Difference between revisions of "England and Wales Census, 1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch Collection
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''[[England Genealogy| England]]''<br>''[[Wales Genealogy| Wales]]''
|CID=CID1888129
+
 
|title=England and Wales Census, 1901
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{{England and Wales HR Infobox 
|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
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| CID = CID1888129
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| title =England and Wales Census, 1901  
 +
| location =England and Wales
 +
| record_type =Census
 +
| start_year =1901
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| end_year =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[England and Wales History Links]] 
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[England and Wales Historic Maps]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[England Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[Wales Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[[Quick Research Links - Wales]] 
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/census-records.htm UK National Archives]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.welshgenealogy.net/ Welsh Genealogy]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://dea.byu.edu/ Discovering English Ancestors]
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| RW_URL_04 =
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ The National Archives]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
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== What is in the Collection? ==
  
This Collection will include records for 1901.<br>
+
This collection includes records for the year 1901.  
  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.  
Line 18: Line 40:
 
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.  
 
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.  
  
FindMyPast states that the village of Deal in Kent is missing in its entirety from this census and there are no known copies available. Additionally, Numbers 1-14 Doughty Mews, St. Pancras, London are also missing and Numbers 15-29 are there. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge- base/census/index.jsp#searching This information is recorded here].
+
[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#searching findmypast states] that the village of Deal in Kent is missing in its entirety from this census and there are no known copies available. Additionally, Numbers 1-14 Doughty Mews, St. Pancras, London are also missing and Numbers 15-29 are there.  
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census, 1901. National Archives, Surrey, England.<!--bibdescend-->
 
}}
 
  
[[England and Wales Census, 1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
== Collection Contents ==
  
== Record Content  ==
+
'''Census records''' usually contain the following information:
  
Information listed in the census includes:
+
*District, civil parish, church parish and country where census was taken  
 
+
*Given names and surnames of each household member  
*District, civil parish, church parish and country where census was taken
+
*Age and gender of each household member  
*Given names and surnames of each household member
+
*Relationship to head of household  
*Age and gender of each household member
+
*Birthplace (may list the birth country for people born outside of England)
*Relationship to head of household
 
*Birthplace
 
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
 
*Any physical impairments
 
*Any physical impairments
  
The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
To begin your search in the census, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
  
 +
*Name of ancestor
 +
*Approximate year and place of residence
 +
*Approximate year of birth
  
Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
+
'''To search by index:''' Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see wiki article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].  
  
'''Searching the Images'''
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
  
 
'''Using the Information'''
 
 
 
For example:  
 
For example:  
  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
+
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment or other types of records.
 
  
 
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
Line 68: Line 79:
 
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
 
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
== Tips to Keep in Mind  ==
  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
+
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
 
+
*You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data.  
You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:
+
*Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
 
 
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.  
 
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.  
Line 82: Line 92:
 
*Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).  
 
*Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).  
 
*Place-names may be misspelled.  
 
*Place-names may be misspelled.  
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
+
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.  
 
 
'''Unable to Find Information?'''
 
 
 
If you do not find the person or family you are looking for, try the following:
 
 
 
 
*Check for spelling variations for the names.  
 
*Check for spelling variations for the names.  
*Make sure you are searching in the right parish.
+
*Make sure you are searching in the right parish.
*Search the surrounding area.
 
  
== Related Websites ==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
{{Incomplete Section}}  
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1901-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1901-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
*[[England Census|England Census]]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?  ==
*[[Wales Census|Wales Census]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
'''Collection Citation:''' {{Collection citation | text= "England and Wales Census, 1901." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. From "1901 England, Scotland and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 13. The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
<br> '''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1888129
"England and Wales Census, 1901," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012), Lois Baker, age 27; citing Household Records, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Public Records. Images Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
+
|title=England and Wales Census, 1901
 
+
}}
[[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]
 
  
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]]
+
<br> [[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]
 +
{{H-langs|en=England and Wales Census, 1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra e País de Gales, Censo de 1901 (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 21:33, 17 April 2017

England
Wales

Access the Records
England and Wales Census, 1901 .
CID1888129
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
England and Wales
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Y ddraig goch.png
Flag of Wales
England and Wales in United Kingdom.svg.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1901
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives


What is in the Collection?

This collection includes records for the year 1901.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.

The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

findmypast states that the village of Deal in Kent is missing in its entirety from this census and there are no known copies available. Additionally, Numbers 1-14 Doughty Mews, St. Pancras, London are also missing and Numbers 15-29 are there.

Collection Contents

Census records usually contain the following information:

  • District, civil parish, church parish and country where census was taken
  • Given names and surnames of each household member
  • Age and gender of each household member
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Birthplace (may list the birth country for people born outside of England)
  • Occupation
  • Any physical impairments

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search in the census, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of ancestor
  • Approximate year and place of residence
  • Approximate year of birth

To search by index: Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

For tips about searching on-line collections see wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.

It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data.
  • Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
  • The information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
  • Check for spelling variations for the names.
  • Make sure you are searching in the right parish.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"England and Wales Census, 1901." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. From "1901 England, Scotland and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 13. The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for England and Wales Census, 1901.



Return to England Census Page