Difference between revisions of "England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article
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[[England Genealogy|England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Durham, England Genealogy|Durham]]
|location=England
 
|CID=CID1675690
 
|title=England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900}} <br>[[Image:Chester-le-Street St Mary & St Cuthbert Co Durham.jpg|thumb|right|Chester-le-Street St Mary & St Cuthbert Co Durham.jpg|<center>Chester-le-Street St Mary & Cuthbert Co Durham<center></center>]]  
 
  
== Record Description ==
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{{England HR Infobox
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| CID=CID1675690
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| title=England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900
 +
| location=England
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| LOC_01 =Durham
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| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
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| loc_map =UK Locator Map England Durham.png 
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| record_type =Marriage Bonds and Allegations
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| start_year =1692
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| end_year =1900
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| FS_URL_01 =[[Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[Diocese of Durham]]  
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[Durham Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[England Genealogy]] 
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://joinermarriageindex.co.uk/pjoiner/genuki/DUR/ GENUKI - Durham]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =
 +
| RW_URL_03 =
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =  
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| custodian =[https://www.dur.ac.uk/ Durham University]
 +
}}
  
This Collection will include records from 1692 to 1900.<br>
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
 +
This collection consists of marriage bonds and allegations for the Diocese of Durham, covering the period 1692-1900. Availability of records may vary by time and locality.
  
Allegations are handwritten documents. Later allegations are handwritten on preprinted pages. Most of the originals have now been compiled and bound in volumes. The majority of the original marriage allegations have been preserved. While most are in the custody of the diocese, others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury; most are now in the county records office.  
+
Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses rather than having their marriage announced by banns.
  
The Bishop of Durham’s transcripts of marriage bonds and allegations for Allertonshire Peculiar includes the following Yorkshire parishes:
+
The earliest allegations were entirely handwritten, while later allegations were filled out on preprinted pages. Most of the originals have been preserved, having been compiled and bound in volumes which are now in the custody of either the diocese or the county records office. Others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  
*Birkby
+
The Diocese of Durham is a long-established bishopric in the north of England, historically covering County Durham and a few other adjacent areas, including the southern part of Tyne and Wear, the boroughs of Darlington, Hartlepool and the area of Stockton-on-Tees north of the River Tees. For a list of parishes historically pertaining to County Durham with links to more information about each of them, see [[Durham Parishes]].
*Cowesby
 
*Hutton Bonville
 
*Leake
 
*Nether Silton
 
*North Otterington
 
*Osmotherly
 
*Thornton-le-Street
 
  
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1675690/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page
+
== Collection Content ==
 +
This collection contains various documents related to marriage.  
  
A marriage allegation is a sworn statement filed often by the marriage participants in connection with their license application. It is a statement that there is no known reason that the marriage should not take place. Marriage licences could be granted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, bishops, and archdeacons or their surrogates within their respective jurisdictions. The original allegations and bonds were held by the various church officials. Most were later transferred to county record offices. Many of the records are now published by the respective dioceses. The majority of English people would have been married by banns, not by licence, and so would not have a marriage allegation. However, from the early 16th century, those able to pay the fee would avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a licence, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to their intended marriage. Dissenters (other faiths) were obliged to marry in the Church of England but obtained a licence to marry.
+
=== Sample Images ===
 
+
<gallery>
For further information, see [[Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales]].
+
Image:England Marriage Allegation (09-0343) (09-0346) (09-0347) DGS 4087987 75.jpg|Marriage Allegation
 
+
Image:Durham Diocese Marriage Bonds and Allegations 1692-1900 DGS 004088300 22.jpg|Marriage Record
The Durham collection represent allegations or applications made to the diocesan chancellor or surrogate application may have been made to the Archbishop's of York or Canterbury as the two provinces within the Church of England. In the case of Canterbury allegations, the licence issued was valid throughout England.
+
</gallery>
 
 
Two people made the allegation (application) to designated officers of either the diocesan chancellor or surrogate or the Archbishop’s of York or Canterbury. Bridegrooms may make an allegation or have two friends do so on their behalf. Each allegation requires two bondsmen who would stand as surety in case any impediment to marriage is later discovered. Underage spouses required parental consent as part of the allegation.
 
 
 
The licences were issued to the bridegroom and have generally not survived. The allegations and bonds are found at diocesan or record office and here, forming this collection.
 
 
 
Both the Canterbury Vicar-General's and Faculty Office records are held at the Lambeth Palace library, the residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and can be seen by appointment with the librarian. Printed indexes of these were published by the Harleian Society. The Society of Genealogists also owns a collection of abstracts and indexes and has published a guide to them.
 
