Dauphiné (Historic), France Genealogy
The Dauphiné was a region which became a prinipality and historic province of France. Its capital was Grenoble. It lies in what is now south eastern France: to the south was Provence; two natural borders were formed, to the west, by the east bank of the Rhône and, to the east, by the Alps. This area more or less corresponds with the modern French departments of Isère, Drôme and Hautes-Alpes.
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- The name Dauphiné (EN:ˈdəʊfɪneɪ, FR: dofine) derives from the word for "dolphin", a creature which was depicted on the heraldic arms of the rulers of the province; between 1350 and 1830, the eldest son of the King of France (heir apparent to the French throne) was invested with the Principality of Dauphiné and took the nick-name of "Dauphin" (the dolphin). 
- "Dauphiné" in Angus Stevenson (ed.), Oxford Dictionary of English (3rd ed., Oxford University Press, 2010) Print ISBN-13: 9780199571123 via Oxford Reference Online (2012) eISBN: 9780191727665 accessed 15 Feb 2013.
- Eric F. Johnson, "Dauphiné" in Robert E. Bjork (ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (Oxford University Press, 2010), Print ISBN-13: 9780198662624 accessed via Oxford Reference Online (2012) eISBN: 9780199574834 accessed 15 Feb 2013.
- "dauphin" in Elizabeth Knowles (ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2nd ed., 2005, Oxford University Press) ISBN-13: 9780198609810, via Oxford Reference Online eISBN: 9780191727047 accessed 15 February 2013.