Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books, 1571-1905 .
- 1 Title in the Language of the Records
- 2 Record Description
- 3 Record Content
- 4 How to Use the Records
- 5 Known Issues with This Collection
- 6 Related Websites
- 7 Related Wiki Articles
- 8 Contributions to This Article
- 9 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Title in the Language of the Records
Tschechische Republik, Nord Moravia, Opava Archiv Kirchenbücher
This collection will include records from 1571 to 1905.
Entries are usually arranged in chronological order and, after 1784, in a columnar format. During certain times, one book was used to list all the baptisms, marriages, and burials for all the villages in a parish for one year. At other times each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, which were listed chronologically. Some records are on preprinted forms, and most records include indexes.
Czech church records are usually in one of three languages: Czech, German, or Latin. Often, one parish consists of books written in all three. Records from one state regional archive (statní oblastní archive) may favor one or more languages. For example, records from Litoměřice are usually written in German or Latin. Records from Plzeň or Třeboň are usually written in Czech, German, and Latin equally.
A filmed security copy of each book is stored at each state regional archive, but because of poor film quality, some of these are unusable for research. Books from the early 1900s (even though they may have been started earlier) are still stored in local city halls or other institutions. The Family History Library does not have filmed copies of the books but did begin capturing the images digitally in 2007.
Czech church books are extremely reliable, more so than census and other records. Ages, birth dates, and birthplaces found in marriage and death entries are only as accurate as the informant’s memory.
For a list of records by religion currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.
The earliest Czech book was created in 1441 (a book of christenings from Horní Jiřetín). Books have been kept to the present, but because of privacy laws they are available for research only through 1905.
The edict of the Council of Trent in 1563, which mandated the creation of church books, applied to Czech congregations. Austrian Emperor Joseph II issued the Edict of Toleration on October 13, 1781, which allowed Protestants, Jews, and others to keep their own church records under the supervision of the Catholic Church. Though the Protestants were allowed to keep registers starting in 1771, they were copied into Catholic registers. In 1781, Protestants continued to keep registers under Catholic supervision.
Starting February 10, 1784, Joseph II required that all church birth entries include the full names of both parents and all grandparents, along with their towns of origin and their military conscription numbers or unique address, such as Plichtice č. 5 (č is an abbreviation for čislo, or "number"). The emperor also required that records be kept in Latin or German, though Czech was often used. Column headings, which had started around 1784 (sometimes earlier), became mandatory.
In 1790, the Austrian government (under which Czech records were kept) created a law requiring indexes to be kept. In 1802, another law was passed requiring all older matriky (church books) to be indexed. Only rarely are volumes not indexed.
Starting in 1869, the civil authorities took charge of the record-keeping of births, marriages, and deaths. However, individual churches continued to actually record these events. The official legal copy was kept by local officials when many of the clergy refused to perform Catholic rites for non-Catholics. Everyone was registered under this new system, not just those appearing in Catholic or Protestant registers.
The church books cover a majority of the population.
Church books were first created to identify those who had received church sacraments. After 1869, they were also used as an official record of vital events by civil authorities.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- "Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archives Church Books, 1571-1905." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Zemský archiv v Opavě.
Baptismal records usually contain the following information:
- Date and place child baptised
- Child's name and gender
- Child's religion and legitimacy
- Parent's names, occupation and place of residence
- Parents' legitimacy
- Grandparents' names, occupation and place of residence
Marriage records usually contain the following information:
- Date and place of marriage and by whom married
- Name of groom
- Groom's age, occupation, civil status and residence
- Groom's birth date and baptismal date
- Groom's legitimacy
- Groom's parents' names and residence
- Name of bride
- Bride's age, civil status and residence
- Bride's birth date and baptismal date
- Bride's legitimacy
- Bride's parents' names and residence
- Names of witnesses
Burial records usually contain the following information:
- Date, place and time of death
- Name and occupation of the deceased
- Gender, age and religion of deceased
- Birth date of deceased
- Cause of death
- Burial place
How to Use the Records
To browse this collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒ Select the "Religion",
⇒ Select the "Place"
⇒ Select the "Event and Volume Year Range" which takes you to the images.
Indexes are available on some of these groups of images. If indexes are available, check these for the name first. Indexes are usually located at the beginning of a group of images or at the end. They may also be found in individual folders. Find your ancestor’s name and look for the locator information next to the name (such as page, entry, or certificate number). This will help you find the record you are looking for in the collection.
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
Czech church books are the best source for identifying ancestors from the Czech Republic. So many relatives are listed in these books that you may be able to create a miniature pedigree chart for almost each entry in a church book.
For Help Reading These Records
These records are in Czech, German and Latin. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:
- Czech Republic Genealogical Word List
- Czech Republic Language and Languages
- German Language and Languages
- Latin Genealogical Word List
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to email@example.com. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Related Wiki Articles
- Czech Republic
- Czech Republic Church Records
- Czech Republic Archives and Libraries
- Czech Republic Church books (FamilySearch Historical Records)
Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books, 1571-1905
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.