Difference between revisions of "Opava Land Archives, Czech Republic Church Records"

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m (Text replacement - ":*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/german-script-tutorial/91 '''German Script Tutorial'''] " to ":*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/german-script-tutorial/91 '''German Script Tutorial'''] This converter will show you how any phrase or name might look in German script: *[http://www.kurrentschrift.net/index.php?s=schreiben: Kurrentschrift Converter] (enter German genealogical word, click on "convert", view your word in Kurrentschrift (Gothic handwriting)")
 
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Back to [[Czech Republic|Czech Republic Page]]►  
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''Back to [[Czech Republic|Czech Republic Page]]► [[Opava Land Archives, Czech Republic|Opava Land Archives]]►Opava Land Archives Church Records
 +
{|
 +
|-
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|style="vertical-align:top"|
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[[File:Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png]]
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|
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*Before using this page you should verify that this is the correct archive for your parish.
 +
*Use [http://www.genteam.at/ '''GenTeam Free Gazetteer'''] to find out which archive holds the church records that you need. [https://s3.amazonaws.com/ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252/s3/research-wiki-elasticsearch-prod-s3bucket/images/1/13/1-Genteam_Gazetteer-Instruction.pdf '''GenTeam Instructions'''].
 +
*If you do not know the name of the village or parish your ancestors lived in, see [[Tracing Immigrant Origins|'''Tracing Immigrant Origins''']], [[Czech Republic Determining a Place of Origin|'''Czech Republic Determining a Place of Origin''']]  and [[Czech Republic Emigration and Immigration|'''Czech Republic Emigration and Immigration''']].
 +
*If you need a different archive, [[Czech Republic Genealogy]] lists links to every archive.
 +
|}
 +
==Overview==
 +
Opava Land Archive is in the process of digitizing parish registers (church records) and making them available online through the digital archive.  In addition, FamilySearch Historical Records has digitized images of the church records in this archive. To use these archives you need these skills:
 +
::1.  An understanding of what to look for in parish registers.
 +
::2.  How to navigate the archives to find the records of the parish you want, both from the archive website and the FamilySearch Historical website.
 +
::3.  The ability to read a few Czech, German, or Latin words that are found in the records.  '''You do not have to be fluent in any of these languages!'''
 +
::4.  A planned strategy for finding all the members of a family.
  
[[Image:Opava Land Archive.jpg|thumb|right|205px|Opava Land Archive.jpg]]
+
==Parish Registers and the Information They Contain==
 +
'''Parish registers contain baptism (birth), marriage, and burial (death) information and are definitely the best source for identifying one’s relatives in the Czech Republic. '''
  
Church books from the Opava Land Archives that cover the time period approximately 1650-1900 were digitized and are available on-line.  
+
Sometimes, baptisms, marriages, and burials are kept for all villages in a parish, for each year. Other times, each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, listed chronologically. Some records are in preprinted forms. Most records include indexes. While the books have been kept to the present, they are only available for research through about 1910 because of privacy laws. The parish registers cover a majority of the population.  
 +
<br>
 +
Important details that will help identify your ancestors:<br>
  
Go to: http://matriky.archives.cz
+
'''''Baptismal entries''''' usually contain the following: names of the child, parents, godparents, and sometimes grandparents; date and place of birth and baptism; residence and religion of the parents; whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate.
  
To enter the database click anywhere on the book image. You may choose the Czech, German or English language by clicking on the cs|en|de characters in the upper right corner. You do not need to use diacritics when searching for the locality.  
+
'''''Marriage entries''''' usually contain the following: names of the bride, groom, their parents, witnesses, and sometimes grandparents;  date and place of marriage; residence and religion of the bride and groom; age, previous marital status, and occupation of bride and groom.
  
Online lesson Using Online Czech Records: Land Archives in Opava will teach you how to use the Opava archive online record collection.  
+
'''''Burial entries''''' usually contain the following: names of the deceased and spouse/parents; date and place of death and burial; residence and religion of the deceased; age and cause of death of the deceased.<br>
  
These records are also being posted gradually on the FamilySearch website. To access the database click [[Czech Republic Opava Land Archive Finding Aid|here]].  
+
See also, [[Czech Republic Church Records|'''Czech Republic Church Records''']] and [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/using-online-czech-records-introduction/578 '''Using Online Czech Records: Introduction''']].
 +
==Finding Your Parish Records in the Archives==
 +
===Tutorial===
 +
[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/using-online-czech-records-land-archives-in-opava/638 Using Online Czech Records: Land Archives in Opava]
  
=== Collection Description  ===
+
===Step-by-Step Instructions for the Opava Land Archive Website===
  
