Difference between revisions of "England, Kent, Workhouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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[[England Genealogy|England]]
|location=England
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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]
|CID=CID1949802
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[[Kent, England Genealogy|Kent]]
|title=England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911}} <br>
 
 
 
== Image Visibility  ==
 
 
 
Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, ultimate rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians. The England, Kent, Workhouse Records collection is available to the Family History Library, FamilySearch Centers, and to members of the supporting organization, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The images can be viewed at a [https://www.familysearch.org/locations FamilySearch Center] near you.
 
  
For those in the United Kingdom, images may also be viewed by visiting the [http://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure_and_culture/archives_and_local_history.aspx Kent History and Library Centre] in Maidstone, England.
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{{England HR Infobox
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| CID=CID1949802
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| title=England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911
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| location=England
 +
| LOC_01 =Kent
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| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
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| loc_map =GB Locator Map Kent.png
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| record_type =Workhouse
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| start_year =1777
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| end_year =1911
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| FS_URL_01 =[[England and Wales Poor Law Records 1834-1948]]
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| FS_URL_02 =[[England Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.]]
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| FS_URL_03 =[[England Miscellaneous Workhouse Records (National Institute)]]
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| FS_URL_04 =[[England Genealogy|England Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[[Kent Genealogy]]
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| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 =[http://forebears.io/england/kent Kent Genealogical Records]
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| RW_URL_02 =[http://users.ox.ac.uk/~malcolm/genuki/big/eng/KEN/ GENUKI: Kent]
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| RW_URL_03 =
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian =[http://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure-and-community/history-and-heritage/kent-history-and-library-centre Kent History and Library Centre]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
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== What is in the Collection? ==
  
The collection consists of workhouse records for the County of Kent. Availability of the records varies by year and locality.  
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The collection consists of workhouse records for the County of Kent available at the Kent History and Library Centre in Maidstone, England. Availability of the records varies by year and locality.  
  
 
Poor Law Records are records created by the process of caring for the poor. This includes records of rates (taxes) collected, as well as disbursements of, application for, and administration of poor relief or welfare. In England, the term poor law records usually applies to records created between the beginning of the English Poor Law Acts around 1600 until the abolishment of the Poor Law system in 1948.  
 
Poor Law Records are records created by the process of caring for the poor. This includes records of rates (taxes) collected, as well as disbursements of, application for, and administration of poor relief or welfare. In England, the term poor law records usually applies to records created between the beginning of the English Poor Law Acts around 1600 until the abolishment of the Poor Law system in 1948.  
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Providing for the poor has long been challenge in England. This responsibility was placed on the parish officials in 1531. In the early years, each parish handled matters as they saw fit, since laws regulating the administration of matter dealing with the poor were not enacted until 1597, 1598, and 1601. The 1601 system was modified over the years, with Settlement Laws added in 1662. Providing relief for a person in need took time. Monies were collected by an appointed person from those who had land or property in the parish. An amount was assessed according to the value of their land or property.  
 
Providing for the poor has long been challenge in England. This responsibility was placed on the parish officials in 1531. In the early years, each parish handled matters as they saw fit, since laws regulating the administration of matter dealing with the poor were not enacted until 1597, 1598, and 1601. The 1601 system was modified over the years, with Settlement Laws added in 1662. Providing relief for a person in need took time. Monies were collected by an appointed person from those who had land or property in the parish. An amount was assessed according to the value of their land or property.  
  
The Poor Law Unions and their workhouses took over this responsibility from the Church of England parishes. Prior to 1834 a few parishes or collections of parishes had established a few workhouses to help relieve the poor and provide indoor relief in the form of food, clothes and shelter (Bristol 1696). Both outdoor relief, in which recipients lived in their home while receiving some form of relief, and indoor relief (workhouse living) were offered, as needed, prior to 1834. From 1834 onward all relief was supposed to be given in the workhouse only.  
+
The Poor Law Unions and their workhouses took over this responsibility from the Church of England parishes. Prior to 1834 a few parishes or collections of parishes had established a few workhouses to help relieve the poor and provide indoor relief in the form of food, clothes and shelter (Bristol 1696). Both outdoor relief, in which recipients lived in their home while receiving some form of relief, and indoor relief (workhouse living) were offered, as needed, prior to 1834. From 1834 onward all relief was supposed to be given in the workhouse only.
  
The articles [[England Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.]] and [[England and Wales Poor Law Records 1834-1948]] contains more background information for Poor Law records.
+
===To Browse this Collection===
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/records/collection/1949802/waypoints Browse].
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|title=England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911
 +
|CID=CID1949802
 +
}}
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
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== Image Visibility ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
+
Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, ultimate rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians. The England, Kent, Workhouse Records collection is available to the Family History Library, FamilySearch Centers, and to members of the supporting organization. The images can be viewed at a [https://www.familysearch.org/locations FamilySearch Center] near you.  
  
{{Collection citation| text=Workhouses in Kent. England, Kent, Workhouse Records. Kent History and Library Centre, Maidstone.}}
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For those in the United Kingdom, images may also be viewed by visiting the [http://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure_and_culture/archives_and_local_history.aspx Kent History and Library Centre] in Maidstone, England.  
 
 
[[England, Kent, Workhouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
  
These admission records may contain the following information:
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== Collection Content ==
  
[[Image:England, Kent, Workhouse Records Admittance and Discharges DGS 4991981 37.jpg|thumb|right|240x380px|England, Kent, Workhouse Records Admittance and Discharges DGS 4991981 37.jpg]]&nbsp;
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'''Admission records''' may contain the following information:  
  
 
*Day of the month, and week registered  
 
*Day of the month, and week registered  
Line 49: Line 70:
 
*Date of the Order of Admission
 
*Date of the Order of Admission
  
These discharge records may contain the following information:
+
'''Discharge records''' may contain the following information:  
 
 
[[Image:England, Kent, Workhouse Records Admittance and Discharges DGS 4991981 1106.jpg|thumb|right|240x380px|England, Kent, Workhouse Records Admittance and Discharges DGS 4991981 1106.jpg]]
 
  
 
*If born in the house, name of parent  
 
*If born in the house, name of parent  
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*In case of death, say 'dead'
 
*In case of death, say 'dead'
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
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== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
Line 71: Line 90:
 
*Place of residence
 
*Place of residence
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒ Select the appropriate "Poor Law Union"<br> ⇒ Select the appropriate "Event Type and Year Range" which takes you to the images.
  
To browse the images:
+
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒Select the "Poor Law Union" category <br>⇒Select the "Event Type and Year Range" category which takes you to the images<br>
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 
 
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 
 
 
==== Using the Information  ====
 
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.  
Line 85: Line 100:
 
Use these records to identify relatives that may not be found in parish registers. The infirmaries attached to the workhouses were opened to the whole community in the later 19th century. The infirmaries generated birth and death records.  
 
Use these records to identify relatives that may not be found in parish registers. The infirmaries attached to the workhouses were opened to the whole community in the later 19th century. The infirmaries generated birth and death records.  
  
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
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== How You Can Contribute ==
 
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[England, Kent, Workhouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
 
 
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
 
[http://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure_and_culture/archives_and_local_history.aspx Kent Archives]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
[[England and Wales Poor Law Records 1834-1948|England and Wales Poor Law Records, 1834-1948]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article ==
 
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
'''Collection Citation:'''<br> {{Collection citation | text= "England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911" Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Kent Archives Office, Maidstone.}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
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<br> '''Image Citation:'''<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1949802
{{Incomplete Citations}}
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|title=England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911
 
+
}}  
*“Argentina, Buenos Aires, Catholic Church Records, 1635-1981,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 28 February, 2012), La Plata &gt; San Ponciano &gt; Matrimonios 1884-1886 &gt; image 71 of 389 images, Artemio Avendano and Clementina Peralta, 1884; citing Parroquia de San Ponciano en la Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Matrimonios. San Ponciano, La Plata, Buenos Aires.
 
 
 
{{Poor Law}}  
 
  
[[Category:Kent|Poor Law]]
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<br> {{Poor Law}}
 +
{{H-langs|en=England, Kent, Workhouse Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra, Kent, Registros de Casas Assistenciais (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 15:26, 15 March 2017

England Gotoarrow.png Kent

Access the Records
England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911 .
CID1949802
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Kent,  England
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
GB Locator Map Kent.png
Location of Kent, England
England in United Kingdom.svg 2000px.png
Record Description
Record Type Workhouse
Collection years 1777-1911
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Kent History and Library Centre


What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of workhouse records for the County of Kent available at the Kent History and Library Centre in Maidstone, England. Availability of the records varies by year and locality.

Poor Law Records are records created by the process of caring for the poor. This includes records of rates (taxes) collected, as well as disbursements of, application for, and administration of poor relief or welfare. In England, the term poor law records usually applies to records created between the beginning of the English Poor Law Acts around 1600 until the abolishment of the Poor Law system in 1948.

Providing for the poor has long been challenge in England. This responsibility was placed on the parish officials in 1531. In the early years, each parish handled matters as they saw fit, since laws regulating the administration of matter dealing with the poor were not enacted until 1597, 1598, and 1601. The 1601 system was modified over the years, with Settlement Laws added in 1662. Providing relief for a person in need took time. Monies were collected by an appointed person from those who had land or property in the parish. An amount was assessed according to the value of their land or property.

The Poor Law Unions and their workhouses took over this responsibility from the Church of England parishes. Prior to 1834 a few parishes or collections of parishes had established a few workhouses to help relieve the poor and provide indoor relief in the form of food, clothes and shelter (Bristol 1696). Both outdoor relief, in which recipients lived in their home while receiving some form of relief, and indoor relief (workhouse living) were offered, as needed, prior to 1834. From 1834 onward all relief was supposed to be given in the workhouse only.

To Browse this Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911.

Image Visibility

Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, ultimate rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians. The England, Kent, Workhouse Records collection is available to the Family History Library, FamilySearch Centers, and to members of the supporting organization. The images can be viewed at a FamilySearch Center near you.

For those in the United Kingdom, images may also be viewed by visiting the Kent History and Library Centre in Maidstone, England.

Collection Content

Admission records may contain the following information:

  • Day of the month, and week registered
  • Next meal after Admission (Day if the week)
  • Name of admitted
  • Calling (occupation)
  • Religion
  • When born
  • Class for diet
  • Parish from which admitted
  • By whose Order Admitted
  • Date of the Order of Admission

Discharge records may contain the following information:

  • If born in the house, name of parent
  • Observations on condition at the time of admission and any other general remarks
  • Date discharged
  • Day of the week
  • Last meal before discharge (Day of the week)
  • Name
  • Class for diet
  • How discharged; and if by order, by whose order
  • In case of death, say 'dead'

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of your ancestor
  • Approximate birth year
  • Place of residence

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒ Select the appropriate "Poor Law Union"
⇒ Select the appropriate "Event Type and Year Range" which takes you to the images.

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.

Use these records to identify relatives that may not be found in parish registers. The infirmaries attached to the workhouses were opened to the whole community in the later 19th century. The infirmaries generated birth and death records.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911" Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Kent Archives Office, Maidstone.


Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England, Kent, Workhouse Records, 1777-1911.