Delaware in the Civil War
Introduction- Delaware in the Civil War
Though Delaware contributed 16 military units to the Union Army, the citizens of Delaware were divided in their feelings about the war. Some were for slavery; others were against it, and still others thought it would fade away if left alone.
Delaware Military Units
Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.
The information in the lists of Delaware Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.
A roster of Delaware volunteers is given at the end of the following work:
- Scharf, J. Thomas. History of Delaware, 1609-1888. Two Volumes. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: L.J. Richards, 1888. Google Books. (Family History Library film 1000154 items 1-2.) Lists place mustered, officers, and casualties.
- An index to compiled Delaware military service records is available at the Family History Library (Family History Library films 881617-20.)
- Delaware, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearchHistorical Records) goes to a description of the records with a link to the database.
- The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) for soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Delaware are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. For more information see Union Service Records.
The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, residence, and death date.
Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.
- The 1890 Census Veterans Schedules for the Delaware State Hospital for the Insane are available on roll 118 of "Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War" (NARA M123). The schedules list veterans and their widows who served as Union soldiers in the Civil War. For more information on the 1890 Veterans Schedules see Union Census Records.
Delaware Confederate Citizens and Soldiers
Delaware Grays (Sons of Confederate Veterans) has rosters and other information of Confederate citizens and soldiers of Delaware.
Hancock, Harold Bell. Delaware During the Civil War : a Political History. (Wilmington, Del. : Historical Society of Delaware, 2003, ©1961.) Libraries with this book
Delaware's United States Colored Troops and Sailors and list of Troops and Sailors buried in Delaware.
Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)
Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000.
In 1888 Delaware had 19 posts with 1,183 members.
The Family History Library Catalog list records of the Delaware Grand Army of the Republic
Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
With the death of the last member of the Grand Army of the Republic the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War was formed.
- Delaware History Museum. Delaware in the Civil War. (accessed 21 January 2011).