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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1410775|title=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900|location=England}}<br>
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[[England Genealogy|England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cheshire, England Genealogy|Cheshire]] <br>
  
[[Image:300px-St James' Church, Gawsworth.jpg|thumb|right|St James' Church, Gawsworth]]  
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This collection consists of marriage bonds and allegations from the county of Cheshire for the years 1606-1900.
 +
{{England HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID1410775
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| title=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900
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| location=England
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| LOC_01 =Cheshire
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| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
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| loc_map =Cheshire location.png 
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| record_type =Marriage Bonds and Allegations
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| start_year =1606
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| end_year =1900
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| FS_URL_01 =[[England Civil Registration]] 
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| FS_URL_02 =[[Quick Research Links - England]]
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| FS_URL_03 =[[Cheshire Genealogy]]
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| FS_URL_04 =[[England Genealogy]]
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| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.coraweb.com.au/uksites.htm United Kingdom - England: Societies and Resources] 
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| RW_URL_02 =
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| RW_URL_03 =
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian =[http://archives.cheshire.gov.uk/home.aspx Cheshire Archives and Local Studies]  
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}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
 +
This collection contains an index to various record types necessary to obtain a marriage license. The original records are held at the [http://archives.cheshire.gov.uk/home.aspx Cheshire Archives].
  
This Collection will include records from 1606 to 1900.<br>
+
Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Until 1733, marriage bonds were written partly in Latin but the wording was standardized. Furthermore, the printed forms that were in use by the 1690s also help in deciphering the records.
  
Most of the original marriage allegations have now been compiled and bound in volumes. Most of the original marriage allegations have been preserved. While many are in the custody of the diocese, others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Still others may be found in the county records office.  
+
Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses, rather than having their marriage announced by banns. Other possible reasons for obtaining marriage licenses are explained in the [[Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales]] article.
  
A marriage allegation is a sworn statement filed by the marriage participants in support of their license application. It is a statement that there is no reason that the marriage should not take place. Marriage licenses could be granted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, bishops, and archdeacons or their surrogates within their respective jurisdictions. The original allegations and bonds were held by the various Church officials. Most were later transferred to county record offices. Many records are now published by the respective diocese.  
+
Although most bonds and allegations have survived, some are in poor condition and difficult to read, especially when the microfilmed images are badly focused. Licenses themselves were not normally retained for long after being handed to the officiating minister, though exceptions are known to exist.
  
Allegations were created from the early 14th century to the present. <br>
+
;Jurisdictions
 +
For a list of the parishes which historically made up this county with links to more information about each of them, see the [[Cheshire Parishes]] page.  
  
The marriage licensing process created three types of documents. One of these documents is the marriage allegation. The majority of English people were married by banns, not license, so they would not be party to a marriage allegation.  
+
Until 1847, the [[Diocese of Chester]] covered large portions of Lancashire and Yorkshire, so some parishes from these two counties may be present in this collection. It could be helpful to use the [http://maps.familysearch.org/ Historical Jurisdictions Map] to locate pre-1851 parish boundaries.
  
The information in a marriage allegation was provided by the marriage partners. The information is reliable.  
+
==What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
The following list indicates potential information provided in these records. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all the listed information, as record-keeping practices varied greatly over time.  
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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'''Marriage Bonds and Allegations''' may include: <br>
 
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*Names of bride and groom
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
*Ages of bride and groom
 
+
*Bride and groom’s occupations  
{{Collection citation
 
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Church of England. England, Cheshire, marriage bonds and allegations. Cheshire Record Office, Chester, England.<!--bibdescend--> }}
 
 
 
[[England Cheshire Marriage Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="England Marriage Allegation Examples">
 
Image:England Marriage Allegation (09-0343) (09-0346) (09-0347) DGS 4087987_75.jpg
 
Image:England Marriage Allegation.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
A marriage allegation lists:
 
 
 
*Couple’s names
 
*Couple’s ages
 
*Couple’s occupations  
 
 
*Whether the individuals were single or widowed  
 
*Whether the individuals were single or widowed  
 
*Parish of residence  
 
*Parish of residence  
 
*Where the marriage was to take place (sometimes included)  
 
*Where the marriage was to take place (sometimes included)  
 
*Parents’ name or signature (sometimes included)  
 
*Parents’ name or signature (sometimes included)  
*If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the allegation would name the parent or guardian who was consenting to the marriage.
+
*If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the allegation would name the parent or guardian consenting to the marriage.
 