Church books contain baptisms (birth), marriage, and burial (death) information and are definitely the best source for identifying one’s relatives in the Czech Republic.  
+
::1.  Click on the website [http://vademecum.archives.cz/vademecum/searchlink?fcAr=217000010-0&fcAr=217000010-1&fcDb=10041 '''Zemský archiv v Opavě''']<br>
 +
::2.  Click on "Choose Database".<br>
 +
::3.  In the pop-up menu, check the "Parish registers" box.<br>
 +
::4.  In the new pop-up menu on the right, select your parish from the drop-down menu labeled "Originator".<br>
 +
::5.  Click the "Search" button.<br>
 +
::6.  A list of available records will appear.  Each Item in the list looks like this:
 +
[[File:Opava.png]]<br>
 +
::7.  How to read the listing:
 +
:::*The top line tells the events covered: 
 +
:::::N = Narození or Geborene--baptisms<br>
 +
:::::O = Oddaní or Vertrauene--marriages<br>
 +
:::::Z =  Zemřelí or Gestorbene--deaths<br>
 +
:::*The box to the right of the events list gives the year range.<br>
 +
:::*The bottom line gives the name of the parish. <br>
 +
::8.  Click on the symbol [[File:Opava2.png]], just to the right of the year range, to begin viewing the scanned records.
  
Entries are usually arranged in chronological order and, after 1784, in a columnar format. Sometimes, baptisms, marriages, and burials are kept all for all villages in a parish, for each year. Other times, each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, listed chronologically. Some records are in preprinted forms.<br>Most records include indexes. Czech church records are usually in one of three languages: Czech, German, or Latin.
+
===Step-by-Step Instructions for the FamilySearch Historical Records Website===
 +
====Czech Republic Church Books, 1552-1963====
 +
::'''To search this collection using the index:''' <br>
 +
:::1. Click on this link: {{RecordSearch|1804263|'''Czech Republic Church Books, 1552-1963'''}}<br>
  
While the books have been kept to the present, they are only available for research through 1905 because of privacy laws. The church books cover a majority of the population.  
+
:::2. Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. <br.
  
To read more about the records description click on the following link:
+
:::3. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. <br>
  
[https://www.familysearch.org/search/search/index/catalog-search#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&fed=false&collectionId=&catSearchType=keywords&searchCriteria=Czech+Republic+Church+Books+from+the+Opava+Land+Archive&placeName=&author_givenName=&author_surname= familysearch.org]
+
:::4. Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned. <br>
  
=== Collection Content  ===
+
::'''To browse the images in this collection, you will need to follow this series of links:'''<br>
  
[[Image:Czech Republic Church Baptism.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
:::1.  Begin at the same page that shows the index: {{RecordSearch|1804263|'''Czech Republic Church Books, 1552-1963'''}}<br>
  
<br>''Baptismal entries'' usually contain the following:&nbsp;
+
:::2.  Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page.  This is towards the bottom of the page and reads: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1804263/waypoints '''"Browse through 4,668,489 images"''']. <br>
  
*names of the child, parents, godparents, and sometimes grandparents&nbsp;
+
:::3. Select the "Religion"<br>
*date and place of birth and baptism
 
*residence and religion of the parents
 
*whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate
 
 
 
<br>[[Image:Czech Republic Church Marriage.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
 
 
<br>''Marriage entries'' usually contain the following:&nbsp;
 
 
 
*names of the bride, groom, their parents, witnesses, and sometimes grandparents
 
*date and place of marriage
 
*residence and religion of the bride and groom
 
*age, previous marital status, and occupation of bride and groom
 
 
 
<br>[[Image:Czech Republic Church Burial.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
 
 
<br>''Burial entries'' usually contain the following:&nbsp;
 
 
 
*names of the deceased and spouse/parents
 
*date and place of death and burial
 
*residence and religion of the deceased
 
*age and cause of death of the deceased
 
 
 
<br>
 
  
<br>
+
:::4.  Select the "District" <br>
  
<br>
+
:::5.  Select the "Place: Subordinate Places" <br>
  
<br>
+
:::6.  Select the "Event, Years, vol." which takes you to the images<br>  
  
<br>
+
:::7.  Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
  
<br>
+
:::8.  If indexes are available in the images, check these for the name first. Indexes are usually located at the beginning of a group of images or at the end. They can also be found in individual folders. Find your ancestor's name and look for the locator information next to the name (such as page, entry, or certificate number). This will help you find the record you are looking for in the collection.<br>
  
<br>
+
====Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books, 1571-1905====
 +
::'''To browse the images in this collection, you will need to follow this series of links:'''<br>
  
<br>To read more about the records content click on the following link:
+
:::1.  Begin at the same page that shows the index: [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1475346?collectionNameFilter=false '''Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books, 1571-1905''']<br>
  
[[Czech Republic Church Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
+
:::2.  Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page.  This is towards the bottom of the page and reads: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1475346/waypoints '''"Browse through 4,668,489 images"''']. <br>
  
