Difference between revisions of "Czech Republic Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection|CID=CID1918632 |title=Czech Republic, Land Records, 1450-1889|location=Czech Republic|}} <br>
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[[Czech Republic Genealogy|Czech Republic]]
  
== Title in the Language of the Records  ==
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{{Czech Republic HR Infobox
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|CID=CID1918632
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|title=Czech Republic, Land Records, 1450-1889
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|location=Czech Republic
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| LOC_01 =  
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| LOC_02 =
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| LOC_03 =
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| loc_map =
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| record_type = Land Records
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| start_year = 1450
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| end_year = 1889
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| language = Czech, German
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| title_language = Tschechische Republik, Landurkunden (German) <br> Česká republika, Gruntovní knihy a Soupisy poddaných (Czech)
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Czech Republic Genealogy|Czech Republic]]
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| FS_URL_02 = [[Czech Republic Land and Property]]
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| FS_URL_03 = [[Czech Republic Parish Finder]]
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| FS_URL_04 =
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| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://feefhs.org/links/czech.html Czech Genealogy Resources, The Federation of East European Family History Societies]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.cgsi.org/research/intro Czechoslovak Genealogical Society International]
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| RW_URL_03 = [http://actapublica.eu/ Acta Publica (in Czech or German)]
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =  
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| custodian =  
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}}
  
Tschechische Republik, Landurkunden (German) <br> Česká republika, Gruntovní knihy a Soupisy poddaných (Czech)
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== What Is in the Collection? ==
  
== Record Description  ==
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This collection will include records from 1450 to 1889. These records are in [[Czech Republic Genealogical Word List|Czech]]  and in [[German Word List|German]].<br>  
 
 
This collection will include records from 1450 to 1889.<br>  
 
  
 
Czech land books include declarations of land ownership, land transfers, and land inheritances. The Czech name of land records has varied over time; however, the records listed in this collection are named gruntovní knihy. These books initially were kept at the landholder level, then at village level, farm level, and finally by a district administrator and his scribe. Land registers are written mostly in German, with some in Czech. The available records only cover a very few geographical areas and towns. To see a list of the localities included in this collection, and the images, view the list of the images through the "Browse through the images" link in FamilySearch.org. The collection is incomplete and only covers a few towns. Additional images may be added to this collection in the future.  
 
Czech land books include declarations of land ownership, land transfers, and land inheritances. The Czech name of land records has varied over time; however, the records listed in this collection are named gruntovní knihy. These books initially were kept at the landholder level, then at village level, farm level, and finally by a district administrator and his scribe. Land registers are written mostly in German, with some in Czech. The available records only cover a very few geographical areas and towns. To see a list of the localities included in this collection, and the images, view the list of the images through the "Browse through the images" link in FamilySearch.org. The collection is incomplete and only covers a few towns. Additional images may be added to this collection in the future.  
  
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1918632/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.  
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For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1918632/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.  
  
 
The land books (pozemkové knihy) recorded landholders and land lease titles; they date from about 1600. The oldest land books (pozemkové knihy) listed the location of the property along with the financial obligations of the landholder to the estate owner. Buildings on these lands were often listed by type in land books (cottage, blacksmith’s forge, etc.). Starting in the mid 1600s, some records began differentiating by categories of farmers. Farmers were categorized as follows:  
 
The land books (pozemkové knihy) recorded landholders and land lease titles; they date from about 1600. The oldest land books (pozemkové knihy) listed the location of the property along with the financial obligations of the landholder to the estate owner. Buildings on these lands were often listed by type in land books (cottage, blacksmith’s forge, etc.). Starting in the mid 1600s, some records began differentiating by categories of farmers. Farmers were categorized as follows:  
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*Zahradník -- cottagers who owned somewhat larger tracts of land
 
*Zahradník -- cottagers who owned somewhat larger tracts of land
  
Another interesting fact about the land registers is that holders sometimes abandoned farmsteads and moved to another locality. In general, they left to escape high debt, but mostly because of drudgery or oppression. The Thirty Years' War killed many people. Everyone tried to get more land, and the gardener and serf classes decreased. Land registers are in the custody of Regional State Archives.  
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Another interesting fact about the land registers is that holders sometimes abandoned farmsteads and moved to another locality. In general, they left to escape high debt, but mostly because of drudgery or oppression. The Thirty Years' War left many people dead. Many tried to get more land, and the gardener and serf classes decreased. Land registers are in the custody of Regional State Archives.
  
== Record Content  ==
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===To Browse This Collection===
 +
 
 +
{{Collection_Browse_Link
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|title=Czech Republic Land Records, 1450-1889
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|CID=CID1918632
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}}
 +
 
 +
== Collection Content ==
 +
=== Sample Images ===
  
 
{{Incomplete Image Translations}}  
 
{{Incomplete Image Translations}}  
  
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="Czech Republic Land Records">
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<gallery caption="Czech Republic Land Records" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 
Image:Czech Republic, Opava Land Records DGS 4750246 49.jpg|Opava land Record
 
Image:Czech Republic, Opava Land Records DGS 4750246 49.jpg|Opava land Record
 
Image:Czech Republic Land Records DGS 4750246 8.jpg|Land Record
 
Image:Czech Republic Land Records DGS 4750246 8.jpg|Land Record
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</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
'''Land records usually&nbsp;contain the following information:'''
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'''Land records''' usually contain the following information:  
  
