Difference between revisions of "England and Wales Census, 1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch Collection
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''[[England Genealogy| England]]''<br>''[[Wales Genealogy| Wales]]''
|CID=CID1921547
 
|title=England and Wales Census, 1911
 
|location=United Kingdom
 
|}}
 
  
<br>
+
{{England and Wales HR Infobox 
 +
| CID = CID1921547
 +
| title =England and Wales Census, 1911
 +
| location =England and Wales
 +
| record_type =Census
 +
| start_year =1911
 +
| end_year =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[England and Wales Historic Maps]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[England and Wales History Links]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[England Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[Wales Census]] 
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[[Quick Research Links - England]] 
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[[Quick Research Links - Wales]] 
 +
| FS_URL_07 =[[England Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 =[[Wales Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://dea.byu.edu/ Discovering English Ancestors]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.welshgenealogy.net/ Welsh Genealogy]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =
 +
| RW_URL_04 =
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| custodian =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ The National Archives]
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
This collection will include records for 1911.<br>
+
This collection includes records for the 1911 census, which was taken on April 2.  
  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.  
  
The index to the 1911 Census of England and Wales is provided by our affiliate partner [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/census/choose FindMyPast.com].  
+
The index to the 1911 Census of England and Wales is provided by our affiliate partner [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/census/choose findmypast.com].  
  
 
Their index will be published to FamilySearch with links to images on their website.  
 
Their index will be published to FamilySearch with links to images on their website.  
  
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.&nbsp;<br>
+
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.  
  
<br>The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.&nbsp;
+
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.  
  
 
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
 
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
  
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
+
== Collection Contents ==
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "England and Wales Census, 1911." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing  Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census, 1911. National Archives, Surrey, England.}}
 
 
 
[[England and Wales Census, 1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
  
These census records usually contain&nbsp;the following information:  
+
'''Census records''' usually contain the following information:  
  
 
*District, civil parish, church parish, and county where census was taken  
 
*District, civil parish, church parish, and county where census was taken  
Line 46: Line 55:
 
*Language spoken
 
*Language spoken
  
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
To begin your search in the census, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
+
Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that, the information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
  
*Name of ancestor
+
'''To search this collection by name:'''c<br> Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several records and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
*Place of birth and year of birth
 
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 
 
 
==== Using The Information  ====
 
  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
Line 65: Line 69:
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records.
+
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
 
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
 
  
Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
+
== Tips to Keep in Mind  ==
 
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
 
  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
Line 80: Line 78:
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.  
*The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
+
*The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.  
 
+
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records.  
You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.  
+
*Check for spelling variations for the names.  
 
+
*Make sure you are searching in the right parish.
Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:
+
*Search the surrounding area.
 
 
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.  
 
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.  
Line 93: Line 90:
 
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
 
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
  
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 +
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1911&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
If you do not find the person or family you are looking for try the following:
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1911&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
*Check for spelling variations for the names.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?  ==
*Make sure you are searching in the right parish.
 
*Search the surrounding area.
 
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
[http://www.1911census.co.uk/ 1911 Census of the UK&nbsp;]
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
  
*[[England Census]]
+
'''Collection Citation:'''<br> {{Collection citation | text= "England and Wales Census, 1911." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. From "1911 England and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 14. The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.}}
*[[Wales Census]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
<br> '''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1921547
{{Contributor invite}}
+
|title=England and Wales Census, 1911
 
+
}}
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
{{H-langs|en=England and Wales Census, 1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra e País de Gales, Censo, 1911 (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
 
 
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
 
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
 
 
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
 
 
"England and Wales Census, 1911," ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org addessed 10 June 2011), Jane Elizabeth Olsen, age 56; citing Census Records, St Peter, Jersey; England, Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of Man Census 1911, London, England.
 
 
 
[[Category:Census_records_in_England]] [[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]]
 

Latest revision as of 21:33, 17 April 2017

England
Wales

Access the Records
England and Wales Census, 1911 .
CID1921547
{{{CID2}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
England and Wales
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Y ddraig goch.png
Flag of Wales
England and Wales in United Kingdom.svg.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1911
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives


What is in the Collection?

This collection includes records for the 1911 census, which was taken on April 2.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.

The index to the 1911 Census of England and Wales is provided by our affiliate partner findmypast.com.

Their index will be published to FamilySearch with links to images on their website.

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.

The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

Collection Contents

Census records usually contain the following information:

  • District, civil parish, church parish, and county where census was taken
  • Given names and surnames of each household member
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Age, gender, marital status and occupation of each household member
  • Place of birth
  • Nationality
  • Physical infirmities
  • Language spoken

How Do I Search the Collection?

Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that, the information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

To search this collection by name:c
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several records and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records.
  • Check for spelling variations for the names.
  • Make sure you are searching in the right parish.
  • Search the surrounding area.
  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
  • The information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"England and Wales Census, 1911." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. From "1911 England and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 14. The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for England and Wales Census, 1911.