundary changes.

Record Loss =

28 March 1999: - Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:


To see a list of places in Crawford County, click on [Show] in the bar, above. The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Records and Resources

Bible Records

A Family Bible belonging to the Fitch family of Crawford County is included in an Ancestry database ($).[2]



Gotoarrow.png Find A Grave, list of cemeteries. Additional information can be found at local level (city, township, etc.)



Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990
For tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.


1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Crawford County on page 186.]

Church History and Records

Court Records


Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.


Mailing Lists

Message Boards

Land and Property

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.

1817-present The original land and property records for Crawford County are held by the County Recorder. See the info box above for contact information. The following copies are available:


Military History and Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Crawford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Crawford County.

- 30th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 62nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 63rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company G.
- 79th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.
- 98th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies D and E.


Newspapers and Obituaries

  • The Robinson Constitution was a newspaper printed in Robinson, the county seat of Crawford County. This link features editions of the paper from Mar 15, 1877 - Apr 21, 1894. Newspapers are very important sources for glimpses into our ancestor's daily lives.

Probate Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate Records for more information.


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Crawford County are kept, see the Crawford County Courthouse page.

Family History Library

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

The Illinois State Archives administers a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD) to manage the archival records of local governments.  Local governments which have transferred records to the regional depositories include counties, townships, municipalities, and school districts.  The records of Crawford County come under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) regional depository.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)
Booth Library
Eastern Illinois University (EIU)
600 Lincoln Avenue
Charleston, IL 61920
Telephone: (217) 581-6093

Hours: Monday – Friday, except state holidays
9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Note: The depository is staffed by graduate student interns. Because of class scheduling conflicts, hours may vary somewhat from the published schedule. Researchers are urged to call before planning a visit.

Public Libraries


Social Groups Online



Vital Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information.


1877–present The original Crawford County birth records 1877- present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1877-1915 Birth Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Crawford County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877-1957 Birth Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Crawford County records.


1817–present — The original Crawford County marriage records 1817-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1817–1934 Marriage Record IRAD-EIU Search for Crawford County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1817–1958 Marriage Record Index –IRAD-EIU Search for Crawford County records.

The following abstracts are available:


1877–present - The original Crawford County death records 1877-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1877–1915 Death Record IRAD-EIU Search for Crawford County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877–1958 Death Record Index IRAD-EIU Search for Crawford County records.

The following abstracts are available:

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.; Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002 WorldCat 50140092, FHL Book 973 D27e 2002
  2. Illinois Miscellaneous Genealogical Records: From Counties, Bond, Boone, Calhoun, Cook, Crawford, Du Page, Johnson, Knox, Lake, Will, Pope: Kentucky county, Mercer: Missouri county, Ralls. Evanston, Ill.: Illinois Society, D.A.R., 1946. Digital version at Ancestry ($).