Edwards County, Illinois Genealogy

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Edwards County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Edwards County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: November 28, 1814
County Seat Albion
Edwards County Courthouse.gif
Address Edwards County Courthouse
50 E. Main Street
Albion, Illinois 62806
(618) 445-2115

United States Gotoarrow.png Illinois Gotoarrow.png Edwards County

Edwards County Organization

Edwards County's civil records start the following years:

Beginning Dates for Edwards County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1877 1815 1877 1820 1815 1815

County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Edwards County are kept, see the Edwards County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Ninian Edwards.png
Edwards County is named for Ninian Edwards who was the Governor of the Illinois Territory (1809-1818) and third Governor of the State of Illinois (1826-1830). His son Ninian Edwards Jr., is married to Elizabeth Todd, sister of Mary Todd Lincoln, wife of Abraham Lincoln.

Boundary Changes

  • 28 November 1814: -- Edwards County was created 28 November 1814 from Madison and Gallatin Counties. [1]

Record Loss

Records and Resources


Combined history of Edwards, Lawrence and Wabash counties, Illinois: with illustrations descriptive of their scenery and biographical sketches of some of their prominent men and pioneers; pub. 1883, reprint 2001 WorldCat 47069814, FHL Film 924407 Item 2, FHL Book 977.37 H2co


Gotoarrow.png Illinois Cemeteries for more information.

Gotoarrow.png Find A Grave, list of cemeteries. Additional information can be found at local level (city, township, etc.)


For information and tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990




  • 1880 census by the United States of America of Edwards County Illinois, pub. 1981 WorldCat 8343939



Centennial Celebrations, etc

Edwards County sesquicentennial 1814-1964; pub. 1964?; Edwards County Historical Society FHL Book 977.3791 H2e

Church History

Churches of Edwards County; pub. 19?? FHL Book 977.3 A1 no. 127, FHL film 983673 Item 3

Court Records

Guardian index to files, Albion, Illinois : includes insolvents, adoption and insane persons from circuit clerk's office, Edwards County, Illinois, pub. 19??, ECHS FHL film 2055210 Item 6, book 977.3791 P22g

Emigration and Immigration

  • Report of aliens, 1818-1822; filmed 1981, IRAD-EIU, FHL film 1688799 Item 2
  • Encyclopedia of American immigration, pub. 2001 WorldCat 43552479, {{FHL|980378|item|disp=FHL Book 973 W26c v. 1-4]]
    Edwards County is mentioned in this series.

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.

Funeral Homes

Ingram Funeral Home records, 1939-1971, Albion, Illinois; filmed 2005 FHL Film 1426344-1426345
note: the records were filmed in Wayne County, Illinois courthouse.


A History of Edwards County, Illinois; pub. 1980, 1993 FHL Books 977.3791 H2h v. 1 and 2

Mailing Lists

Message Boards




Land and Property

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.

Unlike most Illinois counties, Edwards is divided into Road Districts, as opposed to Townships found in other counties.

For information and tips about the records deposited at Illinois Regional Archives and Depository, see IRAD-EIU page. Follow instructions to find Edwards county records.

1815-present The original land and property records for Edwards County are held by the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1816–1865 Deed Grantee Index Genealogy Trails
  • 1814 Edwards County Historical Society. Original Land Sales, Edwards County, Illinois, beginning 1814. Albion, Illinois: Edwards County Historical Society (IL), 1983. WorldCat 13860466, FHL book 977.3791 R2
  • 1800s – Present - Use the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Land Patent Index to obtain original federal land transfer records, including homestead, military warrants, and cash entry patents. These records help a researcher establish location and lead to National Archives’ records which may include genealogical information. Earlier land transfer records are at the National Archives.


Military History and Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Edwards County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Edwards County.

- 38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.
- 40th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.
- 56th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company H.
- 63rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 87th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B and H.

Naturalization and Citizenship


  • Index to the newspapers, Albion Journal and Albion Pioneer, 1869-1906, filmed 1975 FHL film 983671 Item 1
  • Gleanings of old newspapers, pub. 2009 WorldCat 672352608
    Newspaper clippings from various newspapers in Clay, Richland, Edwards, Lawrence, Wabash and Wayne Counties in Illinois. Include obituaries, birth announcements, weddings, court news and articles of general interest on those counties.


Probate Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate Records for more information.

1817–present — The original Edwards county probate records are housed at Circuit Court Clerk'soffice.



  • County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Edwards County are kept, see the Edwards County Courthouse page.

  • Family History Centers

The following centers are accessible to residents of Edwards County, Illinois:

Centralia Illinois Family History Center
Centralia, Marion, Illinois

Eldorado Illinois Family History Center
Eldorado, Saline, Illinois

Evansville Indiana Family History Center
Evansville, Vanderburgh, Indiana

Vincennes Indiana Family History Center
Vincennes, Knox, Indiana

Please note: Addresses posted are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

  • Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

The Eastern Illinois Regional Archives Depository is located at Eastern Illinois University in Charleston. See the IRAD–EIU wiki page for more about this depository and its holdings.

  • Public Libraries

Albion Public Library
6 North 4th Street
Albion, IL 62806
Phone: (618) 445-3314

West Salem Public Library
112 West South Street
West Salem, IL 62476
Phone: (618) 456-8970

SILNET (Southern Illinois Library Network)

The following libraries are outside of Edwards County, containing genealogical collections pertaining to the county.


Social Groups Online


  • Genealogical Society of Southern Illinois has a page with details about its' activities.


Vital Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information.


1877–present - The original Edwards County birth records 1877-present are housed at the County Clerk's office. The following copies are available:


1815–present — The original Edwards County marriage records 1815-present are housed at the County Clerk's office. The following copies are available:

The following abstracts are available:


1877–present - The original Edwards County death records 1877-present are housed at the County Clerk's office. The following copies are available:

The following abstracts are available:

Voting Registers


Databases pertinent to Edwards County


  1. WorldCat 50140092, FHL Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)