Difference between revisions of "England and Wales Census, 1851 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[England Genealogy| England]]''<br>''[[Wales Genealogy| Wales]]''
|CID=CID1850749
+
 
|title=England and Wales Census, 1851
+
{{England and Wales HR Infobox 
|location=United Kingdom}}&nbsp;<br>
+
| CID = CID2563939
 +
| title =England and Wales Census, 1851  
 +
| location =England and Wales
 +
| record_type =Census
 +
| start_year =1851
 +
| end_year =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[England Vital Records]] 
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[Quick Research Links - England]] 
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[Quick Research Links - Wales]] 
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[England Genealogy]] 
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[[Wales Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[[England and Wales Historic Maps]] 
 +
| FS_URL_07 =[[England and Wales History Links]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/census-records/ National Archives: Census Records]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.ukcensusonline.com/ UK Census Online Free Search]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.welshgenealogy.net/ Welsh Genealogy]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =[http://www.welshgenealogy.net/ Discovering English Ancestors]
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| custodian =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ The National Archives]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
This collection will include records for 1851.
+
This collection will include records for 1851.  
  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).  
  
 
Microfilm copies are also available at the Family Records Centre, located at 1 Myddelton Street, Islington, London EC1R 1UW.  
 
Microfilm copies are also available at the Family Records Centre, located at 1 Myddelton Street, Islington, London EC1R 1UW.  
 
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all of the residents of England, whether they were citizens or not, are included in the census.
 
  
 
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.  
 
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.  
 
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 31 March 1851.&nbsp;
 
 
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
 
  
 
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
 
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
  
As with the 1841 census, the 1851 census has missing images. [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=8860 Ancestry.co.uk] has provided a list of the missing images, as well as a listing of the areas that were damaged by water during storage and recoverable through new technology. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#issues FindMyPast] also provides a listing, but you need to scroll down to this section to view it. If you are unable to locate your ancestor, it is wise to make sure their living area is one of the missing areas.  
+
As with the 1841 census, the 1851 census has missing images. [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=8860 Ancestry.co.uk] has provided a list of the missing images, as well as a listing of the areas that were damaged by water during storage and recoverable through new technology. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#issues findmypast] also provides a listing, but you need to scroll down to this section to view it. If you are unable to locate your ancestor, it is wise to make sure their living area is one of the missing areas.  
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census, 1851. National Archives, Surrey, England.
 
}}
 
  
[[England and Wales 1851 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
  
== Record Content  ==
+
== Collection Contents ==
  
These census records usually contain the following information:  
+
'''Census records''' usually contain the following information:  
  
 
*Date, place, district, parish and county where census was taken  
 
*Date, place, district, parish and county where census was taken  
Line 45: Line 52:
 
*Relationship to the head of the household
 
*Relationship to the head of the household
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you should to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.  
+
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the person's name and the time period when he or she lived.  
  
==== Search the Collection ====
+
'''To search this collection by name:''' Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
  
To search in the index:
+
All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.
  
Fill in the requested information in the search page. When you search for your ancestor, there will be a list of possible matches for them. Compare the information about the ancestors in the record that you have found, to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information on the image of the record to make sure that the record is correct.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]]
 +
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2563939 England and Wales Census, 1851]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
+
== Tips to Keep in Mind ==
 
 
Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:
 
  
 +
*You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.
 
*The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.  
 
*The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.  
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
Line 65: Line 72:
 
*Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).  
 
*Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).  
 
*Place-names may be misspelled.  
 
*Place-names may be misspelled.  
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
+
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.  
 
+
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records.
All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.  
 
  
==== General Information About These Records ====
+
== General Information About These Records ==
  
 
Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.  
 
Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all of the residents of England, whether they were citizens or not, are included in the census.
  
[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/news/stories/84.htm England and Wales Census, 1851]
+
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 31 March 1851.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
  
*[[England Vital Records]]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?  ==
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
'''Collection Citation:''' {{Collection citation | text= "England and Wales Census, 1851." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing The National Archives, Surrey, England.}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
<br> '''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1850749
 +
|title=England and Wales Census, 1851
 +
}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''Image citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID2563939
 +
|title=England and Wales Census, 1851
 +
}}
  
"England and Wales Census, 1851." database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 9 March 2011), Joseph Cole, age 29; citing England and Wales, Household Records; Digital images of original housed at Public Record Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9.
+
<br> [[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]  
 
 
[[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]  
 
  
 
{{Place|England}}  
 
{{Place|England}}  
 
+
{{H-langs|en=England and Wales Census, 1851 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra e País de Gales, Censo, 1851 (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]] [[Category:Census_records_in_England]]
+
[[Category:England_FamilySearch_Historical_Records]] [[Category:Wales_FamilySearch_Historical_Records]] [[Category:England Census Records]]

Latest revision as of 15:21, 2 May 2017

England
Wales

Access the Records
England and Wales Census, 1851 .
CID2563939
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
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{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
England and Wales
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Y ddraig goch.png
Flag of Wales
England and Wales in United Kingdom.svg.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1851
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives


What is in the Collection?

This collection will include records for 1851.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).

Microfilm copies are also available at the Family Records Centre, located at 1 Myddelton Street, Islington, London EC1R 1UW.

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.

The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

As with the 1841 census, the 1851 census has missing images. Ancestry.co.uk has provided a list of the missing images, as well as a listing of the areas that were damaged by water during storage and recoverable through new technology. findmypast also provides a listing, but you need to scroll down to this section to view it. If you are unable to locate your ancestor, it is wise to make sure their living area is one of the missing areas.


Collection Contents

Census records usually contain the following information:

  • Date, place, district, parish and county where census was taken
  • Given names and surnames for members in each household
  • Age, gender and birthplace for each household member
  • Marital status and occupation for each household member
  • Occupation
  • Relationship to the head of the household

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the person's name and the time period when he or she lived.

To search this collection by name: Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.
  • The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
  • The information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records.

General Information About These Records

Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all of the residents of England, whether they were citizens or not, are included in the census.

The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 31 March 1851.

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"England and Wales Census, 1851." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing The National Archives, Surrey, England.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for England and Wales Census, 1851.


Image citation:

When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England and Wales Census, 1851.



Return to England Census Page