Enugu State, Nigeria
|This Nigeria-related article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.|
InformationEnugu State is a mainland state in southeastern Nigeria. Its capital is Enugu, from which the state - created in 1991 from the Anambra State - derives its name. The principal cities in the state are Enugu, Udi, Oji and Nsukka.
The name of State derives from its capital city, Enugu. The word "Enugu" (from Enu Ugwu) means "the top of the hill". The first European settlers arrived in the area in 1909, led by a British mining engineer, Albert Ernest Kitson. In his quest for silver, he discovered coal in the Udi Ridge. Colonial Governor of Nigeria Frederick Lugard took keen interest in the discovery, and by 1914 the first shipment of coal was made to Britain. As mining activities increased in the area, a permanent cosmopolitan settlement emerged, supported by a railway system. Enugu acquired township status in 1917 and became strategic to British interests. Foreign businesses began to move into Enugu, the most notable of which were John Holt, Kingsway Stores, British Bank of West Africa and United Africa Company.
From Enugu the British administration was able to spread its influence over the Southern Province of Nigeria. The colonial past of Enugu is today evidenced by the Georgian building types and meandering narrow roads within the residential area originally reserved for the whites, an area which is today called the Government Reserved Area (GRA).
Enugu State has a population of about 3,3 million people. It is home to the Igbo (95% of the population) and the Igala people, among others.