Difference between revisions of "Culberson County, Texas Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Texas|Texas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Texas Counties C|Counties C]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] Culberson County'' <br>  
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Texas Genealogy|Texas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Texas Counties C|Counties C]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] Culberson County'' <br>  
  
Guide to '''Culberson County Texas genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
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Guide to '''Culberson County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.  
  
{{TXDC}}  
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{{Click|Image:TX_ORP.png|Texas Online Genealogy Records|left}}<br>
  
<br>{{Adoption TXGenWeb}}  
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{{Infobox U.S. County
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| county = Culberson County
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| adoption_sign = Adoption TXGenWeb
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| county_map = Tx-culberson.png
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| state = Texas
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| state_map = Texas.png
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| founded year = 1911
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| founded date = 10 March
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| seat = Van Horn
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| building image = TexasCulbersonCourthouse.jpg
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| building address = Culberson County Courthouse<br>P. O. Box 158<br>Van Horn, TX 79855 }}
  
<br>  
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== County Information ==
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<br>
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=== County Courthouse  ===
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[http://www.co.culberson.tx.us/ips/cms Culberson County Courthouse]<br> <br>County Clerk has birth, marriage,&nbsp;death, burial, land, probate<br>military and&nbsp;court records from 1911<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Culberson County, Texas. Page 662 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref> <br>  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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'''County and District Clerk'''
  
[http://www.co.culberson.tx.us/ips/cms Culberson County Courthouse]<br> PO Box 158<br> Van Horn, TX 79855-0158<br> Phone: 915.283.2058&nbsp;<br><br>County Clerk has birth, marriage,&nbsp;death, burial, land, probate<br>military and&nbsp;court records from 1911<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Culberson County, Texas. Page 662 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref> <br>
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P.O. Box 158<br>Van Horn 79855<br>Phone: 432-283-2058
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<br>
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==== Culberson County, Texas Record Dates ====
  
<br>  
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="6" |
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<center>'''Beginning Dates for Major County Records'''</center>
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|-
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| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''
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| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''
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| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[#Vital_Records|Death]]'''
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| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[#Census|Census]]'''
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| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | [[#Land|'''Land''']]
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| width="16.6%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[#Probate|Probate]]'''
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |1911
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |1911
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |1920
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |1911
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| width="16.6%" align="center" |1911
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|}
  
Culberson County has had three courthouses.&nbsp; The county offices were first located in the Clark Hotel, the only permanent structure in Van Horn when the county was created in 1911.&nbsp; This temporary courthouse served the county until 1912, when a grand two-story brick courthouse was erected.&nbsp; The brick courthouse was torn down in the 1960s after the opening of the 1964 courthouse.<br>  
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<br>Culberson County has had three courthouses.&nbsp; The county offices were first located in the Clark Hotel, the only permanent structure in Van Horn when the county was created in 1911.&nbsp; This temporary courthouse served the county until 1912, when a grand two-story brick courthouse was erected.&nbsp; The brick courthouse was torn down in the 1960s after the opening of the 1964 courthouse.<br>  
  
 
Culberson County Courthouse <br>P. O. Box 158<br>Van Horn, TX 79855 <br>[http://www.co.culberson.tx.us/ Culberson County Government Website]  
 
Culberson County Courthouse <br>P. O. Box 158<br>Van Horn, TX 79855 <br>[http://www.co.culberson.tx.us/ Culberson County Government Website]  
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<br>
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
  
The first settlers arrived in 1882.  
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'''1882--'''The first settlers arrived in 1882.  
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1911--'''Culberson County was created 10 March 1911 from [[El Paso County, Texas|El Paso]] County.<br>'''County seat:''' Van Horn <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''1911--'''Culberson County was created 10 March 1911 from [[El Paso County, Texas Genealogy|El Paso]] County.<br>
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*'''County seat:''' Van Horn <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
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There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
  