 
*A list of serfs with land rights, including their ages and type of obligations toward the estate owner  
 
*A list of serfs with land rights, including their ages and type of obligations toward the estate owner  
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*Changes in ownership of properties, succession of farmstead holders, prices and payments of property and goods
 
*Changes in ownership of properties, succession of farmstead holders, prices and payments of property and goods
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
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== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
'''To browse this collection you will need to follow this series of links:'''<br> ⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒ Select the "District, Place"<br>⇒ Select the "Record type"<br>⇒ Select the "Volume/Years" which takes you to the images.  
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'''To browse this collection, you will need to follow this series of links:'''<br> ⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒ Select the "District, Place"<br>⇒ Select the "Record type"<br>⇒ Select the "Volume/Years" which takes you to the images.  
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
 
These records can enhance the effective use of church records. They establish residence, ages, and relationships, which are valuable for pedigree links or when other records are not available.  
 
These records can enhance the effective use of church records. They establish residence, ages, and relationships, which are valuable for pedigree links or when other records are not available.  
  
==== For Help Reading These Records  ====
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== For Help Reading These Records  ==
  
 
These records are in German and Czech. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:  
 
These records are in German and Czech. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:  
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*[[Czech Republic Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Czech Republic Language and Languages]]
  
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
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== Known Issues With This Collection  ==
  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, see the attached [[Czech Republic Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, see the attached [[Czech Republic Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
[http://genealogylinks.net Genealogy Links]
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
*[[Czech Republic|Czech Republic]]
 
*[[Czech Republic Land and Property]]
 
*[[Czech Republic Parish Finder]]
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
 
{{Contributor invite}}
 
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
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== Citing This Collection ==
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection ===
 
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
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Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image. <br><br> '''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Czech Republic, Land Records 1450-1889." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing multiple Statni archiv [state archives].}}<br>
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Czech Republic, Land Records 1450-1850." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing multiple Statni archiv.}}
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<br> '''Image Citation'''<br> {{Image_Citation_Link
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|CID=CID1918632
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|title=Czech Republic, Land Records, 1450-1889
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|}}<br>  
  
<br>
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== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Czech_Republic|Land]]
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{{Contributor invite}}
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[[Category:Czech_Republic FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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{{H-langs|en=Czech Republic Land Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=República Tcheca, Registros de Terra (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 14:34, 14 July 2017

Czech Republic

Access the Records
Czech Republic, Land Records, 1450-1889 .
CID1918632
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{{{CID3}}}
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{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
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{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Czech Republic
Czech Republic Flag.png
Flag of the Czech Republic
CZ locator map Czech Republic.png
Record Description
Record Type: Land Records
Collection years: 1450-1889
Languages: Czech, German
Title in the Language: Tschechische Republik, Landurkunden (German)
Česká republika, Gruntovní knihy a Soupisy poddaných (Czech)
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive


What Is in the Collection?

This collection will include records from 1450 to 1889. These records are in Czech and in German.

Czech land books include declarations of land ownership, land transfers, and land inheritances. The Czech name of land records has varied over time; however, the records listed in this collection are named gruntovní knihy. These books initially were kept at the landholder level, then at village level, farm level, and finally by a district administrator and his scribe. Land registers are written mostly in German, with some in Czech. The available records only cover a very few geographical areas and towns. To see a list of the localities included in this collection, and the images, view the list of the images through the "Browse through the images" link in FamilySearch.org. The collection is incomplete and only covers a few towns. Additional images may be added to this collection in the future.

For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

The land books (pozemkové knihy) recorded landholders and land lease titles; they date from about 1600. The oldest land books (pozemkové knihy) listed the location of the property along with the financial obligations of the landholder to the estate owner. Buildings on these lands were often listed by type in land books (cottage, blacksmith’s forge, etc.). Starting in the mid 1600s, some records began differentiating by categories of farmers. Farmers were categorized as follows:

  • Sedlák -- serfs who did not own their land
  • Chalupník -- gardeners who owned their domicile and a small amount of land surrounding it
  • Zahradník -- cottagers who owned somewhat larger tracts of land

Another interesting fact about the land registers is that holders sometimes abandoned farmsteads and moved to another locality. In general, they left to escape high debt, but mostly because of drudgery or oppression. The Thirty Years' War left many people dead. Many tried to get more land, and the gardener and serf classes decreased. Land registers are in the custody of Regional State Archives.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Czech Republic Land Records, 1450-1889.

Collection Content

Sample Images

Land records usually contain the following information:

  • A list of serfs with land rights, including their ages and type of obligations toward the estate owner
  • Residences and often relationship to previous landholder
  • Lists of all the inhabitants of the estate, testaments, debts, orphan matters, mortgages, marriage contracts, inheritance, and other matters
  • Changes in ownership of properties, succession of farmstead holders, prices and payments of property and goods

How Do I Search the Collection?

To browse this collection, you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒ Select the "District, Place"
⇒ Select the "Record type"
⇒ Select the "Volume/Years" which takes you to the images.

Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

These records can enhance the effective use of church records. They establish residence, ages, and relationships, which are valuable for pedigree links or when other records are not available.

For Help Reading These Records

These records are in German and Czech. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Czech Republic, Land Records, 1450-1889

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Czech Republic, Land Records 1450-1889." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing multiple Statni archiv [state archives].


Image Citation

When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Czech Republic, Land Records, 1450-1889.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.