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
 
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes to marriages make it possible to access a specific marriage record quickly. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
 
 
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
 
 
 
*The name of the person at the time of marriage
 
*The approximate marriage date
 
*The marriage place
 
*The name of the intended spouse
 
*If an index is not available, you must know the jurisdiction where the allegation
 
 
 
Use the locator information found in the index (such as page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the marriage records. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the marriage record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
 
 
 
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
 
 
 
For example:
 
 
 
*Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
 
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment, workhouse, or guild&nbsp;records, military records, or other types of records.
 
*Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
*The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
 
*Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
 
*Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
 
*Use the marriage number to identify previous marriages.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
 
 
Keep in mind:
 
 
 
*Earlier records may not contain as much information.
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
 
 
 
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
 
 
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
 
*Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby parishes.
 
 
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F65210 Marriage licenses, bonds and allegations for the Consistory Court of the Archdeaconry of Chester, 1606-1905] - entry from the [[FHLC]]
 
*[http://www.coraweb.com.au/uksites.htm United Kingdom - England: Societies and Resources]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
Before searching, it is best to know the following information:
 +
*Name of the person
 +
*Date range for the record
 +
As you search, compare your results with this information to find a match.
  
*[[Cheshire]]
+
=== Search the Index ===
*[[England]]  
+
#Go to the '''[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1410775 Collection Page]'''
*[[England Civil Registration]]
+
#Enter the requested information into the search box
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
+
#Click '''Search''' to return a list of possible matches
  
== Contributions to this Article  ==
 
  
{{Contributor_invite}}  
+
{{Tip|Images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1410775 England, Cheshire, marriage bonds and allegations, 1606-1900]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
 +
*Be careful using the listed age to estimate a birth year. Rather than listing actual ages, clerks often wrote in 21 as the age of both the bride and groom to show that they each were of legal age.
 +
*If in the appropriate period, use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the [[England Census]] and the [[England Civil Registration]] records.
 +
*Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*When looking for an individual with a common name, look at all the search results before deciding which is the correct person. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to help with this decision. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
 +
*Try variations of given names and surnames. An individual might appear under a different name in a record for a variety of reasons:
 +
*#An individual might have been listed under a middle name, [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nicknamegiven-name-equivalents.htm nickname], or [[Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records|abbreviation]] of their given name.
 +
*#Spelling was not standardized for much of the period of this collection, so names were often spelled as scribes heard them. Pay attention to how the name should have been pronounced and try spelling variations that could have that pronunciation.
 +
*#Some women returned to their maiden names after the death of their husbands.
 +
*Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of results which can then be examined for matches. Try expanding the date range as well; this is especially useful in searching baptismal records, as it was not unusual for a child to be baptized weeks or even months after birth.
 +
*Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon. For this particular collection, this step may require finding records in the bordering English counties of Lancashire to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire or Shropshire to the south, or in the Welsh counties of Denbighshire and Flintshire to the west.
 +
 +
For additional help searching online collections see [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
== Citing this Collection ==
 +
Proper citations make it easier to get back to sources that you have found, so citing sources properly can help you keep track of research. Correct citations also allow others to check completed research by giving them a way to find and examine records for themselves.
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
Below are the proper citations to use for this whole collection as well as for individual records within it:<br>
  
"England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900," database, ''FamilySearch''(https://familysearch.org: accessed 22 March 2012), William Ibberson and Elizabeth Levitt, 11 July 1848; citing Cathedral Church, reference Canterbury, FHL microfilm 1,894,810; Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1694-1882, Cheshire Record Office, Chester.  
+
'''Collection Citation'''<br>
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Cheshire Record Office.}}
  
{{featured article}}  
+
'''Record (or Index) Citation'''<br>
 +
{{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1410775
 +
|title=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900
 +
}}
  
[[Category:Cheshire|Marriage Allegations]]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?  ==
 +
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
{{H-langs|en=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra, Cheshire, Contratos e Alegações Matrimoniais (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 17:55, 12 May 2017

England Gotoarrow.png Cheshire

This collection consists of marriage bonds and allegations from the county of Cheshire for the years 1606-1900.