 
 
These records were created as part of the ecclesiastical process of ensuring that no lawful impediment to marriage existed, that persons of other faiths required to marry in the Church of England had a system to do so, and that an alternative was offered to those who did wish public banns to be read. The licence was normally obtained from the chancellor or surrogate of the diocese in which one of the parties lived and in which the marriage was intended to be celebrated, but application could be made to the Vicar-General of the Archbishop of the province. If the parties lived in different diocese, they had to apply to the Vicar-General. If they lived in different provinces they had to apply to the Master of Faculties of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
 
 
 
The record was used by the marriage official as evidence that the bride and groom were eligible to be married.
 
 
 
The information included in a marriage allegation is sometimes unreliable; fictitious names are not unknown! Generally if the bridegroom and a friend made the allegation the information is reliable; in the case of application by two "friends" a degree of caution may be indicated. It was often the case that families of nobility would have others handle the license application on their behalf. The use of fictitious bondsmen names is encountered but usually the parties to the marriage are accurate unless secretive marriage was being sought for pregnancy or another reason.
 
 
 
The Allegation or application is only an intention to marry and just as a banns book entry may not result in an actual marriage, the license does not imply an actual marriage.
 
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
 
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->England, Durham Diocese, marriage bonds and allegations. Durham University Library, Durham, England.<!--bibdescend--> }}
 
 
 
[[England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
The key genealogical facts found in the Marriage Allegation Records may include the following information:
 
 
 
[[Image:England Marriage Allegation (09-0343) (09-0346) (09-0347) DGS 4087987 75.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
  
 +
== What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
The following list indicates potential information given these records. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all of the listed information, as record-keeping practices often varied by time and location.
 +
 
 +
'''Marriage Records''' may contain:
 
*Names of the marriage partners  
 
*Names of the marriage partners  
 
*Ages of the marriage partners  
 
*Ages of the marriage partners  
 
*Occupations of the marriage partners  
 
*Occupations of the marriage partners  
*Marital statuses (whether single or widowed)
+
*Marital statuses before marriage
*Parish of residence  
+
*Parishes of residence  
*Sometimes where the marriage was to take place  
+
*Parish where the marriage was to take place  
*Sometimes a parent’s name or signature
+
*Names and signatures of parents, esp. if one of the marriage partners was a minor
*If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the name of the parent or guardian who was consenting to the marriage
 
 
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
 
 
For people whose ancestors married by license, the allegation could be a valuable research tool. The allegation can help define family relationships and residences as well as personal information such as age and occupation. You can use the residence information for the bride and groom to look for their baptisms and to identify the children of this couple. The ages can help you calculate an approximate year of birth.
 
 
 
'''Beginning Your Search'''
 
 
 
To begin your search, you must know the name of a marriage partner. If no index is available, you must know the jurisdiction where the allegation was filed and an approximate marriage date.
 
 
 
'''Searching the Index'''
 
 
 
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "Year" category<br> ⇒Select the "Durham University Reference Number" category which will take you to the images.
 
 
 
Look at each image one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 
 
 
'''Can't Find Information?'''
 
  
The following suggestions can help you find marriage allegation records for your ancestors:
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.
  
*Make sure you are searching in the right jurisdiction.
+
=== Search by Name by Visiting the Collection Page ===
*Check for indexes that will make your search easier.  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.
*When searching through the records, look for others with the same surname; they may be related.
 
*Look for allegations of parents and earlier generations in the same jurisdiction.
 
*Look for allegations of children in the same jurisdiction.
 
  
== Related Website  ==
+
=== View Images in This Collection by Visiting the Browse Page ===
 +
If granted the rights to view the digitized records in this collection (see below), the images may be accessed by following this series of links: <br>
 +
⇒ Select '''Browse through images''' on the initial collection page <br>
 +
⇒ Select the appropriate '''Year'''<br>
 +
⇒ Select the appropriate '''Durham University Reference Number''' to go to the images
  
[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/England,_Durham_Diocese,_Calendar_of_Marriage_Bonds_and_Allegations_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) England, Durham Diocese Calendar of Marriage Bonds Allegations]
+
Compare the information found on the images with what is already known determine if a particular record relates to the correct person. This process may require examining multiple records before the correct person is located.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
Many of the records in this collection are written in an old script that may be challenging to read. Refer to [https://script.byu.edu/Pages/home.aspx BYU’s Script Tutorial] for assistance with reading the records.
  
*[[England|England]]  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
*[[Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales]]
+
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now? ===
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
+
*Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if allowed to do so.
 +
*Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the estimated age given in a marriage record to calculate an approximate year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
 +
*Use the information which has been discovered and locate the original parish marriage record, if possible.
 +
*Use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the [[England Census]] and the [[England Civil Registration]] records.
 +
*Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.
 +
 +
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
 +
*Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names; transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record. Also remember that it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name, especially in church records. See [[Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records]] for examples of common abbreviations.
 +
*Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches.
 +
*Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon. For this particular collection, this step may require finding records in the bordering English counties of Northumberland to the north or Yorkshire to the south. Note that marriages usually took place in the parish where the bride resided.
 +
*Look at the actual image of the record to verify the information found in the online description, if possible.
  