=== How to access the records online  ===
+
:::3.  Select the "Religion"<br>
  
Click on the following link to access digital images of the original parish records created by local priests of each parish:
+
:::4.  Select the "Place" <br>
  
[[Czech Republic Church Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
:::5.  Select the "Event, Years, vol." which takes you to the images<br>
  
Follow the instructions on the screen.  
+
:::6.  Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
<br>
+
:::7.  If indexes are available in the images, check these for the name first. Indexes are usually located at the beginning of a group of images or at the end. They can also be found in individual folders. Find your ancestor's name and look for the locator information next to the name (such as page, entry, or certificate number). This will help you find the record you are looking for in the collection.<br>
  
=== Finding aid for the online records  ===
+
==Reading the Records==
  
Finding records in this collection for a particular village can be difficult and time consuming. This link leads to a page where researchers can leave notes for finding individual villages:
+
Reading the records will be easier than you might think! Parish registers use only a few basic terms in any language, such as:  father, mother, son, daughter, born, baptized, married, died.  Personal and place names don't need to be translated, and dates often look very similar to English. More recent records are in columns, and by translating the column title, one can then easily read the pages. The basic vocabulary can be memorized for easy recognition, and other terms, such as occupations and relationships can be quickly translated, by consulting a genealogical word list.  <br>
  
[[Czech Republic Opava Land Archive Finding Aid|Finding Aid for Church Books from the Opava Land Archive]]  
+
*[[Czech Republic Genealogical Word List|Czech Republic Genealogical Word Listt]]
 +
*[[German Word List|German Genealogical Word List]]
 +
*[[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin Genealogical Word List]]  
  
 +
Czech was not recognized as an official language until 1877 in Bohemia and 1905 in Moravia. Except for modern records of the 1900s, records in the Czech Republic were written mostly in Latin and German. These materials for learning to read German, Latin, and old Gothic script will be helpful in preparing you to read Czech church records.
 +
*[[Germany Handwriting|German Handwriting]] (article)
 +
*Online interactive slideshow lessons:
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-german-handwritten-records-lesson-1-kurrent-letters/69 '''Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 1: Kurrent Letters''']
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-german-handwritten-records-lesson-2-making-words-in-kurrent/70 '''Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Making Words in Kurrent''']
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-german-handwritten-records-lesson-3-reading-kurrent-documents/71 '''Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading Kurrent Documents''']. In this lesson, you will explore several types of German genealogical records, including birth, baptismal, marriage, and death records.
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/german-script-tutorial/91 '''German Script Tutorial''']
 +
This converter will show you how any phrase or name might look in German script:
 +
*[http://www.kurrentschrift.net/index.php?s=schreiben: Kurrentschrift Converter] (enter German genealogical word, click on "convert", view your word in Kurrentschrift (Gothic handwriting):*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/key-words-and-phrases-in-latin-records/21 '''Key Words and Phrases in Latin Records''']
 +
==Building a Family Record with a Search Strategy==
 +
Many articles on strategy are available on the Wiki, but here is a simple set of steps to guide you
 +
*Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth/baptism/christening record, then search for the births of his '''brothers and sisters'''.
 +
*Next, search for the '''marriage of his parents.''' The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents, and even the names of their parents.
 +
*You can '''estimate the ages''' of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
 +
*Search the death registers for all known family members.
 +
*Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
 +
*If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.
 
<br>
 
<br>
 +
See also:<br>
 +
*[[Czech Republic Getting Started|Czech Republic Getting Started]]
 +
*[[Czech Republic Finding Birth Information|How to Find Birth Information]]
 +
*[[Czech Republic Finding Marriage Information|How to Find Marriage Information]]
 +
*[[Czech Republic Finding Death Information|How to Find Death Information]]
 +
*[[Czech Republic Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
*[[Czech Republic Beginning Research|Czech Republic Beginning Research]]
 +
*[[Czech Republic Beginners Corner What's the Next Step?|Czech Republic Beginners Corner What's the Next Step?]]
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
[[Category:Czech_Republic Church Records]]
 
+
{{Czech Republic Archives}}
<br>
 
  
[[Category:Czech_Republic]]
+
[[Category: Czech Republic Church Records]]

Latest revision as of 20:29, 13 March 2017

Back to Czech Republic PageOpava Land Archives►Opava Land Archives Church Records

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png

Overview

Opava Land Archive is in the process of digitizing parish registers (church records) and making them available online through the digital archive. In addition, FamilySearch Historical Records has digitized images of the church records in this archive. To use these archives you need these skills:

1. An understanding of what to look for in parish registers.
2. How to navigate the archives to find the records of the parish you want, both from the archive website and the FamilySearch Historical website.
3. The ability to read a few Czech, German, or Latin words that are found in the records. You do not have to be fluent in any of these languages!
4. A planned strategy for finding all the members of a family.