 
== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
*[[Eddy County, New Mexico|Eddy County, New Mexico]]  
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[[Eddy County, New Mexico Genealogy|Eddy County, New Mexico]] {{•}} [[Hudspeth County, Texas Genealogy|Hudspeth]] {{•}} [[Jeff Davis County, Texas Genealogy|Jeff Davis]] {{•}} [[Otero County, New Mexico Genealogy|Otero County, New Mexico]] {{•}} [[Reeves County, Texas Genealogy|Reeves]]  
*[[Hudspeth County, Texas|Hudspeth]]  
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<center>{{TX Culberson County, Texas Clickable Neighbors}}</center>
*[[Jeff Davis County, Texas|Jeff Davis]]  
 
*[[Otero County, New Mexico|Otero County, New Mexico]]  
 
*[[Reeves County, Texas|Reeves]]
 
 
 
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.
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{| width="85%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="6" border="1"
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|-
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| width="31%" bgcolor="#ffff99" align="center" | '''Online Grave Transcripts'''
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| width="31%" bgcolor="#dbbff7" align="center" | '''Published Grave Transcripts'''
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| bgcolor="#dbeadc" align="center" | '''County Cemetery Directories'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=46&CScnty=2665 Findagrave.com]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" |
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[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=46&CScnty=2574 Findagrave.com ]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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[http://www.interment.net/us/tx/index.htm Interment.net]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" |
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[http://www.namesinstone.com/CemeteryList.aspx Names in Stone]
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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[http://www.usgwtombstones.org/texas/texas.html USGenWeb]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" |
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[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery=undefined&action=search_cemetery Billion Graves ]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery Billion Graves]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" | [http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=290797 Epodunk]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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[http://www.cemeteries-of-tx.com/Wtx/Culberson/ListCulberson.html Cemeteries of Texas]<br>
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" | <br>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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[http://www.namesinstone.com/Default.aspx Names in Stone]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" | <br>
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|-
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| colspan="3" | See [[Texas Cemeteries|Texas Cemeteries]] for more information.
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|}
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<br>
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====Census====
  
 
==== Church  ====
 
==== Church  ====
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==== Land  ====
 
==== Land  ====
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{{TX Land}}
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==== Naturalization and Citizenship  ====
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*'''1906 - 1989''' {{RecordSearch|1389983|Texas, Naturalization Records, 1906-1989}} — index and images
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
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 +
{{TX County Histories}}
  
 
*''History of Van Horn and Culberson County,'' 1973, by Rosa Lee Wylie. <br>  
 
*''History of Van Horn and Culberson County,'' 1973, by Rosa Lee Wylie. <br>  
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==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
  
*[http://culberson.historictexas.net/content/el-paso-county-texas-1881 El Paso County, 1881] (shows the portion that later became Culberson County), from the Culberson County TXGenWeb site<br>  
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[[Image:Txculberson.jpg|400px|Txculberson.jpg]]
*[http://culberson.historictexas.net/content/el-paso-county-texas-1900 El Paso County, 1900] (shows the portion that later became Culberson County), from the Culberson County TXGenWeb site
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 +
*'''1881''' [http://culberson.historictexas.net/content/el-paso-county-texas-1881 El Paso County] (shows the portion that later became Culberson County), from the Culberson County TXGenWeb site<br>  
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*'''1900''' [http://culberson.historictexas.net/content/el-paso-county-texas-1900 El Paso County] (shows the portion that later became Culberson County), from the Culberson County TXGenWeb site
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
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 +
*'''1838 - 1900'''  [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2059 Texas Muster Roll Index Cards 1838-1900] at [http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index and images '''$'''
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=====Mexican-American War=====
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*'''1845 - 1848'''  [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2058 US American Volunteer Soldiers Mexican War 1845-1848] at [http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index '''$'''
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=====Civil War=====
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'''Online Records'''
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*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932381|Texas, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
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*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932425|Texas, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
{{TX Newspaper Abstracts|Culberson}}
 
