Difference between revisions of "England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(image caption)
 
(56 intermediate revisions by 27 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1410775|title=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900|location=England}}<br>
+
[[England Genealogy|England]]
 +
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]
 +
[[Cheshire, England Genealogy|Cheshire]]
  
[[Image:300px-St James' Church, Gawsworth.jpg|thumb|right|St James' Church, Gawsworth]]  
+
{{England HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID1410775
 +
| title=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900
 +
| location=England
 +
| LOC_01 =Cheshire
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| loc_map =Cheshire location.png 
 +
| record_type =Marriage Bonds and Allegations
 +
| start_year =1606
 +
| end_year =1900
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[England Civil Registration]] 
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[Cheshire Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[England Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.coraweb.com.au/uksites.htm United Kingdom - England: Societies and Resources] 
 +
| RW_URL_02 =
 +
| RW_URL_03 =
 +
| RW_URL_04 =
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| custodian =[http://archives.cheshire.gov.uk/home.aspx Cheshire Archives and Local Studies]  
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
 +
This collection includes marriage records from the county of Cheshire for the years 1606-1900.
  
This Collection will include records from 1606 to 1900.<br>
+
Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Until 1733, marriage bonds were written partly in Latin but the wording was standardized. Furthermore, the printed forms that were in use by the 1690s also help in deciphering the records.
  
Most of the original marriage allegations have now been compiled and bound in volumes. Most of the original marriage allegations have been preserved. While many are in the custody of the diocese, others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Still others may be found in the county records office.  
+
Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses, rather than having their marriage announced by banns. Other possible reasons for obtaining marriage licenses are explained in the [[Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales]] article.
  
A marriage allegation is a sworn statement filed by the marriage participants in support of their license application. It is a statement that there is no reason that the marriage should not take place. Marriage licenses could be granted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, bishops, and archdeacons or their surrogates within their respective jurisdictions. The original allegations and bonds were held by the various Church officials. Most were later transferred to county record offices. Many records are now published by the respective diocese.  
+
Although most bonds and allegations have survived, some are in poor condition and difficult to read, especially when the microfilmed images are badly focused. Licenses themselves were not normally retained for long after being handed to the officiating minister, though exceptions are known to exist.
  
Allegations were created from the early 14th century to the present. <br>
+
One of the 39 historic counties of England, Cheshire is a coastal county in northwestern England which shares its western border with Wales. For a list of the parishes which historically made up this county with links to more information about each of them, see the [[Cheshire Parishes]] page. Before 1847, Cheshire was overseen by the Diocese of Chester, which also covered certain parishes in Lancashire. Records from some Lancashire parishes may therefore be present in the collection; it could be helpful to use the [http://maps.familysearch.org/ Historical Jurisdictions Map] to locate pre-1851 parish boundaries.
  
The marriage licensing process created three types of documents. One of these documents is the marriage allegation. The majority of English people were married by banns, not license, so they would not be party to a marriage allegation.  
+
== Collection Content ==
 +
This collection contains solely marriage records.  
  
The information in a marriage allegation was provided by the marriage partners. The information is reliable.
+
=== Sample Image ===
 
+
<gallery>
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
Image:England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations DGS 004018669 Number 00019.jpg|Marriage Bond
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Church of England. England, Cheshire, marriage bonds and allegations. Cheshire Record Office, Chester, England.<!--bibdescend--> }}
 
 
 
[[England Cheshire Marriage Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
<gallery caption="England Marriage Allegation Examples" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 
Image:England Marriage Allegation (09-0343) (09-0346) (09-0347) DGS 4087987_75.jpg
 
Image:England Marriage Allegation.jpg
 
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
A marriage allegation lists:
+
==What Can This Collection Tell Me? ==
 +
The following list indicates potential information provided in these records. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all the listed information, as record-keeping practices varied greatly over time.
  