Parish Registers and the Information They Contain

Parish registers contain baptism (birth), marriage, and burial (death) information and are definitely the best source for identifying one’s relatives in the Czech Republic.

Sometimes, baptisms, marriages, and burials are kept for all villages in a parish, for each year. Other times, each village has its own section of baptisms, marriages, and burials, listed chronologically. Some records are in preprinted forms. Most records include indexes. While the books have been kept to the present, they are only available for research through about 1910 because of privacy laws. The parish registers cover a majority of the population.
Important details that will help identify your ancestors:

Baptismal entries usually contain the following: names of the child, parents, godparents, and sometimes grandparents; date and place of birth and baptism; residence and religion of the parents; whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate.

Marriage entries usually contain the following: names of the bride, groom, their parents, witnesses, and sometimes grandparents; date and place of marriage; residence and religion of the bride and groom; age, previous marital status, and occupation of bride and groom.

Burial entries usually contain the following: names of the deceased and spouse/parents; date and place of death and burial; residence and religion of the deceased; age and cause of death of the deceased.

See also, Czech Republic Church Records and Using Online Czech Records: Introduction].

Finding Your Parish Records in the Archives

Tutorial

Using Online Czech Records: Land Archives in Opava

Step-by-Step Instructions for the Opava Land Archive Website

1. Click on the website Zemský archiv v Opavě
2. Click on "Choose Database".
3. In the pop-up menu, check the "Parish registers" box.
4. In the new pop-up menu on the right, select your parish from the drop-down menu labeled "Originator".
5. Click the "Search" button.
6. A list of available records will appear. Each Item in the list looks like this:

Opava.png

7. How to read the listing:
  • The top line tells the events covered:
N = Narození or Geborene--baptisms
O = Oddaní or Vertrauene--marriages
Z = Zemřelí or Gestorbene--deaths
  • The box to the right of the events list gives the year range.
  • The bottom line gives the name of the parish.
8. Click on the symbol Opava2.png, just to the right of the year range, to begin viewing the scanned records.

Step-by-Step Instructions for the FamilySearch Historical Records Website

Czech Republic Church Books, 1552-1963

To search this collection using the index:
1. Click on this link: Czech Republic Church Books, 1552-1963
2. Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. <br.
3. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
4. Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
To browse the images in this collection, you will need to follow this series of links:
1. Begin at the same page that shows the index: Czech Republic Church Books, 1552-1963
2. Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page. This is towards the bottom of the page and reads: "Browse through 4,668,489 images".
3. Select the "Religion"
4. Select the "District"
5. Select the "Place: Subordinate Places"
6. Select the "Event, Years, vol." which takes you to the images
7. Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
8. If indexes are available in the images, check these for the name first. Indexes are usually located at the beginning of a group of images or at the end. They can also be found in individual folders. Find your ancestor's name and look for the locator information next to the name (such as page, entry, or certificate number). This will help you find the record you are looking for in the collection.

Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books, 1571-1905

To browse the images in this collection, you will need to follow this series of links:
1. Begin at the same page that shows the index: Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books, 1571-1905
2. Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page. This is towards the bottom of the page and reads: "Browse through 4,668,489 images".
3. Select the "Religion"
4. Select the "Place"
5. Select the "Event, Years, vol." which takes you to the images
6. Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
7. If indexes are available in the images, check these for the name first. Indexes are usually located at the beginning of a group of images or at the end. They can also be found in individual folders. Find your ancestor's name and look for the locator information next to the name (such as page, entry, or certificate number). This will help you find the record you are looking for in the collection.

Reading the Records

Reading the records will be easier than you might think! Parish registers use only a few basic terms in any language, such as: father, mother, son, daughter, born, baptized, married, died. Personal and place names don't need to be translated, and dates often look very similar to English. More recent records are in columns, and by translating the column title, one can then easily read the pages. The basic vocabulary can be memorized for easy recognition, and other terms, such as occupations and relationships can be quickly translated, by consulting a genealogical word list.

Czech was not recognized as an official language until 1877 in Bohemia and 1905 in Moravia. Except for modern records of the 1900s, records in the Czech Republic were written mostly in Latin and German. These materials for learning to read German, Latin, and old Gothic script will be helpful in preparing you to read Czech church records.

This converter will show you how any phrase or name might look in German script:

Building a Family Record with a Search Strategy

Many articles on strategy are available on the Wiki, but here is a simple set of steps to guide you

  • Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth/baptism/christening record, then search for the births of his brothers and sisters.
  • Next, search for the marriage of his parents. The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents, and even the names of their parents.
  • You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
  • Search the death registers for all known family members.
  • Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
  • If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.


See also: