Difference between revisions of "England and Wales Census, 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[England Genealogy| England]]''<br>''[[Wales Genealogy| Wales]]''
|CID=CID1493747
+
 
|title=England and Wales Census, 1861
+
{{England and Wales HR Infobox 
|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
+
| CID =2586073
 +
| title =England and Wales Census, 1861
 +
|CID2=CID1493747
 +
| title2 =England and Wales Census, 1861  
 +
| location =England and Wales
 +
| record_type =Census
 +
| start_year =1861
 +
| end_year =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[England and Wales History Links]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[England and Wales Historic Maps]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[England Census]] 
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[Wales Census]] 
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[[Quick Research Links - England]] 
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[[Quick Research Links - Wales]] 
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://dea.byu.edu/ Discovering English Ancestors]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.ukcensusonline.com/census/1861.php UK Census Online: 1861 Census]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.welshgenealogy.net/ Welsh Genealogy]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| custodian =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ The National Archives]
 +
}}
  
== The Historical Records Index  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
This Collection will include records for 1861.  
+
This collection will include records for 1861.  
  
 
The index was republished on 23 February 2011 to reflect both the ecclesiastical parish and civil parish for each event to provide further assistance in locating entries.  
 
The index was republished on 23 February 2011 to reflect both the ecclesiastical parish and civil parish for each event to provide further assistance in locating entries.  
Line 12: Line 36:
 
The index has been created by FamilySearch.org. The images were provided by Findmypast.com.  
 
The index has been created by FamilySearch.org. The images were provided by Findmypast.com.  
  
== Record Description  ==
+
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.  
 
 
Population schedule for England, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands showing population as of 7 April 1861.
 
 
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. The only exception to this is the 1841 census, which was arranged by “hundreds” (administrative subdivisions of land). For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio). Almost all the residents of England, whether were citizens or not, are included in the census
 
 
 
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 8 April 1861.&nbsp;
 
 
 
<br>The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.&nbsp;
 
  
 
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
 
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
  
<br>The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.  
+
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.  
 
 
The 1861 census also has missing pieces or parts of enumeration books. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#issues FindMyPast] and provides a detailed list of the missing areas, remember to scroll to that section on this page. Be sure to check to see that your ancestors living areas are not listed in the missing lists.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census 1861. National Archives, Surrey, England.
 
}}
 
  
[[England and Wales 1861 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
The 1861 census also has missing pieces or parts of enumeration books. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#issues findmypast] and provides a detailed list of the missing areas, remember to scroll to that section on this page. Be sure to check to see that your ancestors living areas are not listed in the missing lists.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
== Collection Contents ==
  
These census records usually contain the following information:  
+
'''Census records''' usually contain the following information:  
  
 
*Date, place, registration district, parish and county where census was taken  
 
*Date, place, registration district, parish and county where census was taken  
Line 50: Line 54:
 
*Relationship of each member to head of household
 
*Relationship of each member to head of household
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
 
 
 
*Name of ancestor
 
*Place of birth and approximate year of birth.
 
*Names of family members
 
  
Begin your search by locating your ancestor in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.  
+
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, approximated birth date or age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.  
  
==== Search the Collection ====
+
'''To search this collection by name:'''<br> Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks].
  
==== Using the Information ====
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
 
Carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 
Carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
Line 72: Line 70:
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
+
== Tips to Keep in Mind ==
 
 
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
 
  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census
+
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census  
 +
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records.
  
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
+
== General Information about These Records ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[England and Wales 1861 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
Population schedule for England, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands showing population as of 7 April 1861.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. The only exception to this is the 1841 census, which was arranged by “hundreds” (administrative subdivisions of land). For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio). Almost all the residents of England, whether were citizens or not, are included in the census
  
*[http://www.britishorigins.com/help/aboutbo-census1861.aspx England and Wales Census 1861]
+
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 8 April 1861.
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
*[[England Census]]  
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
*[[Wales Census]]
+
|-
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]  
+
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]  
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
+
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1861-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached  [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1861-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection ===
+
'''Collection Citation:'''<br> {{Collection citation | text= "England and Wales Census, 1861." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. From "1861 England, Scotland and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 9. The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.
 +
}}
  
"England and Wales Census, 1861." images, ''FamilySearch'' (http://familysearch.org accessed 9 March 2011), Elizabeth Clark, age 18; citing Household Records, Great Britain Census Office, London, England.
+
<br> '''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1493747
[[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]
+
|title=England and Wales Census, 1861
 
+
}}
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]]
+
{{H-langs|en=England and Wales Census, 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra e País de Gales, Censo, 1861 (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
 +
<br> [[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]

Latest revision as of 19:43, 26 September 2016

England
Wales

Access the Records
England and Wales Census, 1861  and England and Wales Census, 1861.
2586073
CID1493747
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
England and Wales
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Y ddraig goch.png
Flag of Wales
England and Wales in United Kingdom.svg.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1861
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives


What is in the Collection?

This collection will include records for 1861.

The index was republished on 23 February 2011 to reflect both the ecclesiastical parish and civil parish for each event to provide further assistance in locating entries.

The index has been created by FamilySearch.org. The images were provided by Findmypast.com.

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.

The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

The 1861 census also has missing pieces or parts of enumeration books. findmypast and provides a detailed list of the missing areas, remember to scroll to that section on this page. Be sure to check to see that your ancestors living areas are not listed in the missing lists.

Collection Contents

Census records usually contain the following information:

  • Date, place, registration district, parish and county where census was taken
  • Given and surname of each member of household
  • Gender, age, and marital status of each member
  • Birthplace of each member
  • Relationship of each member to head of household

How Do I Search the Collection?

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, approximated birth date or age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

To search this collection by name:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks].

What Do I Do Next?

Carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records.

General Information about These Records

Population schedule for England, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands showing population as of 7 April 1861.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. The only exception to this is the 1841 census, which was arranged by “hundreds” (administrative subdivisions of land). For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio). Almost all the residents of England, whether were citizens or not, are included in the census

The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 8 April 1861.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"England and Wales Census, 1861." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. From "1861 England, Scotland and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 9. The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for England and Wales Census, 1861.


Return to England Census Page