*Couple’s names
+
'''Marriage Bonds and Allegations''' may include: <br>
*Couple’s ages
+
*Names of bride and groom
*Couple’s occupations  
+
*Ages of bride and groom
 +
*Bride and groom’s occupations  
 
*Whether the individuals were single or widowed  
 
*Whether the individuals were single or widowed  
 
*Parish of residence  
 
*Parish of residence  
 
*Where the marriage was to take place (sometimes included)  
 
*Where the marriage was to take place (sometimes included)  
 
*Parents’ name or signature (sometimes included)  
 
*Parents’ name or signature (sometimes included)  
*If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the allegation would name the parent or guardian who was consenting to the marriage.
+
*If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the allegation would name the parent or guardian consenting to the marriage.
 
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
 
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes to marriages make it possible to access a specific marriage record quickly. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
 
 
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
 
 
 
*The name of the person at the time of marriage
 
*The approximate marriage date
 
*The marriage place
 
*The name of the intended spouse
 
*If an index is not available, you must know the jurisdiction where the allegation
 
 
 
Use the locator information found in the index (such as page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the marriage records. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the marriage record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
 
 
 
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
 
 
 
For example:
 
 
 
*Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
 
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment, workhouse, or guild&nbsp;records, military records, or other types of records.
 
*Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
*The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
 
*Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
 
*Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
 
*Use the marriage number to identify previous marriages.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
 
 
Keep in mind:
 
 
 
*Earlier records may not contain as much information.
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
 
 
 
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
 
 
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
 
*Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby parishes.
 
 
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F65210 Marriage licenses, bonds and allegations for the Consistory Court of the Archdeaconry of Chester, 1606-1905] - entry from the [[FHLC]]
 
*[http://www.coraweb.com.au/uksites.htm United Kingdom - England: Societies and Resources]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[Cheshire]]
 
*[[England]]
 
*[[England Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 
  
== Contributions to this Article  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
'''Search by name by visiting the Collection Page:'''<br>
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now? ===
 +
*Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
 +
*Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the estimated age given in a marriage record to calculate an approximate year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
 +
*If in the appropriate period, use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the [[England Census]] and the [[England Civil Registration]] records.
 +
*Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.
 +
 +
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now? ===  
 +
*When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
 +
*Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record; also, it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name. See [[Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records]] for examples of common abbreviations. Note that some women reverted to their maiden name when their husband died, and therefore could be buried under their maiden name.
 +
*Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches. 
 +
*Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon. For this particular collection, this step may require finding records in the bordering English counties of Lancashire to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire or Shropshire to the south, or in the Welsh counties of Denbighshire and Flintshire to the west. Note that marriages usually took place in the parish where the bride resided.
 +
 +
For additional help searching online collections see [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
{{FHL Search Tip
 +
|level1=England
 +
|level2=Cheshire
 +
|}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
== Citing this Collection ==
 +
Citing sources correctly makes it easier to refer back to information that has already been discovered; proper citations are therefore indispensable to keeping track of genealogical research. Following established formulae in formatting citations also allows others to verify completed research by helping them find and examine records for themselves.  
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
To be of use, citations must include information such as the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records, if available. The following examples demonstrate how to present this information for both this particular collection as well as individual records within the collection:
  
"England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900," database, ''FamilySearch''(https://familysearch.org: accessed 22 March 2012), William Ibberson and Elizabeth Levitt, 11 July 1848; citing Cathedral Church, reference Canterbury, FHL microfilm 1,894,810; Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1694-1882, Cheshire Record Office, Chester.  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br>
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Cheshire Record Office.}}
  
{{featured article}}  
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br>
 +
{{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1410775
 +
|title=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900
 +
}}
  
[[Category:Cheshire|Marriage Allegations]]
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
 +
{{Contributor_invite}}
 +
{{H-langs|en=England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra, Cheshire, Contratos e Alegações Matrimoniais (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 20:42, 6 January 2017

England Gotoarrow.png Cheshire

Access the Records
England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900 .
CID1410775
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Cheshire,  England
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Cheshire location.png
Location of Cheshire, England
England in United Kingdom.svg 2000px.png
Record Description
Record Type Marriage Bonds and Allegations
Collection years 1606-1900
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Cheshire Archives and Local Studies


What is in the Collection?