  
[http://www.vanhornadvocate.com/ VanHorn Advocate Newspaper]
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*{{TX Newspaper Abstracts|Culberson}}
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*[http://www.vanhornadvocate.com/ VanHorn Advocate Newspaper]
  
 
==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
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 +
{{TX Probate Intro}}
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'''Online Probate Records'''
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*'''1800 – 1990''' {{RecordSearch|2016287|Texas Probate Records 1800-1990}} at [https://familysearch.org FamilySearch] — images
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*'''1800 – 2000''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2115 Texas Wills and Probate Records 1800-2000] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images $
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
 +
 +
{{TX Tax Intro}}
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
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{{TX Vital Intro}}  
 
{{TX Vital Intro}}  
  
*[http://culberson.historictexas.net/content/1900-census-van-horn 1900 Census for Van Horn] for Culberson County TXGenWeb site.  
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===== Birth  =====
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://hr-search-api:8080/searchapi/search/collection/1375599 Texas Death Index 1964 to 1998] [[Texas, Death Index, 1964-1998 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]] Name index to Texas Statewide Death Certificates or four million people who have died since 1964.
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1320964 Texas Death Records 1890 – 1976 [with images]]<br>Name index and images of statewide death certificates, 1890-1976. The name index has been created by FamilySearch and is tied to images of the Texas death certificates. Few certificates are available prior to 1903
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''Online Birth Indexes and Records''
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 +
*'''1903 - 1935''' [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1803956 Texas, Birth Certificates, 1903-1935] (images and index) - FamilySearch
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*'''1903 - 1997''' [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1949342 Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997] (index)- FamilySearch
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 +
===== Marriage  =====
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 +
''Online Marriage Indexes and Records''
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 +
*'''1814 - 1909''' and '''1966 - 2011''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8795 Texas Marriage Collection 1814-1909 and 1966-2011] at [http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index $
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*'''1837 - 1973''' [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1681052 Texas, Marriages, 1837-1973] FamilySearch record collection
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*'''1837 - 1977''' [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1803987 Texas, County Marriage Index, 1837-1977 ]  FamilySearch records collection
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*'''1837 - 1977 ''' http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60183 Texas Select County Marriage Index 1837-1977] at [http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index $
 +
*'''1966 - 2010''' [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/2031191 Texas, Marriages, 1966-2010] FamilySearch record collection
 +
 
 +
===== Death  =====
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 +
''Online Death Indexes and Records''
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 +
*'''1890 - 1976''' [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1320964 Texas Death Records 1890 – 1976 [with images]]<br>Name index and images of statewide death certificates, 1890-1976. Few certificates are available prior to 1903  
 +
*'''1903 - 1973''' [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1681049 Texas Deaths and Burials 1903 - 1973] (index) FamilySearch
 +
*'''1903 - 1982''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2272 Texas Death Certificates 1903-1982] at [http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index and images $
 +
*'''1964 - 1998''' [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://hr-search-api:8080/searchapi/search/collection/1375599 Texas Death Index 1964 to 1998] [[Texas, Death Index, 1964-1998 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*'''1977 - 1986''' {{RecordSearch|1930157|Texas Deaths 1977-1986}} at [https://familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — index
 +
 
 +
===== Divorce  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1968-2010''' {{RecordSearch|2038378|Texas Divorce Index 1968-2010}} at [https://familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — index
 +
*'''1968 - 2011''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8794 Texas Divorces 1968-2011] at [http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index $
 +
 
 +
*'''1900''' [http://culberson.historictexas.net/content/1900-census-van-horn 1900 Census for Van Horn] for Culberson County TXGenWeb site.
  
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
  
==== Family History Centers<br> ====
+
==== Family History Centers  ====
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
+
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
  
== Web Sites ==
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== Websites ==
  
 
*[http://www.historictexas.net/culberson Culberson County TXGenWeb site]. History, vital records and other information.  
 