Access the Records
England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900 .
CID1410775
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Cheshire,  England
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Cheshire location.png
Location of Cheshire, England
England in United Kingdom.svg 2000px.png
Record Description
Record Type Marriage Bonds and Allegations
Collection years 1606-1900
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Cheshire Archives and Local Studies


What is in the Collection?

This collection contains an index to various record types necessary to obtain a marriage license. The original records are held at the Cheshire Archives.

Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Until 1733, marriage bonds were written partly in Latin but the wording was standardized. Furthermore, the printed forms that were in use by the 1690s also help in deciphering the records.

Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses, rather than having their marriage announced by banns. Other possible reasons for obtaining marriage licenses are explained in the Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales article.

Although most bonds and allegations have survived, some are in poor condition and difficult to read, especially when the microfilmed images are badly focused. Licenses themselves were not normally retained for long after being handed to the officiating minister, though exceptions are known to exist.

Jurisdictions

For a list of the parishes which historically made up this county with links to more information about each of them, see the Cheshire Parishes page.

Until 1847, the Diocese of Chester covered large portions of Lancashire and Yorkshire, so some parishes from these two counties may be present in this collection. It could be helpful to use the Historical Jurisdictions Map to locate pre-1851 parish boundaries.

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

The following list indicates potential information provided in these records. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all the listed information, as record-keeping practices varied greatly over time.

Marriage Bonds and Allegations may include:

  • Names of bride and groom
  • Ages of bride and groom
  • Bride and groom’s occupations
  • Whether the individuals were single or widowed
  • Parish of residence
  • Where the marriage was to take place (sometimes included)
  • Parents’ name or signature (sometimes included)
  • If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the allegation would name the parent or guardian consenting to the marriage.

How Do I Search the Collection?

Before searching, it is best to know the following information:

  • Name of the person
  • Date range for the record

As you search, compare your results with this information to find a match.

Search the Index

  1. Go to the Collection Page
  2. Enter the requested information into the search box
  3. Click Search to return a list of possible matches


What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now?

  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
  • Be careful using the listed age to estimate a birth year. Rather than listing actual ages, clerks often wrote in 21 as the age of both the bride and groom to show that they each were of legal age.
  • If in the appropriate period, use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the England Census and the England Civil Registration records.
  • Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • When looking for an individual with a common name, look at all the search results before deciding which is the correct person. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to help with this decision. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
  • Try variations of given names and surnames. An individual might appear under a different name in a record for a variety of reasons:
    1. An individual might have been listed under a middle name, nickname, or abbreviation of their given name.
    2. Spelling was not standardized for much of the period of this collection, so names were often spelled as scribes heard them. Pay attention to how the name should have been pronounced and try spelling variations that could have that pronunciation.
    3. Some women returned to their maiden names after the death of their husbands.
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of results which can then be examined for matches. Try expanding the date range as well; this is especially useful in searching baptismal records, as it was not unusual for a child to be baptized weeks or even months after birth.
  • Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon. For this particular collection, this step may require finding records in the bordering English counties of Lancashire to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire or Shropshire to the south, or in the Welsh counties of Denbighshire and Flintshire to the west.

For additional help searching online collections see FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Citing this Collection

Proper citations make it easier to get back to sources that you have found, so citing sources properly can help you keep track of research. Correct citations also allow others to check completed research by giving them a way to find and examine records for themselves.

Below are the proper citations to use for this whole collection as well as for individual records within it:

Collection Citation

"England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Cheshire Record Office.

Record (or Index) Citation

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900.


How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.