Fayette County, Illinois Genealogy

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Fayette County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: February 14, 1821
County Seat Vandalia
Address Fayette County Courthouse
221 South 7th Street
Vandalia, Illinois 62471
(618) 283-5000
Fayette County Website

United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Fayette County

County Organization

Fayette County's civil records start the following years:

Beginning Dates for Fayette County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1877 1821 1877 1830 1816 1821

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Fayette County are kept, see the Fayette County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Marquis de Lafayette.JPG
The county is named after Revolutionary War hero, the {{wpd|Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette] (1757-1834).

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Records and Resources


  • The Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois has a Fayette County edition. This includes a state history section along with a county history and biographies of Fayette County residents. See the wiki article for links to available copies and indexes.


Gotoarrow.png Find A Grave, list of cemeteries. Additional information can be found at local level (city, township, etc.)


For information and tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990

1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Fayette County on page 186-187.]


Church Records

Court Records


Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.


Mailing Lists

Message Boards

Newspapers and Periodicals


Land and Property

BLM GLO Records. Search original land patents for Fayette County from the Govenment Land Office (GLO) or Eastern States Office. Some searches include images of the original warrants. All search results include the patant details needed for requesting copies of the land entry files at the National Archives. The GLO is the custodian of millions of land title documents. The General Land Office Automated Records Project is responsible for making these important documents available to the public.

Illinois Public Domain Land Tract Sales. The Illinois State Archives has an online index to the records of Public land sales held by the State Archives. The indexes are by purchasers name and by legal description. This is a statewide collection with nearly 550,000 land sales fro 54740 square miles.

Land records that include Bond County at Ancestry.com $:

  • "Illinois Public Land Purchase Records" This record extract includes over 538,000 land sales from the 19th Century. Each entry includes the purchaser's name, purchase date, number of acres, price per acre, and in some cases the purchaser's sex and residence.
  • "U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796 to 1907:" Records of Illinois are among the 13 states included in this set. It includes images of the land patents which contain the information necessary for ordering the complete case files from the National Archives. This appears to be the same information that is online at the Federal Land Office site http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/.
  • Sheldon, Theodore. Land registration in Illinois. Chicago: Callaghan Co., 1901. Digital book. Expains the laws regarding land and the land systems used in Illinois. Includes court cases involving land issues. In addition to being on Ancestry, this book is available online at no cost at Internet Archives and Google Books.



Civil War

Civil War service men from Fayette County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Fayette County.

- 7th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Company F.
- 35th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, G, H and K.
- 38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company C.
- 41st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 54th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K.
- 62nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company E.
- 68th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 97th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies F, H and I

Naturalization and Citizenship



Probate Records

Original probate records are held by the circuit court clerk. Probate records include wills, inventories, settlements, and guardianship records. For more information see the wiki page Illinois Probate Records.  Few probate records are held at IRAD for Christian County. Explore how to search IRAD–UIS. The following copies are available at IRAD–UIS and in the Family History Library Catalog:

  • 1858 Probate Fee Books


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Fayette County are kept, see the Fayette County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah (United States) and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources to assist you in the research and study of your genealogy. Currently there are no Family History Centers located directly in Fayette County.

You may search your address for a center near you on the FamilySearch site.

The following centers are located in surrounding counties. Their wiki pages may supply hours and other information.

Alton Illinois Family History Center
6500 Humbert Rd.
Godfrey, Illinois

Centralia Illinois Family History Center
2241 E. Calumet St.
Centralia, Illinois

Litchfield Illinois Family History Center
12367 Robertson Road
Litchfield, Illinois 65056

O'Fallon Illinois Family History Center
255 Fairwood Hills Rd.
O'Fallon, Illinois

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois.

The University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS) houses the records for Cass County. The link will help you find and use the records. There address is:

Illinois Regional Archives Depository
University of Illinois at Springfield Region
One University Plaza, MS BRK 140
Springfield, Illinois 62703-5407

Public Libraries

St. Elmo Public Library District
311 West Cumberland Road
St. Elmo, Illinois 62458

Evans Public Library District
215 South Fifth Street
Vandalia, Illinois 62471

Ramsey Public Library
401 South Superior
Ramsey, Illinois 62080

Social Groups Online



Vital Records



Available through Ancestry.com $:

Fayette county marriages in "Illinois Marriages 1790 to 1860." The source of this collection is films in the Family History Library's collection
Fayette County marriages in "Illinois Marriages 1851 to 1900." The source of this collection is films in the Family History Library's collection




  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 193. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.