Difference between revisions of "Ewell County, Arizona Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arizona|Arizona]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ewell_County,_Arizona|Ewell County]]''
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'''Ewell County''' was a proposed county in a proposed new territory that was never approved and never existed.<ref>Thomas Edwin Farish, ''History of Arizona'' (Phoenix, Ariz., 1915), 1:324. [{{babhat}}].</ref>
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'''Ewell County''' was proposed in 1860 for a self-declared Arizona Territory. Four counties were proposed, [[Castle Dome County, Arizona Genealogy|Castle Dome]], [[Dona Ana County, Arizona Genealogy|Dona Ana]], Ewell, and [[Mesilla County, Arizona Genealogy|Mesilla]]. A territorial government was created and maybe county governments. If governments were created, then records exist.
  
In 1857 the people of [[Arizona]] (at the time the southern part of modern Arizona and [[New Mexico]]) sent Sylvester Mowry to Congress to petition for creation of a new Arizona Territory carved from part of New Mexico Territory. Mowry drew up a map with four proposed counties:
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This Arizona territory requested recognition by the United States, but was rejected by Congress. So in 1861, they chose to be part of the Confederate States of America. However when Union forces took over in mid-1862, any governments still existing were shut down. The location for any county records has yet to be discovered.
  
:*'''''[[Castle Dome County, Arizona|Castle Dome County]]&nbsp;''''' in present-day [[Yuma County, Arizona]]
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*5 Apr 1860 - An unofficial convention held in Tucson declared the creation of the Territory of Arizona from the southern half of New Mexico Territory below 34 degrees north latitude and proposed 4 counties for the new territory: Castle Dome, Ewell, Mesilla, and Dona Ana. They also created a provisional constitution and established a government.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 370</ref> <ref>Thomas Edwin Farish, ''History of Arizona'' (Phoenix, Ariz., 1915), 1:324. [{{babhat}}].</ref> <ref>Sacks, 36, 151; Swindler, 1:244-248</ref> But the US Congress rejected the idea of Arizona becoming a territory, just as they had eight times before.<ref>Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, pp 25-30</ref> So the proposed new territory was never officially created. However this time was different, because a government had been created for the intended Arizona Territory.
:*'''''[[Ewell_County,_Arizona|Ewell County]]&nbsp;''''' in present-day [[Pima County, Arizona]] extended east to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_Pass Apache Pass] in [[Cochise County, Arizona]]
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*16 Mar 1861 - Another unofficial convention met in Mesilla and declared that the territory formed the previous year was part of the Confederacy. An ordinance was written stating the reasons Arizona had seceded from the United States.<ref>Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 59</ref><br>
:*'''''[[Mesilla County, Arizona|Mesilla County]]&nbsp;''''' from Apache Pass to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rio_Grande Rio Grande] in present-day [[Cochise County, Arizona]], and [[Hidalgo County, New Mexico|Hidalgo]], [[Grant County, New Mexico|Grant]], [[Luna County, New Mexico|Luna]], [[Sierra County, New Mexico|Sierra]], and [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Doña Ana]] counties in New Mexico
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*28 Mar 1861 - Another convention held in Tucson ratified the Mesilla secession ordinance. Some government organization was made, including sending a delegate to the Confederate Congress.<ref>Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 59</ref> <ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 446</ref><br>
:*'''''[[Dona Ana County, Arizona|Doña Ana County]]&nbsp;''''' from the Rio Grande to [[Texas]] in parts of present-day [[Dona Ana County, New Mexico|Doña Ana]], [[Otero County, New Mexico|Otero]], [[Chaves County, New Mexico|Chaves]], [[Eddy County, New Mexico|Eddy]], and [[Lea County, New Mexico|Lea]] counties in New Mexico
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*1 Aug 1861 - Confederate General John Robert Baylor, fresh from his victory at the Battle of Mesilla, made a proclamation declaring Arizona to be a Confederate Territory and appointed a government.<ref>Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 62</ref> <ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 372</ref> A judicial district was formed for land around Mesilla and another one for land around Tucson.
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*13 January 1862 - The Confederate Congress passed a bill declaring Arizona to be a Territory of the Confederate States of America. President Jefferson Davis signed the bill, which then became law.<ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 372</ref> <ref>Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)</ref><br>
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*14 February 1862 - The Confederate law creating Arizona as a Territory became effective.<ref>Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)</ref> Note: Fifty years later to the day, Arizona became a state in the United States of America.<br>
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*8 June 1862 - US General Carleton proclaimed in Tucson that the Territory of Arizona had been created by the United States and was devoid of all civil government.<ref>Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 68</ref> <ref>Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 456</ref>
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*8 July 1862 - The last of the Confederate troops left Arizona Territory as Union troops from California and Colorado took over control.
  
The bill and these proposed counties failed passage. The only known original document mentioning these counties is the map accompanying the failed bill.  
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See also [[Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona]] showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.  
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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{{Arizona|Arizona}} {{New Mexico|New Mexico}}  
 
{{Arizona|Arizona}} {{New Mexico|New Mexico}}  
  
[[Category:Arizona_counties]] [[Category:New_Mexico_counties]]
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[[Category:Extinct Counties of Arizona]]
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[[Category:Extinct Counties of New Mexico]]

Latest revision as of 20:55, 8 March 2017

United States
Arizona


Ewell County


Ewell County was proposed in 1860 for a self-declared Arizona Territory. Four counties were proposed, Castle Dome, Dona Ana, Ewell, and Mesilla. A territorial government was created and maybe county governments. If governments were created, then records exist.

This Arizona territory requested recognition by the United States, but was rejected by Congress. So in 1861, they chose to be part of the Confederate States of America. However when Union forces took over in mid-1862, any governments still existing were shut down. The location for any county records has yet to be discovered.

See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.

References

  1. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 370
  2. Thomas Edwin Farish, History of Arizona (Phoenix, Ariz., 1915), 1:324. HathiTrust Digital Library edition.
  3. Sacks, 36, 151; Swindler, 1:244-248
  4. Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, pp 25-30
  5. Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 59
  6. Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 59
  7. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 446
  8. Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 62
  9. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 372
  10. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 372
  11. Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)
  12. Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Senate Document 234, 58 Cong., 2 Sess. Serials 4610-4616)
  13. Be it Enacted: The Creation of the Territory of Arizona, B. Sacks, Arizona Historical Foundation, Phoenix, 1964, p 68
  14. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Jay J. Wagoner, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1975, p 456
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