== Contributions to This Article ==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
 +
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
== Citing this Collection ==
 +
Citing sources correctly makes it easier to refer back to information that has already been discovered; proper citations are therefore key to keeping track of genealogical research. Following established citation formats also allows others to verify completed research by helping them find and examine records for themselves.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
To be of use, citations must include information such as the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records, if available. The following examples demonstrate how to present this information, and can serve as templates for creating proper citations for both this particular collection and individual images within the collection:
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Church of England. Durham University Library, Palace Green.}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
<br> '''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1675690
 +
|title=England, Durham Diocese, Calendar of Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900
 +
}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
 +
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
"England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds Allegations, 1692-1900." images ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 27 March, 2012), 1896 &gt; DDR EJ MLA 1 1896 &gt; image 15 of 303, Henry Robert Tomlin and Anne Elizabeth Dodds, January 1896; citing Marriage Bonds, Durham County Record Office Durham, England.
+
{{H-langs|en=England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra, Diocese de Durham, Contratos e Alegações Matrimoniais (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
  
[[Category:Durham|Marriage Bonds and Allegations]]
+
[[Category:Durham FamilySearch Historical Records|Marriage Bonds and Allegations]]

Latest revision as of 15:21, 2 February 2017

England Gotoarrow.png Durham

Access the Records
England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900 .
CID1675690
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{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Durham,  England
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
UK Locator Map England Durham.png
Location of Durham, England
England in United Kingdom.svg 2000px.png
Record Description
Record Type Marriage Bonds and Allegations
Collection years 1692-1900
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Durham University


What is in the Collection?

This collection consists of marriage bonds and allegations for the Diocese of Durham, covering the period 1692-1900. Availability of records may vary by time and locality.

Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses rather than having their marriage announced by banns.

The earliest allegations were entirely handwritten, while later allegations were filled out on preprinted pages. Most of the originals have been preserved, having been compiled and bound in volumes which are now in the custody of either the diocese or the county records office. Others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

The Diocese of Durham is a long-established bishopric in the north of England, historically covering County Durham and a few other adjacent areas, including the southern part of Tyne and Wear, the boroughs of Darlington, Hartlepool and the area of Stockton-on-Tees north of the River Tees. For a list of parishes historically pertaining to County Durham with links to more information about each of them, see Durham Parishes.

Collection Content

This collection contains various documents related to marriage.

Sample Images

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

The following list indicates potential information given these records. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all of the listed information, as record-keeping practices often varied by time and location.

Marriage Records may contain:

  • Names of the marriage partners
  • Ages of the marriage partners
  • Occupations of the marriage partners
  • Marital statuses before marriage
  • Parishes of residence
  • Parish where the marriage was to take place
  • Names and signatures of parents, esp. if one of the marriage partners was a minor

How Do I Search the Collection?

Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.

Search by Name by Visiting the Collection Page

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.

View Images in This Collection by Visiting the Browse Page

If granted the rights to view the digitized records in this collection (see below), the images may be accessed by following this series of links:
⇒ Select Browse through images on the initial collection page
⇒ Select the appropriate Year
⇒ Select the appropriate Durham University Reference Number to go to the images

Compare the information found on the images with what is already known determine if a particular record relates to the correct person. This process may require examining multiple records before the correct person is located.

Many of the records in this collection are written in an old script that may be challenging to read. Refer to BYU’s Script Tutorial for assistance with reading the records.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now?

  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if allowed to do so.
  • Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the estimated age given in a marriage record to calculate an approximate year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
  • Use the information which has been discovered and locate the original parish marriage record, if possible.
  • Use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the England Census and the England Civil Registration records.
  • Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
  • Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names; transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record. Also remember that it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name, especially in church records. See Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records for examples of common abbreviations.
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches.
  • Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon. For this particular collection, this step may require finding records in the bordering English counties of Northumberland to the north or Yorkshire to the south. Note that marriages usually took place in the parish where the bride resided.
  • Look at the actual image of the record to verify the information found in the online description, if possible.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing this Collection

Citing sources correctly makes it easier to refer back to information that has already been discovered; proper citations are therefore key to keeping track of genealogical research. Following established citation formats also allows others to verify completed research by helping them find and examine records for themselves.

To be of use, citations must include information such as the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records, if available. The following examples demonstrate how to present this information, and can serve as templates for creating proper citations for both this particular collection and individual images within the collection:

Collection Citation:

"England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Church of England. Durham University Library, Palace Green.


Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England, Durham Diocese, Calendar of Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.