Dorchester County, Maryland Genealogy

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United States > Maryland > Dorchester County

Dorchester County, Maryland in green.
Dorchester County Boundary Map

County Courthouse

Dorchester County Courthouse, Cambridge, Md.

Dorchester County Office Building
501 Court Lane
Cambridge, MD 21613


Edward Sackville, later 4th Earl of Dorset, c. 1614, by William Larkin

Parent County

  • Created 27 May 1668 from Colonial lands.

Boundary Changes

  • 15 June 1773, Caroline County was set off.

Record Loss


Populated Places

  • Cambridge
  • Brookview
  • Church Creek
  • East New Market
  • Eldorado
  • Galestown
  • Hurlock
  • Secretary
  • Vienna
  • Algonquin
  • Bishops Head-Toddville
  • Crapo
  • Crocheron
  • Elliott-Salem
  • Fishing Creek
  • Hoopersville
  • Linkwood
  • Madison-Woolford
  • Rhodesdale
  • Taylors Island
  • Wingate

Neighboring Counties

Calvert| Caroline| St. Mary's| Somerset| Talbot| Wicomico| Deleware Counties: Sussex



Dorchester County cemetery transcriptions in the US Genweb Project and other sources.


  • 1776 Transcription and Index
  • 1778
  • 1790
  • 1800
  • 1810
  • 1820
  • 1830
  • 1840
  • 1850
  • 1850 Slave
  • 1860
  • 1860 Slave
  • 1870
  • 1880
  • 1890
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 1920
  • 1930


Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions identifies all churches known to have existed in Dorchester County, Maryland. It covers all denominations and includes record descriptions. The following records from their collection have been digitized and made available to view for free online:


Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


  • Barnes, Robert W., F. Edward Wright, Vernon L. Skinner and Henry C. Peden. Colonial Families of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 23 vols. Westminster, Md.: Family Line, 1996-2003; Lewes, Del.: Delmarva Roots and Colonial Roots, 2007. FHL US/CAN Book 975.21 D2b v. 1 ff. [Dorchester County families appear in Vols. 7, 11, 13-14, 16, and 19.]


  • [Wright] Wright, Charles W. The Wright Ancestry of Caroline, Dorchester, Somerset and Wicomico Counties Maryland. Baltimore: Baltimore City Printing and Binding Co., 1907. Available at FHL; digital versions at BYU Family History Archives and Google Books (full-view).



The New Early Settlers of Maryland database is a great place to start searching for immigrants who had arrived in the colony by the 1680s. The database "comprises 34,326 entries from Gust Skordas' Early Settlers of Maryland and Carson Gibb's Supplement to the Early Settlers of Maryland." Available online, courtesy: Maryland State Archives.

Other Dorchester County immigration resources include:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of a resident of Vianna [Vienna, Dorchester County] with the following surname: Dennis.]
  • List of imported servants and convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Dorchester County, Maryland (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database. [Includes Richard J. Cox's abstracts of Maryland Gazette runaways.]


Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Dorchester County Deed Books (1669-present) have been uploaded to their website: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)

Local Histories




Dorchester County, Maryland Old Newspapers are available online.

Private Papers

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Vianna [Vienna, Dorchester County] with the following surname: Dennis.]



Vital Records


Other Dorchester County death record resources include:

  • Dorchester County, Maryland Cemeteries, Death Certificate Indexes, Death Certificate Abstracts, Abstracts of Obituaries are available online.

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites


  1. "List of Counties in Maryland," Wikipedia.