*[http://www.historictexas.net/culberson Culberson County TXGenWeb site]. History, vital records and other information.  
 
*[http://www.lobo-texas.com/ Lobo, Texas website]  
 
*[http://www.lobo-texas.com/ Lobo, Texas website]  
*{{FHL|Texas%2C+Culberson|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
*{{FHL|Texas Culberson|subject|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} The catalog is genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications)  This catalog is different than the indexed Historical Records.
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==

Latest revision as of 13:09, 7 August 2016

United States go to Texas go to Counties C go to Culberson County

Guide to Culberson County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


TX ORP.png


Culberson County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Culberson County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 10 March, 1911
County Seat Van Horn
Courthouse
TexasCulbersonCourthouse.jpg
Address Culberson County Courthouse
P. O. Box 158
Van Horn, TX 79855
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County Information


County Courthouse

Culberson County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth, marriage, death, burial, land, probate
military and court records from 1911[1]

County and District Clerk

P.O. Box 158
Van Horn 79855
Phone: 432-283-2058

Culberson County, Texas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1911 1911 1920 1911 1911



Culberson County has had three courthouses.  The county offices were first located in the Clark Hotel, the only permanent structure in Van Horn when the county was created in 1911.  This temporary courthouse served the county until 1912, when a grand two-story brick courthouse was erected.  The brick courthouse was torn down in the 1960s after the opening of the 1964 courthouse.

Culberson County Courthouse
P. O. Box 158
Van Horn, TX 79855
Culberson County Government Website


History

1882--The first settlers arrived in 1882.

Parent County

1911--Culberson County was created 10 March 1911 from El Paso County.

  • County seat: Van Horn [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Kent | Pine Springs | Van Horn

Ghost Towns

Grisham Pumping Station | Levinson | Lobo | Old Christian Place | Ort | Pezuna del Caballo

Neighboring Counties

Eddy County, New Mexico  • Hudspeth  • Jeff Davis  • Otero County, New Mexico  • Reeves

Otero CountyEddy CountyHudspeth CountyCulberson CountyReeves CountyMexicoJeff Davis CountyTX Culberson 1.JPG
About this image

Resources

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com


Findagrave.com

Interment.net


Names in Stone

USGenWeb


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Epodunk

Cemeteries of Texas



Names in Stone



See Texas Cemeteries for more information.


Census

Church

Churches in Van Horn, Texas

  • Assembly of God Church
    605 La Caverna, P.O. Box 579
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-2736
  • Church of Christ
    Maple Street, P.O. Box 26
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-2163
  • First Baptist Church
    2nd & Houston, P.O. Box 777
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-2010  website
  • First United Methodist Church
    206 W. 4th, P.O. Box 67
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-2181
  • Freeway Church of Christ
    607 Desert, P.O. Box 25
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-2925
  • Highway 54 Church of Christ
    Highway 54 & 6th Street, P.O. Box 733
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-9016
  • Our Lady of Fatima Catholic Church
    P.O. Box 398
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-2042
  • Primera Iglesia Bautista
    W. 2nd & Crockett, P.O. Box 1417
    Van Horn, TX 79855, (432) 283-2850
  • Seventh Day Adventist Church
    West Desert & Elm
    Van Horn, TX 79855

Court

Land

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.


Naturalization and Citizenship

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Culberson County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

Maps

Txculberson.jpg

  • 1881 El Paso County (shows the portion that later became Culberson County), from the Culberson County TXGenWeb site
  • 1900 El Paso County (shows the portion that later became Culberson County), from the Culberson County TXGenWeb site

Military

Mexican-American War
Civil War

Online Records

Newspapers

  • Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Culberson County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:
TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Probate

Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records

Taxation

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Birth

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death

Online Death Indexes and Records

Divorce

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Culberson County, Texas. Page 662 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).