This collection includes marriage records from the county of Cheshire for the years 1606-1900.

Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Until 1733, marriage bonds were written partly in Latin but the wording was standardized. Furthermore, the printed forms that were in use by the 1690s also help in deciphering the records.

Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses, rather than having their marriage announced by banns. Other possible reasons for obtaining marriage licenses are explained in the Marriage Allegations, Bonds and Licences in England and Wales article.

Although most bonds and allegations have survived, some are in poor condition and difficult to read, especially when the microfilmed images are badly focused. Licenses themselves were not normally retained for long after being handed to the officiating minister, though exceptions are known to exist.

One of the 39 historic counties of England, Cheshire is a coastal county in northwestern England which shares its western border with Wales. For a list of the parishes which historically made up this county with links to more information about each of them, see the Cheshire Parishes page. Before 1847, Cheshire was overseen by the Diocese of Chester, which also covered certain parishes in Lancashire. Records from some Lancashire parishes may therefore be present in the collection; it could be helpful to use the Historical Jurisdictions Map to locate pre-1851 parish boundaries.

Collection Content

This collection contains solely marriage records.

Sample Image

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

The following list indicates potential information provided in these records. It must be remembered that every record may not provide all the listed information, as record-keeping practices varied greatly over time.

Marriage Bonds and Allegations may include:

  • Names of bride and groom
  • Ages of bride and groom
  • Bride and groom’s occupations
  • Whether the individuals were single or widowed
  • Parish of residence
  • Where the marriage was to take place (sometimes included)
  • Parents’ name or signature (sometimes included)
  • If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the allegation would name the parent or guardian consenting to the marriage.

How Do I Search the Collection?

Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page to return a list of possible matches. Compare the individuals on the list with what is already known to find the correct family or person. This step may require examining multiple individuals before a match is located.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking for, What Now?

  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference. See below for assistance in citing this collection. Save or print a copy of the image if possible.
  • Use the information which has been discovered to find more. For instance, use the estimated age given in a marriage record to calculate an approximate year of birth, if that is yet undetermined.
  • If in the appropriate period, use the information which has been discovered to find the individual in civil records. Particularly useful for research in nineteenth-century England are the England Census and the England Civil Registration records.
  • Continue to search the index to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives. Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • When looking for a person with a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which individual is correct. Use other information, such as place of birth, age, occupation, or names of parents, to determine which candidate is the correct person. If listed, a personal title may be a clue to property ownership or occupation, either of which might be noted in other records.
  • Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record; also, it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name. See Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records for examples of common abbreviations. Note that some women reverted to their maiden name when their husband died, and therefore could be buried under their maiden name.
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name or surname to return broader list of possible candidates which can then be examined for matches.
  • Search the records of nearby parishes. While it was uncommon for an individual in this period to move more than about 20 miles from their place of birth, smaller relocations were not uncommon. For this particular collection, this step may require finding records in the bordering English counties of Lancashire to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire or Shropshire to the south, or in the Welsh counties of Denbighshire and Flintshire to the west. Note that marriages usually took place in the parish where the bride resided.

For additional help searching online collections see FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Don't overlook FHL Place England, Cheshire items or FHL Keyword England, Cheshire items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see England Archives and Libraries.

Citing this Collection

Citing sources correctly makes it easier to refer back to information that has already been discovered; proper citations are therefore indispensable to keeping track of genealogical research. Following established formulae in formatting citations also allows others to verify completed research by helping them find and examine records for themselves.

To be of use, citations must include information such as the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records, if available. The following examples demonstrate how to present this information for both this particular collection as well as individual records within the collection:

Collection Citation:

"England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Cheshire Record Office.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for England, Cheshire, Marriage Bonds and Allegations, 1606-1900.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.